Top 100 voca


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Top 100 voca

  1. 1. abyss hole so deep as to appear bottomlessacquiesce agree, accept without protestaffable polite and friendly, easy to talk toaffliction distress, sufferingaffluent wealthy, abundantagitate move, shake, stir upambiguous having more then one meaningannex take possession ofaqueous of or like waterarduous demanding great effort, strenuousaroma quality or surrounding atmosphereconsidered typicalatone make repaymentavarice greedbellicose inclined to fightingcalisthenics exercises to develop strong bodiescaptor person who takes smb captiveconcoct invent, prepare by mixing togetherdangle hand or swing looselydeprive take away from, prevent from usingdiligent hard-workingdisrobe undressdocile easily trained or controlleddoleful dismal, mourfuldrought a long period of dry weatherdubious feeling doubtdumbfound astonishefface rub or wipe out, obliterateelucidate to make understandable
  2. 2. enchant charm, delightendeavor to make an effort, to try very hardendorse approve, support a claim or statemententhral take the whole attention, enslaveexploit to use for selfish advantage or profitextensive far-reachingextol to praise highlyflimsy lacking solidarity, strengthfraud a fault, a deceptiongaudy too bright and showyghastly death-like, pale and illgrumble to complainharass worry, troubleheretic very busy; activeimpediment smth that hinders (esp in speech)indigenous nativeinsatiate never satisfiedintrepid fearlessirate angryjeopardy dangerleash controlloafer an idle, lazy personlucrative profitablelustrous bright; shiningmalign to slandermeddle to interfere, to intrudemend to repairmirth being merry and happynausea feeling of sickness
  3. 3. neglect pay no attention tonocturnal of or in the nightobese very fatobsolete no longer useful, outdatedperch take up a high positionpervade spread through every part ofpetulant unreasonably impatient or irritablepillage plunder (esp in war)presumptuous too bold or self-confidentquashed annuledquenching satisfy, put an end to, put outrefurbished make clean, as if like newrejoicing happiness, joyreticent in the habit of saying littlereverberate be sent back, again and againrigor sternness, strictness, severe conditionsrotundity state of being roundsalvage the saving of property from lossscattered not situated togethershatter to break into many piecesshunned avoided, kept away fromsketchy shortly, roughly, quicklysporadic happening from time to timestifled suppressed, kept backstrive to make great efforts, to strugglesubsequent followingsuccumb yield, dietaciturn unspoken, silenttantalize raise hopes that cannot be realized
  4. 4. tentative uncertain, probabletorpid dull and slowtreacherous not to be trusted, perfidioustremor thrilltyro a beginneruproar noise and excitementvanity a foolish pridevehemence forcefulness; intensity; convictionvigilance watchfulnessvindicate prove the truthvoluptuous arousing sensual pleasureswan looking ill, not brightwile a trickwrinkle make small lines (eg forehead) 500+ Toefl Exam Word ListABANDON: To give up completely - abandoned thesinking ship.Synonyms: relinquish, forgo, forsakeABASH: To lose self-confidence; to confuse, put toshame – abashed before the assembled dignitaries.Synonyms: fluster, disconcert, discomfit, discomposeAntonym: (adj.) self-possessed
  5. 5. ABDICATE: To give up claim to - abdicatedthe throneSynonyms: renounce, abandon, relinquishABET: To encourage -or support -treacherously abetted the enemy.Synonyms: spur, inciteAntonym: deterABRIDGE: To shorten - abridged his lengthy speech.Synonyms: curtail, diminish, retrenchAnthonyms: protract, elongate, amplifyABROGATE: To abolish or render void - atreaty abrogated by mutual consent.Synonyms: annul, nullify, rescind, voidABSTEMIOUS: Moderate in the use of food or drink -abstemious in his habits.Synonym: temperateACADEMIC: Pertaining to school; theoreticalacademic interests; an academic discussion, with nopractical implications.Synonym: scholasticACCEDE: To agree to -accede to a request.
  6. 6. Synonym: assentAntonym: demurACCELERATE: - To quicken, speed tip - tookan accelerated course in order to graduate early.Synonym: expedite (adj. expeditious)Antonym: retardACCOLADE: An award or salute - atremendous accolade for a returning hero.Synonyms: tribute, ovationACCORD: Agreement or harmony - in full accord withhis view.Synonyms: concord, concurrenceAntonyms:dissension, discordACRIMONIOUS: Sharp or harsh in language ortemper - stung by the acrimonious remark.Synonyms:caustic, acerb, pungent, tart, mordant, acrid;(noun) asperityAntonyms:suave, affableACUMEN: Keenness of mind or insight - showingexceptional business acumen.Synonyms:perspicacity, discernment, perception
  7. 7. Antonym:obtusenessADMONISH (noun: ADMONITION): To warn or findfault gently - admonishing the unruly child.Synonyms:chide, caution, reprimand, reprehend,reproachADVERSARY: (adj.: ADVERSE): An opponent -his adversary in a bitter debate.Synonym:antagonistAntonyms:cohort, confederate, ally, accompliceADVERSITY: Misfortune - calm in the faceof adversity.Synonyms:affliction, mischance, reversesAESTHETIC: Pertaining to the beautiful - interestedin aesthetic values rather than in purely practical affairs.AFFABLE: Sociable, courteous, and agreeable inmanner a much admired, affable gentleman.Synonyms: civil, complaisant, benign, gracious, genial,urbane, cordialAntonyms:curt, brusque, rude, boorish, surlyAFFLUENT: Prosperous, flourishing; copious - a largebequest from an affluent grandfather.
  8. 8. Synonyms:opulent, profuseAntonyms:destitute, impecuniousAGGRESSIVE (noun: AGGRESSION. an unprovokedattack): self-assertive; attacking, offensive - annoyedpeople by hisaggressive attitude;Synonyms:bumptious, officious, obtrusiveAntonyms:meek, humble, retiring, diffidentALACRITY: Eagerness; cheerful promptness -responded to the flattering offer with alacrity.Synonyms:celerity, briskness, energy, animationAntonyms:apathy, nonchalance, sluggishness,lethargy, phlegmatismALIENATE: To estrange - altenated by his gruffmanner.ALLAY: To calm; to lessen in severity - at ease nowthat his fears have been allayed.Synonyms:appease, alleviate, pacify, assuage, abate,mitigate, propitiate, mollify, placateAntonyms:intensify, aggravateALLUDE (noun: ALLUSION): To refer to indirectly -alluded quite subtly to his friends misfortune.
  9. 9. Synonyms:insinuate, intimate, implyAntonyms:refer, citeALLURE: To tempt by flattery or an attractive offer -allured by the prospect of a new job.Synonyms:lure, decoy, inveigle, entice, seduce,wheedle, beguile, cajoleAntonym:repelAMBIGUOUS: Uncertain, vague, capable of beinginter- in more than one way - puzzled bythe ambiguous statement.Synonyms:hazy, obscure, equivocal, dubious, nebulousAntonyms:explicit, unquestionableAMENABLE: Obedient; willing to submit -amenable to the suggestion.Synonyms:tractable, docile, responsiveAntonyms:intractable, refractory, recalcitrantAMIABLE: Good-natured; friendly - attracted friendsby his amiable disposition.Synonym:complaisant
  10. 10. ANACHRONISM: A thing placed or occurring out ofits normal time - A machine gun at the Battle ofYorktown would be an anachronism.ANALOGY (adj.: ANALOGOUS): A relation betweentwo things shown in the resemblance not of the thingsthemselves but of their characteristics- He indicatedpoints of analogy between the two situations.Synonyms:correspondence, affinityAntonym: anomaly (a deviation from the general rule)ANARCHY: State of confusion or lawlessness - acountry brought to utter anarchy by civil war.Synonyms: chaos, pandemoniumANIMUS: A feeling of hatred-felt no animus, evenagainst the enemy.Synonyms: enmity, rancor, malevolence, animosityAntonym: amityANNALS: Historical records - in the annals ofliterature.ANONYMOUS: Of unknown authorship-an anonymous publication.ANTHOLOGY: A collection of choice literary works– an anthology of modern poetry.
  11. 11. ANTITHESIS (adj.: ANTITHETICAL): Contrast; thedirect opposite - His selfish attitude seemed to methe antithesis o patriotism.APATHY (adj.: APATHETIC): Lack of feeling,emotion, or interest - attributed his failure to apathy,rather than lack of ability.Synonyms: torpor, lethargy, sluggishness, listlessness,languor, lassitude, dispassion; (verb) languishAntonyms:zeal, animationAPPREHENSIVE (verb: APPREHEND): Fearful -Being unprepared, John is apprehensive of theexamination.APPRISE: To inform -apprisedhis lieutenants of thenew situation.APPROBATION: Approval; praise -a plan that metwith hearty approbation.Synonyms:sanction, commendationSynonyms:sanction, commendationAntonym:disapprobationAPT (noun: APTITUDE, APTNESS):(1) Likely; inclined or disposed - apt to succeed.Synonym: prone
  12. 12. (2) Fit, suitable - an apt remark.Synonyms: appropriate, felicitous(3) Skillful, expert - apt at woodcarving.Synonyms: deft, dextrous, adept. Antonym: ineptARBITER: A person who has authority to decidematters in dispute - a fair decision rendered bythe arbiter.Synonyms: mediator, arbitratorARCHETYPE: An original pattern - copies reproducedfrom the archetype.Synonym: prototypeAntonyms: Stereotype, facsimile, replicaARID: Dry; barren - the arid desert land.Synonyms. jejune, parchedAntonyms: arable, fertileARISTOCRACY: Government by the bestpeople; a privileged class -special privileges enjoyed bythe aristocracy.Synonym: oligarchyAntonym: democracy
  13. 13. ARMISTICE: A temporary suspension of hostilities.The armistice halted the war.Synonym: truceARTFUL: Sly; crafty - attained his mean objectiveby artful measures.Synonyms: cunning, wily, adroit, ingenious, guilefulAntonyms: guileless, ingenuous, artlessARTICULATE (verb): To speak clearly or distinctly -articulated slowly so that he could not bemisunderstood.(adj.): Capable of speech; distinct, clear –an articulate man, always ready to give his views.ASCETIC: Rigorously self-denying - pursuedthe ascetic life of a monk.Synonyms: austere, abstinentAntonyms: wanton, self-indulgentASKANCE: With distrust - looked askance at theforged signature.ASSEVERATE: To declare positively; to confirm -asseverated his views with conviction.Synonyms:assert, avouch, aver, avow, allege
  14. 14. Antonyms:gainsay, controvert, recant, rescind, abjure,disavowASSIDUOUS: Industrious - an assiduous worker,toiling long hours.Synonyms:sedulous, attentive, diligent, indefatigableAntonyms:indolent, slothfulASYLUM: A place offering shelter and retreat -found asylum from persecution.Synonyms:sanctuary, refugeATHEIST: One who denies that God exists -The atheist declared, "There is no God."Synonyms:infidel, agnostic, skepticATTRIBUTE (verb): Assign -attributed his success tobard work.Synonym: ascribe(noun): An inherent quality -Generosity was hisoutstanding attribute.AUGMENT: To increase or enlarge - anarmy augmented by numerous enlistments.Synonyms: enhance, amplify - Antonyms: abate, curtail
  15. 15. AUSPICIOUS: Indicating a happy outcome - Theprospect for this project appears auspicious.Synonyms:propitious, fortunateAntonyms:ominous, forebodingAUTHENTIC: Genuine -proved to bean authentic document.Synonyms:veritable, bona fideAntonyms;apocryphal, counterfeit, spurious, bogusAUTOCRATIC: Despotic - feared by the masses asan autocratic ruler.Synonym:tyrannicalAntonym:benevolentAVARICE: Excessive greed - a fortune accumulatedby avarice and miserliness.Synonyms:covetousness, cupidity, avidityAntonym:magnanimityAWRY: Unsymmetrical; not straight - the picture,hanging awry on the wall.Synonym:askewBANAL: Lacking in freshness, originality, or vigor-bored by his banal remarks.
  16. 16. Synonyms:commonplace, hackneyed, prosaic, trite,stereotyped, vapidAntonyms:racy, original, vividBANEFUL (noun: BANE: poison; source of harm):Destructive, poisonous - a baneful effect, causingserious injury.Synonyms: deleterious, pernicious, virulent, noxious,toxicAntonym:beneficentBANTER: Good-natured teasing or ridicule-The twowits I exchanged banter, to the amusement of theaudience.Synonyms:raillery, chaffBATON: A stick or staff - The conductor wielded hisbaton gracefully.BELIE: To give a false idea of - His graciousmanner belled his. evil purpose.Synonym:misrepresentBELLICOSE; Inclined to quarrel; warlike -His bellicose attitude often got John into fights.Synonyms: pugnacious, contentious, disputatiousAntonyms: pacific, conciliatory
  17. 17. BELLIGERENT: Engaged in war -two belligerent nations warring fiercely.BENEVOLENT: Kindly; charitable - likea benevolent monarch, bestowing many favors.Synonyms: benign, benignant, gracious, magnanimousAntonyms: malevolent, malignantBEREAVE: To deprive or leave desolate by loss - awidow just bereaved of her husband.BESMIRCH: To soil or dirty - besmirched hisopponents good name with vile epithets.Synonyms: stilly, defile, smirch, bespatterBIASED: Prejudiced - misled by a biased point of view.Synonyms:bigoted, arbitrary, partial, partisanAntonyms:disinterested, equitableBIBLIOPHILE: A lover of books -The bibliophile fingered the old book fondly.Antonym: bibliophobeBIZARRE: Queer; unusual in appearance-bizarre clothes, outlandish in the extreme.Synonyms:odd, fantastic, grotesque, eccentric
  18. 18. BLAND: Gentle; polite; agreeable - a bland diet,without irritating foods.Synonyms: mild, suave (affable or persuasive inmanner), soothing, non-irritatingAntonyms: piquant, tart, racy, caustic, acrid, pungentBLANDISHMENT: A flattering speech or act -attracted people by his blandishments.BLEMISH (verb): To scar or spoil - Badassociates blemished his character(noun): A disfigurement, defect - a character withouta blemish.BLIGHT: To ruin or decay - the rotting wheat-, blighted by incessant rain.Synonyms:wither, blastBLITHE: Gay and light-hearted in spirit or mood -spread cheer with her blithe spirit.Synonyms: jocund, merry, joyousAntonyms: dejected, forlorn, abjectBOG: A swamp - sank into the spongy bog.Synonyms: morass, fen, quagmire, mire
  19. 19. BOMBASTIC (noun: BOMBAST): High-sounding;pretentious in language - a bombastic speech, inflatedwith meaningless high-flown words.Synonyms: ranting, pompous, fustianBOORISH: Unrefined in speech or manners - exhibitedthe boorish manners of a backwoodsman.Synonyms:churlish, uncouth. uncultured, crassAntonym: suaveBUCOLIC: Pertaining to the country - a bucolic poemde- the joys of the shepherd.Synonyms:pastoral, rustic, ruralBUFFOON: A clown - acting like a buffoon, full ofludicrous tricks.Synonym: harlequinBULWARK: 1. An embankment used as a fortification - a lofty bulwark for defense. Synonym: rampart 2. A person, idea, or object serving as a protection - acted as a bulwark in the fight against crime.
  20. 20. BUMPTIOUS: Obnoxiously conceited or self-assertive- a bumptious monitor, puffed up with his ownimportance,Synonyms: aggressive, arrogant, contumelious,overbearingCABAL: A small group of persons engaged in plotting- a cabal of prominent persons united to overthrow thegovernment.Synonyms: junto, factionCACOPHONOUS: Unharmonious sounding -a cacophonous blare of trumpets, noisy and discordant.Synonyms: dissonant, discordant, blatant, strident,raucous Antonyms: mellifluous, euphonious, dulcetCADAVEROUS: Corpselike; hence, haggard, pale -His face appeared cadaverous from long imprisonment.Synonyms: ghastly, gaunt, pallid (noun: pallor), wan,ashenAntonyms: rubicund, floridCALLOUS: Unfeeling or insensitive - made callous bylong suffering.Synonyms: insensible, obdurateCALUMNIATE: To accuse falsely or maliciously inorder to injure anothers reputation; slander -
  21. 21. calumniated his political opponent by spreading falserumors.Synonyms: asperse, vilify, defame, scandalizeCANDID (noun: CANDOR): Frank, outspoken;impartial a candid reply that could hardly be moreforthright.Synonyms: artless, ingenuous, unbiasedAntonyms: guileful, evasiveCANTANKEROUS: Ill-natured; quarrelsome –showed a cantankerous and sullen disposition.Synonyms:petulant, peevish, contentious, pugnacious,testy, choleric, fretfulAntonyms:amiable, affable, equableCAPRICIOUS: Inclined, through some whim or fancychange the mind, purpose, or actions suddenly -a capriciousperson, undependable in mood or temper.Synonyms:fickle, fitful, changeable, erratic, inconstant,crotchety, whimsical, mercurialAntonyms:steadfast, constant, even-temperedCAPTIOUS: Quick to find fault about trifles-a captious critic pouncing on slight laws.Synonyms:hypercritical, carping, carviling, censorious
  22. 22. CARICATURE: A picture or other description of aperson which exaggerates ludicrously one or more ofhis distinctive features - not a realistic portrait but amalicious caricature.CASTIGATE: To punish or criticize severely -castigated for using improper language.Synonyms:reprove, upbraid, reprehend, censure,reprimand, chastenAntonyms:commend, eulogize, laudCELESTIAL: Pertaining to the sky; heavenly-a celestial pageant of bright stars.Synonyms:ethereal; (noun) firmamentCHAUVINIST. An extreme patriot-a chauvinist withmost pride in his country.Synonym:jingoistCHICANERY: Trickery, deception,-practised chicanery all his shady dealings.Synonyms:duplicity, craft, stratagem, wile, subterfugeCHRONIC: Continuing a long time; habitual-a. chronic complaint, persisting for years.Synonyms:persistent, unremitting, inveterate, incessant,constant
  23. 23. Antonyms:intermittent, sporadic, infrequentCIRCUMSPECT: Cautious - looked abouthim circumspectly.Synonyms:prudent, vigilant, discreet, waryAntonyms:rash, indiscreet, reckless,precipitate, foothardy, temerarious, headstrongCIRCUMVENT: To gain an advantage by the use oftrick to evade by the use of deception; to go around - circumventedthe law by evasive practices.Synonyms:thwart, balk, outwit, deludeCIVIL: 1. Of or having to do with citizens or the state - We I civil duties as well as civil liberties. 2. Polite, courteous - answered in a civil fashion. Synonyms: respectful, graciousCLAMOROUS: Loud and noisy -a clamorous outburst the crowd outside.Synonyms: vociferous, obstreperous, blatant,raucous, stridentAntonyms: muted, quietCLANDESTINE: Secret; stealthy -a clandestine meeting known only to a few.
  24. 24. Synonyms: furtive, covert, surreptitiousAntonyms: overt, manifest, above-boardCLEMENT: Merciful; gentle - a clement judge whotempered justice with leniency.Synonyms: compassionate, forbearingAntonyms: relentless, ruthlessCOALITION (verb: COALESCE): Alliance; mergingof various units into one unit - three parties forminga coalition to rule the country.Synonyms: amalgamation, consolidation, fusionCOERCION: Compelling a person by physical forceor other means to do something against his will -rendered his services without the slightest coercion.Synonyms: constraint, restraint, impellingCOGENT: Having the force to compel, usually byappealing to reason - persuaded by cogent arguments.Synonym: persuasiveCOLLUSION: Working together secretly for an evilpurpose - acted in collusion to overthrow thegovernment.Synonyms: collaboration, conspiracy, conniving,machination
  25. 25. COMMODIOUS: Roomy - a commodious apartment.Synonyms: spacious, capacious, ampleCOMPATIBLE: Harmonious; able, to get alongtogether parted company because they werenot compatible.Synonyms: congruous, consistentAntonyms: incongruous, discordant, incompatibleCOMPENDIUM (adj.: COMPENDIOUS): A briefsummary of the main ideas of a larger work -a compendium of chemistry in a slim volume.Synonyms: synopsis, digest, precis, abstract, epitomeCOMPENSATION: Payment for services -just compensation for his labor.Synonyms: stipend, remuneration, recompense,emolumentCOMPLACENT: Self-satisfied - looked on his ownperformance with a complacent smile.Synonym: smugCOMPUNCTION: Regret for wrongdoing - displayedslight compunction for his misdeed.Synonyms: contrition, penitence, atonement, remorse,qualm
  26. 26. CONCEDE: To yield; to admit as true; to grant -conceded victory to a superior force.Synonyms: acquiesce, capitulateCONDIGN: Well-deserved (applied chiefly topunishment) - received condign punishment for hiscrime.CONDOLE (noun: CONDOLENCE): To expresssympathy with another in sorrow, pain, or misfortune - condoled with each other in their grief.Synonyms: commiserate, show compassion, solaceCONDONE: To forgive or overlook (an offense) -condoned the deed, in view of the offenders age.Synonyms: extenuate, palliate, mitigate, glossCONFEDERATE (noun): A person allied with othersfor a special purpose (frequently a bad one) - joinedhis confederatein secret enterprise.Synonyms: collaborator, accomplice(adj.): United or allied in a conspiracy -two confederate groups hurrying to their rendezvous.CONGENIAL:(1) Possessing similar interests and tastes; able to get onwell with others - congenial people with similarbackgrounds.
  27. 27. Synonym: compatible(2) Agreeable - congenial to his taste.CONJECTURE: To guess - Without facts, we canonly conjecture about his guilt.Synonyms: surmise, presumeCONSECRATE: (1) To set apart as sacred - consecrate the battlefield with a monument to the dead heroes. Synonyms: hallow, sanctify Antonym: desecrate (2) To devote or dedicate to some aim - consecrated his life to teaching.CONSENSUS. General agreement - The consensus ofthe committee was that no action should be taken. Synonym: accordCONSTERNATION: Amazement; lack of couragecaused by fearful prospect - The threat struckdeep consternation into John. Synonyms: dismay, bewildermentCONSTRUE (noun: CONSTRUCTION): To interpret,explain the sense of, or analyze - construed thestatement to his own advantage.
  28. 28. CONSUMMATE (adj.): Perfect or highlyaccomplished - achieved with consummate skill. Antonyms: botched. bungled, inept (verb): To complete, bring to perfection - consummated the deal without delay.CONTEMPTUOUS: Expressive of contempt (anemotion involving anger and disgust) - casta contemptuous look at his subordinate. Synonyms: supercilious, scornful, disdainful, contumeliousCONVIVIAL: Festive; gay - a convivial party. Synonyms: jovial, jocund, mirthful Antonyms: lugubrious, dolorous, mirthlessCOPIOUS: Plentiful - shed copious tears at the badnews. Synonyms. profuse, bountiful, abundant Antonyms: meager, scantCORPULENT: Fat - corpulent due to excessive eating. Synonyms: obese, portly Antonyms: gaunt, lank, emaciated, peaked
  29. 29. COSMOPOLITAN (noun): One who is at home in allcountries - A cosmopolitan can feel at ease anywhere inthe world. (adj.): Free from local prejudices - a world-wide traveler, cosmopolitan in tastes and attitudes. Synonyms: Catholic Antonyms: parochial, provincialCOTERIE: A group of people joined by commoninterests a coterie of select friend. Synonym: cliqueCOUNTENANCE (noun): A face -His countenance expressed his complete disgust. Synonym: visage(verb): To approve - refusedto countenance disrespectful conduct.Synonym: sanctionCRASS: Coarse and stupid - displayed crass ignorance. Synonym: grossCRAVEN (noun): Coward - the deed of a craven,motivated by fear. Synonym. Poltroon
  30. 30. (adj.): Cowardly - a craven act which shocked the world. Synonyms: pusillanimous, dastardly. Antonyms: stalwart, intrepid, valiant, stout-heartedCREDENCE: Trust or belief - gave little credence tothe rumor. Synonym: conviction Antonym: skepticismCREDIBLE: Worthy of belief - a credible story, true tolife. Antonym: incredibleCREDITABLE: Deserving or reflecting Credit orhonor - applauded for his creditable performance. Synonyms: praiseworthy, meritorious, commendable Antonyms: discreditable, infamous, opprobrious, ignominiousCREDULOUS: Inclined to believe anything; easilyimposed upon - a credulous fool whom anyone candupe. Synonym: gullible
  31. 31. Antonyms: incredulous, skepticalCRINGE: To shrink in fear - cringing before superiorforce. Synonyms, cower, flinch, fawn, truckle, winceCRUCIAL: Decisive or critical; difficult -the crucial event that decided the outcome.CRYPTIC: Containing hidden meaning -a cryptic message, difficult to decipher. Synonyms: occult, enigmatic Antonyms: palpable, manifestCULPABLE: Deserving blame or censure - removedfrom office for culpable negligence. Synonyms: censurable, reprehensibleCUMBROUS: Burdensome and clumsy -a cumbrous knapsack, impeding his march. Synonyms: cumbersome, unwieldy, bulkCURB: To control, check, or restrain -forcibly curbed the peoples protest. Synonyms: repress, subdueCURSORY: Hurried; hence, superficial - Timepermitted only a cursory examination.
  32. 32. Antonyms: painstaking, meticulousCURT: Rudely abrupt -offended by the curt response. Synonyms: blunt, brusque, bluff Antonyms: affable, civilCYNICAL: Sneeringly distrustful of the good motivesor conduct of others - belittled the hero witha cynical remark. Synonyms: sarcastic, surlyDEARTH: Scarcity - a dearth of news, brought aboutby censorship. Antonyms: plethora, abundanceDEFERENCE: Submitting to the wishes or judgmentof another - yielded out of deference to the old man. Synonyms: respect, complaisance, veneration Antonym: recalcitranceDEITY: A god -The sun was a deity to ancient peoples. Synonym: divinityDELECTABLE: Very pleasing - a delectable meal,tastefully prepared.DELETE: To erase or cancel, take out or remove -deletedan offensive phrase.
  33. 33. Synonyms: expunge, censor, efface, eradicateDELINEATE: To sketch or portray - strikingfeatures, delineated by a master artist.DELINQUENT (noun): An offender - found to bea delinquent by the court. (adj.): Failing to fulfill an obligation - too many people who are delinquent in meeting their civic duties. Synonym: derelictDELUGE: A great flood; downpour - aspring deluge which caused the river to overflow.DEMAGOGUE: A leader who tries to stir the passionsof people for his own purposes - the mob roused by anunprincipled demagogue.DEMEANOR: Behavior; bearing - carrying himselfwith a proud demeanor. Synonyms: deportment, mienDEMURE: Affectedly or falsely modest or prim;serious demure as a Victorian maiden. Synonyms: sedate, staid, decorous, prudish, coy Antonyms: immodest, frivolous
  34. 34. DENOUNCE (noun: DENUNCIATION): To speakagainst - denounced by the press as a traitor. Synonyms: stigmatize, censure, reprehend, castigate Antonyms: laud, eulogizeDEPLETE: To empty or to use up - depleted the publictreasury by vast building programs. Synonyms: exhaust, drain Antonyms: replenish; (adj.) repleteDEPLORE: To express sorrow or grief over - alamentable situation deplored by all parties. Synonyms: lament, decry, grieveDEPRAVED: Of low morals; corrupt -a depraved mind, devising evil. Synonyms: debased, wicked, vicious, pervertedDEPRECATE: To plead or argue against a certaincourse of action - deprecated the proposal severely. Synonyms: remonstrate, protest, decry, expostulate Antonym: sanctionDEPRECIATE: To belittle or speak slightingly of -depreciated Johns acting ability.
  35. 35. Synonyms: disparage, derogate (adj. derogatory) Antonyms: enhance, magnify, extol, laud, eulogizeDEVASTATION: Widespread ruin - the city left inutter devastation by war. Synonyms: destruction, desolationDEVIOUS: (1) Winding; indirect - took a devious, rather than the direct way home.Synonym: circuitous(2) Straying from the right course - used devious meansto attain his wicked ends.Synonyms: crooked, erringDEVOID: Lacking in; not possessing - aspeech devoid of even a trace of ill-will.Synonym: destituteAntonyms: abounding, prevalentDEVOUT: Devoted to religious observances -devout in his regularity of attendance at worship.Synonyms: pious, religiousAntonym: impious
  36. 36. DICTUM: Art authoritative statement; a saying-animperial dictum demanding instant compliance.DIDACTIC: Designed to teach, imparting a lesson - apoem with a didactic purpose.Synonym: pedagogicalDIFFIDENT: Lacking in self-confidence-too diffident to lead a group.Synonyms: shy, timid, reserved, reticent, retiringAntonyms: forward, aggressiveDILEMMA: A situation calling for a choice betweentwo equally difficult alternatives; hence, a difficult orperplexing situation - faced with a dilemma defyingsolution.Synonyms:predicament, quandary, plightDILETTANTE: One who dabbles in the fine arts foramusement only and without concentrated study - adoctor by profession, a dilettante in art.Synonyms:amateur, connoisseurDISCONCERT: To confuse; to embarrass -disconcerted by his suspicious stare.Synonyms:perturb, discomfit, discompose, abash,disquiet, fluster
  37. 37. DISCONSOLATE: Depressed; without hope orpossibility of consolation - made disconsolate by abjectpoverty.Synonyms:inconsolable, dejectedAntonyms:blithesome, carefreeDISCOURSE: To converse or talk; to discuss -discoursed at length on the rise of political parties.DISCRETE: Separate - two discrete issues, totallyunrelated.DISCURSIVE: Rambling from one subject to another -a discursive letter, covering many topics.Synonyms:desultory, digressiveDISPARITY (adj.: DISPARATE): Inequality;difference in image, quantity, character, or rank -great disparity between promise and performance.DISPASSIONATE: Free from feeling or partiality -coldly dispassionate as the chairman of the meetingSynonyms:palm, impartialAntonym:partialDISPATCH (verb): To do speedily; to send off -dispatched with remarkable promptness.Synonym: expedite
  38. 38. (noun): A speedy performance; the sending off ofsomething - done with all possible dispatch.Synonyms: celerity, alacrityDISPEL: To drive away; to scatter - dispelled a doubtthat had lingered.Synonyms:dissipate, disperse, diffuseDISSENT (noun: DISSENSION): To disagree; to differin opinion - He dissented violently, rejectingcompromise.DISSOLUTE: Living loosely; unrestrained in conductor morals - his life wasted by dissolute conduct.Synonyms:debauched, dissipated, profligateDISTRAUGHT: Mentally distressed; distracted -distraught by trials and tribulations.Synonym: harassedDIVERSE: (verb: DIVERSIFY; noun: DIVISIBILITY):Varied; different - two diverse characters; one candid,the other insincere.Synonym: multifariousDIVERTING: Entertaining - a diverting one of themost amusing Ive ever seen.
  39. 39. DIVULGE: To make public or reveal - refusedto divulge his source of information.Synonyms: disclose, impartDOGMATIC: Positive in expressing an opinion;asserting an opinion as though it were an undisputedfact - spokendogmatically, as if the speaker consideredhimself infallible.Synonyms: overbearing, opinionated, peremptory,dictatorialDOLOROUS: Sorrowful; mournful - a dolorous songfull of sorrow for past joys.Synonyms: doleful, lugubrious, grievousAntonyms: jocund, blithe, mirthfulDYNAMIC: Forceful - possessed dynamic energy,tireless and powerful.Synonym: energeticAntonyms: static, inert, dormant, torpid, sluggish,quiescentECCLESIASTIC (adj.): Pertaining to the clergy or thechurch - recognized as an authorityin ecclesiastic matters. Antonyms: secular, lay(noun): A clergyman - an ecclesiastic of liberal views.
  40. 40. EDICT: A public command or proclamation issued byan authority - proclaimed by royal edict.Synonym: decreeEDIFY: To instruct or uplift, particularly in morals orreligion - a story that edifiesthe reader, as well asentertains himEFFETE: No longer productive; hence, lacking in or,worn out - powerful in ancient days, nowan effete civilization.EGOTISTIC: Conceited - an egotisticperson,flourishing on praise.Synonyms: egocentric, vainAntonym: altruisticEGREGIOUS: Outstandingly badan egregiousmistake with serious implications.EJACULATE: To exclaim or utter suddenly -ejaculateda cry of horror.ELICIT: To draw out - elicitedno response from theaudience.Synonyms: evoke, extract, extortELUCIDATE: To make clear; to explain - elucidatedhis theory so that even a schoolboy couldunderstand it.
  41. 41. Synonym: clarifyEMISSARY: A person sent on an errand or mission -delegated his emissary to conclude a pact.ENGENDER: To cause, produce, or stir up-an actthat engenderedgood will.ENNUI: Boredom; weariness of mind-fell asleep at themeeting from sheer ennui.ENSUE: To follow or result-Silence ensuedwhen theleader arose to speak.ENTREAT: To beg earnestly - entreatedthe judge toshow mercy.Synonyms: solicit, supplicate, beseech,implore, importune;(adj.) importunate, mendicant, suppliantEPHEMERAL: Very short-lived - an ephemeraljoy,lasting but a day.Synonyms: fleeting, transitory, transient, evanescentAntonym: eternalEPICUREAN (noun): A person devoted to luxuriousliving and pleasure - an epicurean, seeking to enjoyevery meal.
  42. 42. (adj.): Pleasure-loving - His entire existencedemonstrated his epicureantastes.EPIGRAM: A brief pointed saying - a speech full oforiginal epigrams.Synonyms: maxim proverb, adageEPITAPH: A tombstone inscription -an epitaphengraved on marble.EPITHET: A phrase that describes a quality (good orbad) in a person or thing - "Glaring" error is acommonly usedepithet.Synonyms: characterization , appellationEQUANIMITY (adj.: EQUABLE): Evenness oftemper or mind - suffered his cruel fate with equanimity.Synonyms: serenity, composure, imperturbability,aplombERR (noun: ERRATUM): To be mistaken or go astray- To err is human, to forgive divine.Synonyms: stray, blunderERRATIC: Irresponsible, eccentric; lacking a fixedpurpose erratic behavior, reflecting his queer ideas.ERUDITE: Learned - an erudite person, an editor ofmany books.
  43. 43. Synonyms: scholarly , knowingESOTERIC: Understood by only a select few -an esoteric subject, discussed only by scholars.Synonyms: abstruse, reconditeEXCEPTIONABLE: Objectionable -exceptionable behavior, universally criticized.Synonyms: questionable, reprehensible, censurableAntonym: laudableEXCULPATE: To free from blame - exculpated by ajury.Synonyms: vindicate, exonerate, absolve, acquitAntonyms: arraign, indict, inculpateEXEMPLARY (noun: EXEMPLAR): Serving as amodel; commendable - exemplary conduct approved byall.Synonyms: illustrative, typical; praiseworthy, laudableEXODUS: Departure, emigration - thepathetic exodus of refugees from their homeland.EXOTIC: Strange and foreign - an exotic costumeimported from Asia.
  44. 44. EXPATIATE: To speak or write at great length -He expatiated on the subject for two hours.Synonym: dilateEXPATRIATE (verb): To banish or exile; to withdrawfrom ones country - expatriated for treachery to hiscountry.(noun): An expatriated person - expatriates who leftthe United States to live in Paris.EXPEDIENT (adj.): Convenient in helping to attainsome purpose - found it expedient to maintain silence atthat moment.Synonyms: opportune, seasonable(noun): A means to accomplish something - triedall expedients to achieve a quick result.EXPLOIT (verb): To use for ones selfish purpose –refugees exploited by unscrupulous employers.(noun): A brilliant deed - lauded for his exploits inscience.Synonym: featEXPOUND (noun: EXPOSITION): To set forth indetail; to explain - expounded his theory in a learnedarticle.
  45. 45. EXPURGATE: To purify (usually a piece of writing)of offensive material - expurgate all obscenities beforethe book could be sold.Synonyms: purge, deleteEXTEMPORANEOUS: Done or spoken on the spurof the moment or without preparation -an extemporaneous speech.Synonyms: impromptu, offhandEXTINCT: No longer existing or active -the extinct dinosaur, alive only in history.Synonym: defunctAntonym: extantEXTIRPATE: To root out, destroy totally -extirpated the cause of trouble.Synonyms: eradicate, exterminate, efface, obliterateEXTRANEOUS. Not essential; foreign; irrelevant -excluded material extraneous to the subject.Synonyms: extrinsic, adventitiousAntonyms: germane, intrinsic, inherent,relevant, pertinentEXULTATION: Great rejoicing - received the goodnews with exultation.
  46. 46. Synonym: jubilationFACADE: Front or face, especially of a building -a facade of marble.FACETIOUS: Given to joking or inappropriate gaiety;said in fun - brightened the evening withhis facetious remarks.Synonyms: jocose, droll, flippant, frivolousAntonyms: solemn, grave, saturnineFALLACIOUS (noun: FALLACY): Unsound;misleading; deceptive - led astrayby fallacious reasoning and plans.FALLIBLE: Liable to make mistakes or be deceived -Being human, Tom was naturally fallible.Antonyms: infallible, unerringFATHOM: To penetrate and understand - difficultto fathom his mysterious actions.FATUOUS: Foolish; silly - a fatuous suggestion thatstruck us as stupid.Synonyms: inane, vacuous, puerileAntonyms: judicious, sagacious, sageFEALTY: Faithfulness - The soldiers were pledgedto fealty to their ruler.
  47. 47. Synonyms: allegiance, constancy, fidelityAntonyms: disloyalty; infidelity, treacheryFEASIBLE: Workable - a feasible plan, provedpractical by - previous experience.Antonym: impracticable245 FEIGN (noun: FEINT): To pretend - He feignedto be angry, but we saw through his pretense.Synonyms: dissemble, sham, dissimulate, affectFELICITY (adj.: FELICITOUS):(1) A state of happiness - promoted felicity in the nation.Synonym: bliss(2) A high ability - lie has a felicity of language,mastery of the well-chosen phrase.FERVID: Spirited; ardent - a fervid debater, full ofemotion.Synonyms: perfervid, impassioned, zealous,fervent, vehementFESTOON (noun): A garland of flowers, leaves, etc.hung between two points - the room brightwith festoons of Thanksgiving decorations.
  48. 48. (verb): To hang with festoons - a room festooned withspring flowers.FETISH.(1) Something that is believed to have magical powers -savages worshipping the fetish in a ceremonial dance.Synonym: charm, talisman, amulet(2) An object of unreasoning devotion and worship –Photography, begun as a hobby, became a fetish.FIASCO: A ludicrous and complete failure - all hisglorious plans ending in a fiasco.Synonym: debacleFICTITIOUS: Unreal; made-up - useda fictitious name to avoid being recognized.Synonym: fabricatedFLACCID: Lacking firmness - musclesgrown flaccid after the illness.Synonyms: flabby, limpFLAGRANT: Outstandingly bad - condemned forhis flagrant abuse of power.Synonyms: glaring, scandalous, notorious, conspicuous,gross
  49. 49. FLAMBOYANT: Elaborately showy - written ina flamboyant, style, full of highly decorative imagery.Synonyms: florid, ornate, resplendent, embellished,garish, gaudy, gorgeous, rococoAntonym: somberFLAUNT: Display or wave boastfully - flaunted theexcellent report before his delighted parents.FLEETING: Passing swiftly -the fleeting hours ofhappinessSynonyms: transitory, fugitiveFLUCTUATE: To waver from one course to another;to vary irregularly - his mood fluctuating with everyhour.Synonyms: oscillate, vacillate, undulate, swayFORBEAR (noun: FORBEARANCE): To exercise selfcontrol; to keep from - forbearing to shoot the animaldespite temptation.Synonyms: restrain, abstainFORENSIC: Pertaining to public discussion or lawcourts - a lawyer gifted in forensic debate.Synonyms: rhetorical, oratorical
  50. 50. FORTUITOUS: Accidental - a fortuitous meeting witha friend in need.Synonyms: casual, incidental, adventitious, randomFRACAS: A disorderly quarrel - A fracas broke up themeeting.Synonyms: brawl, altercation, fray, wrangle, imbroglioFRUSTRATE: To prevent (the attainment of an object);to defeat or render ineffectual - His scholastic progresswasfrustrated by a serious illness.Synonyms: balk, thwart, foil, baffle, obstruct, discomfitAntonym: abetFULSOME: Disgustingly excessive - nauseatedby fulsome praise.GARNISH: To trim or decorate -dishes garnished attractively with greens.Synonyms: adorn, deckGENEALOGY: A record of a persons or a familysancestors or relatives - an interesting genealogy,including saints and sinners.Synonym: lineageGENESIS: Origin - chemistry, which had its genesis inalchemy.
  51. 51. Synonym: inceptionGESTICULATE: To make gestures, or indicatefeelings by. motions - gesticulated wildly to show hisdistress.GHASTLY: Horrible, deathlike - a ghastly disasterwhich shocked the world.Synonyms: gruesome, grisly, pallid, macabre, grim,luridGIBE (variant spelling: JIBE): To laugh at; to utterwith scorn - gibed at his enemy mercilessly.Synonyms: mock, sneer, jeer, scoff, flout, deride (adj.:derisive), rail, tauntGLIB: Smooth-spoken, fluent - a glib liar, distortingthe truth effortlessly.GLUTTONOUS (noun. GLUTTON; verb: GLUT):Inclined to cat to excess - gulped down his foodin gluttonous fashion.Synonyms:voracious, intemperateGOSSAMER (noun): A very thin gauzelike fabric orstructure - a poem so delicate that it seemed anunreal gossamer.(adj.): Thin and light - the gossamer wings of a dragonfly.
  52. 52. Synonyms: diaphanous, flimsy, gauzelike Antonyms:substantial, ponderousGREGARIOUS: Habitually fond of associating in acompany or herd - gregarious sheep;that gregarious animal, man.Antonyms:lone, aloofGRIMACE: A distortion of the face to express anattitude or feeling - a grimace that was more expressivethan words.HAIL: To greet - The crowd hailed the returning hero.Synonyms: accost, saluteHARANGUE (verb): To deliver a long. noisy speech-harangued the multitude.Synonyms: rant, declaim(noun): A loud, tiresome speech - anempty harangue which bored his audience.Synonym: tiradeHARBINGER, A forerunner; ail announcer - therobin, harbinger of spring.Synonyms:precursor, heraldHAUGHTY: Proud; looking down with contempt onothers - dismissed the messenger in a haughty manner.
  53. 53. HEEDLESS: Thoughtless; taking little care - rushedinto battle, heedless of the danger.Synonyms: inadvertent, rash, incautiousAntonyms: prudent, circumspect, mindful, waryHEINOUS: Wicked; hateful - committeda heinous crime.Synonyms: atrocious, outrageous, monstrous, odious,nefarious, abominableHERESY: An opinion held in opposition to thetraditional view - a view condemned as heresy.Synonym: heterodoxyAntonym: orthodoxyHIATUS: A gap or vacancy; break -left a hiatus on thepage where he erased a sentence.Synonym:breachHISTRIONIC: Pertaining to the theater; designed forshow - broke into histrionic laughter, hollow andinsincere.Synonyms: dramatic, theatricalHOAX (noun): A trick or deception; a practical joke -played a hoax upon the credulous public.
  54. 54. Synonym: canard(verb): To play a trick on; to deceive - He hoaxed thecrowd completely with his disguise.HOMONYM: Two words having the same sound butdifferent meanings - confusing such homonyms as mailadd male.HOVEL: A dirty or wretched dwelling - born in a hovel,died in a mansion.HYPERBOLE: Extravagant exaggeration for effect -An example of hyperbole: "There are a millionobjections to the project."Synonym: overstatementAntonym: understatementHYPOTHESIS: An assumption made for the sake ofargument - worked from a fantastic hypothesis.Synonym: suppositionIDIOSYNCRASY: A. personal peculiarity - Wearingwhite was one of Whistlers idiosyncrasies.Synonyms: eccentricity, foible, mannerism, crotchet,aberration, quirk, singularityIGNOMINIOUS (noun: IGNOMINY): Incurringpublic disgrace - suffered an ignominious descent frompolitical power.
  55. 55. Synonyms: infamous, degrading, opprobrious, odiousAntonyms: illustrious, renowned, preeminentIMMACULATE: Spotless; pure -an immaculate reputation.Synonyms: undefiled, unsullied,unblemished, untarnishedAntonyms: defiled, sullied, blemishedIMMINENT: Likely to occur soon - stoodin imminent peril.Synonym: impendingIMMUNE (verb: IMMUNIZE): Exempt from;protected from - immune from taxation.Synonym : unsusceptibleIMPALE: To pierce through with a pointed instrument- impaled a spider to the wall.IMPEACH:(1) To accuse (a public official) of wrongdoing - impeached the judge for accepting a bribe.Synonym: arraign(2) To cast discredit upon - impeached his motives.Synonyms: call in question, discredit
  56. 56. IMPECCABLE: Faultless - performedwith impeccable skill.Synonyms: consummate, irreproachable, unerring,infallibleAntonyms: culpable, fallibleIMPERVIOUS: Incapable of being penetrated - amind impervious to new ideas.Synonyms: impermeable, impenetrableAntonyms: permeable, pervasiveIMPLACABLE: Incapable of being soothed, madepeaceful, or forgiving - implacable resentment.Synonyms: unrelenting, inexorable, unappeasableAntonyms: placable, forbearingIMPLICIT:(1) Implied but not clearly expressed -an implicit agreement.(2) Unquestioning - implicit confidence.Synonyms: tacit, impliedAntonym: explicitIMPORT (noun): Meaning; significance or importance- a matter of great import.
  57. 57. Synonyms: purport, moment, consequenceIMPOSTOR (noun: IMPOSTURE): One who pretendsto be what he is notunmasked as an impostor.Synonyms: quack, mountebank, charlatan, bogus, fraudIMPRECATION: A curse - hurled imprecations atthose who would not listen to him.Synonyms: execration, malediction, anathemaAntonyms: benediction, benisonIMPREGNABLE: Unconquerable -an impregnable fortress.Synonym: invincibleAntonym: vulnerableIMPROPRIETY: Improper act, manners, orexpression - guilty of impropriety in public office.Synonyms: indecency, indecorumAntonym: amenityIMPROVIDENT: Lacking in thrift; not providing forfuture needs - an improvident spender.Synonyms: prodigal, shiftlessIMPUGN: To attack or criticize as false; to call inquestion - impugned his honesty.
  58. 58. INCARCERATE: To imprison - crushed hisopponents by incarcerating them.Synonyms: intern, immureAntonyms: emancipate, enfranchiseINCISIVE: Cutting, penetrating - incisive criticism.Synonyms: sarcastic, mordant, trenchant, acuteINCOGNITO. With ones identity concealed -traveled incognito.INCONTROVERTIBLE: Indisputable - incontrovertible evidence.Synonyms: irrefutable, -indubitableINCREMENT: An increase - a salary increment.Synonym: accrualINCUMBENT (noun): An officeholder -the incumbent in an election.(adj.): Obligatory - felt it incumbent to reply.Synonyms: - mandatory, imperativeINDEFATIGABLE: Untiring -an indefatigable worker.Synonyms:unflagging, unremitting, persevering
  59. 59. INDIGENOUS: Native - Rice is indigenous to China.Synonyms:innate, inbornINDOOMITABLE: Stubborn in determination not tobe subdued - indomitable courage.Synonyms:insuperable, irrepressible, invincible,unyieldingAntonyms:tractable, amenable, docile, submissiveINFERENCE: A conclusion reached by reasoningfrom data or premises - an inference drawn from hisremarks.Synonyms:deduction, implicationINGENIOUS: Demonstrating originality, skill, orresourcefulness - an ingenious device.Synonyms:dextrous, inventive, adroitAntonyms:maladroit, gaucheINGENUOUS: Simple and straightforward; concealingnothing - an ingenuous plan that anyone could seethrough.Synonyms: unsophisticated, naive, candidAntonym: sophisticated
  60. 60. INGRATIATE: To win anothers favor or goodopinion tried to ingratiate himself with the politician.INHIBIT: To check or hinder - inhibited his friendfrom a foolhardy course.Synonyms:restrain, curbAntonym: promoteINNOCUOUS: Harmless; inoffensive -an innocuous remark, but it enraged him.INNUENDO: An indirect reference or suggestion(frequently derogatory) - conveyed his ideaby innuendo.Synonyms: (verb) intimate, insinuateINORDINATE: Excessive - spoiledby inordinate praise.Synonyms: immoderate, intemperate, extravagantINSATIABLE: Unable to be satisfied - insatiable greedSynonyms. unappeasable, unquenchable, insatiateINSCRUTABLE: Incapable of interpretation orunderstanding - the inscrutable smile of the Mona Lisa.Synonyms: unfathomable, cryptic, enigmatic
  61. 61. INSIDIOUS: Working secretly or slyly -that insidious disease, cancer.Synonyms: wily, crafty, furtive, treacherous, artful,guileful perfidiousINSTIGATE: To stir tip - instigated discontent amongthe soldiers.Synonyms: foment, inciteINTEGRITY: Honesty, moral soundness - a man ofproved integrity.Synonyms: probity, uprightness, incorruptibilityINVEIGH (noun-. INVECTIVE): To speak angrily orbitterly-inveighed against economic discrimination.Synonyms: rail, denounce, fulminate, vituperateIRASCIBLE: Easily angered - Even petty things madePeter irascible.Synonyms: choleric, petulant, testy, peevish, splenetic,touchyAntonyms: placid, equableIRE: Anger -aroused his ire.Synonyms: resentment; (adj.) irate, incensed
  62. 62. IRKSOME: Tedious, monotonous - an irksome chorethat no one liked.ITINERANT: Traveling about; wandering -an itinerant salesman.Synonym: nomadicJARGON: Confused, unintelligible, meaningless talk;special vocabulary used only by members of a group ortrade - Variety, a newspaper written in theatrical jargon.Synonyms: gibberish, argot, cantJAUNTY: Having an air of easy carelessness orliveliness - walked with a jaunty step.Synonyms: sprightly, airy, gay, nonchalant, debonairAntonyms: somber, staidJEOPARDY: Danger - His life was in jeopardy.Synonyms: hazard, perilJETTISON: To throw overboard (as cargo); to throwoff (as a burden or something in the way )- jettisonedtheir old candidate as a political liability.JUDICIOUS: Wise; using or exhibiting good judgment- a well-chosen plan, termed judicious by all.Synonyms:discreet, politic, discerning
  63. 63. KALEIDOSCOPIC: Constantly changing or varyingin pattern or scenes - kaleidoscopic views of New York.KEN: Range of sight or understanding - somethingbeyond our ken.Synonym: insightLABYRINTH (adj.: LABYRINTHINE): A structure orintricate passage out of which it is difficult to find onesway (also applied to spiritual and intellectualcomplexities) - confused by a labyrinth of intellectualdiscussions.Synonym:mazeLACHRYMOSE: Causing or given to shedding tears -a lachrymose tragedy.LACONIC: Saying much in few words -a laconic reply that spoke volumes.Synonyms:concise, pithy, terse, succinct, taciturn,reticentAntonyms:verbose, prolix, redundant, diffuse,tautological, turgid, garrulous, volubleLARCENY: Theft - indicted for grand larceny.LATENT: Hidden; present but not fully developed -latent talent that time will reveal.Synonyms:dormant, quiescent, covert, potential
  64. 64. Antonyms:apparent, patentLAVISH:(1) Profuse or generous - lavish in praise.Synonyms: ample, superabundant(2) Given to extravagance - a lavish spender.Synonyms: prodigal, munificent, magnanimous.Antonyms: parsimonious, niggardly, frugal, penuriousLETHAL: Deadly - a lethal weapon.Synonyms: mortal, fatalLONGEVITY: Prolonged duration of life - a countryremarkable for the longevity of its inhabitants.LOW: To bellow softly like cattle - the lowing herd inthe meadow.Synonym: mooLUCID: Clear; transparent; easily understood -a lucid explanation of a difficult text.Synonyms: pellucid, perspicuous, intelligible, limpid,luminous, translucentAntonyms: abstruse, obscure
  65. 65. LUDICROUS: Ridiculous; producing laughter -a ludicrous remark that set them all to roaring.Synonyms: mirthful, droll, comical, absurdAntonyms: doleful, lugubrious, dismalLUMINARY: An eminent person; a celestial body - theplatform graced by a number of luminaries.MACHIAVELLIAN: Sacrificing moral principles inorder to attain power; politically cunning; crafty -a machiavelliandesign, wickedly contrived.Synonym: unscrupulousMALICIOUS (noun: MALICE): Bearing, or actingwith, deliberate ill-will or spite - hurtingwith malicious intent.Synonyms:rancorous, malignant, malevolent, virulent,vindictiveAntonym: benignMASQUERADE (verb): To assume a deceptiveappearance or character - a thief masquerading as anhonest man.Synonyms: dissemble, feign(noun): A disguise; a group of people in disguise orfancy costumes - a masquerade so perfect no one couldguess his identity.
  66. 66. MAUDLIN: Sentimental to the point of tears -turned maudlin at the mention of his lost dog.Synonym : mawkish, lachrymoseMEANDER: To walk about (or talk) aimlessly; to windabout (as a stream) - meandered through the town,looking into shop windows.Synonym: rambleMEDIOCRE: Average in quality -a mediocre performance, unworthy of his talents.MERCENARY: Acting solely from a consideration ofreward or profit - actuated by a mercenary motive.Synonym: venalMERETRICIOUS: Attracting in a false, cheap, orshowy manner- a meretricious beauty that is too flashyto be real.Synonyms:tawdry, speciousMETICULOUS: Fussy about minute details -took meticulous pains with his composition.Synonyms:fastidious, punctilious, overscrupulous,finical, methodicalAntonyms:desultory, perfunctory, slovenly
  67. 67. METTLE (adj.: METTLESOME: high-spirited ):Disposition; spirit; courage - His mettle was tried inbattle.Idiom: to be on ones mettle (meaning, “ready to doones best”)Synonyms:temperament, ardorMICROCOSM: A little world, or a universe inminiature this village, a microcosm of the great outsideworld.Antonym:macrocosm (world on a large scale)MIMIC: To make fun of or copy by imitating -mimicked the comedians gestures.MISANTHROPIC (noun: MISANTHROPE): Hatingor distrusting mankind - condemned forhis misanthropic views.Antonyms: philanthropic, altruisticMISNOMER: A name or term that describes wrongly -To call him a brave man is really a misnomer.MONOLOGUE: A speech by one person - The actorgave his views in a dramatic monologue.Synonym:soliloquy
  68. 68. Antonyms:colloquy (adj. colloquial): conversationbetween two or more persons; dialogue: conversationbetween two personsMOROSE: Gloomy; ill-humored - shunned because ofhis morose temper.Synonyms: sulky, crabbed, sullen, splenetic, saturnineAntonyms: blithe, genialMOTLEY: Of various colors; of mixed ingredients -a motley costume; a motley crowd.Synonyms: checkered (referring to a varied career),piebald, variegated, diverse, heterogeneousAntonym: homogeneousMOTTLED: Spotted or streaked with varied colors -a mottled pony.Synonyms:blotched, dappledMUNDANE: Of, or pertaining to, the world, ascontrasted with the spirit - mundane affairs.Synonyms:earthly, terrestrial, secular, temporalMURKY: Dark; cloudy - a murky cavern.Synonyms:dismal, tenebrous, fuliginous
  69. 69. Antonyms:resplendent, glowing, lustrous, luminous,fulgent, coruscatingMUTABLE: Given to frequent change in nature, mood,or form - mutable in mood as a spring wind.Synonyms:vacillating, fickle, inconstant, fitful,mercurial, wavering, capriciousAntonyms:constant, steadyMYRIAD: Innumerable - the myriad stars in theheavens.NAUTICAL: Pertaining to ships or navigation -a nautical career.Synonyms: marine, naval, maritimeNETTLE: To irritate or provoke - nettled by his critics.Synonyms: vex, pique, goadNOCTURNAL: Pertaining to, or occurring in, thenight - awakened by the sounds of a nocturnal prowler.Antonym: diurnalNOISOME: Foul-smelling; harmful-the swamp gaveoff a noisome odor.Synonyms: malodorous, fetid, disgusting; noxious,deleterious
  70. 70. Antonym: salubriousNONCHALANT: Unmoved or indifferent; casual -reacted to the news in a nonchalant manner.Synonym: apatheticAntonyms: enthusiastic, zealousNOSTALGIA: Homesickness - felt nostalgia for theold homestead.NOTORIOUS: Widely known (in a bad sense) -a notorious gambler.NOVICE: A beginner - conducted himself in politicslike a novice.Synonyms:tyro, neophyteAntonym:virtuosoOBDURATE: Hard-hearted; stubborn - an obdurate,unrepentant criminal.Synonyms:adamant, unyielding, inflexibleAntonyms:submissive, docile, compliantOBLIVIOUS (noun: OBLIVION): Forgetful; absent-minded - walking oblivious of his surroundings.Synonyms:unmindful, heedless, abstracted
  71. 71. OBSESSION: A persistent feeling, idea, activity, etc.,which dominates a person; the state of beingexclusively preoccupied by a fixed idea - Now that hehas learned bowling, it has become his obsession.Synonyms:mania, infatuation (a foolish passion),monomaniaOBSOLETE: No longer in use - an obsolete word, noteven included by most dictionaries.Synonyms:archaic, antiquatedOBTRUSIVE (verb: OBTRUDE): Thrusting oneself oritself into undue prominence - made himselfobnoxiously obtrusive.Synonyms:intrusive, aggressiveOBVIATE: To prevent, dispose of, or makeunnecessary by appropriate actions - an actwhich obviated all objections.Synonyms:preclude, forestallOMNIPOTENT: All-powerful - an omnipotent despot.ONUS: Burden; duty; obligation - bore the onus of hisdifficult office creditably.OSTENSIBLE: Apparent; pretended - his ostensible,though not actual, purpose.
  72. 72. Synonyms:professed, plausible (that is, appearing true,reasonable, or fair), speciousOSTRACIZE: To banish; to exclude from public favoror privileges - a former premier ostracized by popularvote.Synonym: outlawPANACEA: A remedy for all ills - seekinga panacea to cure our social troubles.Synonym: nostrumPANEGYRIC: A speech or writing of extravagantpraise - delivered a panegyric at his friends testimonialdinner.Synonyms:eulogy, adulation, tribute, laudation (adj.laudatory), encomiumAntonyms:censure, disparagement, derogation,castigation, depreciationPARADOX: A self -contradictory statement;something that appears to be absurd and yet may betrue -"Life is too important a matter to he takenseriously." - a paradox by Oscar Wilde.Synonym: anomaly
  73. 73. PARAPHRASE: To restate the meaning of a passagein other words - paraphrased the poem in a few lines ofprose.PARODY (noun): A humorous imitation of an authorsstyle and mannerisms - wrote a parody on Kiplings"Gunga Din."Synonym: burlesque(verb): To write a parody - parodied the popular authorsof the (lay to his audiences amusement.Synonym: MimicPECCADILLO: A petty fault-possessesone peccadillo among his many virtues.Synonyms: frailty, foible, flaw, blemishPECUNIARY: Pertaining to money - involvedin pecuniary difficulties.Synonyms; financial, fiscal, monetaryPEDANT (adj.: PEDANTIC): One who proudlyshows off his learning or who overrates his knowledge -like a pedantglorying in his scholarly trifles.PENSIVE: Sadly thoughtful - softly sanghis pensive song.Synonyms: reflective, meditative, contemplative,musing
  74. 74. PEREMPTORY: Positive in expressing an opinion -gave a peremptory judgment.Synonyms:decisive, resolute, imperious, positive,dogmaticAntonyms:indecisive, tentativePERTINACIOUS: Clinging doggedly to an opinion orpurpose - pertinacious in his efforts.Synonyms:obdurate, tenacious, persistent, persevering,intractable, inflexiblePERUSE: To read carefully - perused the importantletter.PERVERSE: Willfully bent on doing the wrong thing -a perverse lad, always disobeying his parents.Synonyms:headstrong, froward, refractory, wayward,fractiousPETRIFY: To paralyze with horror, fear, or surprise -petrified by the enemy bombardment.Synonyms:stupefy, stun, bewilder, amazePLAGIARISM. Adopting and reproducing, withoutacknowledgment, the writings or ideas of another andpassing them off as ones own - denied the charge ofdeliberate plagiarism.
  75. 75. PLATITUDE: A dull and commonplace remark -bored people by his pompous phrases and platitudes.Synonyms:bromide, truism, axiomPLEBEIAN: Pertaining to the common people; hence,common or vulgar - plebeian in his tastes and outlook.Antonyms:patrician, aristocraticPLEBISCITE. A direct vote by the people - Thedecision to confederate was ratified by plebiscite.POIGNANT:(1) Gripping and moving the feelings powerfully -a poignant grief.(2) Piercing, biting, pointed - a poignantcry; poignant wit.PONDEROUS: Very heavy; clumsy; dull -a ponderous speech, extremely boring.PRECARIOUS: Uncertain or risky - earninga precarious livelihood, providing no luxuries.PRECIPITOUS:(1) Very steep - a precipitous cliff.(2) Descending rapidly - a precipitous decline inpopularity.
  76. 76. PRECOCIOUS: Remarkable for early mentaldevelopment a precocious genius.PREDATORY:(1) Inclined to plunder or rob; - predatory bandsroaming the countryside.(2) Preying on, others - predatory animals prowlingabout.Synonyms: predacious, looting, pillagingPREDILECTION: Partiality or preference for; afavorable opinion arrived at beforehand -a predilection for theatricals.Synonyms: prepossession, proclivity, predisposition,penchantAntonyms: aversion, antipathy, repugnancePRELUDE: An introduction, forerunner, orpreliminary step - a short prelude to the play.Synonyms: preface, prologue, preamble.Antonym: epiloguePREROGATIVE: A privilege or power attaching to aposition - It is a womans prerogative to refuse to tellher age.Synonym: license
  77. 77. PRESTIGE: Esteem or influence accorded forrecognized achievements or reputation - As Senator heenjoyed greatprestige.Synonym: distinction415, PRECOCIOUS: Remarkable for early mentaldevelopment a precocious genius.PREDATORY:(1) Inclined to plunder or rob; - predatory bandsroaming the countryside.(2) Preying on, others - predatory animals prowlingabout.Synonyms: predacious, looting, pillagingPREDILECTION: Partiality or pr eference for; afavorable opinion arrived at beforehand -a predilection for theatricals.Synonyms: prepossession, proclivity, predisposition,penchantAntonyms: aversion, antipathy, repugnancePRELUDE: An introduction, forerunner, orpreliminary step - a short prelude to the play.Synonyms: Preface, prologue. PreambleAntonym: epilogue
  78. 78. PREROGATIVE: A privilege or power attaching to aposition - It is a womans prerogative to refuse to tellher age.Synonym: licensePRESTIGE: Esteem or influence accorded forrecognized achievements or reputation - As Senator heenjoyed greatprestige.Synonym: distinctionPRESUMPTION:(1) Something taken for granted - acted on areasonable presumption.(2) Going beyond proper bounds; impudent boldness -His question was downright presumption.Synonyms: effrontery, forwardness, arrogancePREVARICATE: To disguise or conceal the truth tolie - prevaricated in order to avoid detection.Synonyms: quibble, equivocate; (adj.) mendaciousAntonyms: (noun) veracity, verity; (adj.) forthrightPROCRASTINATE: To postpone or put off to anothertime - missed his opportunity by procrastinating toolong.Synonyms: defer, delay
  79. 79. PROGNOSTICATE (noun: PROGNOSIS): Toforecast - The Weather Bureau prognosticates daily.Synonyms:presage, portend, augur, forebodePROLETARIAT: The wage-earning class -a truckman, humble member of the proletariat.PROMONTORY: A cliff - animposing promontory along the coast.Synonyms:headland, precipicePROMULGATE: To publish or proclaim; to spreadabroad The President promulgated a decree.Synonym:disseminatePROTUBERANT: Bulging or swelling out -a protuberant jaw.Antonyms:receding, recessivePROVISIONAL: Temporary; for the time being -a provisional plan until a permanent decision is reached.Synonym:tentativePROXIMITY: Nearness-worked in close proximity tohis home.Synonyms :propinquity, vicinityAntonym:remoteness
  80. 80. PSEUDONYM: A false name assumed by a writer -concealed his identity by a pseudonym.Synonyms:alias, pen name, nom de plumePUNITIVE: Inflicting, or concerned with, punishment- took punitive measures against deserters.QUASH: To crush; to render void - quashed arebellion; quashed an indictment.Synonyms:suppress, extinguish, quell; annulQUERULOUS: Given to fault-finding andcomplaining - Her querulous nature estranged manypeople.Synonyms:fretful, whining, captious, carping, peevish,petulantAntonym: affableQUIXOTIC: Extravagantly romantic or idealistic;highly impractical - a quixotic scheme that can nevermaterialize.Synonyms:utopian, visionary, fantasticRACONTEUR: A skilled storyteller - held spellboundby a superb raconteur.RADICAL (noun): One who advocates extreme basicchanges - The reform movement was led by a radical.
  81. 81. (adj.): Thorough, extreme - radical measures adopted tomeet the emergency.Antonym:(noun and adj.) conservativeRAMIFICATION: A branching; sub-division - studiedthe subject in all its ramifications.RAZE: To tear down completely- razed the oldbuilding.Synonyms:levelAntonym:rearRECAPITULATE: To restate in a brief, concise form;to sum up - recapitulated the main ideas.RECIPROCAL: Mutual; done in return for somethingreceived - held each other in reciprocal esteem.RECUMBENT: Lying down; leaning back or down -resting in a recumbent position.REDOLENT:(1) Fragrant - a room redolent of roses.Synonym: aromatic(2) Reminiscent of - redolent of olden times.REDOUBTABLE: Commanding fear or respect -cringing before a redoubtable enemy.
  82. 82. Synonym:formidableREFUTE: To prove incorrect or false-refuted hisopponents argument.Synonyms:rebut, confuteAntonyms: substantiate, confirm, corroborateREITERATE: Repeat (several times) - reiterated hisstory once more.REMUNERATIVE: Profitable - a remunerative job.Synonyms: lucrative, gainfulRENEGADE: One who forsakes political or partyprinciples or his religious faith - a renegade from hisformer allegiance.Synonyms: turncoat, apostate, recreant, traitorREPRISAL: Injury inflicted in turn for one received -took action in reprisal against his neighbor.Synonym: retaliationRESENTMENT: Feeling of displeasure or indignationresulting from mistreatment or abuse -showed resentment at what he considered anunwarranted insult.Synonyms: umbrage, dudgeon, animosity
  83. 83. RESILIENT: Elastic; light-hearted; possessing powerof recovery - a resilient Spirit, refusing to admit defeat.Synonyms: flexible, pliable, supple, limberRESPITE:(1) Temporary deferment or cessation of work or pain -a brief respite from labor.Synonym: surcease(2) A temporary delay in the execution of -a sentence -granted the doom man a temporary respite.Synonym: reprieveRETRIBUTION: The reward or punishment exactedfor an injury, wickedness, or other action - sufferedjust retributionfor his folly.Synonyms: requital, nemesisRETRIEVE:(1) To make good -retrieved a mistake.(2) To recover -retrieved the suitcase left at the station.(3) To restore - retrieved his lost fortunes.REVERBERATE: To echo - ashot reverberating through the valley.Synonym: resound
  84. 84. RUDIMENTARY: In an early stage of development -possessing only a rudimentary, knowledge of physics.Synonym: incipientRUE (adj.: RUEFUL): To be sorry for-He will rue theday he left home.Synonyms: regret, repentSACROSANCT: Very holy - ashrine. regarded as sacrosanct.Synonyms: consecrated, inviolable, hallowedSAGACIOUS (noun: SAGACITY): Wise; shrewd -proved to be sagacious in his judgment.Synonyms: perspicacious, astute, sapient, discerning,sageSALLOW: Sick - a sallow complexion.Synonym: pallidAntonyms: rubicund, ruddy, floridSALLY: (verb): To rush forth suddenly - sallied out tomeet the enemy.(noun): A Witty remark - amused the audience withhis sallies against his opponent.Synonyms: quip, banter
  85. 85. SANCTIMONIOUS: Pretending to be religious -showed his hypocrisy in a sanctimonious display ofpiety.SANGUINARY: Bloody - a sanguinary battle.Synonym: gorySANGUINE: Of a hopeful disposition; blood-red incolor - a perennial optimist, sanguine in temperament.Synonyms: buoyant, ardentSARTORIAL: Pertaining to a tailor or clothes - apicture of sartorial perfection.SATELLITE:(1) An attentive or flattering follower - a princesurrounded by many satellites.Synonyms: lackey, toady, disciple, adherent; adj.,fawning, obsequious, partisan(2) A country influenced or controlled by another -Freedom is conspicuously absent ,in theSoviet satellites.(3) A body (natural or artificial) which revolves arounda larger body, generally a planet - The moon is the onlynaturalsatellite of the earth, but in recent years it hasbeen joined by many artificial satellites.
  86. 86. SCINTILLA: A trace; a particle - not a scintillaof convincing evidence.Synonyms: iota; vestigeSCOURGE (verb): To punish severely; to afflict; towhip - a disease that scourged the country.Synonyms: excoriate, flay(noun). A whip or other means of punishment; a causeof affliction - The Black Plague was adreadful scourge of the MiddleAges.Synonym: tribulationSCRUTINIZE: To examine carefully -scrutinized thecontents of the letter.SHIBBOLETH: A party slogan - a shibboleth designedto attract votes.SIMPER (verb): To smile in a silly or affectedway simpered as he greeted each guest.(noun): An affected or silly smile - stood nervously,a simper on his face.Synonym: (verb and noun) smirkSINECURE: Employment entailing little or noresponsibility or labor - His job was a sinecure.
  87. 87. SINISTER: Threatening or showing evil; dishonest -the sinisterlook of a gangster.SLEAZY: Flimsy and cheap - sleazy cloth which isused only in cheap garments.Synonym: unsubstantialSLOVENLY: Untidy-severely criticized thestudents slovenly appearance.Synonyms: slipshod, slatternly, frowzySOPORIFIC: Tending to induce sleep - a poorlywritten novel, soporific in effect.SORDID: Mean and base; filthy - Sordid motives breedselfish actions.Synonyms: degraded, vile, ignobleSOVEREIGN: Supreme m power and authority;independent of the control of any other government -possessing sovereign powers; a sovereign state.Synonyms: autonomous, imperial, majestic, paramountSPORADIC: Occurring singly, at irregular intervals;scattered - sporadic cases of illness.SPURN: To refuse or reject with contempt - an offerthat was spurned instantly.Synonyms: repel, snub
  88. 88. STOIC: Indifferent, calm in bearing pain orpleasure; practising remarkable self-control overemotions - maintained a stoicattitude despite all histrials.Synonyms: stolid, impassiveSTRINGENT: Strict; compelling,constraining stringent regulations; stringent requirements.Synonyms: exacting, rigidAntonym: laxSTUPENDOUS: Amazing by, virtue of its immensesize, force, or any quality in exceptional degree - Thecircus is astupendous spectacle.Synonyms: astounding, prodigious, monstrous,marvelous, colossal, awfulSUCCULENT: juicy - a succulent steak.Antonyms; desiccated, vapidSULTRY: Close, hot, and moist - sultry tropicalweather.SUPINE:(1) Lying flat on the back - resting in a supine position.Antonym: erect
  89. 89. (2) Inert, inactive, averse to taking action - a supine,ineffective administrator.Synonyms: listless, torpidTANGIBLE: Real; actual - tangible gains which maybe seen. and counted.Synonyms: material, veritable, perceptible, substantialTANTAMOUNT: Equivalent - an act thatis tantamount to treason.TAUNT (verb). To reproach with contempt -taunted him with the charge of failure to act promptly.Synonyms: mock, twit, gibe, sneer, deride(noun): An insulting, jeering, or bitter remark -hurled taunts at his foes.TEEMING: In abundance, fertile, highly productive -the teeming tropics, rank with vegetation.Synonyms: swarming, fruitful, fecund, aboundingTEMERITY: Unwise or reckless boldness - leapedinto battle with thoughtless temerity.Synonyms: audacity, presumptuousness, effrontery,rashness;(adj.) temerarious, foolhardy, venturesome
  90. 90. Antonyms: prudence, circumspection, warinessTEMPORAL: Worldly, as opposed to spiritual;existing for a time only - a man preoccupiedwith temporal matters.Synonyms: mundane, secular, civilTEMPORIZE: To delay or refuse to commit oneself inorder to gain time - temporized while his friends hurriedto his aid.Synonym: equivocateTENET: A principle of belief held as true - a tenet ofreligion which be maintained loyally.Synonyms: creed, doctrine, dogmaTENUOUS: Slender; not substantial; of slightimportance - clung desperately to his tenuous hope.TRANQUIL: Calm; peaceful - a tranquil summer night.Synonyms: placid, sereneAntonyms: perturbed, ruffled, turbulentTRANSGRESS: To break a law or command; toviolate a moral principle; to overstep a moral bound orlimit -transgressed the bounds of decency; transgressedthe law.TREMULOUS: Trembling - tremulous with fright.
  91. 91. Synonym: quiveringTRIVIAL: Of little - importance - a trivial offense.Synonym: paltryAntonyms: gross, momentousTRUCULENT (noun: TRUCULENCE): Cruel, fierce;harsh; threatening or intimidating savagely - a disputemarked by atruculent attitude on both sides.TURGID:(1) Swollen, inflated - turgid rivers overflowing theirbanks.Synonyms: bloated, distended(2) Using big or high-sounding words - a turgid prosestyle.Synonyms: pompous, bombastic, prolixUBIQUITOUS: Existing everywhere - The commoncold is a ubiquitous complaint.Synonyms: omnipresent, universalUNTENABLE: Incapable of being defended or held -withdrew the argument as untenable.UTILITARIAN (adj.): Materially or practically useful- beautiful, but not utilitarian.
  92. 92. VANQUISH: To subdue or conquer -anarmy vanquished with heavy losses.VAUNT: To boast - proudly vaunted his strength.Synonyms: brag (noun: braggadocio, braggart),proclaimVENEER: A superficial appearance or show designedto impress one with superiority - pierced beneath histhin veneer of elegance.Synonym: glossVENERABLE: Deserving respect or reverencebecause of age - a venerable leader.VERNAL: Pertaining to spring-an arrayof vernal flowers.Antonym: hibernal (wintry)VERSATILE: Able to do many things skillfully -versatile in all the arts.VICARIOUS: Taking the place of another; felt,received, or done in place of another -took vicarious pleasure in his brothers victory.VICISSITUDE: A change from one condition toanother, often unexpected - sufferedmany vicissitudes of fortune.
  93. 93. VIRAGO: A scolding or ill-tempered woman - Myneighbors wife is a virago.Synonyms: shrew, termagant, vixenVITUPERATE (noun: VITUPERATION; adj.:VITUPERATIVE): To scold or blame loudly, find faultwith in abusive language - an angryman, vituperating the world.Synonyms: berate, revileWAIVE: To give up (privileges, etc.); to do without -waived his rights to the property.Synonyms: relinquish, forgo, forsakeWHIM (adj.: WHIMSICAL): A sudden notion orpassing fancy -frequently acted on the whim of themoment.Synonyms: caprice, vagary, crotchetWRITHE: To twist about (usually with pain) -writhed in agony on the floor.Synonyms: contort, squirmZEALOUS (noun: ZEALOT: fanatic): Full ofenthusiasm or eagerness -a zealous student, first in hisclass.Antonym: perfunctory
  94. 94. ZENITH: The highest point - the zenith of his career.Synonyms: acme, apex, culmination, summitAntonym: nadir