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Essay writing checklist


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Essay writing checklist

  1. 1. FCE: Essay Writing ChecklistBefore you writeFinish these instructions. Make a ________________. If you write a question, answer it too. This is your ideas time. When you are writing, you can concentrate on the language you use. Spend at least ____________ minutes on your plan. This will save you time later and improve the organisation of your essay. Use the plan to make sure you ______________________ correctly and relevantly.While you are writing ‘Write’ each sentence in your mind before you put it on paper. This will make your work easier to read. Don’t write on every line. Leave a space and you will be able to correct yourself or add extra information later. Compare:In this box I am writing on every line. In this box I am not writing on every makeIf I do a mistake there is very little makespace for me to correct it. I cannot line. If I do a mistake there is spaceadd extra information if I need to. It issometimes difficult to read. for me to correct it. I can add extra information if I need to. It is easier to read.Make statementsBe bold with what you want to say. Try not to use too many modals ofspeculation or the reader may think you are not sure about the topic.For example:Travelling to other countries could be very good for combating racism.Better = Travelling to other countries is very good for combating racism. Compiled by Sandy Millin
  2. 2. FCE: Essay Writing ChecklistIntroductionThe introduction should be two to three sentences long.It could include: a sentence or two about the topic in general; a sentence telling the reader whether the essay will look at one or both sides of the issue; a question which you will answer in your essay.Highlight any useful words or phrases from these examples. Nowadays, tourism is becoming more and more important to the global economy. But what are the negative effects of tourism? Newspapers are full of articles about the effects tourism has on developing countries. It brings benefits to their economies and their people. During the last thirty years tourism has been increasing in my country. There have been many benefits to this.ConclusionThe conclusion should be two to three sentences long.It should include: a summary of your main points; your opinion; a reference to the original question (try to rephrase it); NO new information.Here are some conclusions from essays on the topic “Tourism causes moreproblems than it solves.” Which one is the most appropriate? Why? To conclude, I strongly believe that tourism solves more problems than it causes. In conclusion, I think it is great to share your life with other people from around the world. To sum up, in my opinion there are more disadvantages than advantages to tourism for poor countries because tourists do not consider the effects of their holidays on the local people. Compiled by Sandy Millin
  3. 3. FCE: Essay Writing ChecklistLearn words and phrases to link your work togetherWrite these words and phrases into the correct place in the table.Putting your ideas in order Showing results / consequencesShowing reasons Showing contrastsExpressing opinions Giving examplesWrite a paragraph about why people should (not) learn English. Use as manylinking phrases as necessary. Try to use phrases which are new to you. Compiled by Sandy Millin
  4. 4. FCE: Essay Writing ChecklistUse formal languageEach of these sentences can be made more formal.How would you change them? 1. People don’t think about the damage they cause. 2. There are lots of things which can affect the economy. 3. Countries earn loads of money from tourism. 4. Tourism causes many different kinds of problems. 5. It is easier to go somewhere on holiday than ever before. 6. Some people think that tourism is bad for poor countries.Use the table to summarize the differences between formal and informallanguage. The number shows you which example to look at to help youcomplete the rule.Formal Language Informal LanguageNo c_________________.1 C________________ are acceptable.1Use f________ phrases like: It is acceptable to use i___________ phrases like: ______________________2 ______________________3 ______________________2 ______________________4 ______________________3 ______________________4Use s______________ words linked G_____________ words areto the essay topic whenever you can.5 acceptable.5Use p_____________ structures if Generally, use the a__________you can. This makes the text less more than the p____________. 6personal. 6 Compiled by Sandy Millin
  5. 5. FCE: Essay Writing ChecklistUse a range of adjectivesAdjectives likes ‘good’, ‘bad’ and ‘nice’ are useful in informal language, butthere are many better synonyms which you can use when writing a formalessay.How many synonyms can you think of for each word? good / nice badCan you improve this sentence?Travelling to other countries is very good for combating racism.Check your writing carefullyRead it slowly and check for these things: Is your text between 120 and 180 words? To get higher marks it should be closer to 180 words. Have you included reasons to support your answer? You could also include examples to illustrate your points. Check your spellings. A good way to do this is to read your text backwards. That way you see each word individually, instead of seeing what you think is there. Have you used the correct prepositions for each noun / verb / adjective? Is your essay formal enough? Remember to check everything from the table. How long are your sentences? Can you use a linking word or should you make the sentence shorter? Have you used the correct formfor each verb? If the verb is the subject of the sentence, make sure it is a gerund. For the past simple and past participle, is the verb regular or irregular? Check singular / plural forms. Do verbs agree? Are the adjectives all ‘singular’? Have you used plural forms after ‘one of’ and ‘a variety of’? Compiled by Sandy Millin
  6. 6. FCE: Essay Writing Checklist Have you answered the question?! Compiled by Sandy Millin