Background
Information

Why
demonstrate?

Human Rights
Situation

Freedom of
expression?

Case Studies

Excessive
force

T...
Background
Information

Why
demonstrate?

Human Rights
Situation

Freedom of
expression?

Case Studies

Bahrain
Capital : ...
Background
Information

Why
demonstrate?

Human Rights
Situation

Freedom of
expression?

Case Studies

Excessive
force

T...
Background
Information

Why
demonstrate?

Human Rights
Situation

Freedom of
expression?

Case Studies

Excessive
force

T...
Background
Information

Why
demonstrate?

Human Rights
Situation

Freedom of
expression?

Case Studies

Excessive
force

T...
Background
Information

Why
demonstrate?

Human Rights
Situation

Freedom of
expression?

Case Studies

Excessive
force

T...
Background
Information

Why
demonstrate?

Human Rights
Situation

Freedom of
expression?

Case Studies

Excessive
force

T...
Background
Information

Why
demonstrate?

Human Rights
Situation

Freedom of
expression?

To find out more about the Bahra...
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Bahrain-Human Rights Violations

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'Silence is a war crime'

Overlooking the political situation in Bahrain will not detract from the blatant human rights violations. A very brief summary of a few violations which go against articles in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR). Many links throughout, which will lead you onto sources regarding statistics and more information.

- Was presented to those who were unaware that Bahrain existed let alone of the situations present-

(Recommended to download if wishing to view, as hyperlinks are more easily accessible)

Published in: News & Politics
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Bahrain-Human Rights Violations

  1. 1. Background Information Why demonstrate? Human Rights Situation Freedom of expression? Case Studies Excessive force To find out more
  2. 2. Background Information Why demonstrate? Human Rights Situation Freedom of expression? Case Studies Bahrain Capital : Manama Population : 1.234.571 GDP : $26.108 billion (91st) Per Capita : $23,132 (33rd) Area : 765.3 km2 (187th) - 295.5 sq mi Largest City : Manama President : Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa Prime Minister : Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa Currency : Bahraini dinar (BHD) Languages : Arabic & English Location Excessive force To find out more
  3. 3. Background Information Why demonstrate? Human Rights Situation Freedom of expression? Case Studies Excessive force To find out more Population What are people continuing to demonstrate for? Sunni 30% -Democracy -Fair elections and freedom Shias 70% -Constitutional monarchy -Deportation of foreign mercenaries -Rewrite of the Constitution Senior positions in the country. (2010) -The end to economic and Human rights violations Shias 13% -Equality for Shias- (a sect of Islam of which equate to approximately 70% of the Bahraini population) Sunni 87% Active Discrimination - Electoral gerrymandering - In Ministries - In Defence forces - Infrastructure in parts of the country -In arrests
  4. 4. Background Information Why demonstrate? Human Rights Situation Freedom of expression? Case Studies Excessive force To find out more -After the start of the pro-democracy protests in 2011, the police response was described as a ‘brutal’ crackdown on ‘peaceful and unarmed protestors’ -Midnight house raids in predominately Shia areas, were carried out. Article 9 (UDHR) No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile. -Medical care was denied in a ‘campaign of intimidation’. Article 25 (UDHR) Everyone has the right to … medical care. These are only a limited varied selection of instances which go against Articles in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UNDR). -More than 2,929 people have been arrested, with at least five having died in custody due to torture. By attending a protest you were putting yourself at risk of being arrested, tortured and in the least losing your job. - According to the Bahrain Independent Commission of Inquiry (BICI) report, physical and psychological abuse was inflicted by the National Security Agency and the Ministry of Interior on a systematic basis (torture). Article 5 (UDHR) No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. - Citizens removed right of Bahraini Nationality Article 15 (UDHR) (1) Everyone has the right to a nationality.
  5. 5. Background Information Why demonstrate? Human Rights Situation Freedom of expression? Case Studies Excessive force To find out more Article 19 (UDHR) Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers. ‘The King of Bahrain is the head of the executive, legislative and judicial authorities. He appoints the government, its members, the judiciary and public prosecutors and he has promulgated the 2002 Constitution, without any public consultation. Therefore, he holds all powers’ ‘Freedom of Speech’ is non-existent in Bahrain. From the 19th November 2013, the Kingdoms local Newspaper released a statement reading that ‘People who insult His Majesty King Hamad could face up to seven years in prison or fines up to BD10,000.’ The BCHR has documented 30 cases in which citizens were prosecuted, tried or sentenced over the charge of “insulting the King”. The ‘Bahrain Centre for Human Rights’ website was blocked from access in Bahrain and still sometimes is. http://www.bahrainrights.org/issue/term/24
  6. 6. Background Information Why demonstrate? Human Rights Situation Freedom of expression? Case Studies Excessive force To find out more Nabeel Rajab a prominent human rights activist has been in prison since July 2012 for charges related to freedom of expression. He had served almost three months in prison for tweeting about Bahrain’s prime minister, and has remained in prison on the basis of attending ‘illegal gatherings’ (a protest). Although due for early release on the 29th of November 2013, he is yet to be released. He is of course not the only human rights activist being unfairly treated. After the uprising in 2011. 13 opposition leaders were arrested. Their ‘crime’ was expressing their opinions peacefully: calling for democracy, an end to corruption, opposing the monarchy. After an unfair trial the men were sentenced to between five years and life in prison. Video http://www.amnesty.org/en/news/bahrainhigh-price-telling-hard-truths-2013-12-16 Photojournalist Ahmad Fardan was arrested at his home on 26 December 2013. He was brought before the Prosecution on 1 January, 2014 who ordered his detention for 45 days on a charge of “intending to participate in gatherings”. He was tortured during interrogation. ‘beaten until he passed out’ ‘sustained two broken ribs’ More info here http://www.bahrainrights.org/en/node/6705
  7. 7. Background Information Why demonstrate? Human Rights Situation Freedom of expression? Case Studies Excessive force To find out more -As of April 2012, the number of total deaths was estimated at 90, most of which were a result of Birdshot, Gunshot, Tear gas, torture and physical abuse. -Not only is it used to disperse protests, but police have also been seen deliberately firing it inside houses and at individuals. Tear gas commonly causes crying, sneezing, coughing, difficulty breathing, pain in the eyes, and temporary blindness. ‘The UK government has approved over £30 Million worth of military and dual-use arms export licences to Bahrain; including assault rifles, pistols and naval guns.’ Police fired one canister, made in Korea, at a young boy, 14 years old, named Ali. The police fired the canister at Ali's neck from a short distance, and killed him. -Korean companies, DaeKwang Chemical and CNO Tech exported more than 1.5 million tear gas canisters to Bahrain in 2011 and 2012. The population of Bahrain is only 1.2 million people. Visit www.stoptheshipment.org to learn more.
  8. 8. Background Information Why demonstrate? Human Rights Situation Freedom of expression? To find out more about the Bahraini Uprising the documentary ‘Shouting in the dark’ by Al Jazeera is recommended. Click right to view. Click on images below to read articles from varying sources. Case Studies Excessive force To find out more Protests continue..

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