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Traditional Technology Solutions
Presents
Organic Farming Methods – Part 6
Cultivation of sesame and its oil extraction
Presented by,
N. S. Santhana Krishnan,
Traditional Technology Solutions,
E-mail: sankrish@tts.org.in,
Website: www.tts.org.in .
Cultivation of sesame
 In this presentation we are going to discuss about cultivation of
sesame and its oil extraction.
 sesame have tendency to absorb high amount of nutrients from soil
and to grow well even at drought conditions.
 We started the cultivation at the starting of winter season since the
crop can grow using the moisture caused by morning dew drops.
 This cultivation took place in our lands situated in the Village
named “Thiru-Magaral”.
 We chose one acre for black gram cultivation.
 We also cultivated black gram in our ancestral residential plots in
Neyyadupakkam village.
 We didn’t irrigate the lands but used the monsoon rain and
moisture from condensed fog for cultivation.
We distributed the sesame seeds and ploughed the soil a day after rain
We allowed the sesame plant to grow naturally like weeds
without any human interference
Seeds got germinated as plants by seven days
Sesame plants gown around four inches high after fifteen days of seeding
Plants growth in twenty days
Plants after thirty five days
Plants after forty five days
Plants started developing sesame pods after sixty five days
The sesame pods got matured by ninety days
The pods got harvested manually by 95 days and collect in bunches
The harvested plant bunches were collected as a heap
A close-up view of stacked plants which are later covered with
tarpaulin sheet for three days for the grains to mature completely .
In this process even partially matured white seeds will also get
matured by turning black
After stacking the plants were dispersed to get completely dry. The
dried plant were beaten by stick in order to get the sesame seeds
Kindly note:
Simultaneously at Neyyadu pakkam village we sowed
sesame for 20 cents at our residential plots to avoid the weed
occupation.
Lets have a look how we cultivated sesame at this place in
the following slides.
We ploughed the land after dispersing the sesame seeds
Sesame plants got germinated
Plants growth after 30 days
Plants growth after forty five days
Plants growth after sixty days
Pods started to appear by seventy five days
We can notice matured black sesame by ninety five days
We harvested small amount but good quality of sesame seeds from
this place. We kept this sesame as seeds to sown in next season
Around 130 kg of sesame were soaked in water to dissolve added clay
particles.
We washed the sesame trice completely and filtered it.
We dried the cleaned sesame on terrace under sunlight
The sesame got completely dried for three days
We used 2 kg of Chemical free jaggery for every 10 kg of sesame to
expel oil from it.
We also used purified and RO,UV treated water to sprinkle over
sesame as lubricant in oil extraction process.
The oil got extracted in a cleaned wooden expeller by cold
pressing(temperature developed in this process was less than 40◦C).
We got light colored ( due to washing) aromatic sesame oil which was
allowed to stay Undisturbed for three days in order to settle down the
dispersed particles as oil cake. The clear oil was transfer in a cleaned
nylon can and stored in dark dry cold place
We burnt the sesame straw inside a oil drum to get clean ash
The ash can be dissolved in water and filtered to use as nutritious
insect repellant spray for next crop.
Conclusion:
 We got good quality and quantity of sesame from small area.
 We found that the land soil in which sesame was cultivated
retained moisture and their was a good sign of earth worm
activities comparatively to the Adjacent bare lands.
When we washed sesame to remove clay and dust we observed
black color substance from sesame external cover getting
dissolved in the water and made the water black .We stored the
water separately and testing its properties.
We found the ash of the sesame straw was highly alkaline
which has t be diluted well before applying to other crops.
Next time we are planning to transplant sesame saplings at
equal distance and compare its yield
Sesame

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Sesame

  • 1. Traditional Technology Solutions Presents Organic Farming Methods – Part 6 Cultivation of sesame and its oil extraction Presented by, N. S. Santhana Krishnan, Traditional Technology Solutions, E-mail: sankrish@tts.org.in, Website: www.tts.org.in .
  • 2. Cultivation of sesame  In this presentation we are going to discuss about cultivation of sesame and its oil extraction.  sesame have tendency to absorb high amount of nutrients from soil and to grow well even at drought conditions.  We started the cultivation at the starting of winter season since the crop can grow using the moisture caused by morning dew drops.  This cultivation took place in our lands situated in the Village named “Thiru-Magaral”.  We chose one acre for black gram cultivation.  We also cultivated black gram in our ancestral residential plots in Neyyadupakkam village.  We didn’t irrigate the lands but used the monsoon rain and moisture from condensed fog for cultivation.
  • 3. We distributed the sesame seeds and ploughed the soil a day after rain
  • 4. We allowed the sesame plant to grow naturally like weeds without any human interference
  • 5. Seeds got germinated as plants by seven days
  • 6. Sesame plants gown around four inches high after fifteen days of seeding
  • 7. Plants growth in twenty days
  • 9. Plants after forty five days
  • 10. Plants started developing sesame pods after sixty five days
  • 11. The sesame pods got matured by ninety days
  • 12. The pods got harvested manually by 95 days and collect in bunches
  • 13. The harvested plant bunches were collected as a heap
  • 14. A close-up view of stacked plants which are later covered with tarpaulin sheet for three days for the grains to mature completely . In this process even partially matured white seeds will also get matured by turning black
  • 15. After stacking the plants were dispersed to get completely dry. The dried plant were beaten by stick in order to get the sesame seeds
  • 16. Kindly note: Simultaneously at Neyyadu pakkam village we sowed sesame for 20 cents at our residential plots to avoid the weed occupation. Lets have a look how we cultivated sesame at this place in the following slides.
  • 17. We ploughed the land after dispersing the sesame seeds
  • 18. Sesame plants got germinated
  • 20. Plants growth after forty five days
  • 21. Plants growth after sixty days
  • 22. Pods started to appear by seventy five days
  • 23. We can notice matured black sesame by ninety five days
  • 24. We harvested small amount but good quality of sesame seeds from this place. We kept this sesame as seeds to sown in next season
  • 25. Around 130 kg of sesame were soaked in water to dissolve added clay particles.
  • 26. We washed the sesame trice completely and filtered it.
  • 27. We dried the cleaned sesame on terrace under sunlight
  • 28. The sesame got completely dried for three days
  • 29. We used 2 kg of Chemical free jaggery for every 10 kg of sesame to expel oil from it. We also used purified and RO,UV treated water to sprinkle over sesame as lubricant in oil extraction process.
  • 30. The oil got extracted in a cleaned wooden expeller by cold pressing(temperature developed in this process was less than 40◦C).
  • 31. We got light colored ( due to washing) aromatic sesame oil which was allowed to stay Undisturbed for three days in order to settle down the dispersed particles as oil cake. The clear oil was transfer in a cleaned nylon can and stored in dark dry cold place
  • 32. We burnt the sesame straw inside a oil drum to get clean ash
  • 33. The ash can be dissolved in water and filtered to use as nutritious insect repellant spray for next crop.
  • 34. Conclusion:  We got good quality and quantity of sesame from small area.  We found that the land soil in which sesame was cultivated retained moisture and their was a good sign of earth worm activities comparatively to the Adjacent bare lands. When we washed sesame to remove clay and dust we observed black color substance from sesame external cover getting dissolved in the water and made the water black .We stored the water separately and testing its properties. We found the ash of the sesame straw was highly alkaline which has t be diluted well before applying to other crops. Next time we are planning to transplant sesame saplings at equal distance and compare its yield