Lecture 7


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Lecture 7

  1. 1. Green Procurement at the City of Santa Barbara
  2. 2. Everything matters… <ul><li>From hydraulic oil to hand cleaners, motor oil to paint, every product we purchase can have multiple and extensive impacts on human health and the environment </li></ul>
  3. 3. Green Purchasing – What is it? <ul><li>The selection and acquisition of products and services that most effectively minimize negative environmental impacts over their life cycle of manufacturing, transportation, use and, ultimately, recycling or disposal </li></ul><ul><li>Not just products, services too </li></ul>
  4. 4. Why Buy Green? <ul><li>Life-Cycle Perspective </li></ul><ul><li>- Looking beyond purchase price. Consider costs and environmental impacts over the lifetime of a product or service (manufacturing, packaging, transport, energy consumption, maintenance, disposal) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Why Buy Green? <ul><li>Pollution Prevention </li></ul><ul><li>- From the start of a process reducing or eliminating toxicity, air and water emissions. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Why Buy Green? <ul><li>Natural Resource Protection </li></ul><ul><li>- Giving preference to sustainable, reusable, and/or recycled materials over virgin </li></ul><ul><li>- Conserve water and energy </li></ul>
  7. 7. Buying “Green” Also Helps To: <ul><li>Improve safety and health of buildings and occupants </li></ul><ul><li>Develop new, more environmentally friendly products </li></ul><ul><li>Stimulate new markets for recycled materials and create jobs Improve awareness of environmental stewardship </li></ul><ul><li>Provide potential cost savings </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce liabilities </li></ul><ul><li>Comply with environmental laws and regulations </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce waste generation </li></ul>
  8. 8. What Is the “Cost” of Buying Green? <ul><li>Myth? Green items cost more than conventional items. </li></ul><ul><li>Green items may cost more to purchase initially, but many are designed to last much longer than their “non-green” counterparts. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Life Cycle Analysis <ul><li>Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) is the investigation and the evaluation of the environmental impacts of a given product or service caused by its existence </li></ul><ul><li>Life cycle cost is a combination of the economic, social and environmental costs set against the offsetting benefits associated with each choice that we make </li></ul>
  10. 10. Long-lasting Light Bulb <ul><li>Compact fluorescent light bulbs often cost 3-10 times more than incandescent light bulbs </li></ul><ul><li>The average life of a CFL is 8-15 times that of an incandescent bulb </li></ul><ul><li>Up to $30 saved over the life of the bulb due to lower energy use </li></ul><ul><li>Can save 2,000 times its own weight in greenhouse gases </li></ul>
  11. 12. Cradle to Grave <ul><li>The full Life Cycle Assessment from manufacture ('cradle') to use by consumer and disposal ('grave') </li></ul><ul><li>Goes beyond price tag… </li></ul>
  12. 13. The “Cost” of Green <ul><li>Considering green criteria in the procurement process gives the power to reduce or even eliminate waste and environmental impacts while potentially reducing costs </li></ul><ul><li>Supply and demand </li></ul>
  13. 14. The “Cost” of Green <ul><li>Focusing on green criteria early in the procurement process improves an organization's environmental performance, while addressing ethics, social regeneration and economic concerns </li></ul>
  14. 15. Cost continued… <ul><li>If environmental impacts are addressed as early as possible, overall costs likely will be lower than pollution abatement later on </li></ul><ul><li>Downstream corrections are more costly in terms of many resources, including dollars, labor, technical complexity, as well as adverse publicity </li></ul><ul><li>Rule of thumb: when a problem goes unchecked, it will cost roughly 10 times more to fix later on </li></ul>
  15. 16. How Do You Know If An Item Is Green?
  16. 17. Helpful Advice: Third party certifications <ul><li>Leadership for Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) </li></ul><ul><li>Green Seal Certification </li></ul><ul><li>EPEAT – electronics </li></ul><ul><li>Forest Stewardship Council </li></ul><ul><li>And so many more! </li></ul>
  17. 18. Green Purchase Criteria (per LEED): <ul><li>contains recycled content </li></ul><ul><li>salvaged material </li></ul><ul><li>rapidly renewable materials </li></ul><ul><li>materials harvested and extracted from within 500 miles </li></ul><ul><li>Forest Stewardship Council-certified wood </li></ul>
  18. 19. City of Santa Barbara’s Going Green <ul><li>Infrastructure-wide push for green within City organization </li></ul><ul><li>Initiative includes energy policy, LEED-certification, water-bottle ban, purchasing policy </li></ul><ul><li>In order to certify buildings LEED- Existing Buildings Operations & Maintenance, must have purchasing policy in place (main motivator to establish policy) </li></ul>
  19. 20. Where Did We Start From? <ul><li>All purchases purely cost-based. Lowest bid won contract </li></ul><ul><li>Some departments were trying to buy green, but on their own initiative </li></ul><ul><li>City Council began pushing to be green in all areas of City organization </li></ul>
  20. 21. Purchasing Policy Process <ul><li>Several drafts of purchasing policies circulated for a few years, before one was accepted by City Council </li></ul><ul><li>The City’s Green Team weighed in on the policy to ensure that it would be practical for each department </li></ul><ul><li>In December 2008, the Environmentally Preferable Purchasing Policy was adopted by City Council </li></ul>
  21. 22. After the Process, the Prize <ul><li>The policy and the procedure were divided into two documents </li></ul><ul><li>Policy: outlines the rules </li></ul><ul><li>i.e., when a green alternative has to be considered </li></ul><ul><li>Procedure: outlines the actions </li></ul><ul><li>i.e., who is responsible for reporting on green purchasing and justifications for non-green items </li></ul>
  22. 23. Success? <ul><li>The policy was drafted with many purposeful loopholes </li></ul><ul><li>Few employees familiar with the policy, it is not advertised </li></ul><ul><li>There are no repercussions for not following the policy </li></ul><ul><li>Hard economy, people worried about green items being more expensive </li></ul>
  23. 24. The Biggest Issues? <ul><li>Accountability – who’s making sure we’re buying green? </li></ul><ul><li>How do we know which items ARE green? </li></ul><ul><li>Myth busting </li></ul><ul><li>Making green the only option </li></ul>
  24. 25. What the Future Holds… <ul><li>Goal: to make green standard, not special </li></ul><ul><li>Drive the market; greater demand for green products = cheaper, better designed selections </li></ul>
  25. 26. Questions?