Science and Technology
Q u i m e s t r a l E x a m
Name: __________________________________________________ ID Number: ____________ 8vo de E.B.S. ________
Teacher:Juan Francisco García Date: ______________
Before you start, read carefully each instruction, take your time to answer, check your spelling and grammar
and be sure to write down your full name and ID number on the spaces assign for it. The exam is graded over
100 points. During the test you cannot use any dictionary, electronic device and it´s forbidden to ask for any
other material. Best of lucks to you.
I. IN THE FOLLOWING SECTION, RELATE THE CONCEPTS TO THE CORRECT MEANING. (40 Points Total)
1. In the nexttable, write down the letterof the concept related to the correct meaning. (1 point each
answer, 10 points total)
CONCEPT MEANING LETTER
A. THEORY Portionsof the crustthatmoveover the asthenosphere
and may produceearthquakeswhen they crash.
B. VOLCANO A statementof whatalwayshappensin certain situations
C. SCIENTIFIC LAW A method design to see changesof causeand effectin
D. TECTONIC PLATE An idea or set of ideas thattries to explain something.
E. EXPERIMENT Huge,hot,brightballs of gasthatare trillions of
kilometers away fromEarth.
F. VARIABLE A mountain with a hole at the top through which steam,
hotmelted rock,fire, etc. sometimescome out.
G. STAR A very large round objectsin space that movesaround
the sun or anotherstar.
H. NEBULA A situation,numberorquantity thatcan vary or be
I. PLANET An idea thatis suggested asthepossibleexplanation for
something buthasnotyet been found to be trueor
J. HYPOTHESIS Regions of interstellar gas consisting of celestial bodies
madeof ice and rock.
2. In the following section, write down the meaning of the following words. (1 point each answer, 10
a. Hydrology :______________________________________________________________
c. Cytoskeleton: ___________________________________________________________
d. Abiotic: ________________________________________________________________
e. Hypodermic: ____________________________________________________________
f. Hemophilia: ____________________________________________________________
g. Insecticide: _____________________________________________________________
h. Anaerobic: _____________________________________________________________
i. Bilateral: _______________________________________________________________
j. Subspecies: _______________________________________________________________
3. Complete the following statements with the words that are missing. (1 point each answer, 20
a. _________________ is the name given to the atmosphere used in breathing and
b. The lithosphere is divided into _______________, _________________ and core.
c. A _______________________ volcano is composed of one central vent and produces a high
d. When meteors fall down into the Earth, they burn in the ________________________.
e. The Galilean Moons are ___________________, Callisto, _______________ and
f. The planet ___________________ is well known for their amazing rings, formed by
_______________ and dust.
g. The planet closest to the Sun is named _________________.
h. The __________________ is the line where the sky and the Earth appear to meet.
i. The red color of the surface of Mars is due by ________________________.
j. The troposphereisthe layer of the atmospherethatcontainsthe ______% of the gases on the
k. The asthenosphere plastic feature is due by the ____________________ that forms it.
l. ________________ are sets of stars, celestial bodies,dustand gasesmoving around a central
core, like the Milky Way.
m. The _______________ is an imaginary point in the sky directly above an observer on Earth.
n. You can found ice clouds in the mesosphere called _____________________.
o. The _______________________ is the layer of the Earth that contains all the water in the
p. The stratosphere contains a gas molecule called ____________, which is responsible of
protecting the planet against UV radiation.
II. IN THE FOLLOWING SECTION, SELECT THE CORRECT ANSWER FOR THE NEXT STATEMENTS. (45 Points Total)
4. TRUE OR FALSE. Choose if the statement is True or False. The following section applies the rule of
success minus mistake. For each mistake you have, you lose one of your successful answers. (1 point
each answer, 25 points total)
a. An astrolabe is a tool used by astrologist to measure the constellations. ( )
b. The three types of rocks are igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary. ( )
c. Constellations are a group of stars that form recognizable patterns in the sky. ( )
d. Stars are classified by their spectra and their temperature. ( )
e. An orange stars temperature is above the 10000ºC. ( )
f. Stars like Rigel and Betelgeuse are examples of red stars. ( )
g. The Orion constellation is form only by 3 stars named the Orion Belt stars. ( )
h. During an experiment, the dependent variable is the one that influences the change in the
independent variable. ( )
i. There are only 9 real planets in the Solar System. ( )
j. The word HETERO means SIMILAR. ( )
k. Scientists use an experiment to search for cause and effect relationships in nature. ( )
l. The Mount Vesubio is an example of shield volcano. ( )
m. The Nazca and Cocos Plate are responsible for lifting up the Andes Mountains. ( )
n. The Earth`s Core contains large amounts of a mineral called bronze. ( )
o. Controlled variables are quantities that a scientist wants to remain constant, and he must
observe them as carefully as the dependent variables. ( )
p. Weight or mass is an example of a variable that is very hard to measure. ( )
q. Venus has the hottest atmosphere of the planets in the Solar system. ( )
r. Triton is a moon orbiting the planet Saturn. ( )
s. The “Voyager 1” is a satellite sent to investigate the planet Mars. ( )
t. During the formation of planet Earth, at beginning there was two continents named Pangea
and Panthalassa. ( )
u. Most cinder cones volcanoes have a crater at the summit which contains a central vent or a
clustered group of vents. ( )
v. Shield volcanoes are built almost entirely of fluid lava flows. ( )
w. The Hawaiian Islands are composed of linear chains of lava dome volcanoes. ( )
x. Volcanic or lava domes are formed by relatively large, bulbous masses of lava too viscous to
flow any great distance; consequently, on extrusion, the lava piles over and around its vent.
y. Continental crust is made of denser materials than the oceanic crust. ( )
5. MULTIPLE CHOICES. Select the correct answer and make a circle around it. The following section
appliesthe rule of successminus mistake. For each mistake you have, you lose one of your successful
answers. (1 point each answer, 20 points total)
a. After scientists analyze the results of their experiments, they ____.
i. form hypotheses
ii. include a control
iii. communicate those results to other people
iv. choose the variables they want to test
b. An extremelyhotand solidsphere made almost of iron and nickel at the center of the Earth
iii. inner core
iv. outer core
c. Which of the following steps to solve a problem must be completed first?
i. analyzing data
ii. recognizing and identifying the problem
iii. forming a hypothesis
iv. testing a hypothesis
d. Which of the following is not a layer of the lithosphere:
i. Outer core
e. What characteristic must be true of a good hypothesis?
i. It must be correct.
ii. It must have been observed many times.
iii. It must involve quantitative data.
iv. It must be testable by observation or experiment.
f. Which sentence best describes a scientific theory?
i. It can never change.
ii. It can change every time it is tested.
iii. It can be proven conclusively.
iv. It is well-tested and explains a wide range of observations.
g. Which of the following gases doesn`t belong in the air composition of Earth´s atmosphere:
v. None of the above.
h. The moon the highestvolcanic activity in the Solar Systemis named:
i. The type of tectonic plate boundary that forms from a collisionbetweentwotectonic plates
i. Divergent plate boundary
ii. Transform plate boundary
iii. Convergent plate boundary
iv. Normal plate boundary
j. Scientists’ knowledge of the Earth´s interior has come primarily from:
i. Studying magnetic reversals in oceanic crust.
ii. Using a system of satellites called the global positioning system.
iii. Studying seismic waves generated by earthquakes.
iv. Studying the pattern of fossils on different continents.
k. The mesosphere is 25550 km thick, and the asthenosphere is 250 km thick. If you assume
that the lithosphere is 150 km thick and that the crust is 50km thick, how thick is the
i. 2950 km
ii. 2900 km
iii. 2800 km
iv. 2550 km
l. What does tsunami mean?
i. A large earthquake.
ii. A shock wave.
iii. A giant ocean wave.
iv. A cloud of gas and dust.
m. A theory that helps explain the causes of both earthquakes and volcanoes is the theory of:
ii. Plate tectonics.
iii. Climatic fluctuation.
iv. Mantle plumes.
n. Magma forms within the mantle most often as a result of
i. High temperature and high pressure.
ii. High temperature and low pressure.
iii. Low temperature and high pressure.
iv. Low temperature and low pressure.
o. If volcanic dust and ash remain in the atmosphere for months or years, what do you predict
i. Solar reflection will decrease, and temperatures will increase.
ii. Solar reflection will increase, and temperatures will increase.
iii. Solar reflection will decrease, and temperatures will decrease.
iv. Solar reflection will increase, and temperatures will decrease.
p. Which of the following planets does not have a moon?
iv. None of the above
v. All of the above
q. Why can liquid water not exist on the surface of Mars?
i. The temperature is too high.
ii. Liquid water once existed there.
iii. The gravity of Mars is too weak.
iv. The atmospheric pressure is too low.
r. Of the following, which is the largest body?
i. The moon
s. The many colors of Jupiter’s atmosphere are probably caused by ___________ in the
i. Clouds of water
iv. Organic compounds
t. In the vacuum of space, light travels 3 x 108
m/s. how far does light travel in 1 hour in
i. 3600 m
ii. 1.80 x 1010
iii. 1.08 x 1012
iv. 1.08 x 1016
III. IN THE FOLLOWING SECTION ANALYZE AND ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS. (15 Points Total)
6. Draw and describe the 3 types of tectonic plate movements.(1 point per drawing, 1 point per name
and 1 point per explanation, 9 points total)
7. In the following problem, read carefully and analyze and answer the following questions. (4 Points
“Smithers think thata special juice will increase the productivity of workers. He creates two groups of
50 workers each and assigns each group the same task (in this case, they're supposed to staple a set
of papers).Group A is given the special juice to drink while they work. Group B is not given the special
juice. Afteran hour,Smitherscountshow many stacksof paperseach group hasmade. Group A made
1,587 stacks, Group B made 2,113 stacks.”
1. Control Group (1 point)
2. IndependentVariable (1point)
3. DependentVariable (1point)
4. Whatshould Smithers' conclusionbe? (1 points)
8. List the name of the Planets of the Solar System from the farthest to the closest to the Sun. (2