Engineering education-rjit-2012


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The challenges for engineering education are highlighted. Any new institute will face challenges such as faculty, infrastructure and placement.

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Engineering education-rjit-2012

  1. 1. Engineering Education:Imperatives & IssuesDr S G DeshmukhABV-Indian Institute of Information Technology & at RJIT Tekanpur, 1 Sep 2012
  2. 2. Opening quote…. “Quality in higher education has been a matter ofimportance,concern and priority at regional,national and international levels especially in therecent past”. Cathamparampil et al.(2005)
  3. 3. Speaking points Imperatives Engineering Challenges Critical Success Factors Issues : Faculty development Laboratory development Role of faculty in administration Industry-Institute linkages Employability Concluding remarks
  4. 4. Typical comments on curriculum Too much theoretical content Compartmentalized approach Lacks preparing student for problem solving skills Gap between what is taught and what is required Gap between knowledge and skills Not industrially relevant
  5. 5. Digital DivideTeacherStudent Relies on old textbooks/notes taught by histeacher Not comfortable withtechnology “Syllabus” mentality Refuses to acknowledgestudent Uses mobile on and off theclass room Comfortable in handlingtechnology –WiFi, Mobile,YouTube , iPad, participatesin blog discussions , Hookedto Facebook , Hi5 orLinkedIn Reluctant to acknowledgeteacher !!
  6. 6. IImperatives .. Globalization : BorderlessWorld of accelerating multi-dimensional change Quality of services(WTO,Washington accord), and Shiftto knowledge economy Role of private universities Expectations of student community, and industry Changing face of technology : Revolutions in InformationTechnology (IT)Engineering Education System MUSTtranslate these challenges through a Qualityresponse
  7. 7. GGrowth of Higher EducationInstitutes 1950-51 1990-91 2010-11Universities 30 117 537Colleges 750 7356 26,000StudentEnrolment236,000 49,50,000 135,00,000Faculty 24,000 272,000 530,000Source: Ramachandran S, 2011, Significance & contributions of self-financing institutions in highereducation, Pride,Vol 1(1), pp 6-8
  8. 8. Imperative 1: Globalization ofEducation Globalization refers to the increasing flow of technology, finance,trade, knowledge, values and ideas across the borders(Knight &Wit,1997) It has multidimensional impact on the system ofeducation. It has underlined the need for reforms in the educationalsystem with particular reference to wider utilization of ITgiving productivity and quality dimension and emphasison its R&D activities.
  9. 9. Imperative 2 : Expectations of Studentcommunity and Industry Bombarded with technological gadgets (Mobile, web,laptop etc.) Low retention span Teacher as a facilitator/coach Dynamic requirements of industry Gap between what is taught and what is required
  10. 10. Features of Traditional EngineeringEducation More focused on abstract themes Instructor centered learning Depth in specialized fields Very little use of computers, Multimedia, Internet More focused on individual efforts
  11. 11. The Reality!: Current Weaknesses inToday’s Eng. Graduates Weakness in understanding manufacturing processes Mostly analysts in specific areas Myopic view of engineering No understanding of quality process Weak communication skills Lack of design capabilities Weak teamwork & project management skills
  12. 12. Essentials for Competitive Graduates Strong technical capability Skills in communication and persuasion Ability to lead and work effectively as a member of a team Understanding of the non-technical forces that profoundlyinfluence engineering decisions Commitment to lifelong learning Skills in design and project management Multidisciplinary
  13. 13. Forces Pushing for Change Companies employing engineering graduates Accreditation efforts (such as NBA/ABET) Globalization of economy Engineering professional societies
  14. 14. Technological Challenges Information: Proliferation Tech. development: Multidisciplinary Markets: Globalized Environment: Endangered Social responsibility: Engineering Corporate structure: Participatory Change: Rapid!
  15. 15. Critical Success Factors for GoodEngineering EducationInfrastructureStudents Faculty
  16. 16.  Attract the best students with leadership potential Develop and nurture students for a wholesome personality Educate & motivate engineering students to be ready:to implement new technologyto focus on innovationto understand global trendsto make an impact on societyStudents
  17. 17.  Faculty with good engineering/science background Faculty with excellent potential in carrying innovative research Faculty committed to a dynamic teaching environment Provide faculty with opportunities for self development Motivate faculty for doing high impact research Facilitate cooperation with industry & the society at largeFaculty
  18. 18.  Provide enabling environment that encourages high levels of academicproductivity Up to date facilities (Computers, Library, Laboratory, sports etc.) Adopt flexible and clear rules and regulations Create sense of ownershipInfrastructure & Support
  19. 19. Strengths of RJIT First of its kind institute Young and dynamic faculty Disciplined student community Learning culture Good infrastructure Adequate space for expansion Good academic programme: Both UG & PG Niche Programme :Automobile Engg
  20. 20. Implications for RJIT Move to next orbit Enhance quality teaching Emphasis on laboratory development Give space to experiment & innovate Network with other institutes Use of National Knowledge Network Stress on Research Provide ecosystem Faculty Incentive to motivate
  21. 21. Issue 1: Faculty development Encourage faculty to do Ph d Motivate them to conduct seminars/workhops/conferencesetc. Lab development – a priority item Empower them to take decisions and beresponsive/responsible Encourage team work Incentive scheme for quality research
  22. 22. Issue 2: How to create interestamongst students in Lab Open ended assignments Hardware based projects Industry assignments More emphasis on “ Hands-on” experience Increase Laboratory weightage in evaluation Participate in competitions such as Robocon, Baja etc.
  23. 23. Issue 3: Industry Institute Linkage Invite industry people for guest lectures Make industry visits compulsory Allow faculty to spend time in industry (during vacation/break etc.) Collaborative projects : Research/consultancy/problemsolving assignments
  24. 24. Issue 4: How to groom students forplacement Understand issues in employabilty Enhance soft skills Make students aware of the industry requirements Conduct regular industry meets
  25. 25. Issue : Employability skills Cognitive skills - higher level intellectual or academic skills (e.g.interpreting, analysing, researching) Key skills – personal skills and qualities which are generic to a range of bothacademic and employment settings (e.g. enterprise, criticality, teamwork,communication, planning and organising) Career Management skills – skills required to manage career development(e.g. self analysis, networking, self reliance and reflection) Enterprising Attitudes – personal qualities to spot opportunities and havethe skills to act on them.
  26. 26. Issue: Skills Expected Technical skills : Subject matter Ability to ask questions Ability to work independently Ability to identify with the community Soft skills: Leadership, Communication, team work, perseverance ,tenacity
  27. 27. Issue 5: Role of Faculty in Administration/Academic development Faculty have to shoulder responsibility inadmn(Procurement/Recruitment/Construction ) Evolve SOPs for various activities Individual development vis-à-vis institutional development Emphasis on high quality research and the supporting infrastructure thatis needed Sense of ownership/involvement
  28. 28. Concluding remarks.. Providing good quality engineering education – a challengefor an institute like RJIT Faculty , students and staff work in a synergistic manner tomeet this challenge Providing good ecosystem and environment: a must
  29. 29. Thank you very much !I would appreciate your comments