Microgrid.iet

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Microgrid.iet

  1. 1. 09/14/13 1 VOLTAGE DROOP CONTROL INVOLTAGE DROOP CONTROL IN MICRO GRID BY DISTRIBUTEDMICRO GRID BY DISTRIBUTED GENERATORSGENERATORS Guided by IET.Trichy 56-A, PERIYAR NAGAR, TRICHY-5 CONTACT:9952297180, 9600339946 IET.Trichy
  2. 2. 09/14/13 2 ABSTRACTABSTRACT  Autonomous microgrids, an important task is to share the load demand using multiple distributed generation (DG) units.  However, a low-voltage microgrid, real and reactive compensation is the main thought.  In microgrid configuration, reactive power sharing is more challenging. IET.Trichy
  3. 3. 09/14/13 3 DROOP CONTROL STRATEGY:  A droop control scheme uses only local power to detect changes in the system and adjust the operating points of the generators accordingly (e.g. load sharing).  The droop control uses the real power out of a generator to calculate the ideal operating frequency. IET.Trichy
  4. 4. 09/14/13 4 FREQUENCY & VOLTAGEFREQUENCY & VOLTAGE DROOP CONTROL:DROOP CONTROL: IET.Trichy
  5. 5. 09/14/13 5 MICRO GRID:  A microgrid is a localized grouping of electricity generation, energy storage, and loads that normally operates connected to a traditional centralized grid (macrogrid).  Generation and loads in a microgrid are usually interconnected at low voltage.  Small power stations of 5–10 MW to serve the micro-grids IET.Trichy
  6. 6. 09/14/13 6 MICROGRID SCHEMATIC: IET.Trichy
  7. 7. 09/14/13 7 EXISTING SYSTEM  The distributed generation focus on the idea that inverters will tie the energy source into the electrical system.  Studies on control schemes for power balance, fault tolerance and system stability have been conducted but focus on the control of the power electronics topology and switching schemes to obtain results. IET.Trichy
  8. 8. 09/14/13 8  The widespread use of inverters providing power to a microgrid system can create higher-order harmonics due to internal switching. IET.Trichy
  9. 9. 09/14/13 9 PROPOSED SYSTEM  The paper studies a distributed system with two distributed generation subsystems. In each subsystem there are two voltage source inverters and two loads.  The controller uses an inner loop that regulates the current and an outer loop that controls voltage. A droop control calculates a reference voltage and compares that operating point with the current operating conditions creating an error signal. The error signals are then used by the controller to adjust the PWM signal for driving a full-bridge inverter. IET.Trichy
  10. 10. 09/14/13 10  A droop control calculates a reference voltage and compares that operating point with the current operating conditions creating an error signal. The error signals are then used by the controller to adjust the PWM signal for driving a full-bridge inverter. IET.Trichy
  11. 11. 09/14/13 11 INJECTION OF REAL POWER DISTURBANCES & INTEGRAL CONTROL STRATEGY  Low- Bandwidth synchronization signals from the central controller  Real power disturbance will then cause the integral control term to regulate the DG output voltage and maintain the reactive power sharing. IET.Trichy
  12. 12. 09/14/13 12  The paper proposes to modify the droop characteristic such that generation is increased at nodes with a large local load so that power exchanges through the distribution system are reduced from those that would occur in conventional droop schemes.  This configuration can improve waveform quality by reducing the total harmonic distortion IET.Trichy
  13. 13. 09/14/13 13 CIRCUIT DIAGRAM: IET.Trichy
  14. 14. 09/14/13 14IET.Trichy

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