The Ablative Case of Latin Forms and Uses By Sarah Goshert
Contents <ul><li>The Ablative Case </li></ul><ul><li>Endings of the Ablative Case </li></ul><ul><li>Ablative of Means/Inst...
The Ablative Case <ul><li>The Ablative Case is often called the “junk case” in Latin because it has so many uses. </li></u...
Endings of the Ablative Case <ul><li>The Ablative Case has different endings for nouns based on what declension the word i...
The Ablative of Means/Instrument <ul><li>The Ablatives of Means/Instrument is used to show the thing by or with which the ...
Ablative of Manner <ul><li>The Ablative of Manner shows the way, or manner, in which the action of the verb is completed. ...
Ablative of Accompaniment <ul><li>The Ablative of Accompaniment is used to show the people with whom something is done. </...
Ablative of Specification <ul><li>The Ablative of Specification is also called the Ablative of Respect. It is used without...
Ablative of Agent <ul><li>The Ablative of Agent is used when there is a passive verb in the sentence and it shows the pers...
Ablative Absolute <ul><li>The Ablative Absolute will have no preposition and it is grammatically unattached to the rest of...
Other Uses of the Ablative <ul><li>The Ablative Case can also be used to show expressions of place,  cause  and  time . </...
Other Uses Cont. <ul><li>Ablative Expression of Cause: The ablative case can show an expression of cause with or without a...
Other Uses Cont. <ul><li>Ablative Expressions of Time: The ablative is used in expressions of time without a preposition. ...
Endings Practice <ul><li>Transform these nouns into the indicated Latin form of the Ablative. </li></ul><ul><li>agricola->...
Answers to Endings Practice <ul><li>agricola-> singular: agricol ā </li></ul><ul><li>fides-> plural: fidibus </li></ul><ul...
Practice Time <ul><li>dux  cum  m īlitibus   sedēbant. </li></ul><ul><li>What kind of Ablative is this? </li></ul><ul><li>...
More Practice <ul><li>Quintus  cum  multe   dolore   scribit. </li></ul><ul><li>Why is this form of the Ablative used here...
Identify the Ablatives <ul><li>Identify the Ablatives in this story. Tell what kind of Ablative is used. </li></ul><ul><li...
Benchmark Met by This PowerPoint <ul><li>“ For languages that are no longer spoken (i.e. Latin), students are required to ...
Sources for Examples <ul><li>Some examples used for the educational purposes of this PowerPoint presentation were taken fr...
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The Ablative Case Of Latin Ppt For Ed205

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The Ablative Case Of Latin Ppt For Ed205

  1. 1. The Ablative Case of Latin Forms and Uses By Sarah Goshert
  2. 2. Contents <ul><li>The Ablative Case </li></ul><ul><li>Endings of the Ablative Case </li></ul><ul><li>Ablative of Means/Instrument </li></ul><ul><li>Ablative of Manner </li></ul><ul><li>Ablative of Accompaniment </li></ul><ul><li>Ablative of Specification </li></ul><ul><li>Ablative of Agent </li></ul><ul><li>Ablative Absolute </li></ul><ul><li>Other Uses of the Ablative </li></ul><ul><li>Endings Practice </li></ul><ul><li>Practice Sentences </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the Ablative </li></ul><ul><li>Benchmark Met by PowerPoint </li></ul><ul><li>Sources for Examples </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Ablative Case <ul><li>The Ablative Case is often called the “junk case” in Latin because it has so many uses. </li></ul><ul><li>It is often used to show the means by which something is done, the manner by which something is done, in respect to how something is done, agency, and in a few other ways. </li></ul><ul><li>To Ablative Endings Contents </li></ul>
  4. 4. Endings of the Ablative Case <ul><li>The Ablative Case has different endings for nouns based on what declension the word is from. The number, meaning singular or plural, also determines the ending. </li></ul><ul><li>First Declension: puella(girl)->singular: puell ā ; plural: puell īs </li></ul><ul><li>Second Declension: somnus(sleep)->sing.: somn ō ; plural: somn īs </li></ul><ul><li>Third Declension: rēx(king)->sing.:rēg e ; plural: rēg ibus </li></ul><ul><li>Endings Practice Abl. Of Means Contents </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Ablative of Means/Instrument <ul><li>The Ablatives of Means/Instrument is used to show the thing by or with which the action of the verb is done. </li></ul><ul><li>It is often translated using the words “with” and “by”. The phrase “by means of” also helps in translation. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: ocul īs videō. -> I see with my eyes/by means of my eyes. </li></ul><ul><li>Go Back to Practice Go Back to Story Contents </li></ul><ul><li>Abl. Of Manner </li></ul>
  6. 6. Ablative of Manner <ul><li>The Ablative of Manner shows the way, or manner, in which the action of the verb is completed. </li></ul><ul><li>It is preceeded in the sentence by the preposition “cum”, meaning “with”. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: cum cūrā labōrat. -> She works with care. </li></ul><ul><li>Go Back to Practice Abl. Of Accompaniment Contents </li></ul>
  7. 7. Ablative of Accompaniment <ul><li>The Ablative of Accompaniment is used to show the people with whom something is done. </li></ul><ul><li>It is also used with the preposition “cum” in a sentence. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: cum am īcīs ambulābat. -> He was walking with his friends. </li></ul><ul><li>Go Back to Practice Go Back to Story Contents </li></ul><ul><li>Abl. Of Specification </li></ul>
  8. 8. Ablative of Specification <ul><li>The Ablative of Specification is also called the Ablative of Respect. It is used without a preposition in the sentence. It shows in what respect something is being done. </li></ul><ul><li>It is often used with the adjectives d īgnus and indīgnus, which mean “worthy” and “unworthy” respectively. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: dux nōmine erat. -> He was commander in name/in respect to name. </li></ul><ul><li>Go Back to Story Abl. Of Agent Contents </li></ul>
  9. 9. Ablative of Agent <ul><li>The Ablative of Agent is used when there is a passive verb in the sentence and it shows the person that is doing the action. It is used with the prepositions ā and ab followed by an animate object. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: puer bonus ā patre laudātur. -> The good boy is praised by the (his) father. </li></ul><ul><li>Go Back to Story Abl. Absolute Contents </li></ul>
  10. 10. Ablative Absolute <ul><li>The Ablative Absolute will have no preposition and it is grammatically unattached to the rest of the sentence. </li></ul><ul><li>It is similar to a subordinate clause in the sense that it explains the cause or condition of the action of the main clause. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: h īs verbīs dictīs, cōnsul discessīt. -> After these words were said, the consul departed. </li></ul><ul><li>Go Back to Practice Go Back to Story Contents </li></ul><ul><li>Other Uses:Cause </li></ul>
  11. 11. Other Uses of the Ablative <ul><li>The Ablative Case can also be used to show expressions of place, cause and time . </li></ul><ul><li>Ablative Expression of Place: It can be used to show the place where or from which the action is taking place. It uses the prepositions “in” and “pro” commonly to show the place where the action is taking place. It uses the prepositions “ ā” and “ē” to show the place from which the action is taking place. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: in agrō-> in the field; ā turbā->away from the crowd </li></ul><ul><li>Click to go to Next Slide Contents </li></ul><ul><li>Go Back to Story </li></ul>
  12. 12. Other Uses Cont. <ul><li>Ablative Expression of Cause: The ablative case can show an expression of cause with or without a preposition. If it does take a preposition to show an expression of cause, the prepositions “ex” and “d ē” are commonly used. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: cūrīs-> with worry; ex vulnere-> from a wound/because of a wound </li></ul><ul><li>Click to go back to Place or forward to Time </li></ul><ul><li>Contents </li></ul>
  13. 13. Other Uses Cont. <ul><li>Ablative Expressions of Time: The ablative is used in expressions of time without a preposition. It can show time when or time within which a verb’s action is taking place. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: pr īmā lūce->at first light; tribus annīs->within three years </li></ul><ul><li>Click to go back to Place or Cause </li></ul><ul><li>Go Back to Story Practice Time Contents </li></ul>
  14. 14. Endings Practice <ul><li>Transform these nouns into the indicated Latin form of the Ablative. </li></ul><ul><li>agricola-> singular </li></ul><ul><li>fides-> plural </li></ul><ul><li>aura-> plural </li></ul><ul><li>Quintus-> singular </li></ul><ul><li>Roma-> singular </li></ul><ul><li>rex-> singular </li></ul><ul><li>cibus-> plural </li></ul><ul><li>puer-> plural </li></ul><ul><li>ars->plural </li></ul><ul><li>Back to Endings Answers Contents </li></ul>
  15. 15. Answers to Endings Practice <ul><li>agricola-> singular: agricol ā </li></ul><ul><li>fides-> plural: fidibus </li></ul><ul><li>aura-> plural: aur īs </li></ul><ul><li>Quintus-> singular: Quint ō </li></ul><ul><li>Roma-> singular: Rom ā </li></ul><ul><li>rex-> singular: rege </li></ul><ul><li>cibus-> plural: cib īs </li></ul><ul><li>puer-> plural: puer ō </li></ul><ul><li>ars->plural: artibus </li></ul><ul><li>Back to Endings On to More Practice Contents </li></ul>
  16. 16. Practice Time <ul><li>dux cum m īlitibus sedēbant. </li></ul><ul><li>What kind of Ablative is this? </li></ul><ul><li>puer gladiō et verbīs pugnat. </li></ul><ul><li>What kind of Ablatives are these? </li></ul><ul><li>Click the Ablatives to See the Answers </li></ul><ul><li>More Practice Contents </li></ul>
  17. 17. More Practice <ul><li>Quintus cum multe dolore scribit. </li></ul><ul><li>Why is this form of the Ablative used here? </li></ul><ul><li>De ō volente , bonam fortunam habebimus. </li></ul><ul><li>What construction of the Ablative is used here? </li></ul><ul><li>Click the Ablatives to See the Answers </li></ul><ul><li>More Practice Contents </li></ul>
  18. 18. Identify the Ablatives <ul><li>Identify the Ablatives in this story. Tell what kind of Ablative is used. </li></ul><ul><li>Quintus in cubicul ō dormit. prīmā lūce stertit. Quintus cibum manibus consumit. ex casā ambulat. Cerberus cum eō ambulat. in forō adveniunt. Cerberus latrat. Cerberus ā puerō objurgatur. canis indīgnā laude erat. hīs verbīs dictīs , redent. </li></ul><ul><li>Click the Ablative construction to go to the explanation page for that construction. </li></ul><ul><li>On to Benchmark Contents </li></ul>
  19. 19. Benchmark Met by This PowerPoint <ul><li>“ For languages that are no longer spoken (i.e. Latin), students are required to demonstrate proficiency at the Novice High level in writing (productive skill) and in reading (interpretive skill).” </li></ul><ul><li>Novice Proficiency Level: Comprehension and Accuracy: </li></ul><ul><li>“ A student can identify the text type, topic and some significant details of an authentic presentational or interpersonal oral, written or signed text.” </li></ul><ul><li>Benchmark and Standard Courtesy of www.michigan.gov </li></ul><ul><li>Sources Contents </li></ul>
  20. 20. Sources for Examples <ul><li>Some examples used for the educational purposes of this PowerPoint presentation were taken from Susan C. Shelmerdine’s Introduction to Latin textbook, which was used in Dr. Anderson’s LAT 101 and 102 classes at Grand Valley State University. </li></ul><ul><li>Other examples were written by the author of this PowerPoint, Sarah Goshert. The story used in the “Identify the Ablatives” exercise was also written by the author. </li></ul><ul><li>All images and sounds are courtesy of Microsoft PowerPoint and clipart. </li></ul><ul><li>Contents </li></ul>

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