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TCN Phase 1 - ITAP

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TCN Phase 1 - ITAP

  1. 1. Page  1 • Includes all the electrical, mechanical, and the electronic parts of a computer • Parts we can touch and see What is a Computer Hardware?
  2. 2. Page  2 Hardware – Different Types  Most Important part of PC  Everything is connected to motherboard  Printer, TV Card, Mouse, Speaker, etc.  Function – Interchange Data & Information.  Function – To suppy electrical power  Measured in ‘Watt’  Watt – 400W, 500 W  Volt – 220V, 240V  Function – To process data  Input – Processing – Output  Brain of the Computer  E.g. Pentium III, Core i5, i5, i7 etc. Motherboard Power Supply Unit (PSU) Central Processing Unit (CPU)
  3. 3. Page  3 Hardware – Different Types  Function – To store data temporarily  Data only exists until power is supplied  Helps to measure the speed of PC  E.g. SDRAM, DDR, etc.  Function – To display information in the monitor  Displays pictures, texts and videos  Fitted in AGP/PCI slot in motherboard  Also used in Playing PC Games  Function – To store data and information  Helps to safely store user- created data  Data isn’t lost even when computer is switched off  Space (GB, TB) – Speed (RPM) Random Access Memory (RAM) Graphics Card Hard Disk
  4. 4. Page  4 Hardware – Different Types CD/DVD Drive  Function – To display and see information found in CDs or DVDs  Connected to the motherboard  Connected via IDE/SATA cable
  5. 5. Page  5 Different Sections of a Motherboard
  6. 6. Page  6 How to build your own PC? Tools Required – 1 Screw Driver Parts: •CPU •Motherboard •Memory •Graphics Card •Sound Card •Hard Disk •DVD Drive •Case •Power Supply Unit •Keyboard •Mouse •Monitor
  7. 7. Page  7 How to build your own PC? • Install CPU into motherboard • Pull lever of CPU Socket • Put CPU & push until you hear a ‘click’ sound • Install RAM • Spread side lever of memory slot • Install memory into memory slot • Install Graphics Card • Install Graphics Card into AGP/PCI slot • Install CPU Cooler • Install by pushing the cooler lever • Connect fan power pin into ‘CPU Fan’ socket • Place the motherboard in casing • Install mainboard on preinstalled screws Step 1Step 1 Step 2Step 2 Step 3Step 3 Step 4Step 4 Step 5Step 5
  8. 8. Page  8 How to build your own PC? • Install CD/DVD drives • Install Hard Disk Drives • Connect Main Power Suppy • Connect 12V (small wire) and main power (big wire) from PSU to motherboard • Connect main power suplly cord along with keyboard and mouse • Connect monitor cord (blue) to VGA port • Connect the font button (power, reset) • Connect LED • Connect DVD/HD to motherboard along with other wires • Connect HD/DVD drive to PSU • Connect drives to IDE connector in motherboard Step 6Step 6 Step 7Step 7 Step 8Step 8 Step 9Step 9 Step 10Step 10
  9. 9. Your Computer is ready!  Page  9
  10. 10. Your Computer is ready!  Page  9

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