What are the basic need of a human ????RotiKapdaMakan or housing
We are dealing with Housing / Makan in thispresentationContents:1. Existing context of housing demand2. Normative framework to implementation3. Case study
What is the scenario of Indias housingsector ????
MIG&HIG constitutes only 0.16% urban population
EWS AND LIGconstitutes only 99.8%urban populationTotal: 24.71 m 100.00%EWS: 21.78 m 88.14%LIG: 2.89 m 11.69%MIG&HIG: 0.04 m0.16%More than 99% shortage is for EWS/LIG segments
6Urban India: Growth in Population & Slum Population• Decadal Urban Population Growth 40%• Decadal Metro-Population Growth 79%• Decadal Slum Population Growth 70%DEMAND INCREASING
7Total Housing ShortageHousing shortage at the beginning of 11thFive Year Plan (1.4.2007)24.71 million dwellingunitsAdditional Housing Requirement for the 11thPlan ( 2007-2012)1.82 million dwellingunitsTotal housing requirement during 11th PlanPeriod including the carried over housingshortage26.53 Million dwellingunitsDEMAND INCREASING
Identifying the beneficiaries• Economically weaker sections.• Urban poor who have already found shelter in formal authorized slumSettlements,• Currently residing in informal settlements (this could include those who areresiding on encroached land, unauthorized settlements and the like).Finally,The framework to brought within the purview of any concerted effort to provideshelter to the poor.
Making land available• The authorities to make access public as well as private land, foreconomically and socially productive purposes.• Earmarking land for developing low cost housing for EWS through masterplan needs to be taken up by the relevant authorities.• Legal bottlenecks should be removed (the urban land ceiling andregulation act)
CONSIDERING ENTITLEMENTS OF THE POOR• Issue of entitlements should go beyond shelter.• To that provision of basic services clean water and sanitation healthcarefacilities and education.• Urban should consist issue of asset productivity.For instance, in the rural context, issues related to livelihood are the primeconsideration.Dharavi, considered to be “ city within city “ because of mix of residence andwork area and its strong relation within the slum boundary.
Aspects related to funding and financing housing for the urban poor1. Mechanism for compensation while acquiring privately ownedland.• By market driven• Negotiated cash based compensation to higher fsi/far to tdr (or acombination thereof).2. Financing the actual construction of the dwelling units themselves.• Financing through beneficiary contributions to support publicfunding.• Public private partnershipsOvercoming funding constraints
Existing context:• 700,000 BPL• 3,500,000 without incometo sustain themselves andmeet their basic needs• diverse linguistic, ethnicand religiousconstituencies.• high unemployment• limited access to basicservices (includinghealthcare and education).• Household in irregulartenure (pavement dwellers,along railway tracks orcanals)• highly vulnerable group• low levels of literacyKolkata - city of joy
1. Situation specific initiatives which will differ between municipalities.2. Policy direction is deliberated at the state government level in collaboration with theurban local bodies.3. Empowering the municipalities to address issues relating to:• Tenure,• Making land available for housing the poor• And public participation.4. Development plan through a bottom-up participatory planning process5. The development plans have• Integrated view of infrastructure,• Landuse• Basic healthcare,• Education,• Livelihoods• And local economic development.Strategies to deal with situationApproach from West Bengal in the Kolkata Metropolitan Area
7 sub-components of the development plan have dealt with• Land use,• Housing• And basic services to the urban poor.8. Ensuring implementation:• Making land available for housing for the E.W.S are addressed in the land use plan• provision of housing as well as infrastructure and basic services in slum settlements are addressedin the slum development plan.• Issues related to livelihoods for the vulnerable are dealt with in the livelihoods development plan.• Healthcare and education plans deal with providing basic health and education services andfacilities to the marginal sections of society.• Municipalities having railway networks running through the municipal area, have taken up theissue of resettlement and rehabilitation of the poor living in high risk squatter settlements.