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Figuresof speech

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Figuresof speech

  1. 1. F i g u r e s o f S p e e c h Collected and edited by EP Prasad
  2. 2. Figures of Speech <ul><li>Figures of speech are words or phrases </li></ul><ul><li>that depart from straightforward </li></ul><ul><li>literal language. Figures of speech </li></ul><ul><li>are often used and crafted for </li></ul><ul><li>emphasis , freshness , expression , or </li></ul><ul><li>clarity . </li></ul>
  3. 3. Types of Figures of Speech <ul><li>Simile </li></ul><ul><li>Metaphor </li></ul><ul><li>Alliteration </li></ul><ul><li>Onomatopoeia </li></ul><ul><li>Hyperbole </li></ul>
  4. 4. SIMILE <ul><li>A simile is the comparison of two </li></ul><ul><li>Unlike things using or . </li></ul><ul><li>He eats like a pig. </li></ul><ul><li>You are as pretty as a picture. </li></ul>like as
  5. 5. METAPHOR <ul><li>A metaphor is the comparison of </li></ul><ul><li>two unlike things or expressions, </li></ul><ul><li>sometimes using the verb “to be,” </li></ul><ul><li>and not using like or as (as in a </li></ul><ul><li>simile). </li></ul><ul><li>“ To be” ( am , is , are , was , were ) </li></ul>
  6. 6. METAPHOR <ul><li>He is a pig. </li></ul><ul><li>“ You are a tulip.” </li></ul><ul><li>From “A Meditation for his Mistress” </li></ul><ul><li>~Robert Herrick </li></ul>
  7. 7. ALLITERATION <ul><li>Alliteration is the of </li></ul><ul><li>initial consonant sounds of </li></ul><ul><li>neighboring words. </li></ul><ul><li>S ally s ells s eashells by the s eashore. </li></ul>repetition
  8. 8. ALLITERATION <ul><li>“ She left the H eaven of H eroes and came down </li></ul><ul><li>To m ake a m an to m eet the m ortal need, </li></ul><ul><li>A m an to m atch the m ountains and the sea, </li></ul><ul><li>The friendly w elcome of the w ayside w ell.” </li></ul><ul><li>From “Lincoln, the Man of the People” </li></ul><ul><li>~Edwin Markham </li></ul>
  9. 9. ONOMATOPOEIA <ul><li>(on- uh -mat- uh - pee - uh) </li></ul><ul><li>An onomatopoeia is a word that imitates the it represents. </li></ul><ul><li>The chiming of the bells… </li></ul><ul><li>The boom of the explosion… </li></ul>sound
  10. 10. ONOMATOPOEIA <ul><li>“ Tinkling sleigh bells </li></ul><ul><li>Clanging fire bells </li></ul><ul><li>Mellow chiming wedding bells </li></ul><ul><li>Tolling , moaning , and groaning funeral bells” </li></ul><ul><li>From “The Bells” </li></ul><ul><li>~Edgar Allan Poe </li></ul>
  11. 11. HYPERBOLE <ul><li>A hyperbole is an or </li></ul><ul><li>an . </li></ul><ul><li>= </li></ul><ul><li>His feet are as big as boats ! </li></ul><ul><li>I nearly died laughing ! </li></ul>exaggeration overstatement
  12. 12. HYPERBOLE <ul><li>“ Here once the embattled farmers stood </li></ul><ul><li>And fired .” </li></ul><ul><li>From “The Concord Hymn” </li></ul><ul><li>~Ralph Waldo Emerson </li></ul>the shot heard round the world
  13. 13. Test Your Knowledge!
  14. 14. TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE! <ul><li>He clattered and clanged as he washed the dishes. </li></ul><ul><li>Simile </li></ul><ul><li>Onomatopoeia </li></ul><ul><li>Hyperbole </li></ul>
  15. 15. TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE! <ul><li>Life is a beach! </li></ul><ul><li>(A)Metaphor </li></ul><ul><li>(B)Alliteration </li></ul><ul><li>(C) Simile </li></ul>
  16. 16. TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE! <ul><li>“ P eter P iper p icked a p eck of p ickled p eppers.” </li></ul><ul><li>~Mother Goose </li></ul><ul><li>Onomatopoeia </li></ul><ul><li>Hyperbole </li></ul><ul><li>Alliteration </li></ul>
  17. 17. TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE! <ul><li>The river falls under us like a trap door. </li></ul><ul><li>Onomatopoeia </li></ul><ul><li>Simile </li></ul><ul><li>Metaphor </li></ul>
  18. 18. TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE! <ul><li>I’m so hungry I could eat a horse ! </li></ul><ul><li>Hyperbole </li></ul><ul><li>Metaphor </li></ul><ul><li>Onomatopoeia </li></ul>
  19. 19. TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE! <ul><li>“ Don’t delay dawn’s disarming display. </li></ul><ul><li>Dusk demands daylight.” </li></ul><ul><li>From “Dewdrops Dancing Down Daises” </li></ul><ul><li>~Paul Mc Cann </li></ul><ul><li>Onomatopoeia </li></ul><ul><li>Alliteration </li></ul><ul><li>Hyperbole </li></ul>
  20. 20. TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE! <ul><li>I’ve heard that joke a billion times, but it still cracks me up! </li></ul><ul><li>(A) Simile </li></ul><ul><li>(B) Metaphor </li></ul><ul><li>(C) Hyperbole </li></ul>
  21. 21. TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE! <ul><li>The glass vase is as fragile as a child’s sandcastle. </li></ul><ul><li>Metaphor </li></ul><ul><li>Alliteration </li></ul><ul><li>Simile </li></ul>
  22. 22. TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE! <ul><li>The buzzing bee startled me! </li></ul><ul><li>Hypberbole </li></ul><ul><li>Onomatopoeia </li></ul><ul><li>Metaphor </li></ul>
  23. 23. TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE! <ul><li>She looked at him with fire in her eyes. </li></ul><ul><li>Alliteration </li></ul><ul><li>Simile </li></ul><ul><li>Metaphor </li></ul>
  24. 25. USE YOUR NOGGIN! <ul><li>Write a story about an experience </li></ul><ul><li>in your life in 2-3 paragraphs. </li></ul><ul><li>Use each of the figures of speech </li></ul><ul><li>we learned today! </li></ul><ul><li>( Simile , Metaphor , Alliteration , </li></ul><ul><li>Onomatopoeia , Hyperbole ) </li></ul>
  25. 26. Hope u liked it! God bless you all © Department of English, IES

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