1
Introduction to International
Business and Managing
International Business
Organizations.
Mamta D.
mamta_18_6@yahoo.co.in
2
• “We have nowhere to go except
everywhere”
• “There is no way we can leave you! We
engulf you, we touch all walks of yo...
3
4
5
6
• Globalization in a literal sense is
international integration
• It is a term used to describe how places
and human bei...
7
How & When was this process
of Globalization started?
8
Eras of Globalization
• There have been three eras of
globalization.
• Globalization 1.0Globalization 1.0
Lasted from 14...
9
• Globalization 1.0 was about countries and
muscles.
• In Globalization 1.0 the key agent of change, the
dynamic force d...
10
• In this era, countries and governments (often
inspired by religion or imperialism or a
combination of both)
• Imperia...
11
12
• In Globalization 1.0 the primary questions
were :
• Where does my country fit into global
competition and opportuniti...
13
• The second great era
• Globalization 2.0,
Lasted roughly from 1800 to 2000, interrupted by
the Great Depression and W...
14
• In Globalization 2.0, the key agent of
change, the dynamic force driving global
integration, was multinational compan...
15
• In the first half of this era, global integration was
powered by falling transportation costs, thanks
to the steam en...
16
• The dynamic forces behind this era of
globalization were breaking through in
hardware – from steamships and rail
road...
17
• The big questions in this era were :
• Where does my company fit into the global
economy?
• How does it take advantag...
18
• Around the year 2000 we entered a whole
new era : Globalization 3.0
• Globalization 3.0 is shrinking the world
from a...
19
• The dynamic force in Globalization 1.0
was countries globalizing
• The dynamic force in Globalization 2.0
was compani...
20
• Individuals must, and can, now ask,
• Where do I fit into the global competition
and opportunities of the day
• How c...
21
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  1. 1. 1 Introduction to International Business and Managing International Business Organizations. Mamta D. mamta_18_6@yahoo.co.in
  2. 2. 2 • “We have nowhere to go except everywhere” • “There is no way we can leave you! We engulf you, we touch all walks of your life”
  3. 3. 3
  4. 4. 4
  5. 5. 5
  6. 6. 6 • Globalization in a literal sense is international integration • It is a term used to describe how places and human beings are becoming more intertwined with each other around the world economically, politically, and culturally. What is Globalization??
  7. 7. 7 How & When was this process of Globalization started?
  8. 8. 8 Eras of Globalization • There have been three eras of globalization. • Globalization 1.0Globalization 1.0 Lasted from 1492 – when Columbus set sail, opening trade between the Old World and the New World- until around 1800. • It shrank the world from a size large to a size medium.
  9. 9. 9 • Globalization 1.0 was about countries and muscles. • In Globalization 1.0 the key agent of change, the dynamic force driving the process of global integration was – how much muscle, how much horsepower, wind power, or later, steam power – your country had and how creatively you could deploy it.
  10. 10. 10 • In this era, countries and governments (often inspired by religion or imperialism or a combination of both) • Imperialism occurs when a strong nation takes over a weaker nation or region and dominates its economic, political, or cultural life. This type of foreign policy was practiced by European nations and Japan throughout the 1800s and early 1900s
  11. 11. 11
  12. 12. 12 • In Globalization 1.0 the primary questions were : • Where does my country fit into global competition and opportunities? • How can I go global and collaborate with others through my country?
  13. 13. 13 • The second great era • Globalization 2.0, Lasted roughly from 1800 to 2000, interrupted by the Great Depression and World Wars I and II. • This era shrank the world from a size medium to a size small
  14. 14. 14 • In Globalization 2.0, the key agent of change, the dynamic force driving global integration, was multinational companies • These multinationals went global for markets and labor, spearheaded first by the expansion of the Dutch and English joint-stock companies and the Industrial Revolution.
  15. 15. 15 • In the first half of this era, global integration was powered by falling transportation costs, thanks to the steam engine and the railroad • The second half by falling telecommunication costs – thanks to the diffusion of the telegraph, telephones, the PC, satellites, fiber-optic cable, and the early version of the World Wide Web.
  16. 16. 16 • The dynamic forces behind this era of globalization were breaking through in hardware – from steamships and rail roads in the beginning to telephones and mainframe computers toward the end.
  17. 17. 17 • The big questions in this era were : • Where does my company fit into the global economy? • How does it take advantage of the opportunities? • How can I go global and collaborate with others through my company?
  18. 18. 18 • Around the year 2000 we entered a whole new era : Globalization 3.0 • Globalization 3.0 is shrinking the world from a size small to a size tiny and flattening the playing field at the same time
  19. 19. 19 • The dynamic force in Globalization 1.0 was countries globalizing • The dynamic force in Globalization 2.0 was companies globalizing, • The dynamic force in Globalization 3.0 - the thing that gives it its unique character – is the newfound power for individuals to collaborate and compete globally.
  20. 20. 20 • Individuals must, and can, now ask, • Where do I fit into the global competition and opportunities of the day • How can I, on my own, collaborate with others globally?
  21. 21. 21

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