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Dust identification & suppression systems


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Dust identification & suppression systems

  1. 1. 1)Present Day Dust Suppression Systems A Case Study by Prashant Mehrotra andMukesh Dubey G.B Technical University, Jhansi.2)Alternate Technologies for Dust Suppression and Location by Makarand JoshiR.G. Technical University ITM Universe, Gwalior.3)Systems for Dust Control in Thermal Power Plant by Ankush Kumar and SumitChakraborty NIT Hazratbal,Srinagar.
  2. 2. 1. Must be efficient to meet Health & Safety requirements.2. Be practical and simple in operation.3. Have low operating costs.4. No adverse effects on product quality or plant andmachinery should be created.5. The spray discharge should be proportional with dustemission.6. The solenoid valve should be open with proportion withquantity of dust generation.7.Metering pump should function effectively for detectingchemical concentration in main water tank.
  3. 3. • Auto control or manual control governs the system. It has to be insured that main tank is filled with water. The water is pumped by feed water pump from main tank to feed water tank and at the same time metering pump doses proper quantity of chemical. The feed water pump operation is controlled by float switch automatically. The pump picks up at low level and stopped at high level.
  4. 4. • The system is based on a very unique device which can produce a very dense fog of 1 - 10 micron size water droplets which literally blanket the dust source and keep the dust particles from becoming airborne.The fogger is an air driven acoustic oscillator for fogging liquids by passing them through a field of high frequency sound waves. This is accomplished by compressing air upstream of a specially designed converge section of the nozzle.
  5. 5. The sound generator generates sound beam. The stainless steel reflector onthe other side reflects the sound beam. The receiver who is built with soundgenerator receives the reflected sound beam. The dust particles absorb some ofthe energy of sound beam and also deflect sound beam. The sound signalreceived is inversely proportional to the dust emission. 
  6. 6. CENTRIFUGAL DUST COLLECTOR• Centrifugal collectors use cyclonic action to separate dust particles from the gas stream.• This device uses the principle of dynamic precipitation technique in which very high suction pressure suck the dusty air and allow to centrifuge through it.•  The dust collector has a small tank full of water which has two valves. These two springs loaded valves are operated to allow passage of concentrated dust and automatic filling of fresh water.• The centrifugal dust collector is highly efficient since it uses minimum amount of water and discharges dust in its concentrated form.
  7. 7. • Electrostatic precipitators use electrostatic forces to separate dust particles from exhaust gases.• A number of high-voltage, direct-current discharge electrodes are placed between grounded collecting electrodes. The contaminated gases flow through the passage formed by the discharge and collecting electrodes.• The airborne particles receive a negative charge as they pass through the ionized field between the electrodes• These charged particles are then attracted to a grounded or positively charged electrode and adhere to it.• The collected material on the electrodes is removed by rapping or vibrating the collecting electrodes either continuously or at a predetermined interval. Cleaning a precipitator can usually be done without interrupting the airflow.
  8. 8. • 1. Research paper “Control of Respirable Dust” by Schowengerdt, F.D. & Brown, J.T. in the April 1976 issue of "Coal Age Magazine".• 2. Report No 1-800-35-NIOSH of National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health.• 3. Study by the Bureau of Mines Dust Lab in Pittsburgh.• 4. Literature by T&T Systems, Inc. Eastern Regional Office P.O. Box 1484 Bluffton, SC.29910.• 5. Research paper “Fundamental Scattering Properties Of Respirable Dusts And Suspended Particulate Matter” by C. D. Litton, Affiliation: Pittsburgh Research Laboratory, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health 1-412-386-5167 .