Completing the Dissertation,Publishing, Getting Tenure, andMaking Career Choices1Sandeep PuraoCollege of Information Scien...
© Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.edu12 reasons not to get a PhD2http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-505145_162-57468913/12-reasons-...
© Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduBut if you persist (and succeed)3< 3%have aPhDLess thanhalf havetenureFewer getfull and...
© Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduMy Accidental Journey• Not an ‘academically-oriented’ family background• Bachelor of Co...
© Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduYou• Simon Forster - Investigating the Collaborative Process of Process Modeling• Clara...
© Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduYour journey so far ..• Education and Life decisions so far• Making the decision to pur...
© Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduAgainst the backdrop of -7• Macro-level Concerns– Global academic marketplace– Distance...
© Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduSo, let’s get this straightThe Game is Real*8* Orson Scott CardFrom Ender’s Game. Nov 2...
© Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduA Fundamental Choice9• An Accidental Career– If you build it, theywill come– If you wri...
© Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduAn Exercise• Circa 2015– I will be (doing) - -– Others will know me for / as - -• Circa...
© Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduHow will you get there?11• Circa 20XX– I will be an Assistant Professor of Software Eng...
© Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduOur Agenda Today• Introductions ✔• Task 1: Completing your Dissertation• Task 2: Publis...
© Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduTask 1 : Completing the Dissertation13• Now that you are well along your dissertation e...
© Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduFraming the Topic14Completing the DissertationPriorWorkThisWork
© Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduFinishing your Writing15Completing the DissertationHBR June 201399U.com
© Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduPlanning for Outcomes16Completing the DissertationDissertationDissertationhttp://www.fl...
© Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduKnowing your place17Completing the Dissertation(Applegate 1996, cited in Purao 2002)
© Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduTargeting Audiences18Completing the DissertationAcademic andPractitionerConferencesWork...
© Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduFirst Refinement19Was there anythingyou heard that youwant to use andrevise your plans ...
© Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduTask 2 : Publishing your Work20• Thinking about and delivering on the publications prom...
© Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduWriting as Reporting ?21• Conducting Research• Understand problem• Create solution• Ref...
© Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduWriting as a Process22• Writing is not a process of reporting– It is an integral part o...
© Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduManaging Timelines23Publishing• Time as a Surrogate for the importance of Writing– e.g....
© Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduThe Publication Process24PublishingOneVersion
© Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduThe Publication Process25PublishingOneVersion
© Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduDoes it get better?26Publishing
© Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduSetting up the Platform27PublishingDissertationDissertationNOW
© Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduA Portfolio Approach28ProgramImpactyesyesPublishing
© Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduSecond Refinement29• Circa 2015– I will be (doing) - -– Others will know me for / as - ...
© Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduTask 3 : Getting Tenure30• Tenure sets you free• What is tenure• What gets you tenure– ...
© Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduWhat is Tenure31Getting Tenure• Academic tenure is primarily intended toguarantee the r...
© Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduWhat gets you tenure32Performance = F + F*P + F*T (2a)Performance = P + P*F + P*T (2b)I...
© Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduMultiple Models33The 3 P’s ModelPapersPhD StudentsPoundsThe 3 F ModelFundingFundingFund...
© Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduMembership in an Exclusive Club34• Who grants you Tenure?• The University you belong to...
© Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduParticipating in the Community35VolunteerReviewServeHelpCommentDiscussSubmitAttendListe...
© Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduCultivating ‘Externals’36YouComputerScienceBusinessSchoolInformationSchoolResearchLabsG...
© Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduThird Refinement37• Circa 2015– I will be (doing) - -– Others will know me for / as - -...
© Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduTask 4 : Making Career Choices38• You will need to make some choices• The decision tree...
© Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduThe decision tree39Making Career ChoicesNowAcademiaIndustryResearchTeachingPracticeR & D
© Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduDeciding on the first job and then ..40YouFirst Job Next Job Next Job Next Job Next Job...
© Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduChoosing your focus41• Teaching– Because students are the reason we are here• Research ...
© Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduGetting ready to jump42Making Career Choices
© Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduThe “rules of thumb”43YouFirst Job Next Job Next Job Next Job Next Job• Rule 1: Go to t...
© Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduOur discussion so far• Introductions ✔• Task 1: Completing your Dissertation ✔• Task 2:...
© Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduWrap-upThe Game is Real*45* Orson Scott CardFrom Ender’s Game. Nov 2013The choices you ...
© Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduFinal Refinement46• Circa 2015– I will be (doing) - -– Others will know me for / as - -...
© Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.edu47Completing the Dissertation, Publishing, GettingTenure, and Making Career ChoicesSand...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Keynote at Doctoral Consortium - CAiSE 2013 - Valencia Spain

413 views

Published on

Doctoral research and planning for an academic career.
Citation: Purao, S. 2013. Keynote at Doctoral Consortium, CAiSE 2013. Valencia, Spain. June 21, 2013.

Published in: Career, Education, Technology
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
413
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
1
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Keynote at Doctoral Consortium - CAiSE 2013 - Valencia Spain

  1. 1. Completing the Dissertation,Publishing, Getting Tenure, andMaking Career Choices1Sandeep PuraoCollege of Information Sciences and TechnologyPenn State University, University Park, PA, USACAiSE’13 Doctoral ConsortiumValencia Spain, June 2013
  2. 2. © Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.edu12 reasons not to get a PhD2http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-505145_162-57468913/12-reasons-not-to-get-a-phd/1. A PhD can take twice as long as a bachelor’s degree to complete2. Professors will exploit you3. You could drop out (57% completion rate, 10 years after joining)4. You might end up on government help5. Academic jobs are hard to find6. It could cost you7. You probably will not get tenure (68% in the US are without)8. Universities would eliminate tenure if they could9. More than 50% of the faculty are part-timers10. Jobs can be scarce for PhDs outside academia11. Difficult to find placement info for PhDs so you don’t know what to expect12. Unfortunately, you can’t eat prestigeIntroduction
  3. 3. © Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduBut if you persist (and succeed)3< 3%have aPhDLess thanhalf havetenureFewer getfull andround :)PopulationIntroduction
  4. 4. © Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduMy Accidental Journey• Not an ‘academically-oriented’ family background• Bachelor of Commerce, Chartered Accountant, Practicing ..• PhD in MIS (Management Science, with Minor in Computer Science)• First job at Georgia State University, Business School• Post-tenure, moved to Penn State, Information School• Now - Professor of IST at Penn State, and affiliations elsewhere• Research Director, Center for Enterprise Architecture• Affiliate Appointments - Industrial Engg, Engineering Design• Publications in IS, SE, CS, CSCW, Health Informatics• Editorial Boards: MISQ, ISR, JAIS, IT&M, JDM and others• Research: design science, knowledge management4Introduction
  5. 5. © Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduYou• Simon Forster - Investigating the Collaborative Process of Process Modeling• Clara Ayora - Towards the Enhancement of Process Families Support usingChange Patterns• Diana Marosin - Towards a Principle-Based Framework for Enterprise ArchitectureRationalization• Hugo Alatrista - Salas A Spatial-based KDD Process to Better Understand theSpatiotemporal Phenomena• Fáber Danilo Giraldo Velásquez - A framework for evaluating the ontologicalquality of languages in MDE environments• Patricia Martin-Rodilla - Software-Assisted Knowledge Generation in theArchaeological Domain: A Conceptual Framework• Muhammad Aun Abbas - Compatible and incompatible ontology mappings• Maria Fernanda Granda Juca - An Approach for Testing-Based ConceptualSchema Validation in a Model-Driven Environment5Introduction
  6. 6. © Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduYour journey so far ..• Education and Life decisions so far• Making the decision to pursue a PhD• And now – Working on a dissertation• What comes Next ?– Completing the Dissertation– Publishing your Work– Getting Tenure– Making Career Choices6Introduction
  7. 7. © Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduAgainst the backdrop of -7• Macro-level Concerns– Global academic marketplace– Distance education and MOOCs– Walmartization of education and research– State and Private funding of research and education– Demographics: graying in Europe and North America• Micro-level Concerns– Disciplines - IS, CS, SE, DB, others– Schools – Engineering, Business, Information, DesignIntroduction
  8. 8. © Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduSo, let’s get this straightThe Game is Real*8* Orson Scott CardFrom Ender’s Game. Nov 2013Introduction
  9. 9. © Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduA Fundamental Choice9• An Accidental Career– If you build it, theywill come– If you write it, theywill read• A Planned Career– What choices willyou face?– What decisions willyou make?Introduction
  10. 10. © Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduAn Exercise• Circa 2015– I will be (doing) - -– Others will know me for / as - -• Circa 2020– I will be (doing) - -– Others will know me for / as - -• Circa 2025– I will be (doing) - -– Others will know me for / as - -10• Please create a shortstatement that startswith the promptsprovided for eachtime period.• Write it down(preferably in aneditable format) andbring along to theDoctoralConsortium.Introduction
  11. 11. © Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduHow will you get there?11• Circa 20XX– I will be an Assistant Professor of Software Engineering in themost prestigious university in the region. I will be working onmultiple projects related to mobile applications in the cloud.– Others will know me for my expertise in pricing models forcloud computing applications in the social web.– What should I do now to ensure that I achieve my goal(s)?Introduction
  12. 12. © Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduOur Agenda Today• Introductions ✔• Task 1: Completing your Dissertation• Task 2: Publishing your Work• Task 3: Getting Tenure• Task 4: Making Career Choices• Wrap-up12
  13. 13. © Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduTask 1 : Completing the Dissertation13• Now that you are well along your dissertation effort• Framing your topic• Finishing your writing• Planning for outcomes• Knowing your place• Targeting audience(s)
  14. 14. © Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduFraming the Topic14Completing the DissertationPriorWorkThisWork
  15. 15. © Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduFinishing your Writing15Completing the DissertationHBR June 201399U.com
  16. 16. © Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduPlanning for Outcomes16Completing the DissertationDissertationDissertationhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/caseorganic/5376366869/sizes/o/in/photostream/
  17. 17. © Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduKnowing your place17Completing the Dissertation(Applegate 1996, cited in Purao 2002)
  18. 18. © Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduTargeting Audiences18Completing the DissertationAcademic andPractitionerConferencesWorking withIndustry forPotential useWriting researchpapers forarchival journals
  19. 19. © Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduFirst Refinement19Was there anythingyou heard that youwant to use andrevise your plans for2015?Please add twobullets that describeactions you will takenow to reach yourgoals for 2015.• Circa 2015– I will be (doing) - -– Others will know me for / as - -– To get there, I will need to - -• Circa 2020– I will be (doing) - -– Others will know me for / as - -– To get there, I will need to - -• Circa 2025– I will be (doing) - -– Others will know me for / as - -– To get there, I will need to - -Completing the Dissertation
  20. 20. © Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduTask 2 : Publishing your Work20• Thinking about and delivering on the publications promise• Writing as Reporting ?• Writing as a Process• Managing Timelines• The Publication Process– Does it get better?• Setting up a Platform• A Portfolio Approach
  21. 21. © Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduWriting as Reporting ?21• Conducting Research• Understand problem• Create solution• Refine solution• Gather data• Analyze data• Generate findings• Reporting Research• Describe approach• Describe algorithms• Describe benefits• Demonstrate results• Describe limitations• Describe next stepsDo the research, THEN Report the resultsIs this true?Publishing
  22. 22. © Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduWriting as a Process22• Writing is not a process of reporting– It is an integral part of doing research• Writing is not a process of reporting– It is a dialog with your colleagues• Writing is critical because it allows you to connect– With audiences, communities and colleagues• Writing is critical because it allows you to work– With multiple researchersPublishing
  23. 23. © Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduManaging Timelines23Publishing• Time as a Surrogate for the importance of Writing– e.g. Conference Papers vs. Journal Articlesconferencejournal12 months24 months8 months18 months
  24. 24. © Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduThe Publication Process24PublishingOneVersion
  25. 25. © Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduThe Publication Process25PublishingOneVersion
  26. 26. © Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduDoes it get better?26Publishing
  27. 27. © Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduSetting up the Platform27PublishingDissertationDissertationNOW
  28. 28. © Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduA Portfolio Approach28ProgramImpactyesyesPublishing
  29. 29. © Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduSecond Refinement29• Circa 2015– I will be (doing) - -– Others will know me for / as - -– To get there, I will need to - -• Circa 2020– I will be (doing) - -– Others will know me for / as - -– To get there, I will need to - -• Circa 2025– I will be (doing) - -– Others will know me for / as - -– To get there, I will need to - -Was there anythingyou heard that youwant to use andrevise your plans for2020?Please add twobullets that describeactions you will takenow to reach yourgoals for 2020.Publishing
  30. 30. © Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduTask 3 : Getting Tenure30• Tenure sets you free• What is tenure• What gets you tenure– Multiple Models• Membership in an Exclusive Club• Participating in the community• Cultivating ‘externals’
  31. 31. © Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduWhat is Tenure31Getting Tenure• Academic tenure is primarily intended toguarantee the right to academic freedom.• It protects teachers and researchers whenthey dissent from prevailing opinion, openlydisagree with authorities …• The intent of tenure is to allow … scholarsthe intellectual autonomy to investigate theproblems … about which they are mostpassionate, and to report their honestconclusions. http://galileo.rice.edu/bio/narrative_7.htmlGalileos belief inthe CopernicanSystem eventuallygot him into troublewith the CatholicChurch.
  32. 32. © Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduWhat gets you tenure32Performance = F + F*P + F*T (2a)Performance = P + P*F + P*T (2b)Impact = C + C*F + C*F*P + C*F*T (3b)Impact = C + C*P + C*P*F + C*P*T (3a)There are other possibilitiesLegend:R = Research, T=Teaching, F=Funding, P=Publications, S=ServiceGetting TenurePerformance = R + R*T (1) basic modelvariations
  33. 33. © Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduMultiple Models33The 3 P’s ModelPapersPhD StudentsPoundsThe 3 F ModelFundingFundingFundingThe Impact ModelPatentsPartnershipsStart-upsInstitutionThe Educator ModelTeaching EvaluationsNew CoursesNew ProgramsGetting TenurePath
  34. 34. © Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduMembership in an Exclusive Club34• Who grants you Tenure?• The University you belong to• On whose Recommendation?• Your Research Community• What does Tenure really mean?• ‘Acceptance’ by your research community• What does it mean for the University?• Reputation, Recognition, Influence
  35. 35. © Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduParticipating in the Community35VolunteerReviewServeHelpCommentDiscussSubmitAttendListenContactSportPassTackleBlockScoreGetting Tenure
  36. 36. © Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduCultivating ‘Externals’36YouComputerScienceBusinessSchoolInformationSchoolResearchLabsGetting Tenure
  37. 37. © Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduThird Refinement37• Circa 2015– I will be (doing) - -– Others will know me for / as - -– To get there, I will need to - -• Circa 2020– I will be (doing) - -– Others will know me for / as - -– To get there, I will need to - -• Circa 2025– I will be (doing) - -– Others will know me for / as - -– To get there, I will need to - -Was there anythingyou heard that youwant to use andrevise your plans for2025?Please add twobullets that describeactions you will takenow to reach yourgoals for 2025.Getting Tenure
  38. 38. © Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduTask 4 : Making Career Choices38• You will need to make some choices• The decision tree• Deciding on the first job and then ..• Choosing your focus• Getting ready to jump• The “rules of thumb”
  39. 39. © Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduThe decision tree39Making Career ChoicesNowAcademiaIndustryResearchTeachingPracticeR & D
  40. 40. © Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduDeciding on the first job and then ..40YouFirst Job Next Job Next Job Next Job Next JobMaking Career Choices
  41. 41. © Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduChoosing your focus41• Teaching– Because students are the reason we are here• Research and academic publications– Because there is value in what you have done• Connecting and partnering with industry and government– Because you want to make an immediate impact• Service to the profession, department, college and university– Because you believe in the causes and want to contributeMaking Career Choices
  42. 42. © Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduGetting ready to jump42Making Career Choices
  43. 43. © Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduThe “rules of thumb”43YouFirst Job Next Job Next Job Next Job Next Job• Rule 1: Go to the place with the best reputation• Rule 2: Go with the job that enhances your options• Rule 3: Go with the job that gives you a chance to build• Rule 4: Go with the job that allows you to help others• Rule 5: Stop when things are no longer excitingMaking Career Choices
  44. 44. © Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduOur discussion so far• Introductions ✔• Task 1: Completing your Dissertation ✔• Task 2: Publishing your Work ✔• Task 3: Getting Tenure ✔• Task 4: Making Career Choices ✔• Wrap-up44
  45. 45. © Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduWrap-upThe Game is Real*45* Orson Scott CardFrom Ender’s Game. Nov 2013The choices you makematter, regardless ofwhat you think (or notthink) about themWrap-up
  46. 46. © Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.eduFinal Refinement46• Circa 2015– I will be (doing) - -– Others will know me for / as - -– To get there, I will need to - -• Circa 2020– I will be (doing) - -– Others will know me for / as - -– To get there, I will need to - -• Circa 2025– I will be (doing) - -– Others will know me for / as - -– To get there, I will need to - -It is ok to steal from yourcolleagues :)Wrap-upDid your colleaguesinterpret thingsdifferently? Do you likesomething in theirplans / actions?Make final revisions.Was there anything youheard that you want touse and revise any plans/ actions?
  47. 47. © Sandeep Purao. spurao@ist.psu.edu47Completing the Dissertation, Publishing, GettingTenure, and Making Career ChoicesSandeep PuraoCollege of Information Sciences and TechnologyPenn State University, University Park, PA, USAwww.purao.netspurao@ist.psu.eduOur final task today (depending upon time availability)1.Read out something from what your colleagues wrote.2.Open discussion with mentors and colleagues.

×