Getting Started with Mbox Guide

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Getting Started with Mbox Guide

  1. 1. Getting Started with Mbox Version 6.7 for LE Systems on Windows or Macintosh Digidesign 2001 Junipero Serra Boulevard Daly City, CA 94014-3886 USA tel: 650·731·6300 fax: 650·731·6399 Technical Support (USA) tel: 650·731·6100 fax: 650·731·6384 Product Information (USA) tel: 650·731·6102 tel: 800·333·2137 International Offices Visit the Digidesign Web site for contact information Web Site www.digidesign.com
  2. 2. Copyright If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the This guide is copyrighted ©2004 by Digidesign, a division of equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try and correct Avid Technology, Inc. (hereafter “Digidesign”), with all rights the interference by one or more of the following measures: reserved. Under copyright laws, this guide may not be • Reorient or locate the receiving antenna. duplicated in whole or in part without the written consent of • Increase the separation between the equipment and Digidesign. receiver. DIGIDESIGN, AVID and PRO TOOLS are trademarks or • Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different registered trademarks of Digidesign and/or Avid Technology, from that to which the receiver is connected. Inc. All other trademarks are the property of their respective • Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician owners. for help. Product features, specifications, system requirements, and Any modifications to the unit, unless expressly approved by availability are subject to change without notice. Digidesign, could void the user's authority to operate the PN 932014039-00 REV A 09/04 equipment. DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY Canadian Compliance Statement: We Digidesign, 2001 Junipero Serra Boulevard, Suite 200 This Class B digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES- 003. Daly City, CA 94014 USA Cet appareil numérique de la classe B est conforme à la norme tel: 650-731-6300 NMB-003 du Canada. declare under our sole responsibility that the product Mbox Australian Compliance complies with Part 15 of FCC Rules. Current Consumption 500mA Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation. NOTE: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 European Compliance of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation.
  3. 3. contents Chapter 1. Welcome to Mbox . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Mbox Package . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Mbox Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Pro Tools LE Capabilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 System Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Digidesign Registration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 About the Pro Tools Guides . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 About www.digidesign.com . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Chapter 2. Windows Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Installation Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Windows System Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Installing Pro Tools LE and Mbox . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Optional Software on the Pro Tools Installer CD-ROM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Launching Pro Tools LE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Configuring Pro Tools LE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Hard Drive Configuration and Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Removing Pro Tools on Windows XP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Chapter 3. Macintosh Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Installation Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Apple System Settings for Mac OS X . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Installing Pro Tools LE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Optional Software on the Pro Tools Installer CD-ROM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Connecting Mbox to the Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Launching Pro Tools LE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Configuring Pro Tools LE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Hard Drive Configuration and Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Removing Pro Tools on Mac OS X . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Contents iii
  4. 4. Chapter 4. Mbox Hardware and Connections. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Mbox Front Panel Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Mbox Back Panel Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Making Signal Connections to Mbox . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Connecting a Recorder for Mixdowns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 MIDI Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Chapter 5. Working with Pro Tools LE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Session Basics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Transport Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 Tracks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Regions Lists . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Navigating in a Session. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Importing Audio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 Basic Recording . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 Editing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 Mixing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Plug-Ins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 Mix Automation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 Final Mixdown . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 Appendix A. Windows System Optimizations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 Advanced Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 Appendix B. Digidesign ASIO Driver (Windows Only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 Compatible Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 Installing the ASIO Driver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 Removing the ASIO Driver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 Configuring ASIO Driver Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 iv Getting Started with Mbox
  5. 5. Appendix C. Digidesign WaveDriver (Windows Only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 Compatibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 Installing the WaveDriver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 Removing the WaveDriver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 Configuring WaveDriver for QuickTime Player (Required for Using iTunes). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 Configuring WaveDriver for Windows Media Player and Other Third-Party WaveDriver Programs 69 Adding Third Party Applications to the WaveDriver Opt-In List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 Appendix D. Digidesign CoreAudio Driver (Macintosh Only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 What are the Limitations of the Digidesign CoreAudio Driver? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 Compatibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 Installing the Digidesign CoreAudio Driver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 Removing the CoreAudio Driver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 Configuring the Digidesign CoreAudio Driver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 Appendix E. Configuring Midi Studio Setup (Windows Only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 MIDI Studio Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 Patch Name Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 Appendix F. Configuring AMS (Mac OS X Only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 Audio MIDI Studio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 Patch Name Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86 Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87 Contents v
  6. 6. vi Getting Started with Mbox
  7. 7. chapter 1 Welcome to Mbox Welcome to Mbox, Digidesign’s portable Pro Tools micro-studio, designed in collabora- Mbox Features tion with Focusrite. The Mbox desktop audio interface provides the Mbox provides your USB-equipped computer following: with two channels of analog and digital audio • Two analog audio inputs with Focusrite mi- input and output, employing professional-qual- crophone preamps and switchable 48V phan- ity mic preamps and 24-bit analog-to-digital tom power and digital-to-analog converters. • Analog input jacks that accept both XLR and 1/4-inch (TRS) connectors, and are switchable between Mic, Line, and Instrument levels Mbox Package • Two channels of S/PDIF digital input and out- The Mbox package includes the following: put • Mbox desktop audio interface • Two analog monitor outputs • Installer CD-ROMs containing Pro Tools LE • 24-bit A/D and D/A converters, supporting software, DigiRack RTAS (Real-Time Audio- sample rates of 44.1 kHz and 48 kHz Suite) and AudioSuite plug-ins, optional soft- • Zero-latency analog record monitoring with ware, and electronic PDF guides adjustable balance between input and play- • This Getting Started with Mbox Guide, which in- back cludes instructions for installing and config- • Mono switch for summing the input signal uring Mbox, and an introduction to with the monitor mix Pro Tools LE software • Analog 1/4-inch TRS insert on each input • The Mbox Basics Guide, designed to give new • 1/4-inch (TRS) or 1/8-inch stereo headphone users specific methods for accomplishing output with adjustable level control common tasks (such as getting sound in and out of your Mbox, connecting a mic or instru- • USB-powered operation ment, and recording a session) Mbox will not function properly if connected • USB connector cable to a USB hub. If you need to use a hub for • Digidesign registration card other USB peripherals, use a separate dedi- cated USB port for Mbox to function properly. Chapter 1: Welcome to Mbox 1
  8. 8. Pro Tools LE Capabilities System Requirements Pro Tools LE software provides the following ca- Mbox can be used with a Digidesign-qualified pabilities with Mbox: Windows or Macintosh computer running • Playback up to 32 mono digital audio Pro Tools LE software. tracks, and playback up to 30 tracks while For complete system requirements, visit the recording up to 2 tracks, depending on compatibility page of the Digidesign Web site your computer’s capabilities. (www.Digidesign.com/compato). • Sessions can include up to 128 audio tracks (with 32 voiceable tracks maximum), 256 Compatibility Information MIDI tracks, 128 Auxiliary Input tracks, and 64 Master Fader tracks. Digidesign can only assure compatibility and • 16-bit or 24-bit audio resolution, at sample provide support for hardware and software it rates up to 48 kHz. has tested and approved. • Nonlinear, random-access editing and mix For a list of Digidesign-qualified computers, op- automation. erating systems, hard drives, and third-party de- • Audio processing with up to 5 RTAS plug- vices, refer to the latest compatibility informa- ins per track, depending on your com- tion on the Digidesign Web site puter’s capabilities. (www.digidesign.com/compato). • Up to 5 inserts and 5 sends per track • Up to 16 internal mix busses. MIDI Requirements Pro Tools LE uses your computer’s CPU to USB MIDI interfaces work effectively with mix and process audio tracks (host process- Pro Tools systems on Windows or Macintosh. ing). Computers with faster clock speeds Serial MIDI interfaces are supported on Win- yield higher track counts and more plug-in dows systems only. processing. Only USB MIDI interfaces are compatible with Pro Tools systems for Mac OS X. Mo- dem-to-serial port adapters and serial MIDI devices are not supported. For a list of supported adapters, refer to the Digi- design Web site (www.digidesign.com). 2 Getting Started with Mbox
  9. 9. Hard Drive Considerations Avoid Recording to System Drives Although Pro Tools LE will let you record to Hard Drive Configuration and your system drive, this is generally not recom- Maintenance mended. Recording and playback on system It is recommended that you start with a newly drives results in lower track counts and fewer initialized audio drive. You should also periodi- plug-ins. cally defragment your audio drive to ensure continued system performance. Hard Disk Storage Space For a list of qualified hard drives, see our Mono audio tracks recorded with 16-bit resolu- Web site (www.digidesign.com/compato). tion at 44.1 kHz (CD quality) require approxi- mately 5 MB of hard disk space per minute. If you are using an ATA/IDE or FireWire hard drive, initialize your drive with Windows Disk The same tracks recorded with 24-bit resolution Management (Windows) or the Disk Utility ap- require about 7.5 MB per minute. Table 2 lists plication included with Apple System software the required disk space for certain track num- (Macintosh). bers and track lengths, to help you estimate your hard disk usage. Table 2 lists the required disk space for certain track numbers and track lengths, to help you es- timate your hard disk usage. Table 2. Required hard drive space for audio tracks Number of tracks and length 16-bit at 16-bit at 24-bit at 24-bit at 44.1 kHz 48 kHz 44.1 kHz 48 kHz 1 mono track, 1 minute 5 MB 5.5 MB 7.5 MB 8.2 MB 1 stereo track (or two mono 50 MB 55 MB 75 MB 83 MB tracks), 5 minutes 1 stereo track (or two mono 600 MB 662 MB 900 MB 991 MB tracks), 60 minutes 24 mono tracks, 5 minutes 600 MB 662 MB 900 MB 991 MB 24 mono tracks, 60 minutes 7 GB 7.8 GB 10.5 GB 11.6 GB 32 mono tracks, 5 minutes 800 MB 883 MB 1.2 GB 1.3 GB 32 mono tracks, 60 minutes 9.4 GB 10.4 GB 14 GB 15.4 GB Chapter 1: Welcome to Mbox 3
  10. 10. For additional information, see the following Digidesign Registration online guides: Complete and return the registration card in- • Pro Tools Reference Guide explains Pro Tools LE cluded with your Pro Tools Mbox system. Regis- software in detail. tered users will receive periodic software update • Pro Tools Menus Guide covers all the Pro Tools and upgrade notices. Refer to the registration on-screen menus. card for information on technical support. • DigiRack Plug-Ins Guide explains how to use the RTAS and AudioSuite plug-ins included with Pro Tools LE. About the Pro Tools Guides • Digidesign Plug-Ins Guide explains how to use The Getting Started with Mbox Guide explains optional Digidesign plug-ins. how to install and use Mbox to record, edit, and • DigiBase Guide provides details on using mix audio and MIDI tracks in Pro Tools LE. Pro Tools DigiBase databasing and browsers for data and media management. If you are new to working with digital worksta- tions, it is recommended that you read the fol- • Pro Tools Keyboard Shortcuts lists keyboard lowing: shortcuts for Pro Tools LE. • Mbox Basics Guide provides simple steps for PDF versions of the Pro Tools guides are in- how to get sound in and out of your Mbox, stalled automatically with Pro Tools LE, and are connect a microphone or instrument, record accessible from the Pro Tools Help menu (Win- to a Pro Tools session, import audio from a dows), or the Pro Tools menu (Macintosh). To CD, create an audio CD from a Pro Tools ses- view or print the PDF guides, you can install Ac- sion, and other topics. robat Reader (included on the Pro Tools LE In- staller CD-ROM). Printed copies of the Pro Tools LE Guide set (including the Pro Tools Reference Guide) can be purchased separately from the DigiStore (www.digidesign.com). 4 Getting Started with Mbox
  11. 11. Conventions Used in This Guide About www.digidesign.com Digidesign guides use the following conven- tions to indicate menu choices and key com- The Digidesign Web site (www.digidesign.com) mands: is your best source for information to help you : get the most out of your Pro Tools system. The Convention Action following are just a few of the services and fea- tures available. File > Save Session Choose Save Session from the File menu Support Contact Digidesign Technical Support or Customer Service; download software up- Control+N Hold down the Control key and press the N key dates and the latest online manuals; browse the Compatibility documents for system require- Control-click Hold down the Control key ments; search the online Answerbase; join the and click the mouse button worldwide Pro Tools community on the Digi- Right-click (Windows) Click with the right mouse design User Conference. button Training and Education Become a certified The following symbols are used to highlight im- Pro Tools Operator or Expert; study on your portant information: own using courses available online, or find out how you can learn in a classroom setting at a User Tips are helpful hints for getting the certified Pro Tools Training Center. most from your Pro Tools system. Products and Developers Learn about Digidesign products; download demo software; learn about Important Notices include information that our Development Partners and their plug-ins, could affect your data or the performance of applications, and hardware. your system. News and Events Get the latest news from Digi- design; sign up for a Pro Tools demo. Shortcuts show you useful keyboard or mouse shortcuts. To learn more about these and other resources available from Digidesign, visit the Digidesign Cross References point to related sections in Web site (www.digidesign.com). other Digidesign guides. Chapter 1: Welcome to Mbox 5
  12. 12. 6 Getting Started with Mbox
  13. 13. chapter 2 Windows Configuration This chapter contains information for Windows systems only. If you are installing Pro Tools on a Windows System Settings Macintosh computer, see Chapter 3, “Macin- Configure your Window system settings, as fol- tosh Configuration.” lows: Before installing this version of Pro Tools, Required Settings These instructions must be please refer to the Read Me information in- followed before installing Pro Tools. cluded on the Pro Tools Installer CD-ROM. Recommended Configuration These instructions should be followed to optimize your system’s Installation Overview capabilities, or to let older computers run Pro Tools. Installing the Mbox on a Windows computer in- cludes the following steps: If problems occur after configuring all re- quired and recommended settings, see 1 Configuring “Windows System Settings” on Appendix A, “Windows System Optimiza- page 7. tions” for information on troubleshooting 2 “Installing Pro Tools LE and Mbox” on page 9. and configuring advanced settings. 3 Restarting your computer. Required Settings 4 “Configuring Pro Tools LE” on page 12. To ensure optimum performance with 5 Making audio connections to the Mbox. (See Pro Tools LE, configure the following Control Chapter 4, “Mbox Hardware and Connections” Panel settings for your version of Windows XP. for details.) Disable Hyper-Threading For Pentium IV computers with Hyper-Thread- ing, disable Hyper-Threading in the BIOS. Refer to your computer’s documentation for steps on how to enter your computer’s BIOS and disable Hyper-Threading. Chapter 2: Windows Configuration 7
  14. 14. Enable DMA for any IDE hard drives: This sets System Standby, System Hibernate, and “Turn off hard disks” to Never. 1 Choose Start > Control Panel. 2 Launch System. Disable ClearType Font Smoothing 3 Click the Hardware tab. When using Pro Tools, the Effects “Clear Type” 4 Under Device Manager, choose Device Man- setting must be disabled. ager. To disable ClearType font smoothing: 5 In the Device Manager window, double-click IDE ATA/ATAPI controllers, then double-click 1 Choose Start > Control Panel. the Primary IDE Channel for your IDE hard 2 Launch Display. drive. 3 Click the Appearance tab. 6 Click the Advanced Settings tab. 4 Click Effects. 7 For each device, set the Transfer Mode to “DMA if available,” and click OK. 5 Deselect “Use the following methods to smooth edges of screen fonts.” In most cases, this will already be set correctly as 6 Click OK to save your settings and close the Windows XP will detect and activate DMA Effects dialog. mode by default. 7 Click OK. 8 Repeat steps 5–7 for any additional IDE Chan- nels. Completing Required Windows System 9 Close the Computer Management window. Settings Disable System Standby and Power When finished updating required Windows sys- Management tem settings, restart your computer. When using Pro Tools, the Windows System Standby power scheme must be set to Always On. This helps prevent long record or playback passes from stopping due to system resources powering down. To configure Windows Power Management: 1 Choose Start > Control Panel. 2 Launch Power Options. 3 Click the Power Schemes tab. 4 From the Power Schemes pop-up menu, select Always On. 5 Click OK. 8 Getting Started with Mbox
  15. 15. Recommended Configuration 4 Connect the other end of the USB cable to any available USB port on your computer. Wait for Pro Tools LE can also be affected by other soft- the Found New Hardware Wizard dialog to ap- ware and hardware drivers installed on your pear and leave it open: Do not click Next. computer. For best possible performance, it is recommended (but not required) that you: Mbox may not function properly if con- • Avoid running other Windows programs at nected to a USB hub. If you need to use a the same time as Pro Tools. hub for other USB peripherals, connect the • Turn off any software utilities that run in hub to a separate USB port; Mbox must the background, such as Windows Messen- have a dedicated port in order to function ger, calendars, and disk maintenance pro- properly. grams. 5 Insert the Pro Tools Installer CD-ROM for • Turn off any non-essential USB devices Windows in your CD-ROM drive. Locate and while using Pro Tools. open the Pro Tools Installer folder, and double- • If your video display card supports it, en- click the Setup icon. able Bus Mastering in the manufacturer’s 6 Click Next to begin installation. Control Panel. • Disable any networking cards (other than 7 Select the components you want to install and any 1394 “FireWire” card that you might click Next. use to connect an external drive to your system). If you get a warning dialog about the driver not passing Windows Logo testing, click For information on disabling networking Continue Anyway. cards, see “Disabling Network Cards” on 8 Wait for the installer to finish installing all page 61. software components, drivers, and PACE System files before proceeding to the next step. Installing Pro Tools LE and 9 Click Quit when prompted to install Quick- Mbox Time. If required, you can install QuickTime later (see “Installing QuickTime” on page 10). To install Pro Tools LE on Windows: 10 Restart your computer. 1 Make sure you have configured all the re- quired Windows system settings, and restarted If the USB LED on the front panel of the your computer. See“Windows System Settings” Mbox does not illuminate after installation, on page 7 for more information. try unplugging the USB cable from the Mbox USB port, and plugging it back in. If 2 Start up Windows, logging in with Adminis- the USB LED still does not illuminate, shut trator privileges. If you do not have Administra- down the computer, disconnect Mbox and tor privileges or do not know how to set them start the computer. Once the computer has up, see your Windows User’s Guide. fully restarted, reconnect Mbox. 3 Connect the small end of the included USB ca- ble to the USB port on Mbox. Chapter 2: Windows Configuration 9
  16. 16. MIDI Studio Setup 5 Follow the on-screen instructions: (Optional) • Disconnect Mbox from the USB port of the computer. If you plan to use any MIDI devices with • Reconnect Mbox to the USB port of the Pro Tools, configure your MIDI setup with MIDI computer. The new firmware will be up- Studio Setup. See Appendix E, “Configuring loaded to the Mbox. Midi Studio Setup (Windows Only)” for details. • Disconnect and reconnect Mbox. Installing QuickTime 6 Click OK. (Optional) If all the lights stay on after you update the firmware, run the firmware update again. If QuickTime 6.5 or later is required for Pro Tools the lights will not go out, contact Digi- if you plan to include movie files in your ses- design Technical Support. (Refer to the reg- sions. QuickTime is available as a free download istration card for information on technical from the Apple Web site (www.apple.com). support.) Updating Mbox Firmware Firmware version 2.0 or later is required to use Optional Software on the Mbox on Windows XP. Pro Tools Installer CD-ROM Before Mbox firmware can be updated, Your Pro Tools Installer CD-ROM includes sev- Pro Tools LE software must be installed eral software options. and Mbox must be connected to your com- puter. Digidesign ASIO Driver To check and update the firmware on Mbox: The Digidesign ASIO (Audio Sound Input Out- put) Driver is a single-client multichannel 1 Make sure Pro Tools is installed and the Mbox sound driver that allows third-party audio pro- is connected to the computer. grams that support the ASIO standard to record 2 Double-click on MboxFirmwareUpdater.exe. and play back through Digidesign hardware. In Local Disk (C:Program FilesDigidesign Pro ToolsPro Tools Utilities.) 3 To check the firmware version currently on Mbox, click the Start button in the Mbox Firm- ware Update window. The window displays the version number of the firmware that the Mbox is currently using. 4 Click Start to begin the firmware upgrade pro- cess. 10 Getting Started with Mbox
  17. 17. Digidesign ASIO Driver is automatically in- Pro Tools Demo Session stalled when you install Pro Tools. The Pro Tools LE Installer CD includes a demo For detailed information on configuring the session that you can use to verify that your sys- Digidesign ASIO Driver, see Appendix B, tem is working. “Digidesign ASIO Driver (Windows Only).” Before installing the demo session to your audio drive, make sure the drive is config- To use Digidesign ASIO Driver without ured as described in “Formatting an Audio Pro Tools, use the stand-alone version of Drive” on page 16. the Digidesign ASIO Driver. The stand- alone version of Digidesign ASIO Driver is To install the demo session: available on the Digidesign Web site 1 Insert the Pro Tools LE Installer CD in your (www.digidesign.com) CD-ROM drive. Locate and double-click Setup.exe, in D (CD-ROM drive):Additional Digidesign WaveDriver FilesPro Tools LE Demo Session Installer. The Digidesign WaveDriver is a single-client, 2 Set the install location to your audio drive and multichannel sound driver that allows third- click Install. party audio programs that support the 3 When installation is complete, click OK. WaveDriver MME (Multimedia Extensions) standard to play back through Digidesign hard- ware. MacOpener Digidesign WaveDriver is automatically in- MacOpener 6.0.5 and higher lets you mount stalled when you install Pro Tools. HFS/HFS+ drives on a Windows-based Pro Tools system, as a Transfer drive. For detailed information on configuring the Digidesign WaveDriver, see Appendix C, Transfer drives can be used for storage, but “Digidesign WaveDriver (Windows not for playback or recording. Only).” The MacDrive utility can be used instead of To use Digidesign WaveDriver without MacOpener. For more information about Pro Tools, use the stand-alone version of MacDrive, visit the Mediafour Web site the Digidesign WaveDriver. The stand- (www.mediafour.com). alone version of Digidesign WaveDriver is available on the Digidesign Web site (www.digidesign.com) Chapter 2: Windows Configuration 11
  18. 18. To share Pro Tools sessions between Macintosh 7 Choose Start > Programs > MacOpener > and Windows systems, select the “Enforce Mac Lic.exe. When installation is complete, Mac/PC Compatibility” option when creating close the installer. the session, or when saving a session copy to a Windows audio drive formatted using NTFS or All formatting and maintenance of FAT32. HFS/HFS+ drives should be carried out when the drive is connected to a Macintosh. Avoid using MacOpener on HFS-formatted drives. It is recommended that you use Mac- For more information about MacOpener Opener on NTFS or FAT32 drives instead. and its performance limitations, see the To move material from HFS-formatted Pro Tools Reference Guide. drives to NTFS or FAT32 drives, use the Save Session Copy In command in Pro Tools. Launching Pro Tools LE While SDII files can be exported or con- When launching Pro Tools LE the first time, you verted on import, they cannot be used are prompted to enter an authorization code to within Pro Tools sessions on Windows. validate your software. To install and configure the MacOpener demo To validate Pro Tools LE software: included with Pro Tools: 1 Double-click the Pro Tools LE shortcut on 1 Insert the Pro Tools Installer CD into your CD- your desktop (or the application in the Pro Tools ROM drive. folder inside the Digidesign folder). 2 Locate and double-click the MacOpener in- 2 Enter the authorization code in the dialog staller file in the MacOpener Demo folder lo- (making sure to type it exactly as printed, and cated at D (CD-ROM drive):Additional observing any spaces and capitalization), then FilesMacOpener Demo Installer. Follow the on- click Validate. screen instructions to install the MacOpener. Af- ter installation is complete, restart your com- Your authorization code is located on the inside puter. cover of this guide. 3 Choose Start > Programs > MacOpener > MacOpener Driver Preferences. Configuring Pro Tools LE 4 Verify that the MacOpener Driver is enabled. Under Driver Settings, select “Enable Mac- Opener Driver.” Pro Tools System Settings 5 Under Extension Mapping, select “Do not add Pro Tools LE lets you adjust the performance of the PC extension to the Mac file name.” your system by changing system settings that af- fect its capacity for processing, playback, and re- 6 Click OK to quit the MacOpener Driver Pref- cording erences. 12 Getting Started with Mbox
  19. 19. In most cases, the default settings for your sys- CPU Usage Limit tem provide optimum performance, but you may want to adjust them to accommodate large The CPU Usage Limit controls the percentage of or processing-intensive Pro Tools sessions. CPU resources allocated to Pro Tools host pro- cessing tasks such as Real-Time AudioSuite (RTAS) plug-ins, as follows: Hardware Buffer Size ◆ Lower CPU usage settings reduce how much The Hardware Buffer Size (H/W Buffer Size) con- Pro Tools processing affects other CPU-intensive trols the size of the hardware cache used to han- tasks (such as screen redraws), and limit the dle host processing tasks such as Real-Time Au- amount of processor resources available for dioSuite (RTAS) plug-ins. Pro Tools tasks. They are useful when you are ex- ◆ Lower Hardware Buffer Size settings reduce periencing slow system response, or when run- monitoring latency, and are useful when you are ning other applications at the same time as recording live input. Pro Tools. ◆ Higher Hardware Buffer Size settings allow for ◆ Higher CPU Usage Limit settings allocate more audio processing and effects, and are use- more processing power to Pro Tools, and are ful when you are mixing and using more RTAS useful for playing back large sessions or using plug-ins. more real-time plug-ins. In addition to causing slower screen re- Increasing the CPU Usage Limit may slow sponse and monitoring latency, higher down screen response on slower computers. Hardware Buffer Size settings can affect the The maximum CPU Usage Limit is 85 percent accuracy of plug-in automation, mute data, for single-processor computers, and 99 percent and timing for MIDI tracks. for multi-processor computers. (The 99 percent To change the Hardware Buffer Size: setting dedicates one entire processor to Pro Tools.) 1 Choose Setups > Playback Engine. To change the CPU Usage Limit: 1 Choose Setups > Playback Engine. 2 From the CPU Usage Limit pop-up menu, se- lect the percentage of CPU processing you want to allocate to Pro Tools. 3 Click OK. Playback Engine dialog for Mbox 2 From the H/W Buffer Size pop-up menu, select the audio buffer size, in samples. 3 Click OK. Chapter 2: Windows Configuration 13
  20. 20. DAE Playback Buffer Size Pro Tools Hardware Settings The DAE Playback Buffer Size determines the Using the Hardware Setup dialog, you can select amount of memory DAE uses to manage disk the default sample rate and clock source for your buffers, which affects system performance, as system, and configure the clock source for your follows: system. ◆ Lower DAE Playback Buffer Size settings can improve playback and recording initiation Default Sample Rate speed. However, a lower setting can make it dif- The Sample Rate setting appears as the default ficult for slower hard drives to play or record sample rate when you create a new session. tracks reliably. (This setting is available in the Hardware Setup ◆ Higher DAE Playback Buffer Size settings can dialog only when no session is open.) allow for a higher density of edits in a session. However, a higher setting can cause a time lag to You can change the sample rate when creat- occur before playback or recording begins. It can ing a new Pro Tools session by selecting a also cause a time lag to occur when you are ed- different sample rate in the New Session di- iting during playback. alog. (Refer to the Pro Tools Reference Guide for details.) To change the DAE Playback Buffer Size: To change the default Sample Rate: 1 Choose Setups > Playback Engine. 1 Make sure that no Pro Tools session is open. 2 From the DAE Playback Buffer pop-up menu, 2 Choose Setups > Hardware Setup. select a buffer size. 3 Click OK. Hardware Setup dialog for Mbox 3 Select the sample rate from the Sample Rate pop-up menu. 4 Click OK. 14 Getting Started with Mbox
  21. 21. Channel 1–2 Input Source 3 Click OK. The Pro Tools Hardware Setup dialog allows you Your digital input device must be connected to configure the two inputs on Mbox to receive and powered on for Pro Tools to synchro- analog or digital signals. nize to it. If your input device is not powered on, leave the Clock Source set to Internal. To select the Channel 1–2 input format for Mbox: 1 Choose Setups > Hardware Setup. Configuring I/O Setup 2 Choose the Channel 1–2 Input format by do- Using the I/O Setup dialog, you can label ing one of the following: Pro Tools LE input, output, insert, and bus sig- • Choose Analog if you are sending a micro- nal paths. The I/O Setup dialog provides a graph- phone, line, or instrument signal through ical representation of the inputs, outputs, and the 1/4-inch TRS or XLR connectors on signal routing of the Mbox. Mbox. Pro Tools LE has default I/O Setup settings that – or – will get you started. Use the I/O Setup dialog • Choose S/PDIF if you are sending signal only if you want to rename the default I/O from a digital device to the S/PDIF input on paths. Mbox. To rename I/O paths in I/O Setup: Clock Source 1 Choose Setups > I/O Setup. Using the Hardware Setup dialog, you can select the clock source for the system. Internal If you are recording an analog signal di- rectly into Mbox, you will usually use the Pro Tools Internal clock source. The clock source automatically changes to Internal when you change the Ch. 1–2 Input to Analog. SPDIF If you are transferring material into Pro Tools from an external digital device, you will usually synchronize Pro Tools to that digital device. The clock source automatically changes to SPDIF when you change the Ch. 1–2 Input to SPDIF. I/O Setup dialog for Mbox, Input page To select the clock source: 2 Click the Input, Output, Insert, or Bus tab to 1 Choose Setups > Hardware Setup. display the corresponding connections. 2 Choose the clock source from the Clock Source pop-up menu. Chapter 2: Windows Configuration 15
  22. 22. 3 To change the name of a path or subpath, 4 For optimal disk performance, select 32K from double-click directly on the Path Name, type a the Allocation unit size pull-down. This in- new name for the path, and press Return. creases how efficiently audio data is written to and read from the drive. 4 Click OK. 5 Make sure the Quick Format option is dese- T Refer to the Pro Tools Reference Guide (or lected, then click Start, and follow the on-screen choose Help > Pro Tools Reference Guide) instructions. for more information on renaming I/O paths. Pro Tools only supports Basic drive Types. 6 When formatting is complete, close the For- After configuring Pro Tools LE and your mat window. system, you should save an image of your system using Norton Ghost. Norton Ghost Audio Drives and Disk Cleanup lets you save and recall known good config- urations of your system and settings, which The process of recording, editing, and deleting can help you recover if you encounter any tracks and sessions can quickly decrease overall problems in the future. drive performance. It is suggested that you regu- larly use Disk Cleanup (or an equivalent utility) For more information on Ghost, visit the Sy- to asses the condition of drives and, if necessary, mantec Web site (www.symantec.com) delete temporary files and other unused data. To use Disk Cleanup: Hard Drive Configuration and 1 Choose Start > Control Panel. Maintenance 2 In Classic View, launch Administrative Tools. Formatting an Audio Drive 3 Double-click Computer Management. On Windows, it is recommended that you start 4 Double-click Storage. with newly formatted drives dedicated for au- 5 Double-click Disk Management. dio, such as a secondary hard drive purchased just for audio. For optimum performance, audio 6 Select the desired volume in the list, then drives should be formatted with the FAT32 or choose File > Options. NTFS file system. Disk Cleanup determines how performance is To format and configure an audio drive: being affected by drive condition, and lets you review and delete temporary and other unneces- 1 Right-click My Computer and choose Man- sary files from the selected volume. For more in- age. formation on using Disk Cleanup, see your Win- 2 Under Storage, choose Disk Management. dows XP documentation. 3 In the Disk Management window, right-click the hard drive you will use for audio and choose Format. 16 Getting Started with Mbox
  23. 23. Defragmenting an Audio Drive Removing Pro Tools on Periodically defragment audio drives to maintain Windows XP system performance. If you need to remove Pro Tools LE from your To defragment an audio drive: computer use the Add or Remove Programs command. 1 Right-click My Computer and choose Man- age. To remove Pro Tools from your computer: 2 Under Storage, choose Disk Defragmenter. 1 Choose Start > Control Panel. 3 In the Disk Defragmenter window, choose the 2 Launch Add or Remove Programs. drive you want to defragment 3 From the Currently installed programs list, se- 4 Click the Defragment button and follow the lect Digidesign Pro Tools LE. on-screen instructions. 4 Click the Change/Remove button. 5 When defragmenting is complete, close the Computer Management Window. 5 Follow the onscreen instructions to remove Pro Tools. Avoid Recording to System Drives Although Pro Tools will let you record to your system drive, this is generally not recom- mended. Recording and playback on system hard drives results in lower track counts and fewer plug-ins. You should record to system drives only when necessary (for example, if your computer has just one hard drive). Chapter 2: Windows Configuration 17
  24. 24. 18 Getting Started with Mbox
  25. 25. chapter 3 Macintosh Configuration This chapter contains information for Macin- tosh systems only. If you are installing Pro Tools Apple System Settings for on a Windows computer, see Chapter 2, “Win- Mac OS X dows Configuration.” To ensure optimum performance with Before installing this version of Pro Tools, Pro Tools LE, configure the following settings please refer to the Read Me information in- before you install Pro Tools software. cluded on the Pro Tools Installer CD-ROM. Do not use the Mac OS X automatic Soft- ware Update feature, as it may install com- ponents that have not yet been qualified for Installation Overview Pro Tools. For details on qualified versions Installation of the Mbox on a Macintosh in- of Mac OS, refer to the latest compatibility cludes the following steps: information on the Digidesign Web site (www.digidesign.com). 1 Configuring “Apple System Settings for Mac OS X” on page 19. To configure Mac OS X for Pro Tools LE: 2 “Installing Pro Tools LE” on page 20 1 Make sure you are logged into an administra- tor account where you want to install 3 Restarting your computer. Pro Tools LE. For details on Administrator privi- 4 “Connecting Mbox to the Computer” on leges in Mac OS X, refer to your Mac OS X doc- page 21. umentation. 5 “Configuring Pro Tools LE” on page 22. 2 Choose System Preferences from the Apple Menu and click Energy Saver. 6 Making audio connections to the Mbox. (See Chapter 4, “Mbox Hardware and Connections” 3 Click the Sleep tab and turn off the Energy for details.) Saver feature by setting the sleep feature to Never. 4 Return to the System Preferences and click Software Update. 5 Deselect “Automatically check for updates when you have a network connection.” Chapter 3: Macintosh Configuration 19
  26. 26. 6 Close the Software Update dialog box. Audio MIDI Setup (AMS) 7 Proceed to “Installing Pro Tools LE” on (Optional) page 20. If you plan to use any MIDI devices with Pro Tools, configure your MIDI setup with the Apple Audio MIDI Setup (AMS) utility. See Installing Pro Tools LE Appendix F, “Configuring AMS (Mac OS X Only)” for details. After the Apple System software settings are con- figured, you’re ready to install Pro Tools LE. If you plan to use any MIDI devices with Pro Tools, configure your MIDI setup with To install Pro Tools LE on Mac OS X: the Apple Audio MIDI Setup (AMS) utility. 1 Make sure you are logged in as an Administra- See Appendix F, “Configuring AMS tor for the account where you want to install (Mac OS X Only)” for details. Pro Tools. For details on Administrator privi- leges in Mac OS X, refer to your Apple Mac OS X documentation. Optional Software on the 2 Insert the Pro Tools LE Installer CD-ROM in Pro Tools Installer CD-ROM your CD-ROM drive. Double-click “Install Your Pro Tools Installer CD-ROM includes sev- Pro Tools LE.” eral software options. 3 Enter your Administrator password and click OK to authenticate the installation. Digidesign CoreAudio Driver 4 Follow the on-screen instructions to continue The Digidesign CoreAudio Driver is a multi-cli- and accept installation. ent, multichannel sound driver that allows 5 In the Installer window, make sure the Install CoreAudio compatible applications to record Location is on your Start-up hard drive. and play back through Digidesign hardware. 6 In the Installer window, choose Custom In- The Core Auto Driver is installed by default stall from the pop-up menu, and click Install. when you install Pro Tools. 7 Follow the remaining on-screen instructions For information on configuring the Digi- to install Pro Tools. design CoreAudio Driver, see Appendix D, 8 When installation is complete, click Restart. “Digidesign CoreAudio Driver (Macintosh Only).” 20 Getting Started with Mbox
  27. 27. Stand-Alone CoreAudio Driver Installer 2 With your computer on, connect the other end of the USB cable to any available USB port This version of Digidesign CoreAudio Driver can on your computer. be installed on Digidesign-qualified Pro Tools systems running on Macintosh (for example, if Mbox may not function properly if con- the CoreAudio Driver was uninstalled), or it can nected to a USB hub. If you need to use a be installed as a stand-alone driver on Macin- hub for other USB peripherals, connect the tosh systems that do not have Pro Tools in- hub to a separate USB port; Mbox must be stalled. connected to a dedicated port on the com- puter in order to function properly. For detailed information on installing and configuring CoreAudio Driver on systems with or without Pro Tools, see the electronic pdf of the CoreAudio Usage Guide. Launching Pro Tools LE When launching Pro Tools LE the first time, you Pro Tools Demo Session are prompted to enter an authorization code to validate your software. The Pro Tools LE Installer CD-ROM includes a demo session that you can use to verify that With new Mbox systems, the authorization your system is working. code is located on the inside cover of the Getting Started with Mbox Guide. With software up- To install the demo session: grades, the authorization code is located on the inside cover of the Upgrading Guide. 1 Insert the Pro Tools LE Installer CD in your CD-ROM drive. Locate and double-click the demo session installer icon. To authorize Pro Tools LE software: 1 Double-click the Pro Tools LE application (lo- 2 Select your audio drive as the install location cated in the Pro Tools folder, inside the Digi- and click Install. design folder). 3 When installation is complete, click Quit. 2 Enter the authorization code in the dialog when prompted (making sure to type it exactly as printed, and observing any spaces and capi- Connecting Mbox to the talization) then click Validate. Computer If the USB LED on the front panel of Mbox does Before launching Pro Tools LE software, connect not illuminate after you connect it and launch Mbox to your computer. Pro Tools, try unplugging the USB cable from the Mbox USB port, then plugging it back in. To connect Mbox to your computer: If the USB LED still does not illuminate, shut 1 Connect the small end of the included USB ca- down the computer, disconnect Mbox and start ble to the USB port on Mbox. the computer. Once the computer has fully re- started, re-connect Mbox, then launch Pro Tools. Chapter 3: Macintosh Configuration 21
  28. 28. 3 Click OK. Configuring Pro Tools LE Pro Tools System Settings Pro Tools LE allows you to adjust the perfor- mance of your system by changing system set- tings that affect its capacity for processing, play- back, and recording. In most cases, the default settings for your sys- tem provide optimum performance, but you Playback Engine dialog for Mbox (Pro Tools 6.x) may want to adjust them to accommodate large or processing-intensive Pro Tools sessions. CPU Usage Limit The CPU Usage Limit controls the percentage of Hardware Buffer Size CPU resources allocated to Pro Tools host pro- cessing tasks. The Hardware Buffer Size (H/W Buffer Size) con- trols the size of the hardware cache used to han- ◆ Lower CPU Usage Limit settings limit the ef- dle host processing tasks such as Real-Time Au- fect of Pro Tools processing on other CPU-inten- dioSuite (RTAS) plug-ins. sive tasks, such as screen redraws, and are useful when you are experiencing slow system re- ◆ Lower Hardware Buffer Size settings improve sponse, or when running other applications at MIDI timing and automation accuracy, but limit the same time as Pro Tools. the number of RTAS plug-ins and mixer config- urations you can run on your system ◆ Higher CPU Usage Limit settings allocate more processing power to Pro Tools, and are ◆ Higher Hardware Buffer Size settings allow for useful for playing back large sessions or using more audio processing and effects, and are use- more real-time plug-ins. ful when you are using larger mixer configura- tions or more RTAS plug-ins on your system. Increasing the CPU Usage Limit may slow down screen response on slower computers. In addition to causing slower screen re- sponse and monitoring latency, higher ◆ The maximum CPU Usage Limit is 85 percent Hardware Buffer Size settings can affect the for single-processor computers, and 99 percent accuracy of plug-in automation, mute data, for multi-processor computers. (The 99 percent and timing for MIDI tracks. setting dedicates one entire processor to Pro Tools.) To change the Hardware Buffer Size: 1 Choose Setups > Playback Engine. To change the CPU Usage Limit: 2 From the H/W Buffer Size pop-up menu, select 1 Choose Setups > Playback Engine. the audio buffer size, in samples. 2 From the CPU Usage Limit pop-up menu, se- lect the percentage of CPU processing you want to allocate to Pro Tools. 22 Getting Started with Mbox
  29. 29. 3 Click OK. To change the default Sample Rate: 1 Make sure that no Pro Tools session is open. DAE Playback Buffer Size 2 Choose Setups > Hardware Setup. The DAE Playback Buffer Size determines the 3 Select the sample rate from the Sample Rate amount of memory DAE uses to manage disk popup menu. buffers, which affects system performance. ◆ Lower DAE Playback Buffer Size settings can 4 Click OK. improve playback and recording initiation speed. However, a lower setting can make it dif- ficult for slower hard drives to play or record tracks reliably. ◆ Higher DAE Playback Buffer Size settings can allow for a higher density of edits in a session. However, a higher setting can cause a time lag to occur before playback or recording begins. It can also cause a time lag to occur when you are ed- Hardware Setup dialog for Mbox iting during playback. Channel 1–2 Input Format To change the DAE Playback Buffer Size: The Pro Tools Hardware Setup dialog allows you 1 Choose Setups > Playback Engine. to configure the two inputs on Mbox to receive either analog or digital signals. 2 From the DAE Playback Buffer pop-up menu, select a buffer size. To select the Channel 1–2 input format for Mbox: 3 Click OK. 1 Choose Setups > Hardware Setup. 2 Choose the Channel 1–2 Input format by do- Pro Tools Hardware Settings ing one of the following: Using the Hardware Setup dialog, you can select • Choose Analog if you are sending a micro- the default sample rate, input format, and clock phone, line, or instrument signal through source for your system. the 1/4-inch TRS or XLR connectors on Mbox. Default Sample Rate • Choose S/PDIF (RCA) if you are sending signal from a digital device to the S/PDIF The Sample Rate setting appears as the default input on Mbox. sample rate when you create a new session. (This setting is available in the Hardware Setup dialog only when no session is open.) You can change the sample rate when creat- ing a new Pro Tools session by selecting a different sample rate in the New Session di- alog. (See “Starting a Session” on page 37.) Chapter 3: Macintosh Configuration 23
  30. 30. Clock Source To rename I/O paths in I/O Setup: Using the Hardware Setup dialog, you can select 1 Choose Setups > I/O Setups. the clock source for the system. Internal If you are recording an analog signal di- rectly into Mbox, you will usually use the Pro Tools Internal clock source. The Clock Source automatically changes to Internal when you change the Ch. 1–2 Input to Analog. S/PDIF If you are recording a digital signal into Pro Tools from an external digital device, you will usually synchronize Pro Tools to that digital device. The Clock Source automatically changes to S/PDIF when you change the Ch. 1–2 Input to S/PDIF. I/O Setup dialog for Mbox, Input page To select the Clock Source: 2 Click the Input, Output, Insert, or Bus tab to 1 Choose Setups > Hardware Setup. display the corresponding connections. 2 Select a clock source. 3 To change the name of a path or subpath, 3 Click OK. double-click directly on the Path Name, type a new name for the path, and press Return. Your digital input device must be connected 4 Click OK. and turned on. If your input device is not turned on, leave the Clock Source set to In- Refer to the Pro Tools Reference Guide (or ternal. choose Help > Pro Tools Reference Guide) for more information on renaming I/O Configuring I/O Setup paths. Using the I/O Setup dialog, you can label Pro Tools LE input, output, insert, and bus sig- nal paths. The I/O Setup dialog provides a graph- ical representation of the inputs, outputs, and signal routing of the Mbox. Pro Tools LE has default I/O Setup settings that will get you started. Use the I/O Setup dialog only if you want to rename the default I/O paths. 24 Getting Started with Mbox
  31. 31. Hard Drive Configuration and Removing Pro Tools on Maintenance Mac OS X It is recommended that you start with a newly If you need to remove Pro Tools from your com- initialized audio drive. You should also periodi- puter, you can use the Installer CD-ROM or the cally defragment your audio drive to ensure downloaded Installer file. continued system performance. To remove Pro Tools from your computer: If you are using an ATA/IDE or FireWire hard drive, initialize your drive with the utility 1 Make sure you are logged in as an Administra- named Disk Utility included with your Apple tor for the account where Pro Tools is installed. System software. For details on Administrator privileges in Mac OS X, refer to your Apple OS X documenta- tion. Avoid Recording to System Drives 2 Insert the Pro Tools 6.7 Installer CD-ROM in Although Pro Tools will let you record to your your CD-ROM drive. Double-click “Install system drive, this is generally not recom- Pro Tools LE” or “Install Pro Tools TDM,” as ap- mended. Recording and playback on system propriate. drives results in lower track counts and fewer plug-ins. You should record to system drives 3 Enter your Administrator password and click only when necessary—for example, if your com- OK to authenticate the installation. puter system has just one hard drive. 4 In the Installer window, choose Uninstall from the pop-up menu, and click Uninstall. 5 Follow the on-screen instructions to remove Pro Tools. 6 When finished, click Quit to close the Installer window. Chapter 3: Macintosh Configuration 25
  32. 32. 26 Getting Started with Mbox
  33. 33. chapter 4 Mbox Hardware and Connections This chapter explains how to connect your Mbox for monitoring, playback and recording. If you are new to working with digital audio workstations, first read through the Mbox Basics Guide for basic setup information (such as connecting audio inputs, headphones, mics and instruments). The following illustrations show two possible setups depending on the equipment in your studio. monitor outputs mixer S/PDIF DAT or powered speakers digital I/O CD recorder microphone USB cable Mbox FireWire instrument drive headphones computer display Figure 1. Mbox micro studio configuration running Pro Tools LE on a desktop computer Chapter 4: Mbox Hardware and Connections 27
  34. 34. USB cable Mbox instrument FireWire drive p to Laptop lap headphones Figure 2. Mbox micro studio configuration running Pro Tools LE on a laptop computer 28 Getting Started with Mbox
  35. 35. About Phantom Power Mbox Front Panel Features Dynamic microphones (such as a Shure SM57) do not require phantom power to operate, but are not harmed by it. Most condenser micro- 48V LED phones (like an AKG C3000) do require phan- Source tom power to operate. Selector CH 1 Peak Although phantom power can be used LED Gain safely with most microphones, it is possible to damage some ribbon microphones with Source Selector it. Always turn off phantom power and CH 2 wait at least ten seconds before connecting Peak LED or disconnecting a ribbon microphone. Gain If you are not sure about the phantom power re- S/PDIF USB LED LED quirements for your microphone, consult your microphone’s documentation or contact the Mix (Ratio) manufacturer. Mono Source Selector Headphone Gain These switches select among three types of in- Headphone puts: Output • Mic (microphone) for XLR inputs • Line for line level signals on TRS or TS in- puts Figure 3. Mbox front panel • Inst (instrument) for other 1/4-inch TRS or The Mbox front panel has the following fea- TS connections tures: For more information, see “Analog Audio” on page 34. 48V LED This LED, when lit, indicates that 48V phantom Gain Controls power is active on the Mic/Line inputs. These inputs provide phantom power for micro- These knobs adjust the input gain levels of the phones that require it to operate. Phantom Mic/Line inputs. power is activated by the switch labeled 48V on the top of the back panel of Mbox. Chapter 4: Mbox Hardware and Connections 29
  36. 36. Peak LEDs To listen to just the Source input signal, turn the Mix knob fully left to Input. To listen to These LEDs are triggered just below analog clip- Pro Tools output only, turn the knob fully right ping levels. In other words, if the Peak LEDs to Playback. flicker occasionally, the signal is approaching clipping levels, but they do not necessarily indi- The output from the Mix control is routed di- cate distortion or clipping. rectly to the TRS line outputs, and is mirrored in the Headphone ports and S/PDIF output ports. USB LED This ability to blend and control the relative lev- els of Pro Tools playback and latency-free live The USB LED indicates that the Mbox has re- analog inputs can be particularly effective when ceived power from its USB connection. Once the overdubbing. USB light is on, audio can pass in or out of the system. Mono Switch S/PDIF LED The Mono switch sums the stereo signal to a mono signal (delivering that identical signal to This LED indicates that channels 1 and 2 are set both speakers). This has no effect on Pro Tools to receive digital input rather than analog input. playback monitoring or on the main outputs. See “S/PDIF Digital I/O” on page 32. Switching your stereo signal to mono is useful when you are recording a mono input while lis- Mix (Ratio) Control tening to stereo playback, or for checking the phase relationship of stereo inputs. Mbox gives you the ability to monitor your an- alog input signals while recording, without the Monitoring while Overdubbing delay incurred by A/D/A converters and host- based processing. By panning signals to the center, or using the Mono switch, as opposed to panning them hard This zero-latency analog monitoring is con- left and right in the Headphone outputs, you trolled with the Mix knob, which you can use to can create a more focused monitor mix to help blend and adjust the monitor ratio between minimize distractions while overdubbing. Mbox analog inputs and Pro Tools playback. The Mix knob has no effect when you are using In situations where you are monitoring stereo S/PDIF digital inputs, since it controls the signal microphones, stereo synthesizers, or any source before it reaches the A/D converters. pairs with a comfortable balance, you will prob- ably not want to use the Mono switch. 30 Getting Started with Mbox
  37. 37. Checking Phase Relationships Mbox Back Panel Features The Mono switch can also be used for a quick check of the phase relationship between Channel 1 and Channel 2 inputs. back panel 48V When the two input signals are out of phase, Headphones output pressing the Mono switch will result in a sudden USB port “hollow” sound that is the result of phase can- cellation. This quick test with the Mono switch S/PDIF can help to avoid phase problems later when digital I/O mixing these tracks. Frequent checking of phase relationships with the Mono switch can also as- Line sist you in finding the optimal microphone outputs placement. Inserts Headphone Gain The headphone gain control adjusts the output level of the front and back Headphone ports, Source 2 which output the signal that is routed to Out- (analog input 2) puts 1–2 in Pro Tools LE, and mirrors the Line Outputs. Source 1 (analog Front Panel Headphone Output input 1) Use the front panel Headphone port to connect Figure 4. Mbox back panel stereo headphones with a 1/8-inch stereo mini connector. The Mbox back panel has the following features: The front panel 1/8-inch Headphone port is dis- abled when a 1/4-inch stereo connector is in- Back Panel Headphone Output serted into the back panel Headphone port. Use this Headphone Output to connect stereo headphones with a 1/4-inch stereo connector. When a 1/4-inch stereo connector is inserted into the back panel Headphone port, the front panel 1/8-inch Headphone port is disabled. Chapter 4: Mbox Hardware and Connections 31
  38. 38. 48V Switch Line Outputs This button activates phantom power on the These outputs support balanced TRS, or unbal- Mic inputs for microphones that require it to anced TS, 1/4-inch connections. To monitor operate. your mix, these outputs can be connected to a mixing board, directly to a monitoring system Be sure to check the 48V LED on the front such as a stereo power amp, or another stereo panel of Mbox before plugging in any mi- destination. crophones. The 48V switch on the back is located directly above the USB connector The Line Outputs 1 and 2 play the audio that is and may be inadvertently activated when routed to analog outputs 1 and 2 from within connecting the USB Cable. Pro Tools, respectively. These analog outputs feature 24-bit digital-to-analog converters. USB Port This standard USB v1.1 connector is used to Source 1 and 2 connect your computer to the Mbox. One stan- These balanced/unbalanced analog audio in- dard USB cable is included with your system. puts support a broad range of input levels, in- cluding microphone, instrument, or line-level The Mbox is compatible with USB 2.0 ports. inputs. The ports accept XLR, TRS, or TS audio However, the USB 2.0 bus will switch to the input connectors. The input signal is adjusted slower USB v.1.1 speed to accommodate Mbox. by the Gain control for each channel, in con- junction with the Source switch. S/PDIF Digital I/O The XLR connectors only support micro- The S/PDIF in and out ports are unbalanced two- phone level inputs. If Line or Inst are cho- conductor phono (RCA) connectors that utilize sen, the XLR portion of the port is ignored. a full 24-bit, two-channel digital data stream. Likewise, if you choose Mic, the 1/4-inch part of the connector is ignored. The Sony/Philips Digital Interface Format (S/PDIF) is used in many professional and con- sumer CD recorders and DAT recorders. To Inserts 1 and 2 avoid RF interference, use 75-ohm coaxial cable Mbox provides an insert point on each input for S/PDIF transfers and keep the cable length to channel. These TRS ports send and return the a maximum of 10 meters. input channel’s signal directly after the pream- plifier, and before the A/D converter. This al- lows the insertion of analog processors such as 32 Getting Started with Mbox
  39. 39. compressors or equalizers, which are typically Mbox Line Outputs feature 24-bit digital-to-an- used as inserts on traditional analog recording alog converters capable of maximum output of consoles. See “Using the Analog Inserts” on +4 dBu/+2 dBV (balanced/unbalanced signal). page 34. The connectors are TRS ports; unbalanced TS connectors are also supported. Do not plug instruments, speakers, or head- phones into the 1/4-inch jacks labelled “In- You cannot monitor Pro Tools audio serts.” These are not inputs. They are spe- through speakers connected to your com- cial connectors for using an external effects puter. To monitor audio, connect head- processor such as a compressor or EQ. phones, powered speakers, or an external amplifier to your Mbox. To connect headphones: Making Signal Connections to • Connect headphones with an 1/8-inch stereo Mbox mini connector (or an adapter) to the front Mbox can be used in a variety of audio setups. Headphone jack. This section describes how to make basic con- – or – nections for: • Connect headphones with a 1/4-inch stereo • Monitoring connector (or adapter) to the back Head- • Analog and digital input for recording phone jack. • Hardware Inserts • Mixdown The front panel Headphone control adjusts the volume level of both the front and back Headphone jacks. Monitoring Audio There are two Headphone ports, giving you a The Mbox Headphone output can produce choice between the back panel 1/4-inch TRS very loud output levels. Prolonged exposure port or the 1/8-inch mini port on the front can cause hearing damage. Adjust head- panel. phone volume carefully. Mbox Line Outputs play the audio that is routed in Pro Tools to Analog Outputs 1  class="j-ta

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