Evolution of Human Rights & Justice in Time and Place
Welcome Back!Warm Up Name two rights thatyou have as an American citizen CLUES: *right to… *freedom of…
Welcome Back!Warm Up Name two rights that you have as an Americancitizen CLUES: *right to… *freedom of…When were these rights granted?Have they always been guaranteed?
Essential Question To what extent do the concepts ofhuman rights and justice differ over time and place?
Essential Question To what extent do the concepts ofhuman rights and justice differ over time and place? Justice: the concept that atreatment is “fair” or “equitable”
Essential Question To what extent do the concepts ofhuman rights and justice differ over time and place? Justice: the concept that a Human rights:treatment is “fair” or A right that is believed “equitable” to belong justifiably to every person.
Agenda1) Powerpoint: Evolution of human rights through time and place2) Gallery Walk3) Summary & Review4) Exit Ticket: Journal Entry on today’s essential question
Human Rights/Justice through TIME I should I exist! have rights
Human Rights/Justice through TIME They should I should haveI exist! have rights, rights too! (I think..)
Human Rights/Justice through TIME They should have I exist! I should have rights rights, too! (I think..)Write this! Steps of Human Rights/Justice Evolution: 1.Self-identification: Identifying self from society 2. Self-Autonomy: desire for freedom/rights 3. Group Awareness: Desire to extend human rights/justice to others **necessary for human rights/justice to expand!
Human Rights through PLACEHow does place influence human rights andjustice? Consider:-France, Portugal and Britain banned slavery intheir own countries before 1830, but allowedslavery for nearly 50 more years in theircolonies/territories. Why?-Post colonial nations such as South Africa havehad recent human rights movements. Why?
Human Rights/Justice through PLACEFactors of place that impact humanrights/justice movements:-Environment: areas with finite and/or valuableresources have established social networks ofhaves/have nots-Social Groups: rival ethnic groups in a smallarea lend to restrictive social constructs-Economy: is the status quo cheaper?-Technology: exposure to the outside world
• What are • What are the steps in the human rights? evolution of human • rights/justice • beliefs? The Evolution Human Rights of Rights/Justice Human Rights/Justice Place across time• How has the • What factors of place concept of impact human rights differed rights/justice? across time?
Guided Practice: Gallery Walk through issues in time and placeDirections:1. Take your graphic organizer and approach one of the slides (limit: 3 people per placard)2. Complete the graphic organizer for that slide3. You’ll have 4 minutes on the clock at each placard. Listen for the bell!4. Move clockwise & talk on task
Summarize and Review• In which time period was Hammurabi’s code?• What was a change brought about during the Enlightenment?• What was an key tenet/concept of human rights movements in the 1800’s?• What event(s) impacted human rights/justice developments of the 1900s?
Summarize & Review: Human Rights/Justice Concepts through TIMEAncient Society – emergence of individuals1200’s-1600’s - Feudalism – rights given by God,to those who have them (monarchy)1700’s - Enlightenment – belief that rights aregiven by God to all1800’s – Individual personhood and rights toquality of life were challengedModern Era – Extending rights throughoutworld, civil and feminist rights movements,
Summarize & Review: Human Rights/Justice Concepts through PLACE--Do you notice any trends in PLACE as weexamine the concepts of human rights andjustice?
Human Rights/Justice Concepts through PLACE--Do you notice any trends in PLACE as weexamine the concepts of human rights andjustice?Human rights/justice movements take place more readily inestablished countries, e.g. England. Examples: *Slavery banned in Portugal, England, etc before AmericaHuman rights/justice concepts evolve more quickly in areaswhere the economy, technology, social groups, andgovernment are receptive to such change. *
Exit Ticket: Social Studies JournalTake out your journalsIn your journal, record your answer to today’sessential question. Options: 1) Write a well-constructed response of no less than 5 sentences 2) Create a graphic timeline that shows both time AND place
Human Rights/Justice through TIMEAncient Society*Rights of individuals did not exist outside ofrights of group*concept of “justice” based on cultural context–where and with whom they lived ex: Hammurabi’s Code in Babylon (“eye for an eye”)*Greece: by 800BC sense of self emerging inGreek thought (philosophers such as Plato)
Human Rights/Justice through TIME & PLACEThe Feudal Era*Rights of individuals are recognized to exist,but are only available to some (those in power)based on divine right*very little basis to challenge humanrights/justice issues*England: Magna Carta 1200s: granted certainprotections to all people
Human Rights/Justice through TIME & PLACEThe Enlightenment (1700s)*concept of individual freedom was explored--freedoms of speech, religion, government etc.*previous trains of thought regarding right to rule(God given right” of monarchies) were replaced bybelief that God has given all men rights*the belief that all men were created equal wasbasis of French and American Revolutions(1770s/1780s)
Human Rights through TIMEThe Enlightenment (1700s-1800s) We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness. —United States Declaration of Independence, 1776Early example of human rights – rights given basedon sheer existence as a human
Human Rights/Justice through TIME1800s-1900s - The debate over slavery &suffrage:*Until this point, in democratic societies, rightswere granted to white men*Individual personhood AND quality of lifebecame an important element of socialjustice/human rights’ movements*Movements in the 1800s sought to extendrights to minorities and women
Human Rights/Justice through TIME & PLACE1800s-1900s - The debate over slavery & suffrage:*The gradual worldwide ban of slavery took placefrom 1595 (Poland) to formal abolishment acrossAfrica in the 1970’s *The abolition movement (activists wanting to end slavery) became widespread in the 1800’s *Slavery was banned in the US in 1865*The right of women to vote was establishedstarting in 1798 (Sweden) and is an ongoing issue incountries in the Middle East *The US… 1920
Human Rights/Justice through TIME1900’s – Present: International Comparisonsand Collaborations*World Wars I & II and the Holocaust allowedglobal comparisons of how others were treated*Human rights were recognized as universal;individuals and countries weremotivated to protect rights of others
Human Rights/Justice through TIME1900’s – Present: International Comparisons andCollaborations*The United Nations Declaration of Human Rightsin 1948 is the basis for international protection ofrights*Current areas the UN addresses: Women’s rights& freedoms, genocide, right to food, freedom ofthought,
Human Rights/Justice through TIME & PLACE1900’s – Present: International Comparisons andCollaborations*Post colonial societies (America, Australia, SouthAfrica, India)– civil rights movements to protectthe rights/justice of minorities and indigenouspeoples*Certain areas of the world are targeted by the UNto improve the status of human rights *Ex: North Korea, restrictive government (blocks out Internet) to prevent social uprising
• All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.• —Article 1 of the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR)