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Differentiation is KEY
Graduate Teaching Assistant, Sarah Cress
Art Ed 4273
MoSPE Madness!!
• Review of Homework
Writing Prompt
• Student Artwork
Investigation
• Standard Two Overview
• Review of Ar...
Writing Prompt…
Prompt 1 (2.1): Describe how your
understandings of cognitive, social, emotional
and physical development ...
Student Artwork Investigation…
Choose an image from the student artwork file that
you find particularly striking. After re...
Standard Two…
Standard #2: The teacher understands how students learn, develop and
differ in their approaches to learning....
Standard Two…
Standard #2: The teacher understands how students learn, develop and
differ in their approaches to learning....
Artistic Development…
Viktor Lowenfeld’s Creative
and Mental Growth
• Scribbling Stage
• The Preschematic Stage
• The Sche...
Learning Theory…
Within small groups consider each of the following
learning theories. Write what you KNOW on
newsprint. F...
Standard Two…
Standard #2: The teacher understands how students learn, develop and
differ in their approaches to learning....
Writing Prompt…
Prompt 3 (2.5): What strategies will you use to
unravel students’ unique learning needs?
Taking it Further…
In order to TRULY understand the unique needs of
each child we must go beyond our fundamental
understan...
Taking it Further…
To unpack these student needs, we will break up into
small groups once more. Each group will have a
dif...
Standard Two…
Standard #2: The teacher understands how students learn, develop and
differ in their approaches to learning....
A Mini Critique…
We know that
differentiation is
key! In what ways
have you observed
YOUR teacher
differentiating.
Some Obstacles in DI…
• Getting started in groups
smoothly
• Giving directions for
multiple tasks
• Minimizing movements
•...
What Students Need…
• Acceptance
• Understanding
• Respect
• Belonging
• Evidence of
contribution
• Challenge
• Support
A Differentiated Situation…
My classroom is a beginning art 1-2 course composed of 8 males, 10 females, 50% ethnic minorit...
How Would You Manage??
Devise an instructional plan for the described
class. You have been asked by your divisional
to cre...
How Would You Manage??
• Choose a major art movement to center your
lesson around
• Make a list of the instructional resou...
Burning Questions…
• How will you present your
chosen artistic movement to
the class considering their
variant needs?
• Ho...
The Cress Café…
Standard Two…
Standard #2: The teacher understands how students learn, develop and
differ in their approaches to learning....
Writing Prompt…
Prompt 2 (2.2): What resources will help you
in setting student goals? Why are overarching
goals and objec...
How to Manage and Assess…
• Utilize your present resources!
– Speak with school counselors about general
student concerns....
How to Manage and Assess…
• Begin each term with a
pre-assessment that
accomplishes the following:
– Elicits information a...
How to Manage and Assess…
• Check student understanding of key concepts
regularly through any of the following
techniques:...
Standard Two…
Standard #2: The teacher understands how students learn, develop and
differ in their approaches to learning....
Artifact Brainstorm…
Now, let’s
brainstorm
some ways
we can
demonstrate
our newfound
knowledge
for this
standard.
MoSPE Two
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MoSPE Two

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Sarah Cress, graduate teaching assistant, facilitates students' understanding of MoSPE Two.

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MoSPE Two

  1. 1. Differentiation is KEY Graduate Teaching Assistant, Sarah Cress Art Ed 4273
  2. 2. MoSPE Madness!! • Review of Homework Writing Prompt • Student Artwork Investigation • Standard Two Overview • Review of Artistic Development • Theories of Learning • Taking it Further • Writing Prompt Two • Differentiated Instruction • Writing Prompt Three • Setting Student Goals • Artifact Brainstorm • Escape!
  3. 3. Writing Prompt… Prompt 1 (2.1): Describe how your understandings of cognitive, social, emotional and physical development will impact student learning.
  4. 4. Student Artwork Investigation… Choose an image from the student artwork file that you find particularly striking. After reviewing it for some time, respond to the following in pairs: • Who is this student intellectually? • Who is this student socially? • Who is this student personally? • What art instruction preceded this creation? • What art lessons should follow in order to strengthen the observed learning?
  5. 5. Standard Two… Standard #2: The teacher understands how students learn, develop and differ in their approaches to learning. The teacher provides learning opportunities that are adapted to diverse learners and support the intellectual, social, and personal development of all students. Quality Indicator 1: Cognitive, social, emotional and physical development Quality Indicator 2: Student goals Quality Indicator 3: Theory of learning Quality Indicator 4: Differentiated lesson design Quality Indicator 5: Prior experiences, learning styles, multiple intelligences, strengths and needs Quality Indicator 6: Language, culture, family and knowledge of community
  6. 6. Standard Two… Standard #2: The teacher understands how students learn, develop and differ in their approaches to learning. The teacher provides learning opportunities that are adapted to diverse learners and support the intellectual, social, and personal development of all students. Quality Indicator 1: Cognitive, social, emotional and physical development Quality Indicator 2: Student goals Quality Indicator 3: Theory of learning Quality Indicator 4: Differentiated lesson design Quality Indicator 5: Prior experiences, learning styles, multiple intelligences, strengths and needs Quality Indicator 6: Language, culture, family and knowledge of community
  7. 7. Artistic Development… Viktor Lowenfeld’s Creative and Mental Growth • Scribbling Stage • The Preschematic Stage • The Schematic Stage • The Gang Stage: The Dawning Realism • The Pseudo-Naturalistic Stage • The Period of Decision
  8. 8. Learning Theory… Within small groups consider each of the following learning theories. Write what you KNOW on newsprint. Feel free to use technology to find valid and reliable resources. •Cognitive Theory •Social Cognitive Theory •Constructivist Theory
  9. 9. Standard Two… Standard #2: The teacher understands how students learn, develop and differ in their approaches to learning. The teacher provides learning opportunities that are adapted to diverse learners and support the intellectual, social, and personal development of all students. Quality Indicator 1: Cognitive, social, emotional and physical development Quality Indicator 2: Student goals Quality Indicator 3: Theory of learning Quality Indicator 4: Differentiated lesson design Quality Indicator 5: Prior experiences, learning styles, multiple intelligences, strengths and needs Quality Indicator 6: Language, culture, family and knowledge of community
  10. 10. Writing Prompt… Prompt 3 (2.5): What strategies will you use to unravel students’ unique learning needs?
  11. 11. Taking it Further… In order to TRULY understand the unique needs of each child we must go beyond our fundamental understanding of learning theory and artistic development. We must consider students’: •Prior experiences •Their learning styles and •Their strengths and weaknesses
  12. 12. Taking it Further… To unpack these student needs, we will break up into small groups once more. Each group will have a different focus: •Group One: How do you assess students’ prior experiences? •Group Two: How do you scaffold for new learning? •Group Three: Explain the major learning styles. •Group Four: Explain multiple intelligences. •Group Five: How do you modify lessons to appeal to various learning styles and intelligences?
  13. 13. Standard Two… Standard #2: The teacher understands how students learn, develop and differ in their approaches to learning. The teacher provides learning opportunities that are adapted to diverse learners and support the intellectual, social, and personal development of all students. Quality Indicator 1: Cognitive, social, emotional and physical development Quality Indicator 2: Student goals Quality Indicator 3: Theory of learning Quality Indicator 4: Differentiated lesson design Quality Indicator 5: Prior experiences, learning styles, multiple intelligences, strengths and needs Quality Indicator 6: Language, culture, family and knowledge of community
  14. 14. A Mini Critique… We know that differentiation is key! In what ways have you observed YOUR teacher differentiating.
  15. 15. Some Obstacles in DI… • Getting started in groups smoothly • Giving directions for multiple tasks • Minimizing movements • Starting or stopping a lesson • Promoting on-task behavior • Helping groups effectively • Curbing noise • Keeping track of who is learning what • Grading daily tasks • Turning in work
  16. 16. What Students Need… • Acceptance • Understanding • Respect • Belonging • Evidence of contribution • Challenge • Support
  17. 17. A Differentiated Situation… My classroom is a beginning art 1-2 course composed of 8 males, 10 females, 50% ethnic minority. 2 students are hearing impaired and accompanied by a signer, 6 have active IEPs (Individualized Education Program) with full inclusion, 2 students see the social worker regularly for anger management issues and 3 are ELL. The class is a mixture of 6 sophomores, 9 juniors and 3 seniors, 16-18 years old where 16, function at grade level. My class is very diverse in terms of individual personalities. The class as a whole was shy and quiet in August, but now appear to be lively, curious and talkative. Although the class is a mixture of grade levels, cultural and linguistic diversity, the students work well together. They understand they have the same artistic skill-set and are extremely patient with one another. My hearing impaired students have extremely low reading and writing ability, and their interpreter currently does much of the writing for them. Although they are weak in these skills, they are eager to learn techniques. The remainder of the class ranges in writing ability. 4 have extremely high, above average writing ability, while the remainder are low. This class is one of 5 that meet in the same room everyday, as we are fortunate to have our own classroom and darkroom. Recently, our school district cut funding from previous years. Those cuts pose a threat to elective courses, like art, and may remove many programs and staff in our school that offered additional support to students who were low achieving. Prior to these cuts I did several writing assignments with my students involving critique and reflection. Now, it is crucial to foster even more opportunities for students to strengthen their writing. It is because of the diverse abilities within this class, that instruction of good writing practice is a challenge. A majority of my students are visual learners, while a few of them are auditory learners. Although 4 of my students are extremely talented writers, none of them have had experience writing about art. In order for all students to succeed and grow, I must present information in a variety of ways to ensure growth. Graphic organizers and other writing techniques and tools are used regularly to help students organize and present their thoughts in an engaging way.
  18. 18. How Would You Manage?? Devise an instructional plan for the described class. You have been asked by your divisional to create a visual arts lesson that incorporates writing and history. You have decided to present to students one art movement that profoundly shaped the history of creation. You must accomplish the following tasks…
  19. 19. How Would You Manage?? • Choose a major art movement to center your lesson around • Make a list of the instructional resources you will need to adequately teach to all needs • Plan a written activity in which students are asked to digest and interpret a specific work of art • Plan an oral activity in which students share their perspectives of the chosen art movement • Plan a process-based activity in which students create an art artifact using what they have learned
  20. 20. Burning Questions… • How will you present your chosen artistic movement to the class considering their variant needs? • How will you work with each individual student to ensure that they aren’t struggling, but are still being challenged?
  21. 21. The Cress Café…
  22. 22. Standard Two… Standard #2: The teacher understands how students learn, develop and differ in their approaches to learning. The teacher provides learning opportunities that are adapted to diverse learners and support the intellectual, social, and personal development of all students. Quality Indicator 1: Cognitive, social, emotional and physical development Quality Indicator 2: Student goals Quality Indicator 3: Theory of learning Quality Indicator 4: Differentiated lesson design Quality Indicator 5: Prior experiences, learning styles, multiple intelligences, strengths and needs Quality Indicator 6: Language, culture, family and knowledge of community
  23. 23. Writing Prompt… Prompt 2 (2.2): What resources will help you in setting student goals? Why are overarching goals and objectives important to plan? How does this planning impact student learning?
  24. 24. How to Manage and Assess… • Utilize your present resources! – Speak with school counselors about general student concerns. Understand the context in which your students are coming from. Understand the population you will be addressing. – Speak with your support staff. Identify students with special needs and IEPS before the school year begins and gain a clear understanding of their specific accommodations.
  25. 25. How to Manage and Assess… • Begin each term with a pre-assessment that accomplishes the following: – Elicits information about student’s readiness to learn skills and concepts – Gathers information about student’s preferred methods of learning – Gathers information about students attitudes about the learning process
  26. 26. How to Manage and Assess… • Check student understanding of key concepts regularly through any of the following techniques: – Sketchbook assignments – Journal writing – Exit sheets – One on one discussions – Group discussions
  27. 27. Standard Two… Standard #2: The teacher understands how students learn, develop and differ in their approaches to learning. The teacher provides learning opportunities that are adapted to diverse learners and support the intellectual, social, and personal development of all students. Quality Indicator 1: Cognitive, social, emotional and physical development Quality Indicator 2: Student goals Quality Indicator 3: Theory of learning Quality Indicator 4: Differentiated lesson design Quality Indicator 5: Prior experiences, learning styles, multiple intelligences, strengths and needs Quality Indicator 6: Language, culture, family and knowledge of community
  28. 28. Artifact Brainstorm… Now, let’s brainstorm some ways we can demonstrate our newfound knowledge for this standard.

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