Joanne Rowling was born in July 1965 at Yate General Hospital in England and grew up in Chepstow, Gwent where she went to Wyedean Comprehensive.
Name Although she writes under the pen name "J. K. Rowling", her name when her first Harry Potter book was published was simply "Joanne Rowling". Anticipating that the target audience of young boys might not want to read a book written by a woman, her publishers demanded that she use two initials, rather than her full name. As she had no middle name, she chose K as the second initial of her pen name, from her paternal grandmother Kathleen Ada Bulgen Rowling. She calls herself "Jo
She attended St Michaels Primary School, a school founded by abolitionist William Wilberforce and education reformer Hannah More. Her headmaster at St Michaels, Alfred Dunn, has been suggested as the inspiration for the Harry Potter headmaster Albus Dumbledore. She attended secondary school at Wyedean School and College.
BACKGROUND Rowling was born to Peter James Rowling and Anne Rowling (née Volant), on 31 July 1965 in Yate, Gloucestershire, England, Her mother Anne was half- French, half-Scottish. Her mothers maternal grandfather, Dr Dugald Campbell, was born in Lamlash on the Isle of Arran. Her mothers paternal grandfather, Louis Volant, was awarded the Croix de Guerre for exceptional bravery in defending the village of Courcelles-le-Comte during the First World War.
Jo left Chepstow for Exeter University, where she earned a French and Classics degree, and where her course included one year in Paris. As a postgraduate she moved to London to work at Amnesty International, doing research into human rights abuses in Francophone Africa. She started writing the Harry Potter series during a Manchester to London King’s Cross train journey, and during the next five years, outlined the plots for each book and began writing the first novel.
Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone was published by Arthur A. Levine Books/Scholastic in September 1998. HARRY POTTER AND THE SORCERER’SSTONE
HARRY POTTER AND THE CHAMBER OF The second title in the series, Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, was published on June 2, 1999 and debuted at No. 1 on the adult hardcoverSECRETS bestseller lists.
The fifth book in the series, Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, was published in Britain, the USA, Canada and Australia on June 21, 2003. It is the longest in the series – 766 pages - and broke the records set by Harry Potter & the Goblet of Fire as theHARRY POTTER AND THE ORDER OF THEPHOENIX fastest selling book in history.
Harry Potter and the Prisoner ofHARRY POTTER AND THE PRISON OF AZKABAN Azkaban was published on September 9, 1999 to worldwide acclaim and massive press attention. The first three Harry Potter books occupied the top three spots on numerous adult bestseller lists.
The fourth book in theseries, Harry Potter andthe Goblet of Fire waspublished simultaneouslyin Britain, theUSA, Canada andAustralia on July 8, 2000with a record first printrun of 3.8 million in theUS alone. It quicklybroke all records for thegreatest number of bookssold on the first weekendof publication.
The sixth book in the series, Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, was published in the UK, US and other English-speaking countries on July 16, 2005 and also achieved record sales.HARRY POTTER AND THE HALF BLOOD PRINCE
The seventh and final bookHARRY POTTER AND THE DEATHELY HALLOWS in the series, Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, was published in the UK, US and other English speaking countries on July 21, 2007. With a record-breaking first print-run of 12 million copies in the USA, the book sold 8.3 million copies in the first 24 hours making it the fastest selling book in history.
Rowling is the recipient of numerous awards and honorary degrees including the Prince of Asturias Award for Concord, France’s Légion d’Honneur, and the Hans Christian Andersen Literature Award, and she has been a Commencement Speaker at Harvard University USA. She supports a wide number of charitable causes through her charitable trust Volant, and is the founder of Lumos, a charity working to transform the lives of