Road traffic digest no.10


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Please also find the 10th road traffic digest. From this digest onwards we are starting a discussion on various human errors on the roads that are responsible for accidents

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Road traffic digest no.10

  1. 1. Road Traffic Digest No. 10
  2. 2. From this digest onwards we are starting adiscussion on various human errors responsible forroad accidents[ Ref: Road Accident/causes/Human Errors/ Speed ]
  3. 3. The Fact• Over speeding is the single most important cause of road accidents all over the world.• In India it was responsible for 58.3% road accidents and 56% ofdeaths in these accidents in 2010
  4. 4. The Risks of over-speeding With speed, the momentum and kinetic energy of vehicleincreases exponentially causing much severe impact when acollision occurs [mv & ½ mv2 where mass is constant]. In general, an increase of 1km/hr in speed can cause a 3%increase for risk of serious injuries.Up to 30 km/hr - risk of crash being fatal is minimal. at 50km/hr – 3 times risk of a major accident at 80km/hr - 20 times risk of a major accident - - - - and
  5. 5. -- at 100km/hr : risk of a fatal accident is nearly 100%
  6. 6. Example 1: if some one attempts a suicide fromthe first floor [4mt], then there arechances he may not succeed. If the same person makes an attemptfrom the fourth floor [16mt], there is a fairchance his wish may be fulfilled. Thereason is that in his later attempt, thevelocity near ground would becomedouble to that of the previous one [64km/hr against 32 km/hr].
  7. 7. Example 2:While breaking a coconut on some auspicious occasion youmust have noticed how easily a very hard coconut turns intopieces when you strike it on the floor with a great speed/force. Now you can well understand how dangerous the speed factor can be on roads.
  8. 8. Example 3:Why death rate in road accidents is lowest in Kolkata ?? At a slow speed due to traffic congestion the chances of head-on collisions and accidents are negligible. This probably explainsthe lowest death rate among all metro cities in road accidents inKolkata [and probably also the reason for being one of the worstpolluted city in India!!].What would you like to call this, a blessing in disguise?
  9. 9. Risk to other people [pedestrians. etc] If we consider the risk of fatal injuries caused by movingvehicles to pedestrians we see that at a speed of 30km/hr there isonly a 10% risk whereas at the speed of 45 km/hr it is about 50%.
  10. 10. Risk to other people [pedestrians. etc] If we consider the risk of fatal injuries caused by movingvehicles to pedestrians we see that at a speed of 30km/hr there isonly a 10% risk whereas at the speed of 45 km/hr it is about 50%.
  11. 11. 1. “Speed affects our reaction time” Our reaction time for any unusual situation on road variesfrom 0.5 second to more than 2 seconds. When we drive fast thereaction time of our brain reduces and we have to take split-second decisions for any sudden or unusual situation.
  12. 12. 1. “Speed affects our reaction time” Our reaction time for any unusual situation on road variesfrom 0.5 second to more than 2 seconds. When we drive fast thereaction time of our brain reduces and we have to take split-second decisions for any sudden or unusual situation.
  13. 13. 2. More Speed = More physical & mental stress When you drive at a slower speed, your drive is verycomfortable. You can talk to your co-passengers or you can enjoymusic, etc. In simple words, you just enjoy your driving. On the other hand, when you drive fast you grip the steeringvery hard and your body muscles also get taut as you becomeconscious of driving. You have to concentrate more on driving andyou cannot afford distractions. Besides, due to chaotic traffic on ordinary highways you have touse clutch and brake more frequently making your thighs stiffer.These changes are very tiring and at the end of your drive you feelvery exhausted both physically and mentally.
  14. 14. 3. Speed also affects fuel consumption A high speed also affects fuel consumption as above 60km/hr the petrol consumption increases by 30-40%. Though thispoint is not related to road safety, with the rapidly rising costs offuel even people of rich countries are now seriously consideringthis issue.
  15. 15. Why Do We Drive Fast? Most of us would answer it like this : [1] to save time or [2] for seeking thrill 1. Speeding to Save Time !Everybody feels he is the busiest or the most in demand.Yes, it is true that time is a precious commodity or rathertime is money. Is it really so !Just consider this example: if you have to travel 200 km, you may probably save 30 minutes by driving fast but only after an exhausting and risky drive. Reason being, you may not be able to maintain good speed for a long stretch as after so much overtaking the time you save is being lost by a very slow moving traffic ahead once you approach a town on the highway or owing to jams or check-posts.
  16. 16. - - - - Suppose, by such exhaustive driving youhave saved some 30 valuable minutes, what willyou do with these so-called valuable 30 minutes? At the most you can have a cup of tea orrelax for a few minutes.
  17. 17. - - - Now, honestly you calculate how much time youspend daily sitting idle in front of the television. According audiencemap[aMap] survey, in India on anyregular day an individual spends two and a half hourswatching TV. If you are not a taxi driver then an honest comparisonof the hours saved on highways vis-a-vis time spent forentertainment would confirm that in majority of cases,saving time is not a genuine reason for speeding.
  18. 18. - - - These 30 minutes saved by risky drivingcould cost you and your loved ones dearly.Is this small amount of time really moreprecious than our lives? ?So dont go by the dictum: ‘Time is money,remember instead : ‘No life, no money.
  19. 19. 2. Speeding for Thrill ! Young people, especially adolescents, do crazy things on theroad just for the thrill or to prove themselves. The desire for drivingis unusually intense. Once an adolescent learns driving, he can hardly wait andsuddenly driving becomes the most important thing in his life.
  20. 20. Whether he derives any pleasure from reckless driving onlyhe can tell but once an accident occurs, the condition of boththe driver and his vehicle certainly become a reason for astrange kind of thrill among spectators and passers-by.In the age group of 15- 20 years, road accidents are thenumber one cause of death in India.
  21. 21. Two-wheelers lose balance more easily as compared tofour-wheelers when brakes are applied all of a sudden.
  22. 22. [A] The Misguiding Automobile Companies: Auto manufacturers behave like race jockeys inciting the driversto go at faster and faster speeds. In a TV ad bikers look more likestunt men of a circus rather than drivers of a vehicle. While launching any new vehicle, be it a two wheeler or a fourwheeler, it’s pick-up and speed are touted as it’s USP. They claimthat that within 5-6 seconds it can achieve a speed of 60km/hr. Anadvertisement shows a biker racing with a tiger or a SUV goingfaster than a helicopter. Some companies even claim to take youinto space. Indeed they may do so, but God knows whether youwould return or become a twinkling star in space forever !
  23. 23. Are the road conditions in India really goodenough to drive fast ? Are these auto manufacturers completely unaware of theconditions of Indian roads? Don’t they know that majority of Indianroads are not suitable for more than 60 km/hr whether it is a twoor a four wheeler?May be true on an Express Highway[that constitutes only 0.02% of total roads]and one can save some timewithout compromising on safety.But given the condition of ournational and state highways, it is afutile exercise.
  24. 24. Even many SPEEDKINGS or champion Riders have lost their lives in Motorcycling !! CRASH FILES - - - since 1980... Riders who have died while competing in World Motorcycling Championship 1980: Patrick Pons (France),British GP 1981: Michel Rougerie (France),Yugoslavian GP 1981: Sauro Pazzaglia (Italy),Italian GP 1981: Alain Beraud (France),Czech GP 1983: Michel Frutschi (Switzerland),French GP 1983: Rolf Ruttimann (Switzerland),Croatian GPSequence of the crash (clockwise from 1983: Norman Brown (Ireland),British GPtop) which claimed the life of Honda 1983: Peter Huber (Switzerland),British GPrider Marco Simoncelli 1984: Kevin Wrettom (England),Belgian GP 1989: Ivan Palazzese (Venezuela),German GP 1993: Noboyuki Wakai (Japan),Spanish GP 2003: Daijiro Kato (Japan),Japanese GP 2010: Shoya Tomizawa (Japan),Japanese GP 2011: Marco Simoncelli (Italy),Malaysian GP
  25. 25. Driving speed depends more on the condition ofinfrastructure rather than the digits in the milometer. So Drive according to road conditions and NOT by the Milometer
  26. 26. - - - in the next digest we will discuss some otherhuman errors followed by automobile and roaddefects. After that we will take up the role ofdifferent agencies to control this malady [like roleof citizens, traffic authorities, automobilecompanies, public works depts., health dept,media, parents, NGOs, etc, etc]
  27. 27. You have received this message from Tsunami on RoadsOrganization as a part of an awareness campaign againstroad traffic hazards. If you find merit in this message, pleaseforward it to your contactsFromConscious Citizens, India[]• For previous digestsplease visit: or or• To receive such digests in future please inform
  28. 28. In future, besides road accidents, following topics will also bediscussed on this platform :• How to decongest our cities• Vehicle induced environmental pollution• Arrogance on Roads: Aggressive driving and Road rage• Public Attitude towards traffic rules in the City• Problems of pedestrians• Road traffic and global warming• The economics of vehicles• Petroleum Subsidy: Right or Wrong?• Biography of urban roads in India• Traffic Policeman: Problems & Challenges• Drinking & Driving
  29. 29. Jai Hind