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Reproductive system diseases


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Reproductive system diseases

  2. 2. • Reproductive tract infection are the infection that affects the reproductive tract which is a part of reproductive system. • For females infection can be in upper reproductive tract which includes(fallopian tubes, uterus) and lower reproductive tract which includes (vagina, cervix and vulva). • For male these infections are at penis, testicles and urethra. INTRODUCTION
  3. 3. SYPHILIS •
  5. 5. PROSTATE CANCER Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men in the UK, with over 40,000 new cases diagnosed every year. Prostate cancer usually develops slowly, so there may be no signs you have it for many years.
  6. 6. causes • Age • Ethnic group • Family history • Environmental • Smoking • Diet
  7. 7. Symptoms • Urinate more frequently, often during the night • Needing to rush to the toilet • Difficulty in starting to urinate • Straining long time while urinating • Feeling that your bladder has not emptied fully • bone and back pain, • a loss of appetite, • pain in the testicles, • unexplained weight loss.
  8. 8. Diagnosis • Ask for a urine sample to check for infection • Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test • Digital rectal examination (DRA) • Biopsy Transrectal ultrasound-guided biopsy (TRUS) • Gleason score – MRI – CT scan
  9. 9. Treatment • Surgery • Radiotherapy • Good prostate cancer care -Multidisciplinary team (MDT)
  10. 10. PREVENTION •Limiting high-fat foods •Cutting back on red meats, •Healthy food choices bread, cereals, rice, pasta, •Antioxidants in foods (Lycopene)  Tomatoes -- both raw and cooked  Spinach  Beans  Berries -- especially blueberries  Pink grapefruit and oranges  Watermelon
  11. 11. Chlamydia Infection
  12. 12. Causes • Chlamydia trachomatis is a bacteria, which is found in the semen and vaginal fluids of men and women who have the infection. • Chlamydia is easily passed from one person to another through sexual contact. • Anyone who is sexually active can get it and pass it on.
  13. 13. Symptoms (for women) • Abnormal vaginal discharge that may have an odor • Bleeding between periods • Painful periods • Abdominal pain with fever • Pain when having sex • Itching or burning in or around the vagina • Pain when urinating
  14. 14. Symptoms(men) • Small amounts of clear or cloudy discharge from the tip of the penis • Painful urination • Burning and itching around the opening of the penis • Pain and swelling around the testicles
  15. 15. Diagnosis • He or she will probably use a swab to take a sample from the urethra in men or from the cervix in women and then will send the specimen to a laboratory to be analyzed. • There are also other tests which check a urine sample for the presence of the bacteria.
  16. 16. TREATMENT Antibiotics are very effective for treating Chlamydia. The two most commonly prescribed antibiotics to treat Chlamydia are: 1. azithromycin (single dose) 2. doxycycline (a longer course, usually 2 capsules a day for a week)