Beyond Words . . . Understanding and Interpreting Body Language
Introduction <ul><li>Humans pride themselves on their seemingly unique ability to verbalize feelings and ideas. </li></ul>...
Taking Gestures Out of Context ( attaching significance to a single gesture) <ul><li>Gestures should be observed in cluste...
“ Gut Feelings” & Congruence <ul><li>When intuition tells you that certain people are not being straightforward even thoug...
Evolution and Refinement of Inherent Gestures <ul><li>Behavioral scientists have found that some basic communication gestu...
When children are small and tell a lie, their hands fly over their mouth. Fig. 1
A teenager might “refine” this inherent gesture by simply bringing tips of fingers to the mouth Fig. 2
An adult may bring the little finger to edge of mouth. Fig 3
The Palm Historically, an open palm has signified honesty, truth, allegiance, and submission.
Two Basic Palm Positions: <ul><li>Open palm in upward position-  gesture signifies appeal or request to others </li></ul><...
An Appeal or Request to Others Fig. 4
A Desire to Stop or Hold Something Down Fig. 5
Palms-up Expresses Submission Fig. 6
Palms-down Expresses Authority Fig. 7
Closed Palm With Extended Finger Expresses Authority That Borders on Tyranny Fig. 8
Veterans of Palm Deception! Body language is an important consideration for certain individuals: <ul><li>Politicians – gen...
Handshakes <ul><li>Three basic attitudes are transmitted through the handshake: </li></ul><ul><li>Dominance </li></ul><ul>...
Dominance is shown by turning hand so that palm is facing  down during the handshake. Fig. 9
Submission is shown by turning hand so that palm is facing upwards during the handshake Fig. 10
Equality is shown by turning palm so that it faces neither up nor downwards. Fig. 11
Hybrid  Handshakes
The “Glove” Handshake Fig. 12
Clasping the Arm Handshake Fig. 13
Knuckle Cruncher Handshake Fig. 14
“ Dead Fish” Handshake Fig. 15
Fingertip Clasp Fig. 16
Straight-Arm Extension Handshake Fig. 17
The Hands
Hand Clenching Fig. 18
Hand clenching not next to body is a signal of frustration or negativity. Fig. 19
Hand Chop Fig. 20
Hand Steepling Fig. 21 Fig. 22
Hand-Holding Behind the Back Fig. 23
Don’t confuse handholding behind back with wrist or arm holding! Fig. 24 Fig. 25
Thumb Presentation Fig. 26
Fingers & Hand To Face, Head, & Neck
Finger(s) to Mouth Fig. 27
Hand to Chin & Cheek   Indifference/Boredom Gesture Fig. 28
Gesture of Interest Fig. 30
Forming a Decision Gesture Fig. 31
Deceit Gestures Hand to Mouth, Ear, or Eye Hear no evil, speak no evil, see no evil . . .
The Mouth Guard Gesture Fig. 32
The Nose Touch Gesture Fig. 33
The Eye Rub Fig. 34
The Ear Rub Fig. 35
Hand to Neck: Back Neck Rub Fig. 36
Hands Behind Head Fig. 37
Language of the Arms
Folded Arms Fig. 38
Folded Arms With Clenched Fists Fig. 39
Arm Gripping Fig. 40
Single Arm Cross Fig. 41
Sophisticated Arm Cross Barriers Fig. 42
Language of the Legs and Feet
Crossing at the Knee Fig. 43
Ankle on Knee Fig. 44
Leg Lock Position Fig. 45
Ankle to Ankle Leg Cross Fig. 46
Foot Tapping or Wagging Fig. 47
Language of the Hair, Head, and Face
Hair Stroking and Head Tossing Fig. 48
Hair Twisting Fig. 49
Head Tilt Fig. 50
Backward Head Tilt Fig. 51
Lifted Eyebrow Fig. 52
Raised Eyebrows Fig. 53
Wide-Eyes Fig. 54
Nose Flare Fig. 55
Skewed Mouth Fig. 56
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Understanding and Interpreting Body Language

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Understanding and Interpreting Body Language

  1. 1. Beyond Words . . . Understanding and Interpreting Body Language
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>Humans pride themselves on their seemingly unique ability to verbalize feelings and ideas. </li></ul><ul><li>While the mouth tells one story, gestures and posture may tell a different story. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Taking Gestures Out of Context ( attaching significance to a single gesture) <ul><li>Gestures should be observed in clusters to provide a more accurate picture of person being observed </li></ul><ul><li>Each gesture is like a sentence </li></ul><ul><li>The sum total of postures and gestures relate a non-verbal story </li></ul>
  4. 4. “ Gut Feelings” & Congruence <ul><li>When intuition tells you that certain people are not being straightforward even though they sound logical & appropriate </li></ul><ul><li>This “intuition” or gut feeling results from subconscious ability to read another person’s body language </li></ul>
  5. 5. Evolution and Refinement of Inherent Gestures <ul><li>Behavioral scientists have found that some basic communication gestures are universal and believed to be inherent </li></ul><ul><li>Examples are: smiling, shrugging, nodding </li></ul><ul><li>Children tend to exaggerate these gestures making their body language easy to read </li></ul><ul><li>(See Fig. 1 ) </li></ul>
  6. 6. When children are small and tell a lie, their hands fly over their mouth. Fig. 1
  7. 7. A teenager might “refine” this inherent gesture by simply bringing tips of fingers to the mouth Fig. 2
  8. 8. An adult may bring the little finger to edge of mouth. Fig 3
  9. 9. The Palm Historically, an open palm has signified honesty, truth, allegiance, and submission.
  10. 10. Two Basic Palm Positions: <ul><li>Open palm in upward position- gesture signifies appeal or request to others </li></ul><ul><li>Open palm facing outward or downward- a gesture that indicates desire to stop or hold something down; signal of restraint </li></ul><ul><li>(Fig. 4 & Fig. 5) </li></ul>
  11. 11. An Appeal or Request to Others Fig. 4
  12. 12. A Desire to Stop or Hold Something Down Fig. 5
  13. 13. Palms-up Expresses Submission Fig. 6
  14. 14. Palms-down Expresses Authority Fig. 7
  15. 15. Closed Palm With Extended Finger Expresses Authority That Borders on Tyranny Fig. 8
  16. 16. Veterans of Palm Deception! Body language is an important consideration for certain individuals: <ul><li>Politicians – generally expose palms of hands as though appealing to public </li></ul><ul><li>Remember—this is a position of submissiveness and demonstrates to voters that he/she is their public servant! </li></ul>
  17. 17. Handshakes <ul><li>Three basic attitudes are transmitted through the handshake: </li></ul><ul><li>Dominance </li></ul><ul><li>Submission </li></ul><ul><li>Equality </li></ul>
  18. 18. Dominance is shown by turning hand so that palm is facing down during the handshake. Fig. 9
  19. 19. Submission is shown by turning hand so that palm is facing upwards during the handshake Fig. 10
  20. 20. Equality is shown by turning palm so that it faces neither up nor downwards. Fig. 11
  21. 21. Hybrid Handshakes
  22. 22. The “Glove” Handshake Fig. 12
  23. 23. Clasping the Arm Handshake Fig. 13
  24. 24. Knuckle Cruncher Handshake Fig. 14
  25. 25. “ Dead Fish” Handshake Fig. 15
  26. 26. Fingertip Clasp Fig. 16
  27. 27. Straight-Arm Extension Handshake Fig. 17
  28. 28. The Hands
  29. 29. Hand Clenching Fig. 18
  30. 30. Hand clenching not next to body is a signal of frustration or negativity. Fig. 19
  31. 31. Hand Chop Fig. 20
  32. 32. Hand Steepling Fig. 21 Fig. 22
  33. 33. Hand-Holding Behind the Back Fig. 23
  34. 34. Don’t confuse handholding behind back with wrist or arm holding! Fig. 24 Fig. 25
  35. 35. Thumb Presentation Fig. 26
  36. 36. Fingers & Hand To Face, Head, & Neck
  37. 37. Finger(s) to Mouth Fig. 27
  38. 38. Hand to Chin & Cheek Indifference/Boredom Gesture Fig. 28
  39. 39. Gesture of Interest Fig. 30
  40. 40. Forming a Decision Gesture Fig. 31
  41. 41. Deceit Gestures Hand to Mouth, Ear, or Eye Hear no evil, speak no evil, see no evil . . .
  42. 42. The Mouth Guard Gesture Fig. 32
  43. 43. The Nose Touch Gesture Fig. 33
  44. 44. The Eye Rub Fig. 34
  45. 45. The Ear Rub Fig. 35
  46. 46. Hand to Neck: Back Neck Rub Fig. 36
  47. 47. Hands Behind Head Fig. 37
  48. 48. Language of the Arms
  49. 49. Folded Arms Fig. 38
  50. 50. Folded Arms With Clenched Fists Fig. 39
  51. 51. Arm Gripping Fig. 40
  52. 52. Single Arm Cross Fig. 41
  53. 53. Sophisticated Arm Cross Barriers Fig. 42
  54. 54. Language of the Legs and Feet
  55. 55. Crossing at the Knee Fig. 43
  56. 56. Ankle on Knee Fig. 44
  57. 57. Leg Lock Position Fig. 45
  58. 58. Ankle to Ankle Leg Cross Fig. 46
  59. 59. Foot Tapping or Wagging Fig. 47
  60. 60. Language of the Hair, Head, and Face
  61. 61. Hair Stroking and Head Tossing Fig. 48
  62. 62. Hair Twisting Fig. 49
  63. 63. Head Tilt Fig. 50
  64. 64. Backward Head Tilt Fig. 51
  65. 65. Lifted Eyebrow Fig. 52
  66. 66. Raised Eyebrows Fig. 53
  67. 67. Wide-Eyes Fig. 54
  68. 68. Nose Flare Fig. 55
  69. 69. Skewed Mouth Fig. 56

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