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Sentence form


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Writing lecture

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Sentence form

  1. 1. GROUP J : Putri Ayu 201012501130 Novita Jumianingsih 201012500538 Nurotun Solihah 201012500606 Nursanti Setiorini 201012500913
  2. 2. SimPle SentenceS cOmPOUnd SentenceS cOmPlex SentenceS
  3. 3. Simple sentences •Also called an INDEPENDENT CLAUSE • It expresses a complete thought. SUBJECT + VERB
  4. 4. Simple sentences Can have a compound subject Ex. Mary and John rode the bus. Don’t use a comma!
  5. 5. Simple sentences can have a compound verb Ex. Mary skipped and ran in P.E. Don’t use a comma!
  6. 6. Compound sentences Contains two independent clauses (simple sentences) joined by a coordinating conjunction. Except for very short sentences, these conjunctions are always preceded by a comma. Subject verb + subject verb
  7. 7. Compound sentences The conjunctions are as follows: For And Nor But Or Yet So
  8. 8. Compound sentences Example : Andi loves monkeys, but he also likes lemurs. s v c cc s v I tried to speak Spanish, and my friend tried to speak English.
  9. 9. Complex sentences - A complex sentence is one independent clause plus one dependent clause. Dependent clauses do not express a complete thought and can’t stand alone as sentences. A dependent clause begins with a subordinating conjunction. - The two clauses are joined by a subordinating conjunction
  10. 10. Complex sentences Follow these formats when writing complex sentences: o DEPENDENT CLAUSE, INDEPENDENT CLAUSE Since I have no milk, I’ll go to the store. o INDEPENDENT CLAUSE DEPENDENT CLAUSE I’ll go to the store since I have no milk.
  11. 11. Subordinating Conjunctions AAAWWUBBIS! As Although After When While Until Because Before If Since
  12. 12. Complex sentences Subordinating conjunction comes at the front of the dependent clause. The part of the sentence w/ the sub. conjunction is called the dependent clause. *It is dependent because it can’t stand alone.*
  13. 13. Complex sentences The part of the sentence w/ NO sub. conjunction is called the INDEPENDENT CLAUSE (because it can stand alone-independently - as a complete sentence.)
  14. 14. Complex sentences Before the game started, she fell. Dep. Cla Ind.Cla Sub. Conj. “before” Why does this sentence have a comma?
  15. 15. Complex sentences She fell before the game started. This sentence is like the one before EXCEPT that the dependent clause is at the end. (It’s underlined.) Does this sentence need a comma?
  16. 16. Complex sentences If a dependent clause comes at the beginning, put a comma after it. If a dependent clause comes at the end, DON’T use a comma.
  17. 17. Complex sentences Ex. She told me to study so that I would make good grades. (dep. clause underlined; no comma) Ex. So that I would make good grades, she told me to study. (dep. clause underlined; has a comma)
  18. 18.  FUN QUIZ  Identify the sentences below, which one a simple sentence, a compound sentences, or complex sentences. a . After they finished studying , Jack and Maria went to the movies. (cx snt) b.The surprise party was organized by Wendy’s two best friends. (sm snt) c . Alex played football, so Maria went shopping. (cd snt) d.Bill walked into the crowded room, but I can’t find him. (cd snt) e.George played football because Jean went shopping. (cx snt)
  19. 19. Simple, Compound, or Complex? The teacher walked into the classroom, greeted the students, and took attendance. SIMPLE
  20. 20. Simple, Compound, or Complex? Juan played football, yet Juanita went shopping. COMPOUND
  21. 21. Simple, Compound, or Complex? The island was filled with many trails winding through the thick underbrush, a small lake, and dangerous wild pigs. SIMPLE
  22. 22. Simple, Compound, or Complex? Reggie passed the test because he studied hard and understood the material. COMPLEX