Windows NT for advanced users

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Windows NT for advanced users

  1. 1. Windows NT for advanced users Matthew Cook http://escarpment.net/
  2. 2. Contents <ul><li>Windows NT Basics </li></ul><ul><li>Installing Windows </li></ul><ul><li>Configuring Windows </li></ul><ul><li>System Policies </li></ul><ul><li>Managing File Systems </li></ul>
  3. 3. Contents … <ul><li>Managing Disk Partitions </li></ul><ul><li>Windows Networking </li></ul><ul><li>Applications </li></ul><ul><li>Permissions </li></ul><ul><li>Security </li></ul><ul><li>Troubleshooting </li></ul>
  4. 4. Windows NT Basics <ul><li>Main differences between ‘9x and NT </li></ul><ul><li>Main differences between versions of Windows NT </li></ul><ul><li>Architecture </li></ul>
  5. 5. Main differences between ‘9x & NT <ul><li>Networking </li></ul><ul><li>Set up </li></ul><ul><li>Disc space </li></ul><ul><li>Product Support </li></ul><ul><li>Stability </li></ul><ul><li>Architecture </li></ul><ul><li>Security </li></ul><ul><li>Archaic software </li></ul>
  6. 6. Main differences between versions of Windows NT <ul><li>Windows 3.51 </li></ul><ul><li>Optimisation </li></ul><ul><li>Concurrent Connections </li></ul><ul><li>Out of the box </li></ul><ul><li>Macintosh Support </li></ul><ul><li>UPS Support </li></ul>
  7. 7. Architecture
  8. 8. Installing Windows <ul><li>Hardware requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Migration from other Operating Systems </li></ul><ul><li>File system Types </li></ul><ul><li>Server Role </li></ul><ul><li>Process </li></ul>
  9. 9. Hardware Requirements <ul><li>NT Workstation </li></ul><ul><li>Intel </li></ul><ul><li>486/33+ Processor </li></ul><ul><li>12Mb RAM </li></ul><ul><li>110Mb Hard Disc </li></ul><ul><li>NT Server </li></ul><ul><li>Intel </li></ul><ul><li>486/33+ Processor </li></ul><ul><li>16Mb RAM </li></ul><ul><li>125Mb Hard Disc </li></ul>
  10. 10. Migration from other Operating Systems <ul><li>Migration is possible from Windows NT 3.5 and NT 3.51 </li></ul><ul><li>Migration is not possible from ‘9x </li></ul><ul><li>Fresh install is always preferable </li></ul><ul><li>Dual Booting </li></ul>
  11. 11. File System Types <ul><li>FAT </li></ul><ul><li>FAT 32 </li></ul><ul><li>HPFS </li></ul><ul><li>NTFS </li></ul><ul><li>Maximum boot partition sizes </li></ul>
  12. 12. Server Role <ul><li>Primary Domain Controller (PDC) </li></ul><ul><li>Backup Domain Controller (BDC) </li></ul><ul><li>Member Server </li></ul>
  13. 13. Process <ul><li>Boot from CDROM </li></ul><ul><li>Boot from Floppies </li></ul><ul><li>Boot from Network Share </li></ul><ul><li>Use of winnt.exe winnt32.exe </li></ul><ul><li>Setup flags /ox and /b </li></ul>
  14. 14. Configuring Windows <ul><li>Registry </li></ul><ul><li>Hardware Support </li></ul><ul><li>System Properties </li></ul><ul><li>Users </li></ul>
  15. 15. Registry <ul><li>Regedit.exe </li></ul><ul><li>Regedt32.exe </li></ul><ul><li>Local Keys </li></ul><ul><li>Remote Keys </li></ul><ul><li>Searching </li></ul>
  16. 16. Hardware Support <ul><li>Hardware profiles for a system that has different hardware frequently </li></ul><ul><li>NT does not support Plug and Play </li></ul><ul><li>NT does not support USB </li></ul><ul><li>NT not designed for laptops </li></ul>
  17. 17. System Properties <ul><li>System Control panel </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental variables </li></ul><ul><li>Performance </li></ul><ul><li>User profiles </li></ul>
  18. 18. Users <ul><li>Using User Manager </li></ul><ul><li>Creating users </li></ul><ul><li>Creating groups </li></ul><ul><li>The administrator account </li></ul><ul><li>Profiles </li></ul>
  19. 19. System Policies <ul><li>Restriction of options in control panel </li></ul><ul><li>Customisation of the desktop </li></ul><ul><li>Control of network login </li></ul>
  20. 20. Managing File Systems <ul><li>Supported Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Using Disk Administrator </li></ul><ul><li>Converting FAT to NTFS using convert x: /fs:ntfs </li></ul>
  21. 21. Managing Disk Partitions <ul><li>Partitions on a disk </li></ul><ul><li>Marking Partitions active </li></ul><ul><li>Fault Tolerance </li></ul><ul><li>Assigning Drive Letters </li></ul><ul><li>Boot.ini </li></ul>
  22. 22. Windows Networking <ul><li>Configuring Network Services </li></ul><ul><li>Optimising Network Services </li></ul><ul><li>Command line commands </li></ul><ul><li>Lmhosts and hosts </li></ul><ul><li>Troubleshooting </li></ul>
  23. 23. Applications <ul><li>Running 16bit and 32bit applications </li></ul><ul><li>Task Manager </li></ul><ul><li>Using start to protect programs </li></ul>
  24. 24. Permissions <ul><li>Setting permissions on files </li></ul><ul><li>Setting permission on the registry </li></ul>
  25. 25. Security <ul><li>Service Packs </li></ul><ul><li>Post Service Pack Hotfixes </li></ul><ul><li>Technical Forum </li></ul><ul><li>L0pht Crack </li></ul>
  26. 26. Troubleshooting <ul><li>Boot Process </li></ul><ul><li>ERD using rdisk.exe </li></ul><ul><li>Event Viewer </li></ul><ul><li>Performance Monitor </li></ul><ul><li>WinMSD </li></ul>

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