Enlightenment as Standalone Wayland Compositor

Christopher Michael & Stefan Schmidt
FOSDEM 2014
Intro
●

Who are we?
–

EFL upstream developers

–

Working for Samsung Open Source Group UK

–

Direct upstream work
Agenda
●

Quick EFL Glossary

●

Wayland Toolkit Support in EFL and Elementary

●

Step 1: Identify components E relies on...
Quick EFL Glossary
●

Enlightenment Foundation Libraries (EFL): sort of low
level libs

●

Elementary: a widget toolkit

●...
Wayland Toolkit Support in EFL and Elementary
●

●

●

●

General Wayland protocol support started by Chris
around 2011
EF...
Wayland Architecture

Image source: http://wayland.freedesktop.org/architecture.html
Step 1: Identify components E relies on from X
●

Rendering

●

DRM handling

●

Input handling

●

VT handling

●

Sessio...
Step 2: Allow Rendering with Wayland
●

Wayland engines available in Evas for a long time
–

–

●

●

Shared memory with d...
Step 3: DRM Handling (1/2)
●

Separate Evas rendering engine
–

–

Supports hardware accelerated rendering (egl)

–

●

Su...
Step 3: DRM Handling (2/2)
●

Separate Ecore_Drm library

●

Central library for Input, Output, VT Handling

●

Implemente...
Step 4: Input Handling
●

Originally designed to use libinput from Jonas Adahl
–

Removed libinput due to issues with libi...
Step 5: VT Handling
●

Implemented inside ecore_drm library

●

Transparent to the user of ecore_drm

●

Drops being "drm ...
Step 6: Session recovery
●

E catches segfault and allows session recovery with all
applications restored

●

X helps with...
Step 7: X Fallback Support through XWayland
●

●

●

●

Wayland protocol support in the
major toolkits gets better
There w...
Missing Wayland Parts
●

Better support for XDG shell (core protocol is missing
desktop related parts, like iconify, systr...
Status
●

What do we have working
–

–

Running wayland as well as X applications

–

●

VT switching, input and ouput dev...
Summary
●

●

●

Making a X11 window manager act as a standalone
Wayland compositor as well is a HUGE task
The wayland XDG...
Thank you!
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Enlightenment as Standalone Wayland Compositor

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Chris Michael and Stefan Schmidt from Samsung OSG's UK office talk about the design of Enlightenment as it relates to being used as a standalone Wayland compositor.

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Enlightenment as Standalone Wayland Compositor

  1. 1. Enlightenment as Standalone Wayland Compositor Christopher Michael & Stefan Schmidt FOSDEM 2014
  2. 2. Intro ● Who are we? – EFL upstream developers – Working for Samsung Open Source Group UK – Direct upstream work
  3. 3. Agenda ● Quick EFL Glossary ● Wayland Toolkit Support in EFL and Elementary ● Step 1: Identify components E relies on from X ● Step 2: Allow Rendering with Wayland ● Step 3: DRM Handling ● Step 4: Input Handling ● Step 5: VT Handling ● Step 6: Session recovery ● Step 7: X Fallback Support through XWayland ● Missing Wayland Parts ● Status ● Summary
  4. 4. Quick EFL Glossary ● Enlightenment Foundation Libraries (EFL): sort of low level libs ● Elementary: a widget toolkit ● Enlightenment: the window manager itself ● Evas: canvas library in EFL ● Ecore_x: our xlib abstraction
  5. 5. Wayland Toolkit Support in EFL and Elementary ● ● ● ● General Wayland protocol support started by Chris around 2011 EFL/Elementary Wayland apps running in weston and Enlightenment Subsurface protocol But this talk is about a standalone wayland compositor :-)
  6. 6. Wayland Architecture Image source: http://wayland.freedesktop.org/architecture.html
  7. 7. Step 1: Identify components E relies on from X ● Rendering ● DRM handling ● Input handling ● VT handling ● Session recovery
  8. 8. Step 2: Allow Rendering with Wayland ● Wayland engines available in Evas for a long time – – ● ● Shared memory with double and triple buffering EGL engine Switched all Xwindow usage to evas canvas to allow X11 as well as wayland surfaces Many other abstractions from X already existed in ecore
  9. 9. Step 3: DRM Handling (1/2) ● Separate Evas rendering engine – – Supports hardware accelerated rendering (egl) – ● Supports software rendering (generic drm FBOs) Can be switched Run-Time via Environment Variable Not wayland specific (no use of wl_shm buffers or wl_egl windows) – Abstracted buffer management – GBM (Generic Buffer Management) – TBM (Tizen Buffer Management) – Others ? (Gem)
  10. 10. Step 3: DRM Handling (2/2) ● Separate Ecore_Drm library ● Central library for Input, Output, VT Handling ● Implemented using generic drm functions (libdrm) – This allows to function via kms or generic fb ● Supports Output Hotplug (via udev) ● Spawns privileged binary for access to restricted input devices – Utilizes Unix Socket FD Passing for communication back to main process ● Transparent support for Page Flip & VBlank Events ● Exposes limited API functions – Vital (potentially harmful) functions Not exposed to userland
  11. 11. Step 4: Input Handling ● Originally designed to use libinput from Jonas Adahl – Removed libinput due to issues with libinput event processing – Possibly re-implemented using libinput in the future ● Utilizes Udev for Input Device Discovery ● Supports Evdev devices – – ● Keyboard, Mouse, Touchpad, Multi-Touch devices Joystick support currently disabled Exposed API functions (via ecore_drm) to dynamically enable/disable input device(s)
  12. 12. Step 5: VT Handling ● Implemented inside ecore_drm library ● Transparent to the user of ecore_drm ● Drops being "drm master" on switch Away from VT ● Acquires "drm master" on switch To the VT ● Uses Proper kernel vt switch signals – SIGUSR1 for release – SIGUSR2 for acquire
  13. 13. Step 6: Session recovery ● E catches segfault and allows session recovery with all applications restored ● X helps with a lot functionality here ● Wayland protocol has nothing for this yet ● Prototyping something similar as a protocol extension right now
  14. 14. Step 7: X Fallback Support through XWayland ● ● ● ● Wayland protocol support in the major toolkits gets better There will be always applications without wayland support (plain X apps, toolkit without wl support, etc) We listen on the X socket and start Xwayland on demand Starts with the first X client using it and let it time out after the last X client leaves Image source: http://wayland.freedesktop.org/xserver.html
  15. 15. Missing Wayland Parts ● Better support for XDG shell (core protocol is missing desktop related parts, like iconify, systray, border icons, ...) ● But XDG shell in wayland need to mature ● Protocol extension for session recovery ● Feedback from mutter, kwin and Enlightenment helps to identify missing pieces
  16. 16. Status ● What do we have working – – Running wayland as well as X applications – ● VT switching, input and ouput device handling No longer a hard dependency on X in Enlightenment What is work in progress – Buffer abstraction for rendering – Not ready for day to day usage – Session recovery
  17. 17. Summary ● ● ● Making a X11 window manager act as a standalone Wayland compositor as well is a HUGE task The wayland XDG shell extension is missing various pieces to allow for the full desktop experience we are used to Things like input handling, VT switching. etc needs to be done by the compositor itself now. Hopefully some sharing between projects.
  18. 18. Thank you!

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