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srutter@hawaii.edu | HLA 2015
Open Educational Resources & Librarians
Sara Rutter | OER Librarian
Outreach College
Univers...
Words associated with OER
Educational Web Create
Shared Free Revisable Reusable
Open Social Justice
Affordability
srutter@...
srutter@hawaii.edu | HLA 2015
OER is...
"The open provision of educational resources,
enabled by information and communica...
srutter@hawaii.edu | HLA 2015
OER is...
"The idea behind Open Educational Resources
(OER) is simple but powerful—education...
srutter@hawaii.edu | HLA 2015
David Wiley: Defining the "Open" in Open Content
The term "open content" describes any
copyr...
srutter@hawaii.edu | HLA 2015
5 R Activities
Retain - the right to make, own, and control copies of the
content
Reuse - th...
srutter@hawaii.edu | HLA 2015
5 Rs in action
1) Download file onto your computer or smart
phone
2) Use it as many times an...
Rights granted in Creative Commons Licensing
8
Changes in communication channels
leads to changes in instruction delivery
9
srutter@hawaii.edu | HLA 2015
OER
Open Educational Resources
10
Massive Open Online Courses
Open Courseware online
classes...
Why should we (librarians) be interested in OER?
11
srutter@hawaii.edu | HLA 2015
12
uh oh!
srutter@hawaii.edu | HLA 2015
13
srutter@hawaii.edu | HLA 2015
Student Public Interest Research Groups
--65% of students have decided against
purchasing or...
Financing a college education
American College Health Association (2014),
finances are the second-largest stressor for
stu...
Financing a college education
About one in four first-year students and one in
three seniors frequently did not purchase r...
Students struggle to complete degrees
17
Does K-12 need an OER movement too?
18
Hawaii DOE and Textbooks
--Hawaii DOE budgeting $7,337,004 for textbooks
in the FY 2015-2016
--Budget requests include rep...
Hawaii DOE and Textbooks
BOE Policy 2240
20
Office of Curriculum,
Instruction and
Student Support keeps
a list of recommen...
21
Comparison of OER Contexts
22
K-12
--Review boards select
textbooks and school
system purchases
--Educational outcomes mee...
OER implementation in higher education
23
OER in higher education
In universities (Univ Mass Amherst, Temple,
Utah State, California State, Univ Hawaii, etc)
facult...
OER at the University of Hawaii
--Leeward Community College Pacific Region Learning
Summit http://blogs.leeward.hawaii.edu...
OER implementation in K-12
26
srutter@hawaii.edu | HLA 2015
Sampling of K12 OER Initiatives
27
At the K-12 Level
28
Washington Reviewed OER Library
29
srutter@hawaii.edu | HLA 2015
Example from Washington
30
Grade Nine Algebra
Example from Washington
31
Is it worth the effort?
32
--Students have access to required/needed
materials on the first day of class
--Instructors can...
Challenges to schools and teachers
33
--Providing teacher training, time to master
new instructional materials
--Requires ...
Librarians can help
34
Librarians can help
--Copyright navigation
--Encouraging the use of Creative Commons
licensing by all creators
35
Librarians can help
--Finding materials with Creative Commons
licensing
--Curating open instructional materials
36
Librarians can help
--Helping people revise and remix using
available technologies
37
Librarians can help
--Expertise in finding credible resources
-- Repositories and referatories
--Creative Commons searchin...
Why do you need to be involved?
39
Open Resources are not for teachers who want to
lie in the sun. It’s for marathon swimmers; it’s for
teachers who love the...
Recommendations
--Learn about Creative Commons licensing and
practice licensing your creative works.
--Form partnerships w...
The path ahead
42
Librarians
Students
Cheetah Family William Warby. CCBy 2.0
43
Thank you!
Attribution
44
"Open Content" by David Wiley is licensed under CC BY 4.0
"Reflection on OER" by Rae Watanabe, Pacific Regi...
Attribution
45
Images
"Protest" by Arturo Molina, CL, Noun Project is in the Public Domain, CC
"Delivery-Scooter" by Luis ...
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OER HLA Talk June2015

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Talk about Open Educational Resources and libraries for Hawaii Library Association June 6, 2015

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OER HLA Talk June2015

  1. 1. srutter@hawaii.edu | HLA 2015 Open Educational Resources & Librarians Sara Rutter | OER Librarian Outreach College University of Hawaii Manoa
  2. 2. Words associated with OER Educational Web Create Shared Free Revisable Reusable Open Social Justice Affordability srutter@hawaii.edu | HLA 2015
  3. 3. srutter@hawaii.edu | HLA 2015 OER is... "The open provision of educational resources, enabled by information and communication technologies, for consultation, use and adaptation by a community of users for non- commercial purposes." UNESCO, 2002 3
  4. 4. srutter@hawaii.edu | HLA 2015 OER is... "The idea behind Open Educational Resources (OER) is simple but powerful—educational materials made freely and legally available on the Internet for anyone to reuse, revise, remix and redistribute." William & Flora Hewlett Foundation, 2013 4
  5. 5. srutter@hawaii.edu | HLA 2015 David Wiley: Defining the "Open" in Open Content The term "open content" describes any copyrightable work ... that is licensed in a manner that provides users with free and perpetual permission to engage in the 5R activities. 5
  6. 6. srutter@hawaii.edu | HLA 2015 5 R Activities Retain - the right to make, own, and control copies of the content Reuse - the right to use the content in a wide range of ways Revise - the right to adapt, adjust, modify, or alter the content itself Remix - the right to combine the original or revised content with other open content to create something new Redistribute - the right to share copies of the original content, your revisions, or your remixes with others 6
  7. 7. srutter@hawaii.edu | HLA 2015 5 Rs in action 1) Download file onto your computer or smart phone 2) Use it as many times and for as long as you want 3) Reformat it or crop it 4) Add other learning objects to it 5) Put it up on the web in its revised, remixed form to share 7
  8. 8. Rights granted in Creative Commons Licensing 8
  9. 9. Changes in communication channels leads to changes in instruction delivery 9
  10. 10. srutter@hawaii.edu | HLA 2015 OER Open Educational Resources 10 Massive Open Online Courses Open Courseware online classes Distance Learning
  11. 11. Why should we (librarians) be interested in OER? 11
  12. 12. srutter@hawaii.edu | HLA 2015 12 uh oh!
  13. 13. srutter@hawaii.edu | HLA 2015 13
  14. 14. srutter@hawaii.edu | HLA 2015 Student Public Interest Research Groups --65% of students have decided against purchasing or renting a required textbook --94% of these students believed this choice would hurt their grade 14
  15. 15. Financing a college education American College Health Association (2014), finances are the second-largest stressor for students after academics—more than a third of students described finances as “traumatic” or “very difficult” to handle. 15
  16. 16. Financing a college education About one in four first-year students and one in three seniors frequently did not purchase required academic materials due to their cost, and a third of students believed that financial concerns interfered with their academic performance. NSSE Annual Report 2012 16
  17. 17. Students struggle to complete degrees 17
  18. 18. Does K-12 need an OER movement too? 18
  19. 19. Hawaii DOE and Textbooks --Hawaii DOE budgeting $7,337,004 for textbooks in the FY 2015-2016 --Budget requests include replacement costs --Materials can be out of date as textbooks are purchased for several years 19
  20. 20. Hawaii DOE and Textbooks BOE Policy 2240 20 Office of Curriculum, Instruction and Student Support keeps a list of recommended instructional materials; schools may adopt other materials
  21. 21. 21
  22. 22. Comparison of OER Contexts 22 K-12 --Review boards select textbooks and school system purchases --Educational outcomes meet national standards and the requirements of standardized tests --School system can choose to reallocate money to building OER Higher Education --Faculty select textbooks and students purchase --Courses are managed by faculty with educational outcomes developed by faculty --Universities do not have textbook money to reallocate.
  23. 23. OER implementation in higher education 23
  24. 24. OER in higher education In universities (Univ Mass Amherst, Temple, Utah State, California State, Univ Hawaii, etc) faculty create courses that use --open educational resources adoption --library licensed materials put into a learning management system --their own created materials 24
  25. 25. OER at the University of Hawaii --Leeward Community College Pacific Region Learning Summit http://blogs.leeward.hawaii.edu/prls/ OER track --Kapiolani Community College Forum on OER --UH Manoa Outreach College and UH ITS oer.hawaii.edu and UH OER Repository 25
  26. 26. OER implementation in K-12 26
  27. 27. srutter@hawaii.edu | HLA 2015 Sampling of K12 OER Initiatives 27
  28. 28. At the K-12 Level 28
  29. 29. Washington Reviewed OER Library 29
  30. 30. srutter@hawaii.edu | HLA 2015 Example from Washington 30 Grade Nine Algebra
  31. 31. Example from Washington 31
  32. 32. Is it worth the effort? 32 --Students have access to required/needed materials on the first day of class --Instructors can tailor the materials to their students and to their instructional needs --See paper by Robinson et al (secondary school)
  33. 33. Challenges to schools and teachers 33 --Providing teacher training, time to master new instructional materials --Requires reliable internet access --Constant renewal of resources as open materials move behind pay walls; dynamic nature of the web
  34. 34. Librarians can help 34
  35. 35. Librarians can help --Copyright navigation --Encouraging the use of Creative Commons licensing by all creators 35
  36. 36. Librarians can help --Finding materials with Creative Commons licensing --Curating open instructional materials 36
  37. 37. Librarians can help --Helping people revise and remix using available technologies 37
  38. 38. Librarians can help --Expertise in finding credible resources -- Repositories and referatories --Creative Commons searching -Google -Flickr 38
  39. 39. Why do you need to be involved? 39
  40. 40. Open Resources are not for teachers who want to lie in the sun. It’s for marathon swimmers; it’s for teachers who love the ocean of work—a lot; it’s for teachers who don’t mind the shallow, the deep, the rocks, and the closed parts of the beach; it’s for teachers who are willing to build their own damn beach and then share it with everyone else—for free. If this were not a social justice issue, I’d lie in the sun. [Rae Watanabe] 40
  41. 41. Recommendations --Learn about Creative Commons licensing and practice licensing your creative works. --Form partnerships with instructional design staff 41
  42. 42. The path ahead 42 Librarians Students
  43. 43. Cheetah Family William Warby. CCBy 2.0 43 Thank you!
  44. 44. Attribution 44 "Open Content" by David Wiley is licensed under CC BY 4.0 "Reflection on OER" by Rae Watanabe, Pacific Region Learning Summit is licensed underCC BY-NC-SA 4.0 "National Survey of Student Engagement Annual Results 2012" by Indiana University Center for Postsecondary Research "ACHA National College Health Assessment Spring 2014" by American College Health Association "How College Students Battled Textbook Publishers To A Draw, In 3 Graphs" by David Kestnebaum "How College Students Battled Textbook Publishers To A Draw, In 3 Graphs" by Ethan Senack, Student PIRGS is licensed under CC BY 4.0 The era of the textbook cartel and $300 textbooks is ending, as the ‘college textbook bubble’ shows signs of deflating" by Mark J. Perry, American Enterprise Institute. (Carpe Diem) K-12 OER Collaborative" by K-12 OER Collaborative is licensed under CC BY 4.0 "Recommended Textbook List" by Office of Curriculum, Instruction and Student Support (OCISS), Hawaii State Department of Education
  45. 45. Attribution 45 Images "Protest" by Arturo Molina, CL, Noun Project is in the Public Domain, CC "Delivery-Scooter" by Luis Prado, Noun Project is licensed under CC BY 4.0 / A derivative from the original work "Happiness Collection" by Mail Chimp, Noun Project is in the Public Domain, CC0 "Book" by Agniraj Chatterji, Noun Project is licensed under CC BY 4.0 "Exam" by Gerald Wildmoser, Noun Project is licensed under CC BY 4.0 "Librarian" by Wynne Nafus Sayer, Noun Project is licensed under CC BY 4.0 "Justice" by Björn Andersson, Noun Project is licensed under CC BY 4.0 "Drowning" by OCHA Visual Information Unit, Noun Project is in the Public Domain, CC0 Cheetah Family William Warby. CCBy 2.0 "Classroom" by Piotrek Chuchla, Noun Project is licensed under CC BY 4.0

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