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Honduras and nigeria


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Honduras and nigeria

  2. 2. Federal Republic of Nigeria  Federal constitutional Republic  Thirty-six states  Federal CapitalTerritory,Abuja.  The country is located in West Africa and shares land borders with the Republic of Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north.  Official language: English
  3. 3. República de Honduras  Central constitutional Republic  Eighteen departmentos  Capital,Tegucigalpa (and largest city)  The country is bordered to the west by Guatemala, to the southwest by El Salvador, to the southeast by Nicaragua, to the south by the Pacific Ocean at the Gulf of Fonseca, and to the north by the Gulf of Honduras, a large inlet of the Caribbean Sea.  Official language: Spanish
  4. 4. Nigeria
  5. 5. Honduras
  6. 6. Nigerian Politics  Ethnocentrism, tribalism, religious persecution, and prebendalism have played a visible role in Nigerian politics both prior and subsequent to independence in 1960.  Nigeria is a Federal Republic modeled after the United States, with executive power exercised by the president and with overtones of the Westminster System model in the composition and management of the upper and lower houses of the bicameral legislature.The current president of Nigeria is Goodluck Jonathan, who succeeded to the office in 2010.The president presides as both Head of State and head of the national executive and is elected by popular vote to a maximum of two four-year terms.
  7. 7. Nigeria  Law  There are four distinct systems of law in Nigeria:  English law which is derived from its colonial past with Britain;  Common law, a development of its post colonial independence;  Customary law which is derived from indigenous traditional norms and practice, including the dispute resolution meetings of pre-colonialYorubaland secret societies and the Èkpè and Okónkò of Igboland and Ibibioland;  Sharia law, used only in the predominantly Muslim north of the country. It is an Islamic legal system which had been used long before the colonial administration in Nigeria but recently politicised and spearheaded in Zamfara in late 1999 and eleven other states followed suit.These states are Kano, Katsina, Niger, Bauchi, Borno, Kaduna, Gombe, Sokoto Jigawa,Yobe, and Kebbi.
  8. 8. Honduran Politics  In the last elections,Honduras had nine registered political parties: National Party (Partido Nacional de Honduras: PNH); Liberal Party (Partido Liberal de Honduras: PLH); Social Democrats (Partido Innovación y Unidad-Social Demócrata: PINU-SD), Social Christians (Partido Demócrata-Cristiano de Honduras: DCH); and Democratic Unification (Partido Unificación Democrática, PAC, Libre, etc. UD). PNH and PLH have ruled the country for decades.  Government ministries are often incapable of carrying out their mandate due to budgetary constraints.
  9. 9. Honduran 2009 crisis  The 2009 Honduran constitutional crisis is an ongoing constitutional crisis. President Manuel Zelaya had attempted to hold a "non-binding referendum" on the 28th of June on the desire of Hondurans to have a fourth ballot box in the upcoming November elections, which would then ask if the Honduran people wished to form a ConstitutionalAssembly in the term of the newly elected president.The Supreme Court upheld a lower court ruling that had found a prior referendum based on the same issue unconstitutional and had prohibited it.The Supreme Court had not made any determination of the final, referendum, having instead made the legal claim that any attempt by Zelaya to poll on any matter, in any way, to be.
  10. 10. Nigerian Economy  Nigeria is classified as an emerging market, and is rapidly approaching middle income status, with its abundant supply of resources, well-developed financial, legal, communications, transport sectors and stock exchange (the Nigerian Stock Exchange), which is the second largest in Africa.  During the oil boom of the 1970s, Nigeria accumulated a significant foreign debt to finance major infrastructural investments.With the fall of oil prices during the 1980s oil glut Nigeria struggled to keep up with its loan payments and eventually defaulted on its principal debt repayments, limiting repayment to the interest portion of the loans.
  11. 11. Honduran Economy  The economy has continued to grow slowly, but the distribution of wealth remains very polarized with average wages remaining low. Economic growth in the last few years has averaged 7% per year, but 50%, approximately 3.7 million, of the population still remains below the poverty line.  Honduras was declared one of the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries by theWorld Bank and the International Monetary Fund which made it eligible for debt relief in 2005.
  12. 12. Nigeria  Ethnic groups:  About 250 ethnic groups  Major ethnic groups: Hausa,Yoruba, and Igbo
  13. 13. Honduras  Religion: Majority are Roman Catholics Mestizo Amerindian Black White
  14. 14. Lagos famous Alpha Beach
  15. 15. West Bay Beach at Roatan
  16. 16. The Abuja National Church
  17. 17. Our Lady of Suyapa Shrine
  18. 18. Honduran culture  Hondurans are often referred to as Catracho in Spanish.The word was coined by Nicaraguans and derives from the last name of the Spanish Honduran General Florencio Xatruch, who, in 1857, led Honduran armed forces against an attempted invasion by North American adventurerWilliam Walker.The nickname is considered complimentary, not derogatory.The main language is Spanish, spoken by 94% as first language. Minority languages are spoken by less than 4%.These are Amerindian languages such as Garifuna, Miskito, and Pech; Honduras Sign Language; and English on the Bay Islands off the coast.
  19. 19. Honduran culture  Legends and fairy tales are paramount within the Honduras culture; Lluvia de Peces (Fish Rain) is an example of this.The legend of El Cadejo and La Ciguanaba (La Sucia) are also popular.
  20. 20. Nigerian Culture  Nigeria is home to a variety of religions which tend to vary regionally.This situation accentuates regional and ethnic distinctions and has often been seen as a source of sectarian conflict amongst the population.The largest religions of Nigeria are Islam and Christianity, including few followers of indigenous religions.
  21. 21. Nigeria´s Foreign policy  Nigeria's foreign policy was soon tested in the 1970s after the country emerged united from its own civil war and quickly committed itself to the liberation struggles going on in the Southern Africa sub-region.Though Nigeria never sent an expeditionary force in that struggle, it offered more than rhetoric to the African National Congress (ANC) by taking a committed tough line with regard to the racist regime and their incursions in southern Africa, in addition to expediting large sums to aid anti- colonial struggles. Nigeria was also a founding member of the Organization for African Unity (now the African Union), and has tremendous influence in West Africa and Africa on the whole. Nigeria has additionally founded regional cooperative efforts in West Africa, functioning as standard-bearer for ECOWAS and ECOMOG, economic and military organizations respectively.
  22. 22. Nigeria´s Foreign Policy  Nigeria is also a member of the International Criminal Court, and the Commonwealth of Nations, from which it was temporarily expelled in 1995 under the Abacha regime.  Nigeria has remained a key player in the international oil industry since the 1970s, and maintains membership in Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries OPEC which it joined in July, 1971. Its status as a major petroleum producer figures prominently in its sometimes difficult international relations with both developed countries, notably the United States and more recently China and developing countries, notably Ghana, Jamaica, and Kenya.
  23. 23. Nigeria´s Challenges  Despite its vast government revenue from the mining of petroleum, Nigeria is faced by a number of societal issues due primarily to a history of inefficiency in its governance.  High dependency ratio  Petroleum revenues are controlled by foreigners.  Pervasive corruption has been a problem ever since the late colonial era.
  24. 24. Nigeria´s Challenges  Social gap between the rich and the poor.  Access to education is limited.  Culture is deeply divided by ethnicity and religion.