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Examen quimestral 2 decimo


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Examen quimestral 2 decimo

  1. 1. Science and Technology BIOLOGY Q u i m e s t r a l E x a m Student´s Name: 10mo de E.B.S. Date: GRADE: _______/100 Teacher´s Name: Juan Francisco García INSTRUCTIONS: Before you start, read carefully each instruction. Take your time to answer. Check your spelling and grammar.The exam is graded over 100 points. Be sure to write down your full name on the space assign for it. Exams that do NOT have name will be graded as 01/10. During the test you cannot use any dictionary, electronic devices and it´s forbidden to ask for any other material. May the Force be with you Young Padawans! Criteria Assessment: Criteria C: Knowledge & understanding of Science Achievement Level IB Level Descriptor Student Friendly language 0 *SBP: Unsatisfactory The student does not reach a standard described by any of the descriptors given below. The student does not reach a standard described by any of the descriptors given. 1-2 SBP: Partially Proficient The student recalls some scientific ideas, concepts and/or processes. The student applies scientific understanding to solve simple problems. The student recalls some scientific ideas and concepts and uses these to solve simple problems. 3-4 SBP: Proficient The student describes scientific ideas, concepts and/or processes. The student applies scientific understanding to solve complex problems in familiar situations. The student analyzes scientific information by identifying parts, relationships or causes. The student describes scientific ideas and concepts and uses scientific understanding to solve complex problems in familiar situations. The student examines scientific information by identifying parts, relationships and causes. The student is able to analyze information that shows understanding. 5-6 SBP: Advanced The student uses scientific ideas, concepts and/or processes correctly to construct scientific explanations. The student applies scientific understanding to solve complex problems including those in unfamiliar situations. The student analyzes and evaluates scientific information and makes judgments supported by scientific understanding. The student uses scientific ideas and concepts and uses scientific understanding correctly to construct scientific explanations including those in familiar and unfamiliar situations. The student analyzes and evaluates scientific information and makes judgments supported by scientific understanding regarding the reliability of the ideas and the quality of work.
  2. 2. I. IN THE FOLLOWING SECTION, RELATE THE CONCEPTS TO THE CORRECT MEANING. (30 Points Total) 1. In the next table, write down the letter of the concept related to the correct meaning. (1 point each answer, 10 points total) CONCEPT MEANING LETTER A. ECOSYSTEM An aggregation of morphologically similar cells and associated intercellular matter acting together to perform one or more specific functions in the body. B. MATTER Any of the impulse-conducting cells that constitute the brain, spinal column, and nerves, consisting of a nucleated cell body with one or more dendrites and a single axon. C. ATOM An organism that cannot synthesize its own food and is dependent on complex organic substances for nutrition. D. NEUTRON A substance that when introduced into the body stimulates the production of an antibody. E. NEURON An organism capable of synthesizing its own food from inorganic substances, using light or chemical energy. F. GLAND Something that has mass and exists as a solid, liquid, gas, or plasma. G. TISSUE A system involving the interactions between a community of living organisms in a particular area and its nonliving environment H. AUTOTROPH A cell, a group of cells, or an organ that produces a secretion for use elsewhere in the body or in a body cavity or for elimination from the body. I. HETEROTROPH An electrically neutral subatomic particle in the baryon family, having a mass 1,839 times that of the electron, stable when bound in an atomic nucleus, and having a mean lifetime of approximately 1.0 × 103 seconds as a free particle. J. ANTIGEN A unit of matter, the smallest unit of an element, having all the characteristics of that element and consisting of a dense, central, positively charged nucleus surrounded by a system of electrons.
  3. 3. 2. Fill the blank of the following statements with the words that are missing. (1 point each answer, 20 points total) a. The _____________________ law of ___________________________ states that energy can't be created or destroyed, but you can convert it from one form to another. b. ____________________ is anything made out of molecules. It has mass and it occupies _______________________. c. In 1807, Thompson proposed an atomic model name as the plum pudding model or ___________________ ___________ _______________ ________________. d. In 1869, _____________________ _______________________ classified the chemical elements by their atomic weight. e. ___________________ redefined Rutherford´s theory by proposing that electrons orbit the nucleus without losing energy and can only move in fixed orbits of specific energies. f. Elements in the periodic table are arranged in _________________ (rows) and ____________________ (columns). The ____________________ ____________________ increases as you move across a row and a column. g. Another way of stating the second law of thermodynamics is to say that ________________________ or disorder tends to increase over time. h. Nuclear energy can be produce by to ways _____________________ and ____________________ of the atoms. i. The brain synapse is divided in two types: ___________________________ and ______________________________. II. IN THE FOLLOWING SECTION, SELECT THE CORRECT ANSWER FOR THE NEXT STATEMENTS. (45 Points Total) 3. TRUE OR FALSE. If the statement is True mark it with a T or False with an F. (1 point each answer, 20 points total) a) All animals have complex nervous systems. b) The cerebellum is the largest part of the brain. c) Structures in the midbrain control homeostasis and relay sensory signals to specific regions of the cerebral cortex. d) The hormones gastrin and secretin are made in the linings of the stomach and "kidney." e) Electrons are the mobile charge carriers in an electric circuit. f) The central nervous system (CNS) includes the brain and the cranial nerves. g) Electric potential can be expressed in units of volts. h) The hormones gastrin and secretin are made in the linings of the stomach and "kidney." i) Schwann cells are the main neurons of the spinal cord. j) Macrophages in the spleen are actively phagocytic, engulfing any pathogen they encounter. k) White blood cells are enucleated. l) Schwann cells produce layers of membrane containing myelin, which
  4. 4. provides nutrition for the dendrites. m) You can extend battery life by storing batteries at a low temperature. n) The vision association area resides primary in the temporal lobe o) The concept of electromagnetic fields was first introduced by Albert Einstein p) The hormones gastrin and secretin are made in the linings of the stomach and "kidney." q) Batteries convert chemical to electrical energy. r) Progesterone affects the male organs development during puberty. s) The hormones gastrin and secretin are made in the linings of the stomach and "kidney." t) The amygdala, hippocampus and hypothalamus are involved in such feelings as love, anger, fear, pleasure and pain. 4. MULTIPLE CHOICES. Select the correct answer and make a circle around it. (1 point each answer, 25 points total) a. Ovulation is triggered by _______________. i. Follicle-stimulating hormone ii. A mid-cycle surge of luteinizing hormone iii. Hormones from the follicular cells iv. Hormones from the theca interna b. What is the major function of the B-Cells? i. Produce Antibodies ii. To kill viruses iii. To kill people c. What’s the job of the immune system? i. To help you breathe ii. To help move blood throughout your body iii. To fight diseases d. The maturation of red blood cells is controlled by the hormone i. Melatonin. ii. Erythropoietin. iii. Norepinephrine. e. The __________________________ pituitary gland receives and stores hormones from the hypothalamus. i. Posterior ii. Anterior iii. Medial f. Glucagon and insulin are both hormones produced by the: i. Liver ii. Spleen iii. Pancreas iv. Gallbladder g. The hormone prolactin stimulates the production of: i. Urine ii. Ovules iii. Milk
  5. 5. h. How do the reproductive cells of males and females differ in terms of production and storage ability? i. The female system produces gametes for more of the individual's lifespan than the male system does. ii. Mature sperm are stored for long periods in the reproductive tract while the eggs of the female are not mature when they are stored. iii. More of the structures of the female reproductive system are external than are those of the male reproductive system. iv. The male system produces fewer gametes than the female system does. v. None of the above i. Erection of the penis is caused by: i. Protrusion of the os penis. ii. Contraction of longitudinal muscles. iii. The penis filling with the semen to be ejaculated. iv. Erectile tissues that become engorged with blood. v. None of the above. j. High levels of glucose in the blood may be a sign of _______. i. HIV ii. Cancer iii. Diabetes k. What sense do we use our eyes for? i. Hearing ii. Sight iii. Taste l. What are the three bones in the ear right behind the eardrum? i. Hammer, anvil, stirrup ii. Blade, strap, hat iii. Rat, boot, stop m. What do the cones in our eyes help us to see? i. Shadows ii. Colors iii. Sunshine iv. Perception n. Characteristics of living organisms include i. The ability to adapt to the environment. ii. The ability to evolve over time. iii. Possessing homeostatic mechanisms. iv. The ability to reproduce v. All of the choices pertain to living organisms o. A(n) __________ consists of the interactions between groups of different individuals and the non-living factors in a particular area. i. Population ii. Ecosystem iii. Community iv. Domain v. Species
  6. 6. p. A university biology department wishes to hire a scientist to work on the relationships among the wolves, moose, trees and grass species on an island. If you were charged with writing the job announcement, you should title the position i. Population geneticist. ii. Molecular biologist. iii. Community ecologist. iv. Organismic physiologist. v. Island zoologist. q. Which of the following sequences of organization is likely to be seen in a multicellular organism, going from smallest to largest? i. Cell, organ, tissue, organism ii. Cell, organ, system, tissue iii. Cell, tissue, system, organism iv. Organism, system, organ, tissue v. Tissue, system, cell, organ r. A dendrite conducts nerve impulses ________ the cell body. i. Away from ii. Toward iii. Both toward and away from iv. Around, bypassing v. Only inside s. An axon conducts nerve impulses _________ the cell body. i. Away from ii. Toward iii. Both toward and away from iv. Around, bypassing v. Only inside t. Which of the following is/are type(s) of neurons? i. Sensory ii. Motor iii. Interneurons iv. All of the above u. What is the function of insulin? i. Agonistic to glucagon ii. Decreases glycogen storage in liver and muscle iii. Reduces hyperglycemia iv. All of the above v. What is the ultimate purpose of hormones? i. To maintain growth ii. To keep the brain functioning iii. To stimulate metabolism iv. None of the above w. What are the main divisions of the nervous system? i. The sensory system and the motor system ii. The peripheral nervous system and central nervous system iii. The dendritic and the axonal systems
  7. 7. iv. The sympathetic and parasympathetic systems x. Which of the following organisms is NOT ultimately dependent on the sun as a source of energy? i. A night-blooming flower is pollinated by night-flying bats. ii. An underground earthworm avoids the sun. iii. A cave fish feeds on debris that washes down to it. iv. All of the choices ARE ultimately dependent on the sun. v. None of the choices are ultimately dependent on the sun. y. What is the process by which the sun's energy is trapped as the source of energy used by virtually all living organisms? i. evolution ii. metabolism iii. adaptation iv. homeostasis v. photosynthesis III. CRITICAL THINKING. Analyze your answers and write them down correctly. (25 Points Total) 5. Complete the following diagram with the information missing about the nervous system. If you need more space, write down the letter and it´s answer in the space below. (1 Point each, 5 Points Total)
  8. 8. 6. Answer the following question using a validated argument. (2 Points Total). a. “If a person suffers an accident, in which it receives a blow to the head, affecting the brain stem, what functions or abilities of that person will be affected? Would it be fatal for that person?” _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ 7. In the following table, list five characteristics of the Innate Immune System and five characteristics of the Adaptive Immune System that are unique to them. (0.5 Points Each, 5 Points Total). Innate Immune System Adaptive Immune System THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM The basic cell unit is called: B: And its function is to: C: The Schwann´s cell function is to: D: The Glial´s cell function is to: E: It´s main function is: A:
  9. 9. 8. In the following section, use your periodic table to answer the following questions. (5 points Total) a. State the number of valence electrons in an atom of (0,2 Points Each, 1 Point Total): i. Sulfur ( ) ii. Calcium ( ) iii. Chlorine ( ) iv. Arsenic ( ) v. Iodine ( ) b. Give the names and chemical symbols for the elements that correspond to these atomic numbers:(0,1 Points Each, 1 Point Total): Number Name Chemical Symbol a) 10 b) 18 c) 36 d) 90 e) 72 c. List, by number, both the period and group of each of these elements and, by letters, the chemical symbol.(0,2 Points Each, 3 Point Total): Element Symbol Period Group
  10. 10. a) Beryllium b) Iron c) Lead d) Oxygen e) Titanium 9. In the following table, fill it with the chemical structure (draw it), name the basic chemical group and the function of the following macromolecules. (0.25 Points Each, 3 Points Total) MACROMOLECULE CHEMICAL GROUP CHEMICAL STRUCTURE FUNCTION GLUCID LIPID NUCLEIC ACID PROTEIN 10. In the following question, state the changes that the energy levels of a water molecule suffer when it goes from -25°C to 110°C. (1 Point Each, 3 Points Total). ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ 11. In the following images, identify and write down the name of the following atomic model. (0.5 Points Each, 2 Points Total): a. ____________________________________________
  11. 11. b. _____________________________________________ c. _____________________________________________ d. _____________________________________________ PERIODIC TABLE: