Badminton

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Badminton

  1. 1. SGPE 3 BADMINTON
  2. 2. <ul><li>SKILLS AND TECHNIQUES </li></ul><ul><li>A SKILL </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is an action that we use in an activity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Service, Clear shot are all examples of skills </li></ul></ul><ul><li>TECHNIQUE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is the way in which a skill is performed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples of different techniques in badminton; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>High / Low service </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Overhead clear or net clear </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Smash or jump smash </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>EASY AND COMPLEX SKILLS </li></ul><ul><li>Easy Skills have; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Few subroutines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Physically undemanding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Little co-ordination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple order of movements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One movement at a time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Easy environment </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Complex Skills have; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Many subroutines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Physically demanding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Good co-ordination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Complicated order of movements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many movements at the same time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Difficult environment </li></ul></ul>EASY AND COMPLEX SKILLS
  5. 5. DESCRIBING A SKILL <ul><li>Trying to describe a skill is often easier when you look at it in 3 parts </li></ul><ul><li>These 3 parts are; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Preparation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Action </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recovery </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. DESCRIBING A SKILL <ul><li>PREPARATION PHASE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What happens in order to allow the action to take place </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ACTION PHASE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Describes the actual action </li></ul></ul><ul><li>RECOVERY PHASE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What happens after the action is complete </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. DESCRIBING OVERHEAD CLEAR <ul><li>PREPERATION </li></ul><ul><li>START FREOM BASE </li></ul><ul><li>TRACK SHUTTLE AND MOVE TOWARDS IT </li></ul><ul><li>TURN BODY SIDE ON </li></ul><ul><li>RACKET UP AND BEHIND HEAD </li></ul><ul><li>WEIGHT ONTO BACK FOOT </li></ul><ul><li>FRONT ARM OUT FOR BALANCE/TRACK SHUTTLE </li></ul><ul><li>ACTION </li></ul><ul><li>SHOULDER/ARM BROUGHT FORWARD AT SPEED </li></ul><ul><li>ACTION RESEMBLES THROWING ACTION </li></ul><ul><li>WEIGHT TRANSFERS ONTO FRONT FOOT AT SHUTTLE IMPACT </li></ul><ul><li>CONTACT SHUTTLE ABOVE HEAD </li></ul><ul><li>STRIKE THROUGH SHUTTLE </li></ul><ul><li>RECOVERY </li></ul><ul><li>RACKET COMES DOWN AND ACROSS BODY </li></ul><ul><li>RETURN TO MIDDLE OF COURT INTO ‘READY’ POSITION WAITING TO RECEIVE NEXT SHOT </li></ul>
  8. 8. STAGES OF LEARNING <ul><li>There are 3 important stages in learning and developing skills; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Planning stage (Cognitive) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Practice stage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Automatic stage </li></ul></ul><ul><li>REMEMBER When DESCRIBING a skill we use PAR (preparation, action, recovery) see your notes on this in your Swimming lectures </li></ul>
  9. 9. PLANNING STAGE <ul><li>Find out what the skill involves </li></ul><ul><li>Establish all the parts of the skill </li></ul><ul><li>First attempts at skill </li></ul><ul><li>Many errors </li></ul><ul><li>Cognitive process </li></ul>
  10. 10. PRACTICE STAGE <ul><li>Linking all the parts together of the skill </li></ul><ul><li>Simple skill require less practice than complex skills </li></ul><ul><li>Less errors during performance at this stage </li></ul>
  11. 11. AUTOMATIC STAGE <ul><li>No errors </li></ul><ul><li>Key parts automatic therefore able to link various other skills together </li></ul><ul><li>Basketball lay up requires speed, power to jump whilst dribbling, jumping, holding the ball and hitting a target. </li></ul>
  12. 12. METHODS OF LEARNING <ul><li>WHOLE-PART-WHOLE </li></ul><ul><li>Used by performers who already have experience of that activity/skill </li></ul><ul><li>Used with simple skills </li></ul><ul><li>Perform skill, identify weakness, practice that weakness then perform whole skill again </li></ul><ul><li>Badminton example; Whole – Overhead clear, Part- Develop footwork and leading leg, Whole- practice full overhead clear shot </li></ul>
  13. 13. METHODS OF LEARNING <ul><li>GRADUAL BUILD-UP </li></ul><ul><li>Used to learn complex (difficult) skills </li></ul><ul><li>Learnt in stages, with each stage more demanding and required to be mastered before moving onto the next </li></ul><ul><li>Learner can therefore concentrate on one part of the skill at a time before moving on </li></ul><ul><li>An example from basketball lay up; 1) shot from 1 step and jump shoot, 2) shot with 2 steps and jump shoot, 3) 1 bounce, 2 steps and jump shoot 4) dribble, 2 steps and jump shoot </li></ul>
  14. 14. SKILLS PRACTICE <ul><li>A player will use a series of drills to concentrate on the skill </li></ul><ul><li>These drills will become harder so that the skill becomes more ‘game-like’ </li></ul><ul><li>If practice sessions are too long problems occur; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tiredness drop in performance levels. Make sure sessions are not to long and are broken into short sections with rest periods. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Boredom loss of concentration and performance drops. Vary practices and don’t make then too long </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Progression practices must become progressively </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Harder/more variety helping the performer improve </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. FEEDBACK <ul><li>When learning or practicing skills, the performer is helped by receiving feedback about their performance. </li></ul><ul><li>FEEDBACK is ‘information received about a performance’. </li></ul><ul><li>There are 3 different types of feedback that help us understand our performance: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>EXTERNAL (visual, written, video) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>INTERNAL (how it feels to you ‘Kinaesthetic’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>KNOWLEDGE OF RESULTS (scores, times, distances) </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. ANALYSING A PERFORMANCE <ul><li>Observe your partners performance </li></ul><ul><li>Compare performance against model performer </li></ul><ul><li>Give ‘positive feedback on performance </li></ul><ul><li>Tell partner what they are doing wrong </li></ul><ul><li>Suggest improvements they could make </li></ul><ul><li>Watch partners performance again checking for improvements </li></ul>
  17. 17. TRANSFER OF WEIGHT <ul><li>Some skills and techniques require our Centre of Gravity moving outside our base of support </li></ul><ul><li>When this happens we must transfer our weight to stay balanced and upright </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes weight transfer is for single action like throwing or repeated actions like running </li></ul>
  18. 18. EXAMPLES OF TRANSFER OF WEIGHT <ul><li>Badminton High serve </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Weight transfers from back to front foot during impact </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Both feet must remain on the ground during service </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Badminton Smash shot </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Weight transfers from back to front foot during impact of shuttle </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Weight Transfer Benefits <ul><li>Increase in Power </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Allows more power for shots like overhead clear, serve and smash </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Maintain Balance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintaining balance so that you can sustain your body shape or movements (net shot) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Increase Accuracy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Allowing you to control the direction of the object (direction of smash: downwards and cross court) </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. LEVERS AT WORK Short levers will allow for more accuracy and speed Long levers have less speed but more force to deliver more distance but less accuracy . Can you name 3 other activities where long levers play a part?
  21. 21. GOOD LUCK

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