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Meeting Girls Rights and Needs in Zambia_6.3.15_FNL

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Meeting Girls Rights and Needs in Zambia_6.3.15_FNL

  1. 1. Menstrual Hygiene Management in Schools Meeting Girls’ Rights in Zambia Sarah Fry, MPH, Sr. Hygiene Programming Advisor USAID WASHplus/FHI360
  2. 2.  Access to WASH in schools ◦ No gender friendly WASH facilities or programs prevent girls from managing menstruation with dignity  Full education (minimum primary) ◦ Lack of MHM pushes girls out of school - missing classes or dropping out  Access to quality health (especially reproductive) services and information ◦ Lack of knowledge about puberty can result in early pregnancy ◦ Poor or no MHM can lead to health problems (infections)
  3. 3.  Equal treatment with boys ◦ Poor MHM puts girls at educational disadvantage ◦ Girls’ puberty often = marriageable age  Psychosocial well-being ◦ Taboos and unhelpful beliefs cause shame ◦ Bullying and teasing by boys cause fear ◦ Violence can result from shaming of family (stains on skirt) ◦ Silence about MHM causes fear, shame, confusion, depression
  4. 4. SPLASH Zambia • 4 year (2011 -2015) school WASH program • Funded by USAID, managed by FHI360 and CARE • Reaching 370 schools and 250,000 pupils in Eastern Province • Construction of water and sanitation facilities • Providing hygiene education to teachers and pupils • Advocating for WASH/MHM in all schools
  5. 5. • 4 districts • 370 primary schools
  6. 6. 2012 Baseline Facilities Survey shows  70% of schools had access to water supply (but functionality a big problem)  Only 13% treated their drinking water  28% had handwashing facilities, (but not used and no soap)  The average ratio of girl pupil to toilet was 207:1  MHM was non existent and not discussed
  7. 7. How SPLASH does MHM 1. Awareness raising and advocacy 2. Improved access to facilities and products 3. Learning, teaching and training 4. Integration into MOE systems 5. Useful documents and teaching aids on MHM
  8. 8. Awareness raising and advocacy • Visual brand and slogan for MHM – Let’s Talk About It! • Qualitative research on MHM to understand cultural norms • MHM exhibitions at central schools • Celebration of MH Day with high ranking officials and media • Inclusion of community and traditional leaders in MHM programs
  9. 9. Special emphasis on including boys and men
  10. 10. Improving access to school sanitation facilities A school toilet before…. And after!
  11. 11. Female teachers need safe clean toilets too
  12. 12. Improved access to MHM products • Pad provision via PTAs and school budgets • Local reusable pad production in schools • PPP for reusable pad production and distribution to schools
  13. 13. Educational activities • MHM included in national curriculum • In-service teacher training on MHM and puberty topics • Both male and female guidance and counseling teachers trained in MHM • After school WASH clubs have MHM activities for boys and girls
  14. 14. Integration in Ministry of Education Systems • MHM in provincial and district strategic plans • MHM indicators in school monitoring tool • MHM module developed for provincial teacher training college
  15. 15. 3. Menstrual Hygiene Management a. Does the school have washrooms for girls?  Yes  No b. Do washrooms have water?  Yes  No. Soap?  Yes  No a. Do girls’ toilets have facilities for disposal of menstrual soiled sanitary towels? (check one)  Yes  No a. What method of disposal of soiled sanitary towels exist in the school? (check one)  Burying  Burning (incinerator)  Other (Specify) ................................ a. Does the school provide sanitary towels for the girls? (check one)  Yes  No a. Does the school offer Menstrual Hygiene Management education to the girls? (check records)  Yes  No a. If yes above, how often is this done?  Beginning of each term  Once in a term  Twice in a term  Three times in a term REPUBLIC OF ZAMBIA MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, SCIENCE, VOCATIONAL TRAINING AND EARLY EDUCATION PROVINCIAL EDUCATION OFFICE EASTERN PROVINCE CONFIDENTIAL SCHOOL INSPECTION INSTRUMENT
  16. 16. Useful documents and teaching aids on MHM • Toolkit for Teachers • Pad pattern booklet • In-service teacher training module • Games and other classroom and WASH club resources
  17. 17. Successes and Lessons so far • Silence and taboos can break down very fast if there is something positive offered • MHM can and should be integrated into the existing school system through advocacy, training, materials, activities and events • MHM can and should be included in school performance indicators and assessment tools • Boys are very interested in MHM and love to make pads!
  18. 18. Challenges • Pockets of resistance remain due to strong taboo and ignorance • Materials for making reusable pads are not always available • Lack of availability of pads in general • Scaling up to national level
  19. 19. Early (anecdotal) evidence of impact • Increased enrollment and reduced absenteeism • strengthened school-home linkages • Increased engagement by boys and men • improved the psychosocial environment through open discussions and innovative activities SPLASH Longitudinal Outcome Survey ongoing now is assessing the impact of WASH and MHM on girls’ attendance
  20. 20. Thank you! Visit www.washplus.org/countries/zambia Contact sfry@fhi360.org

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