AccessibilityFor teachers and content developers We want it now!
Define accessibility in web design contextWhat is accessibility?
Accessible Web Design“… philosophy and practiceof designing web content sothat it can be navigated andread by everyone, regardlessof location, experience, orthe type of computertechnology used.” World Wide Web Access: Disability Discrimination Act Advisory Notes, 2012 http://www.hreoc.gov.au/disability_rights/standards/www_3/www_3.html#whatis
1st of 8 VET E-Standards“Accessible e-learning content means that itcan be used by the widest possiblecombination of users and computerhardware and software configurations,including people with disabilities.” Download 2012 VET E-standards (MS Word 728kB) (Opens in new window)
TAFE Qld Learning Resource Design PrinciplesThe LRDP comprise five overarchingprinciples:1. Presentation2. Learning design3. Intellectual property4. Discovery for reuse5. Accessibility Staff Support Site, my.TAFE
Universal DesignAccessibility is linked Universal Design isto “Universal Design” about “designing resources that are as accessible as possible to most people, more of the time, regardless of disability, language and literacy skills” Accessibility Information, Staff Support Site, my.TAFE, 2012
Find out about W3C Web Content AccessibilityGuidelines 2.0 (WCAG 2.0)What do I have to do?
WCAG 2.0All government web content mustmeet the W3C Web Content AccessibilityGuidelines 2.0 (WCAG 2.0) to aminimum of Level AA compliance:• Level A (Single A) by 31 December 2012• Level AA (Double A) by 31 December 2014• To claim conformance websites must meet all five WCAG 2.0 conformance requirements Accessibility Web Guide, Australian Government, 2012 http://webguide.gov.au/accessibility-usability/accessibility/
W3C Web Content Accessibility Guidelines• A customizable quick reference to Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 2.0 requirements (success criteria) and techniques: W3C - How to Meet WCAG 2.0 (Opens in new window)• Understanding Conformance and Accessibility Supported Technologies: W3C - Understanding WCAG 2.0 (Opens in new window)• The Australian Government Information Office (AGIMO): Australian Government Accessibility Web Guide (Opens in new window) E-standards for Training: Accessibility, National VET E-Learning Strategy, 2012 http://e-standards.flexiblelearning.net.au/technical_standards/accessibility.php
Tips and Key Points for AccessibilityHow do I do it?
Tips1. Alternative Text Images, Tables, Videos, Links2. Navigation Headings, Menus, Home, Next, Back, Top3. Alternative Modes Text Only, Audio, Printable, Full-Page4. Colour and Contrast Branding vs Aesthetics vs Usability Digital Content Advancing Practice Workshop, Francis Kneebone, 2012 bit.ly/content2012
Key Points• Text alternatives for images, graphs, video and multimedia should be planned and implemented during the production process• Content with high bandwidth requirements (such as video) should also be provided in a low bandwidth alternative (e.g. still images and text) VET E-learning content development guidelines, Commonwealth of Australia, 2011, p4
Validation ToolsValidate learning content before publishing:• Colour Contrast http://www.accesskeys.org/tools/color-contrast.html• Screen Readability http://webanywhere.cs.washington.edu/beta/• Layout Errors http://wave.webaim.org/ Digital Content Advancing Practice Workshop, Francis Kneebone, 2012 bit.ly/content2012
“The power of the Web is in its universality. Access by everyone regardless of disability is anessential aspect” Tim Berners-Lee, inventor of the World Wide Web and Director of W3C http://www.hreoc.gov.au/disability_rights/standards/www_3/www_3.html#whatis