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  2. 2. INTRODUCTION Assalamualaikum w.b.t…. A million thanks to Allah for giving us the strength and opportunity to finish up this assignment. A special thanks too to our beloved lecturer for his guidance and not forgetting the group members for giving their cooperation. 1
  4. 4. TRADITIONAL MALAY ATTIRE Traditional malay attire is the “baju melayu”,a loose tunic which is worn over trousers and usually accompanied with a “sampin”,which is a sarong which is wrapped around a man’s hips.It is also often accompanied with a songkok or cap on their head.Traditional clothing for men in Malaysia consist of a silk or cotton skirt and shirt with a scarf like piece of cloth tied around his waist.This scarf is sewn together at the ends and is traditionally called a sarong or kain.Most of the clothing is made up of bright and bold colors.The man also wears a religious hat. women wear the “baju kurung”,a knee-length blouse worn over a long skirt.Usually a scarf or shawl is worn with this.Prior to the wide embrace of Islam,Malay women wore “kemban” which were sarongs which were tied just above the chest. 3
  5. 5. Baju Melayu – worn by Malay men, it does not have any buttons but has a special kind of button called a butang. The fabric used to make a baju melayu is made from either nylon, satin, or silk. Along with this is a songkok or kopiah, worn on the head. Songkok are generally a dark natural color, and the kopiah is a white color and represents purity. Baju Kurung – a baju kurung is worn by women for occasions such as school (as a uniform) or to a wedding. It too is brightly colored and can come in a variety of different printed designs. It is a knee length dress with a full length sleeves. Baju Kebarung – is a combination of the baju kebaya and the baju kurung. It is loose and almost reaches the ankles it is not one of the traditional clothes of the Malay, but an adaptation. 4
  6. 6. Baju Kurung Kedah – worn only by Malay women as a daily dress for married women. it is a shorter dress with three-quarter sleeves, so the wearer can move around easily. Baju Batik – worn by men and women on a formal occasion. Usually colorful cotton printed in the batik or wax resist method of dyeing. 5
  7. 7. The Peranakan retained most of their ethnic and religious origins (such as ancestor worship), but assimilated the language and culture of the Malays. The Nyonya's clothing, Baju Panjang (Long Dress) was adapted from the native Malay's Baju Kurung. It is worn with a batik sarong (batik wrap-around skirt) and 3 kerosang (brooches). Beaded slippers called Kasot Manek were a hand-made with much skill and patience: strung, beaded and sewn onto canvas with tiny faceted glass beads from Bohemia (present-day Czech Republic). BABA AND NYONYA 6
  8. 8. In modern times, glass beads from Japan are preferred. Traditional kasot manek design often have European floral subjects, with colors influenced by Peranakan porcelain and batik sarongs. They were made onto flats or bedroom slippers. But from the 1930s, modern shapes became popular and heels were added. 7
  9. 9. Clothing in India varies from region to region depending on the ethnicity, geography, climate and cultural traditions of the people of that region. Historically, men and women's clothing has evolved from simple Langotas and loincloths to cover the body to elaborate costumes not only used in daily wear but also on festive occasions as well as rituals and dance performances. In urban areas, western clothing is common and uniformly worn by people of all strata. India also has a great diversity in terms of weaves, fibres, colours and material of clothing. Colour codes are followed in clothing based on the religion and ritual concerned. For instance, Hindu ladies wear white clothes to indicate mourning, while Parsis and Christians wear white to weddings. 8 INDIA TRADITIONAL CLOTHING
  10. 10. Sari A saree or sari is a female garment in the Indian subcontinent. A sari is a strip of unstitched cloth, ranging from four to nine meters in length, that is draped over the body in various styles. There are various traditional styles of saree: SambalpuriSaree from East, Kanchipuram from South, Paithani from West and Banarasi from North among others.The most common style is for the sari to be wrapped around the waist, with one end then draped over the shoulder baring the midriff.The sari is usually worn over a petticoat. Blouse may be "backless" or of a halter neck style. These are usually more dressy with a lot of embellishments such as mirrors or embroidery and may be worn on special occasions. Women in the armed forces, when wearing a sari uniform, don a half-sleeve shirt tucked in at the waist. Teenage girls wear half-sarees, a three piece set consisting of a langa, a choli and a stole wrapped over it like a saree. Women usually wear full sarees. Saris are usually known with different names in different places. In Kerala, white saris with golden border, are known as kavanis and are worn on special occasions. A simple white sari, worn as a daily wear, is called a mundu. Saris are called pudavai in Tamil Nadu. In Karnataka, saris are called kupsas. 9
  11. 11. Panche or Lungi A Lungi, also known as sarong, is a traditional garment of India. A Mundu is a lungi except that, it is always white.It is either tucked in, over the waist, up to knee-length or is allowed to lay over and reach up to the ankle. It is usually tucked in when the person is working, in fields or workshops, and left open usually as a mark of respect, in worship places or when the person is around dignitaries. Lungis, generally, are of two types: the open lungi and the stitched lungi. The open lungi is a plain sheet of cotton or silk, whereas, the stitched one has both of its open ends stitched together to form a tube like structure. Though mostly worn by men, elderly women also prefer lungi to other garments owing to its good aeration. It is mostly popular in south India, though people of Bangladesh, Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar and Somalia also can be seen in lungis, because of the heat and humidity, which create an unpleasant climate for trousers, though trousers have now become common outside the house. 10
  12. 12. The people of Sabah comprises several ethnic groups. Among them are the Kadazandusun, Bajau, Murut, Kedaya, Bisaya, Irranun, Rungus, Kimarang, Kwijau, Lundayeh, Ubian, Binadan, Orang Sungai, Tatana, Tagaas, Brunei, Suluk and others. The most notable difference among the various ethnic groups are their dialects, religions, customs, and way of life which includes their traditional costumes. The use of traditional costumes can be seen from two periods of time, that is the classical and modern periods. In the classical period, traditional costumes were worn during rituals, weddings as well as daily wear. In modern times, traditional costumes are only worn at special occasions like weddings and traditional functions. SABAH TRADITIONAL CLOTHING 11
  13. 13. Most ethnic groups in Sabah use black as the dominant colour of their traditional costumes. The use of black stems from the belief that black is a godly colour and represents power that will protect the user from the bad spirits. Other beliefs state that the use of black is synonymous with the way of life and natural conditions at that particular time. In the past, red gemstones, coloured glass beads, cowry shells, white buttons or disks made from shells and bronze were used to adorn the men and women’s clothes. Today most of these ornaments have been replaced with plastic beads and other more modern materials like gold and silver threads, sequins and coloured threads. As of old, these ornaments are still worn with belts made from various materials like shells, silver glass coins, bronze or other types of alloys. A waist cloth made of coloured rattan is used to tighten up the robe, pants, or vest. Necklace made from various materials are used as decoration around the neck and chest. Bracelets are also used to adorn the hands, wrists and feet. 12
  14. 14. Bisaya Traditional Costume Lundayeh Traditional Costume 13
  15. 15. Suluk Traditional Costume Kokos Traditional Costume Irranun Traditional Costume 14
  16. 16. CONCLUSION Traditional attires for each of the races in Malaysia are different and have their own speciality. We were very excited for having the chance to conduct a study about this traditional attires. 15
  17. 17. 16 ltural_outfits http://csc208- traditional-costumes.html REFERENCES