YAHWEH OUR   RIGHTEOUSNESS     JEREMIAH 23,ROMANS 3, ROMANS 10   DECEMBER 16, 2012FIRST BAPTIST CHURCH JACKSON, MISSISSIPP...
Reference material:     LifeWay    Christian    Resources    of the SBC
The names of God oftenreveal His character andnature.
*In Gods dealings with usas human beings He oftenrevealed an aspect ofHimself that we couldrelate to in our everydaylives.
*For instance he saw howtroubling and anxious ourlives would often seem tous so he let us know thathe is Jehovah - Shalom,...
*He wants us tounderstand His names sowe will understand Him!
Review:December 2Yahweh Our God           Exodus 6 & 15December 9Yahweh Our Father           Psalm 103
Today:    YAHWEH OUR  RIGHTEOUSNESS   JEREMIAH 23:5-6   ROMANS 3:21-26 ROMANS 10:1-4, 9-10
December 23DR. BILL ASHFORDThe Real Christmas
December 30 No Sunday SchoolOne Worship Service    at 10:30 am
Focal Passages:God PromisesRighteousness          Jeremiah 23:5-6Jesus RevealsRighteousness          Romans 3:21-26
We ReceiveRighteousness fromChrist Alone       Romans 10:1-4,9-10
This Lesson Is About:*Everything the sovereignand powerful God does isright.
*He is righteousness, andHe is the source ofrighteousness.
How This Lesson CanImpact Our Lives:This lesson can help usunderstand that who weare in Christ is based onWho Christ is.
*We rarely use, hear, orread the words righteousor righteousness.*Sometimes, someonemay describe anotherperson as self-rig...
*Someone may commentthat an individualresponded to a situationin righteous indignation.
*In describing anotherperson’s sterlingcharacter, many of usoften use the term good;seldom do we say they arerighteous.
*To call someonerighteous in today’sculture well may be asomewhat sarcasticallusion to the person’soutmoded religiousbelie...
*The word righteousnessseems to be reserved forthe pulpit and the SundaySchool setting.
*When was the last timeyou heard the wordsrighteous or righteousnessused outside of a churchcontext.
*A definition of righteouswould be:the characteristic ofhaving justness,the virtue or quality ofbeing and doing what ismor...
*Some of the synonyms ofrighteous help us more:blameless,guiltless,holy,innocent,sinless.
*Keep these definitions inmind as we focus onGod’s righteousness—andthe righteousness Hedemands from Hispeople.
*We tend to set our ownstandards for what isright.*Our standards usuallyallow us to justify orrationalize the way wealread...
*Only One objectivestandard exists, however,and our own measure ofrighteousnessfalls far short ofit (Him).
*This lesson is importantbecause it helps adultsdiscover God’s standardof righteousness,a standard seen in Christ.
Focal Passages:God PromisesRighteousness           Jeremiah 23:5-6Jesus RevealsRighteousness           Romans 3:21-26
We ReceiveRighteousness fromChrist Alone       Romans 10:1-4,9-10
God PromisesRighteousnessJeremiah 23:5-6 HCSB5 “The days are coming”—this is the Lord’sdeclaration —
“when I will raise up aRighteous Branch ofDavid.He will reign wisely asking and administerjustice and righteousnessin the ...
6 In His days Judah willbe saved, and Israel willdwell securely.This is what He will benamed:Yahweh OurRighteousness.”    ...
*When God revealedHimself as "THE LORDOUR RIGHTEOUSNESS"in the Old Testament(Jeremiah 23:5-8) thepeople were anything buts...
*In fact, they were in theprocess of being hauledoff into exile and captivityfor their constant andlongstanding sin, idola...
*They had been warnedover and over through theprophets God had sent tothem but their hearts werehard.
*Finally the judgment fellthough God did it withthe greatest reluctance.
*In the midst of thatdevastation, the Lordcomforted them byrevealing Himself to themin a new way that wouldcarry them thro...
*God never gloats overour sin; He alwaysgrieves.
*And if we are sufferingthe consequences of ourown sin, He always has aplan to bring us back towhere His blessings canagai...
*The promise of the Lordfor the people of Israelwas that He was going tosend a Messiah, One Whowould sit on the throne ofD...
*King Davids reign andthe glory years of the Jewswere now a distantmemory; the Messiahsrule and reign would beforever.
*Some 600 years later thisprophecy was fulfilled inthe person of Jesus Christ.*How exactly is the Lordour righteousness?
*Since every one of usexcept Jesus has sinned,we have no right to standbefore God and say; "HereI am Lord, right, just,sin...
*But Jesus can standbefore the Father and sayall those things.*So by carrying our sinson the cross, He is lettingus ride o...
*He can say to the Father;"Ive got Barbara covered.Dont look at her sinbecause I paid for it and Iwant You to see her asbl...
*The Father accepts Jesusrighteousness as if it wereours.*Do you start to see howexciting it is to be able tocall the Lord...
*To some this concept is astumbling block because itseems too good to be true.*Yes, it is simple - simpleenough for anyone...
*It is true!*Well, you say, whats thecatch?*The catch is that youhave to accept it.*It is not forced onanyone.
*We all continue to have afree will and God desiresthat our relationship withHim is given freely fromour heart with love.
*Jeremiah prophesiedduring the decline and fallof the Southern Kingdomof Judah.
*His ministry extendedfrom about 627/26 B.C. tosometime afterJerusalem’s fall in 587/86B.C.
*He was highlyunpopular and facedpersistent opposition andpressure because of hismessage: Judah’s onlyhope was to surrende...
*Because of this consistentcounsel, Jeremiah’s peopleviewed him as a traitor.*In Jeremiah 23:1-4, Goddenounced Judah’s rul...
*These leaders failed tocare for and provide forthe people of Judah asgood shepherds tendingtheir flocks.
*The leaders consistentlydestroyed and scattered(mistreated, neglected)God’s people.
*Because the leaders hadnot “attended to” thepeople, God would“attend to” the leaders(v. 2).
*After a period of exile,God would gather theremnant of His peopleand return them to Judah.He also would set in placeleade...
*The Lord’s declarationwas that at a future timeHe would raise up anideal King.
*The days are comingpointed to a time after theexile and the restorationforetold in verse 3.
*It also emphasized thenewness and importanceof the followingproclamation.*In contrast to presentconditions, God providedh...
*This is the Lord’sdeclaration has the forceof strong affirmation.*The certainty of God’spromised fulfillmentrested on His...
*He would raise up aRighteous Branch ofDavid.*The Hebrew termrendered Righteousmeans just in character,conduct, and rule.
*Branch comes from aHebrew term that means“to grow,” “to sprout.”*The noun means “shoot,”picturing a green spriggrowing fr...
*God would provide theideal King, the Messiah, adescendant of David’s.*Behind this prophecystood God’s promise toDavid in ...
*The Lord did not permitDavid to build the temple,but promised to establishhis family line and throneforever through adesc...
*As the Jews sufferedoppression under variousoccupational forces, thispromise was viewed asGod’s sending theMessiah, Who w...
*In sharp contrast to theinept and corrupt leadersof Jeremiah’s time, thepromised King wouldreign wisely … andadminister j...
*His reigning wiselyreferred to His having theinsight, authority, andpower to accomplish Hispurposes.
*His reign would prosper.His decisions would befair (proper, fitting) andright (righteous).*That is, He would fulfillcompl...
*In the land likelyindicates the promisedland to which the remnantof God’s people wouldreturn (see v. 3).
*Judah and Israel refer tothe descendants of theunited kingdom underDavid’s rule.
*God would bless thepeople of Judah withsalvation— freedom tolive in abundance.
*Israel’s descendantswould enjoy security andquietness.*Together in the promisedland, both groups wouldreceive both benefi...
*Jeremiah likely employeda play on words in givingthe name of the Messiah,the ideal King God wouldraise up.
*Jeremiah prophesiedduring the reign ofZedekiah, Judah’s lastking.
*The name Zedekiah means“the Lord is righteous.”The Righteous Branch ofDavid would be namedYahweh OurRighteousness.
*That is, when theMessiah came, all peoplewould acknowledge thatfrom God alone risesrighteousness.
*Here the termrighteousness carries theidea of salvation,deliverance.
*Messiah would be thegrounds for God’saccepting people, the Onethrough Whom Godwould delegate personalrighteousness.
*In 1 Corinthians 1:30,Paul referred to Christ asbelievers’“righteousness.”
1 Corinthians 1:29-3129 “so that no one canboast in His presence.30 But it is from Him thatyou are in Christ Jesus,Who bec...
our righteousness,sanctification, and redemption, 31 in order that, as it iswritten: The one whoboasts must boast in theLo...
*He is the RighteousBranch, the Messiah Whobrought God’srighteousness to peoplewho would place theirfaith in Him.
*Our celebration ofChristmas is in a few days.*The joyous message ofChristmas is that Godfulfilled His promise inJeremiah ...
*God’s words throughJeremiah remind us Hevalues justice andrighteousness.
*As His people, we alsoare to value thesequalities. We shoulddemonstrate justice andrighteousness in the liveswe lead.
Focal Passages:God PromisesRighteousness          Jeremiah 23:5-6Jesus RevealsRighteousness          Romans 3:21-26
We ReceiveRighteousness fromChrist Alone       Romans 10:1-4,9-10
Romans 3:21-2621 “But now, apart fromthe law, God’srighteousness has beenrevealed—attested by theLaw and the Prophets
22 —that is, God’srighteousness throughfaith in Jesus Christ, toall who believe, sincethere is no distinction.
23 For all have sinnedand fall short of the gloryof God.24 They are justifiedfreely by His gracethrough the redemptionthat...
25 God presented Him asa propitiation throughfaith in His blood, todemonstrate Hisrighteousness, because inHis restraint G...
committed.26 God presented Him todemonstrate Hisrighteousness at thepresent time, so that Hewould be righteous anddeclare ...
who has faith in Jesus.”         Romans 3:21-26
*The Letter to the Romansis Paul’s most thoroughand orderly presentationof his theology.
*He had not been to Romebut planned to travelthrough the city on hisway to take the Gospel toSpain.
*He wanted to visit thebelievers in Rome, in partto enlist their help infinancing his mission toSpain.
*Paul wrote Romans tointroduce himself to thechurch and to present theGospel he preached.
*Following the letter’sintroduction in 1:1-15, hestressed his pride in theGospel because “in itGod’s righteousness isrevea...
*In 1:18–3:20, Paul painteda dark picture of people’splight:All were sinners,powerless to freethemselves from sin’sdeath g...
*The Gentiles rejected therevelation of God theyreceived and turned toimmorality and idolatry.
*Jews depended on worksof the law forrighteousness, but theyfailed to keep the law.
*The law identified sinbut had no power toredeem sinners;thus, law-keeping couldnot make people rightwith God.
*With but now, Paulintroduced the good newsof God’s makingredemption available inChrist.
*He contrasted futiledependence on the lawfor righteousness, andfaith in Christ forrelationship with God.
*People could not freethemselves fromenslavement to sin, butGod provided liberationthrough grace.
*Apart from the law, Godrevealed Hisrighteousness.
*The law was powerlessto remove the sin barrierseparating people fromGod, but He made knownthe way to rightrelationship wi...
*God’s righteousness isHis being right in savingpeople by grace throughfaith in Jesus Christ.*He is right, and Hemakes peo...
*Paul’s critics charged thatGod would be unfair togrant righteousness on thebasis of faith alone,without meritoriousworks....
*Paul countered that Godis just when He does so.
*The apostle pointed outthat the Law and theProphets—the HebrewScriptures—were stillbearing witnessconcerning God’s beingr...
chose to providerighteousness.
*God’s righteousnesscomes through faith inJesus Christ, to all whobelieve.
*The words faith andbelieve come from theGreek term that means “tobe convinced,” “to trust,”“to place confidence in.”
*It carries the senses ofobedience andcommitment.*To place faith in Christ isto entrust life to Him, tocommit to follow Him.
*The proper name JesusChrist identified Jesus asSavior and Messiah.
*Paul stressed that allpeople who trusted Christfor salvation, whocommitted themselves toHim, were made rightwith God.
*There is no distinctionreferred to Jews andGentiles—all were sinnersin need of redemption; allcould be set right withGod ...
*If you want a rightrelationship with God, anew standing of grace,you must place faith inChrist, trust Him forsalvation in...
*Paul emphasized that allhad sinned, falling shortof God’s glory.*Sinned conveys “to missthe mark” thus “to err,”“to be gu...
*Glory referred to God’sredemptive character.*No one lived up to thestandards revealed in Hischaracter.
*God’s original intentionwas that people reflectHis character or image.*From Adam on, humansfailed to conform to Hisimage.
*Paul declared thatsinners who believe in(commit themselves to)Christ are justified freelyby His [God’s] grace.
*Justified conveys“acquitted,” “declaredand regarded asrighteous,” thusrighteous.
*It also can mean “tomake or render right orjust,” “to set right.”
*Paul likely had more inmind than God’sdeclaring or countingrepentant, forgivensinners as righteous.
*God makes them right,not by indulging their sinbut by overcoming it andgiving them new standingwith Him.
*He enables them to enterright relationship withHim out of which they areto live rightly.
*God gives believers new,right standing with Himby His grace.*Grace is God’sundeserved favor.
*It also can be defined asHis love and goodness inaction for sinners’ good.*It has the sense of God’sactive good will.
*Freely emphasizes rightstanding with God is Hisgift.*We can do nothing toearn it or merit it; it is Hisgracious gift we c...
*People are made rightwith God through theredemption that is inChrist [Messiah] Jesus[Savior].
*Paul borrowed a familiarterm and concept from theslave markets of his dayas an analogy forsalvation.
*Slaves could purchasetheir freedom, orbenefactors couldpurchase it for them.
*Redemption carries theidea of liberation at cost.People’s liberation fromenslavement to sin cameat terrible cost—Christ’s...
*Paul stated that Godpresented Christ as apropitiation.*The word presentedcould indicate purpose(design) or open display.
Propitiation is translated from theGreek hilasterion, meaning "that whichexpiates or propitiates" or "the gift whichprocur...
Another Greek word, hilasmos, is used for Christ as our propitiation. 1 John 2:2; 4:10,and for "atonement" in the septuagi...
‘...since the wrath of God is being revealedagainst all sin, there can be no way ofsalvation other than the way that deals...
The reason for propitiation Our sins Heb 2:17 - ‘...propitiation for the sins of thepeople...’ I John 2:2 - ‘...the propit...
The reception of propitiation By faith Rom 3:25 - ‘...a propitiation by His blood,to be received by faith...’ It’s not on ...
Although Jesus has taken upon Himselfboth the anger and judgment of God, itdoesn’t follow that every person istherefore fr...
*Paul may have includedboth ideas.
*God designed to makeChrist’s sacrificial self-giving the means ofovercoming the sin barrierbetween people and Him,and to ...
*In pagan cultures, theterm propitiation referredto people’s offeringsacrifices to appease theirgods, to ensure their gods...
*In Hebrews 9:5, itdesignates the mercy seat,the ark’s covering.
The place on Jesus breast is stillvacant, and open to any who arewilling to pay the price ofdeepening intimacy. We arenow,...
*In the Septuagint (Greektranslation of the HebrewScriptures), the termalmost always refers tothe mercy seat.
*It seems to me, Paul usedthe word to indicate thatin Christ, and specificallyin His atoning death, weencounter God’s mercy.
*God took the initiative toprovide the means bywhich people’s sins couldbe covered.
*Their forgiveness andentrance into rightrelationship with Himcomes through faith inChrist’s blood—by trustin His sacrific...
*God presented Christ’sdeath on the cross onsinners’ behalf todemonstrate His [God’s]righteousness.
*In times past, God hadheld back the fulljudgment people’s sinsdeserved.
*He had dealt with theirsins but had exercisedrestraint (forbearance,patience) in temporarilypassing over (letting pass,di...
*Prior to Christ’s atoningdeath, God had withheldthe full measure of sin’sconsequences.
*Did His doing so meanHe was indifferent to sin,that He exercised easytolerance of people’smissing His design for life?Pau...
appointed or opportuneseason in contrast to thepast—God demonstratedHis righteousness orjustness through Christ’ssacrifici...
people’s sins.*The cross foreverdemonstrates theseriousness with whichGod views sin.
*It uncovers the depths ofpeople’s sin and thelengths to which God inHis love has gone toremove that barrier andoffer rela...
grace.*He is right, and Hemakes right with Him theone who has faith in(trust in and commitmentto) Jesus.
*Jesus fully revealed God’srighteousness anddemonstrated thatrighteousness.*We receive right standingwith God through Him.
*Jesus demonstratesGod’s righteousness.*List examples of God’srighteousness you see inwhat you know aboutJesus.
Focal Passages:God PromisesRighteousness           Jeremiah 23:5-6Jesus RevealsRighteousness           Romans 3:21-26
We ReceiveRighteousness fromChrist Alone       Romans 10:1-4,9-10
Romans 10:1-4, 9-101 “Brothers, my heart’sdesire and prayer to Godconcerning them is fortheir salvation!
2 I can testify about themthat they have zeal forGod, but not according toknowledge.
3 Because theydisregarded therighteousness from Godand attempted toestablish their ownrighteousness, they havenot submitted
themselves to God’srighteousness.4 For Christ is the end ofthe law for righteousnessto everyone whobelieves.”
9 “If you confess withyour mouth, “Jesus isLord,” and believe inyour heart that Godraised Him from thedead, you will be sa...
10 One believes with theheart, resulting inrighteousness, and oneconfesses with themouth, resulting insalvation.”       Ro...
*Paul wanted believers inRome to know he had notabandoned his people, theJews (Israel).
*Addressing his letter’srecipients with the warmterm brothers to indicatespiritual kinship, Paulexpressed intense care for...
*Desire conveys the senseof good will, of kindintent.*At the center of his being(his heart), he was kindlydisposed toward ...
*He interceded for them,beseeching God for theirsalvation, which wouldbring him the greatestpossible pleasure.
*From his personalexperience as a Pharisee,Paul could testify theJews had zeal for Godexpressed in law-keepingand rituals.
*Their zeal was notaccording to knowledge.*They did not have full orcorrect perception orinsight.
*Their religious fervorlacked enlightenment.*The Jews largelydisregarded therighteousness from God.
*The Greek term rendereddisregarded means “not toknow,” “to be ignorantof,” “not to understand,”“to err or sin throughmist...
*Paul may have meant theJews largely failed torecognize God’s provisionof right standing with Himso they did not understan...
*One view is that theirlack of insight was self-imposed.*They willfully refusedGod’s revelation of theonly basis of relati...
*Instead, they attemptedto establish their ownrighteousness.
*They devised a methodby which they sought tomake themselves rightwith God, a works-righteousness devoid of asense of inde...
*Out of pride, theydetermined to create theirown standard by which todefine and attainrighteousness.
*Thus, they had notsubmitted themselves toGod’s righteousness;stubbornly, they hadrefused to accept theGospel of right sta...
would not committhemselves to Himthrough faith in Christ.*They substituted law-keeping for God’s offer ofright relationshi...
*Christ is the end of thelaw for righteousness.*End can mean“fulfillment” or“termination.”
*Thus, Paul may have    meant:(1) Christ fulfilled the law,    or(2) He terminated the law    as a means of    righteousne...
*One view says the way ofgrace through faith inChrist ended legalism as asystem to achieve rightstanding with God.
*Another approach saysboth meanings apply:Christ completely met thelaw’s demands, embodiedrighteousness, andprovided a way...
as a means of achievingrighteousness.
*Right relationship withGod is open to everyonewho believes.*That is, anyone whotrusts in Christ entersright standing with...
*In verses 5-8, Paulcontrasted righteousness“from the law” (v. 5) to“righteousness that comesfrom faith” (v. 6).
*He pointed out that law-righteousness called forperfect obedience that noone could achieve.
*On the other hand, faith-righteousness was readilyavailable because of God’sprovision.
*Paul adaptedDeuteronomy 30:11-14 toemphasize that Christ haddone everythingnecessary to provide rightrelationship with God.
*Faith is possible becauseof Christ’s atoning work.
*Paul stated clearly “themessage of faith” heproclaimed (v. 8b).*If indicates that whatfollows is a possibility.*People’s ...
*Salvation hinged on tworesponses: confession andbelief.*Paul’s order correspondsto the quote in verse 8 anddoes not indic...
*To be saved, one had toconfess with the mouth(verbally) Jesus’ lordship.*To confess was to say thesame thing about Christ...
*The confession “Jesus isLord” acknowledgedJesus’ Deity.*It also openly declaredJesus as the believer’sMaster, his or her ...
*A person seekingsalvation had to believe… that God raised [Jesus]from the dead.
*Belief is much more thanaccepting something asfactual; it is convictionand commitment.
*The heart was viewed asthe center of life thatinvolved the emotions,intellect, and will.
*God’s raising Jesus fromthe dead was irrefutableevidence that Jesus wasHis Son and verifiedeverything Jesus said anddid.
*Inner, decisivecommitment to the truthof the resurrection isessential to salvationbecause only trust in aliving Lord can ...
standing with God.*Confession andcommitment result insalvation—deliverancefrom sin.
By Mark A. Rathel    The concept of “confession”       is an important part of a   Christian’s experience. ManyChristians ...
The initial act of repentance is the beginning of a         Life of repentance.   ”1 The Greek verb for the act  of confes...
2 Backgrounds of “Confession”  The various contexts in which the vocabulary of “confession” occurred  in documents written...
Confession functioned as an important concept         in legal and religious contexts.          The concept of “confession...
4 The religious usage of “confession”     correlates and builds upon thelegal background. In a manner similar to which one...
5 The Septuagint, the Greek translation    of the Old Testament, contains     a unique usage of the idea of   confession. ...
Greek translation of Psalm 100:4provides evidence of “confession”as an act of praise. “Enter into Hiscourts by means of gi...
6 “Confession” in RomansPaul used Greek words for “confess”   four times in Romans. Twice heused the term homologeo highli...
Romans 10:9-10—A discussion contrasting        two kinds of righteousness   supplies the immediate context for  Paul’s use...
In Romans 10:9-10, Paul set   forth three pairs of related truths    in describing how an individual      receives salvati...
The public confession       “Jesus is Lord” flows out of    an inward heart attitude of trust.   Faith inevitably flows ou...
Third, Paul linked believing     that Jesus is Lord with His being raised from the dead. As it was with the women who fina...
Romans 14:11—Although we do not    see it in the English translations,     Paul again used the Greek term   homologeo to t...
The dispute between  “weak” and “strong” Christians  differing on the subject of eating   meat offered to idols functions ...
The action of bowing the knee      depicts submission. The action    of the tongue portrays a confessionof praise, even in...
Romans 15:9—Paul’s final reference    to confession in Romans occurs      in chapter 15. The immediate     context is a fi...
In Romans 15:9, Paul quoted Psalm   18:49. The psalm described eventsin David’s life and David’s consequent       desire t...
First, the act of confessing “Jesus   is Lord” serves as a public oath of    allegiance to the Person of Christ     as ful...
1. Walter T. Conner, The Gospel of Redemption            (Nashville: Broadman Press, 1945), 199.2. William F. Arndt and F....
*In experience, innerconviction andcommitment (belief withthe heart) come first,resulting inrighteousness—a rightrelations...
a new standing of grace.*Coupled with completecommitment is confessionof Christ as Lord,resulting in salvation.
*Faith and confession gotogether; genuine faithexpresses itself in verbalconfession.
*Paul stressed salvationwas open to both Jewsand Gentiles who wouldturn to God in faith (vv.11-13).
*The Jews were wrong intrying to establish theirown standard ofrighteousness instead ofsubmitting to God’sstandard.
*Today, we need tounderstand that we stillare made right with Godonly when we place faithin Christ and confess Himopenly.
*We should not attempt toestablish our ownrighteousness but shouldsubmit to God’s way toright relationship withHim through...
Jesus not onlydemonstrates God’srighteousness, He alsodelivers righteousness tothose who trust Him.
*List examples of God’srighteousness Jesus hasestablished in your life.
Biblical Truths• God values justice andrighteousness, and somust we.• Jesus reveals anddemonstrates God’srighteousness.
• We are made right withGod only through faith inChrist.
• Receiving a newstanding of grace withGod requires commitmentat life’s center andconfession of thatcommitment.
Who you are in Christ isbased on who Christ is.
Thank Him for therighteousness He hasdeveloped in your life,and give Him yourpermission and requestto make you morerighteo...
12 December 16, 2012 Jeremiah 3, Romans 3 & 10 Yahweh Our Righteousness
12 December 16, 2012 Jeremiah 3, Romans 3 & 10 Yahweh Our Righteousness
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12 December 16, 2012 Jeremiah 3, Romans 3 & 10 Yahweh Our Righteousness
12 December 16, 2012 Jeremiah 3, Romans 3 & 10 Yahweh Our Righteousness
12 December 16, 2012 Jeremiah 3, Romans 3 & 10 Yahweh Our Righteousness
12 December 16, 2012 Jeremiah 3, Romans 3 & 10 Yahweh Our Righteousness
12 December 16, 2012 Jeremiah 3, Romans 3 & 10 Yahweh Our Righteousness
12 December 16, 2012 Jeremiah 3, Romans 3 & 10 Yahweh Our Righteousness
12 December 16, 2012 Jeremiah 3, Romans 3 & 10 Yahweh Our Righteousness
12 December 16, 2012 Jeremiah 3, Romans 3 & 10 Yahweh Our Righteousness
12 December 16, 2012 Jeremiah 3, Romans 3 & 10 Yahweh Our Righteousness
12 December 16, 2012 Jeremiah 3, Romans 3 & 10 Yahweh Our Righteousness
12 December 16, 2012 Jeremiah 3, Romans 3 & 10 Yahweh Our Righteousness
12 December 16, 2012 Jeremiah 3, Romans 3 & 10 Yahweh Our Righteousness
12 December 16, 2012 Jeremiah 3, Romans 3 & 10 Yahweh Our Righteousness
12 December 16, 2012 Jeremiah 3, Romans 3 & 10 Yahweh Our Righteousness
12 December 16, 2012 Jeremiah 3, Romans 3 & 10 Yahweh Our Righteousness
12 December 16, 2012 Jeremiah 3, Romans 3 & 10 Yahweh Our Righteousness
12 December 16, 2012 Jeremiah 3, Romans 3 & 10 Yahweh Our Righteousness
12 December 16, 2012 Jeremiah 3, Romans 3 & 10 Yahweh Our Righteousness
12 December 16, 2012 Jeremiah 3, Romans 3 & 10 Yahweh Our Righteousness
12 December 16, 2012 Jeremiah 3, Romans 3 & 10 Yahweh Our Righteousness
12 December 16, 2012 Jeremiah 3, Romans 3 & 10 Yahweh Our Righteousness
12 December 16, 2012 Jeremiah 3, Romans 3 & 10 Yahweh Our Righteousness
12 December 16, 2012 Jeremiah 3, Romans 3 & 10 Yahweh Our Righteousness
12 December 16, 2012 Jeremiah 3, Romans 3 & 10 Yahweh Our Righteousness
12 December 16, 2012 Jeremiah 3, Romans 3 & 10 Yahweh Our Righteousness
12 December 16, 2012 Jeremiah 3, Romans 3 & 10 Yahweh Our Righteousness
12 December 16, 2012 Jeremiah 3, Romans 3 & 10 Yahweh Our Righteousness
12 December 16, 2012 Jeremiah 3, Romans 3 & 10 Yahweh Our Righteousness
12 December 16, 2012 Jeremiah 3, Romans 3 & 10 Yahweh Our Righteousness
12 December 16, 2012 Jeremiah 3, Romans 3 & 10 Yahweh Our Righteousness
12 December 16, 2012 Jeremiah 3, Romans 3 & 10 Yahweh Our Righteousness
12 December 16, 2012 Jeremiah 3, Romans 3 & 10 Yahweh Our Righteousness
12 December 16, 2012 Jeremiah 3, Romans 3 & 10 Yahweh Our Righteousness
12 December 16, 2012 Jeremiah 3, Romans 3 & 10 Yahweh Our Righteousness
12 December 16, 2012 Jeremiah 3, Romans 3 & 10 Yahweh Our Righteousness
12 December 16, 2012 Jeremiah 3, Romans 3 & 10 Yahweh Our Righteousness
12 December 16, 2012 Jeremiah 3, Romans 3 & 10 Yahweh Our Righteousness
12 December 16, 2012 Jeremiah 3, Romans 3 & 10 Yahweh Our Righteousness
12 December 16, 2012 Jeremiah 3, Romans 3 & 10 Yahweh Our Righteousness
12 December 16, 2012 Jeremiah 3, Romans 3 & 10 Yahweh Our Righteousness
12 December 16, 2012 Jeremiah 3, Romans 3 & 10 Yahweh Our Righteousness
12 December 16, 2012 Jeremiah 3, Romans 3 & 10 Yahweh Our Righteousness
12 December 16, 2012 Jeremiah 3, Romans 3 & 10 Yahweh Our Righteousness
12 December 16, 2012 Jeremiah 3, Romans 3 & 10 Yahweh Our Righteousness
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12 December 16, 2012 Jeremiah 3, Romans 3 & 10 Yahweh Our Righteousness

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12 December 16, 2012 Jeremiah 3, Romans 3 & 10 Yahweh Our Righteousness

  1. 1. YAHWEH OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS JEREMIAH 23,ROMANS 3, ROMANS 10 DECEMBER 16, 2012FIRST BAPTIST CHURCH JACKSON, MISSISSIPPI, USA
  2. 2. Reference material: LifeWay Christian Resources of the SBC
  3. 3. The names of God oftenreveal His character andnature.
  4. 4. *In Gods dealings with usas human beings He oftenrevealed an aspect ofHimself that we couldrelate to in our everydaylives.
  5. 5. *For instance he saw howtroubling and anxious ourlives would often seem tous so he let us know thathe is Jehovah - Shalom,the Lord our Peace.
  6. 6. *He wants us tounderstand His names sowe will understand Him!
  7. 7. Review:December 2Yahweh Our God Exodus 6 & 15December 9Yahweh Our Father Psalm 103
  8. 8. Today: YAHWEH OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS JEREMIAH 23:5-6 ROMANS 3:21-26 ROMANS 10:1-4, 9-10
  9. 9. December 23DR. BILL ASHFORDThe Real Christmas
  10. 10. December 30 No Sunday SchoolOne Worship Service at 10:30 am
  11. 11. Focal Passages:God PromisesRighteousness Jeremiah 23:5-6Jesus RevealsRighteousness Romans 3:21-26
  12. 12. We ReceiveRighteousness fromChrist Alone Romans 10:1-4,9-10
  13. 13. This Lesson Is About:*Everything the sovereignand powerful God does isright.
  14. 14. *He is righteousness, andHe is the source ofrighteousness.
  15. 15. How This Lesson CanImpact Our Lives:This lesson can help usunderstand that who weare in Christ is based onWho Christ is.
  16. 16. *We rarely use, hear, orread the words righteousor righteousness.*Sometimes, someonemay describe anotherperson as self-righteous.
  17. 17. *Someone may commentthat an individualresponded to a situationin righteous indignation.
  18. 18. *In describing anotherperson’s sterlingcharacter, many of usoften use the term good;seldom do we say they arerighteous.
  19. 19. *To call someonerighteous in today’sculture well may be asomewhat sarcasticallusion to the person’soutmoded religiousbeliefs and strict practices.
  20. 20. *The word righteousnessseems to be reserved forthe pulpit and the SundaySchool setting.
  21. 21. *When was the last timeyou heard the wordsrighteous or righteousnessused outside of a churchcontext.
  22. 22. *A definition of righteouswould be:the characteristic ofhaving justness,the virtue or quality ofbeing and doing what ismorally right.
  23. 23. *Some of the synonyms ofrighteous help us more:blameless,guiltless,holy,innocent,sinless.
  24. 24. *Keep these definitions inmind as we focus onGod’s righteousness—andthe righteousness Hedemands from Hispeople.
  25. 25. *We tend to set our ownstandards for what isright.*Our standards usuallyallow us to justify orrationalize the way wealready are living.
  26. 26. *Only One objectivestandard exists, however,and our own measure ofrighteousnessfalls far short ofit (Him).
  27. 27. *This lesson is importantbecause it helps adultsdiscover God’s standardof righteousness,a standard seen in Christ.
  28. 28. Focal Passages:God PromisesRighteousness Jeremiah 23:5-6Jesus RevealsRighteousness Romans 3:21-26
  29. 29. We ReceiveRighteousness fromChrist Alone Romans 10:1-4,9-10
  30. 30. God PromisesRighteousnessJeremiah 23:5-6 HCSB5 “The days are coming”—this is the Lord’sdeclaration —
  31. 31. “when I will raise up aRighteous Branch ofDavid.He will reign wisely asking and administerjustice and righteousnessin the land.
  32. 32. 6 In His days Judah willbe saved, and Israel willdwell securely.This is what He will benamed:Yahweh OurRighteousness.” Jer 23
  33. 33. *When God revealedHimself as "THE LORDOUR RIGHTEOUSNESS"in the Old Testament(Jeremiah 23:5-8) thepeople were anything butsinless and guiltless.
  34. 34. *In fact, they were in theprocess of being hauledoff into exile and captivityfor their constant andlongstanding sin, idolatry,and unfaithfulness to theLord.
  35. 35. *They had been warnedover and over through theprophets God had sent tothem but their hearts werehard.
  36. 36. *Finally the judgment fellthough God did it withthe greatest reluctance.
  37. 37. *In the midst of thatdevastation, the Lordcomforted them byrevealing Himself to themin a new way that wouldcarry them through thetough times ahead.
  38. 38. *God never gloats overour sin; He alwaysgrieves.
  39. 39. *And if we are sufferingthe consequences of ourown sin, He always has aplan to bring us back towhere His blessings canagain flow in our lives.
  40. 40. *The promise of the Lordfor the people of Israelwas that He was going tosend a Messiah, One Whowould sit on the throne ofDavid again and providea permanent sin solution.
  41. 41. *King Davids reign andthe glory years of the Jewswere now a distantmemory; the Messiahsrule and reign would beforever.
  42. 42. *Some 600 years later thisprophecy was fulfilled inthe person of Jesus Christ.*How exactly is the Lordour righteousness?
  43. 43. *Since every one of usexcept Jesus has sinned,we have no right to standbefore God and say; "HereI am Lord, right, just,sinless and blameless. Iminnocent God."
  44. 44. *But Jesus can standbefore the Father and sayall those things.*So by carrying our sinson the cross, He is lettingus ride on Hisrighteousness.
  45. 45. *He can say to the Father;"Ive got Barbara covered.Dont look at her sinbecause I paid for it and Iwant You to see her asblameless."
  46. 46. *The Father accepts Jesusrighteousness as if it wereours.*Do you start to see howexciting it is to be able tocall the Lord, JEHOVAH-TSIDKENU?
  47. 47. *To some this concept is astumbling block because itseems too good to be true.*Yes, it is simple - simpleenough for anyone tounderstand, but it is nottoo good to be true.
  48. 48. *It is true!*Well, you say, whats thecatch?*The catch is that youhave to accept it.*It is not forced onanyone.
  49. 49. *We all continue to have afree will and God desiresthat our relationship withHim is given freely fromour heart with love.
  50. 50. *Jeremiah prophesiedduring the decline and fallof the Southern Kingdomof Judah.
  51. 51. *His ministry extendedfrom about 627/26 B.C. tosometime afterJerusalem’s fall in 587/86B.C.
  52. 52. *He was highlyunpopular and facedpersistent opposition andpressure because of hismessage: Judah’s onlyhope was to surrender tothe Babylonians.
  53. 53. *Because of this consistentcounsel, Jeremiah’s peopleviewed him as a traitor.*In Jeremiah 23:1-4, Goddenounced Judah’s rulersincluding kings and civilleaders under them.
  54. 54. *These leaders failed tocare for and provide forthe people of Judah asgood shepherds tendingtheir flocks.
  55. 55. *The leaders consistentlydestroyed and scattered(mistreated, neglected)God’s people.
  56. 56. *Because the leaders hadnot “attended to” thepeople, God would“attend to” the leaders(v. 2).
  57. 57. *After a period of exile,God would gather theremnant of His peopleand return them to Judah.He also would set in placeleaders who would ruleproperly.
  58. 58. *The Lord’s declarationwas that at a future timeHe would raise up anideal King.
  59. 59. *The days are comingpointed to a time after theexile and the restorationforetold in verse 3.
  60. 60. *It also emphasized thenewness and importanceof the followingproclamation.*In contrast to presentconditions, God providedhope.
  61. 61. *This is the Lord’sdeclaration has the forceof strong affirmation.*The certainty of God’spromised fulfillmentrested on His power andfaithfulness.
  62. 62. *He would raise up aRighteous Branch ofDavid.*The Hebrew termrendered Righteousmeans just in character,conduct, and rule.
  63. 63. *Branch comes from aHebrew term that means“to grow,” “to sprout.”*The noun means “shoot,”picturing a green spriggrowing from a stump.
  64. 64. *God would provide theideal King, the Messiah, adescendant of David’s.*Behind this prophecystood God’s promise toDavid in 2 Samuel 7:11b-16.
  65. 65. *The Lord did not permitDavid to build the temple,but promised to establishhis family line and throneforever through adescendant.
  66. 66. *As the Jews sufferedoppression under variousoccupational forces, thispromise was viewed asGod’s sending theMessiah, Who woulddeliver them.
  67. 67. *In sharp contrast to theinept and corrupt leadersof Jeremiah’s time, thepromised King wouldreign wisely … andadminister justice andrighteousness.
  68. 68. *His reigning wiselyreferred to His having theinsight, authority, andpower to accomplish Hispurposes.
  69. 69. *His reign would prosper.His decisions would befair (proper, fitting) andright (righteous).*That is, He would fulfillcompletely the covenantresponsibilities.
  70. 70. *In the land likelyindicates the promisedland to which the remnantof God’s people wouldreturn (see v. 3).
  71. 71. *Judah and Israel refer tothe descendants of theunited kingdom underDavid’s rule.
  72. 72. *God would bless thepeople of Judah withsalvation— freedom tolive in abundance.
  73. 73. *Israel’s descendantswould enjoy security andquietness.*Together in the promisedland, both groups wouldreceive both benefits.
  74. 74. *Jeremiah likely employeda play on words in givingthe name of the Messiah,the ideal King God wouldraise up.
  75. 75. *Jeremiah prophesiedduring the reign ofZedekiah, Judah’s lastking.
  76. 76. *The name Zedekiah means“the Lord is righteous.”The Righteous Branch ofDavid would be namedYahweh OurRighteousness.
  77. 77. *That is, when theMessiah came, all peoplewould acknowledge thatfrom God alone risesrighteousness.
  78. 78. *Here the termrighteousness carries theidea of salvation,deliverance.
  79. 79. *Messiah would be thegrounds for God’saccepting people, the Onethrough Whom Godwould delegate personalrighteousness.
  80. 80. *In 1 Corinthians 1:30,Paul referred to Christ asbelievers’“righteousness.”
  81. 81. 1 Corinthians 1:29-3129 “so that no one canboast in His presence.30 But it is from Him thatyou are in Christ Jesus,Who became God-givenwisdom for us—
  82. 82. our righteousness,sanctification, and redemption, 31 in order that, as it iswritten: The one whoboasts must boast in theLord.”
  83. 83. *He is the RighteousBranch, the Messiah Whobrought God’srighteousness to peoplewho would place theirfaith in Him.
  84. 84. *Our celebration ofChristmas is in a few days.*The joyous message ofChristmas is that Godfulfilled His promise inJeremiah 23:5-6 bysending Jesus to earth.
  85. 85. *God’s words throughJeremiah remind us Hevalues justice andrighteousness.
  86. 86. *As His people, we alsoare to value thesequalities. We shoulddemonstrate justice andrighteousness in the liveswe lead.
  87. 87. Focal Passages:God PromisesRighteousness Jeremiah 23:5-6Jesus RevealsRighteousness Romans 3:21-26
  88. 88. We ReceiveRighteousness fromChrist Alone Romans 10:1-4,9-10
  89. 89. Romans 3:21-2621 “But now, apart fromthe law, God’srighteousness has beenrevealed—attested by theLaw and the Prophets
  90. 90. 22 —that is, God’srighteousness throughfaith in Jesus Christ, toall who believe, sincethere is no distinction.
  91. 91. 23 For all have sinnedand fall short of the gloryof God.24 They are justifiedfreely by His gracethrough the redemptionthat is in Christ Jesus.
  92. 92. 25 God presented Him asa propitiation throughfaith in His blood, todemonstrate Hisrighteousness, because inHis restraint God passedover the sins previously
  93. 93. committed.26 God presented Him todemonstrate Hisrighteousness at thepresent time, so that Hewould be righteous anddeclare righteous the one
  94. 94. who has faith in Jesus.” Romans 3:21-26
  95. 95. *The Letter to the Romansis Paul’s most thoroughand orderly presentationof his theology.
  96. 96. *He had not been to Romebut planned to travelthrough the city on hisway to take the Gospel toSpain.
  97. 97. *He wanted to visit thebelievers in Rome, in partto enlist their help infinancing his mission toSpain.
  98. 98. *Paul wrote Romans tointroduce himself to thechurch and to present theGospel he preached.
  99. 99. *Following the letter’sintroduction in 1:1-15, hestressed his pride in theGospel because “in itGod’s righteousness isrevealed from faith tofaith” (v. 17).
  100. 100. *In 1:18–3:20, Paul painteda dark picture of people’splight:All were sinners,powerless to freethemselves from sin’sdeath grip.
  101. 101. *The Gentiles rejected therevelation of God theyreceived and turned toimmorality and idolatry.
  102. 102. *Jews depended on worksof the law forrighteousness, but theyfailed to keep the law.
  103. 103. *The law identified sinbut had no power toredeem sinners;thus, law-keeping couldnot make people rightwith God.
  104. 104. *With but now, Paulintroduced the good newsof God’s makingredemption available inChrist.
  105. 105. *He contrasted futiledependence on the lawfor righteousness, andfaith in Christ forrelationship with God.
  106. 106. *People could not freethemselves fromenslavement to sin, butGod provided liberationthrough grace.
  107. 107. *Apart from the law, Godrevealed Hisrighteousness.
  108. 108. *The law was powerlessto remove the sin barrierseparating people fromGod, but He made knownthe way to rightrelationship with Him.
  109. 109. *God’s righteousness isHis being right in savingpeople by grace throughfaith in Jesus Christ.*He is right, and Hemakes people right bygrace.
  110. 110. *Paul’s critics charged thatGod would be unfair togrant righteousness on thebasis of faith alone,without meritoriousworks. [See Galatians.]
  111. 111. *Paul countered that Godis just when He does so.
  112. 112. *The apostle pointed outthat the Law and theProphets—the HebrewScriptures—were stillbearing witnessconcerning God’s beingright or just in how He
  113. 113. chose to providerighteousness.
  114. 114. *God’s righteousnesscomes through faith inJesus Christ, to all whobelieve.
  115. 115. *The words faith andbelieve come from theGreek term that means “tobe convinced,” “to trust,”“to place confidence in.”
  116. 116. *It carries the senses ofobedience andcommitment.*To place faith in Christ isto entrust life to Him, tocommit to follow Him.
  117. 117. *The proper name JesusChrist identified Jesus asSavior and Messiah.
  118. 118. *Paul stressed that allpeople who trusted Christfor salvation, whocommitted themselves toHim, were made rightwith God.
  119. 119. *There is no distinctionreferred to Jews andGentiles—all were sinnersin need of redemption; allcould be set right withGod through faith inChrist.
  120. 120. *If you want a rightrelationship with God, anew standing of grace,you must place faith inChrist, trust Him forsalvation in totalcommitment to Him.
  121. 121. *Paul emphasized that allhad sinned, falling shortof God’s glory.*Sinned conveys “to missthe mark” thus “to err,”“to be guilty of wrong.”
  122. 122. *Glory referred to God’sredemptive character.*No one lived up to thestandards revealed in Hischaracter.
  123. 123. *God’s original intentionwas that people reflectHis character or image.*From Adam on, humansfailed to conform to Hisimage.
  124. 124. *Paul declared thatsinners who believe in(commit themselves to)Christ are justified freelyby His [God’s] grace.
  125. 125. *Justified conveys“acquitted,” “declaredand regarded asrighteous,” thusrighteous.
  126. 126. *It also can mean “tomake or render right orjust,” “to set right.”
  127. 127. *Paul likely had more inmind than God’sdeclaring or countingrepentant, forgivensinners as righteous.
  128. 128. *God makes them right,not by indulging their sinbut by overcoming it andgiving them new standingwith Him.
  129. 129. *He enables them to enterright relationship withHim out of which they areto live rightly.
  130. 130. *God gives believers new,right standing with Himby His grace.*Grace is God’sundeserved favor.
  131. 131. *It also can be defined asHis love and goodness inaction for sinners’ good.*It has the sense of God’sactive good will.
  132. 132. *Freely emphasizes rightstanding with God is Hisgift.*We can do nothing toearn it or merit it; it is Hisgracious gift we canreceive through faith.
  133. 133. *People are made rightwith God through theredemption that is inChrist [Messiah] Jesus[Savior].
  134. 134. *Paul borrowed a familiarterm and concept from theslave markets of his dayas an analogy forsalvation.
  135. 135. *Slaves could purchasetheir freedom, orbenefactors couldpurchase it for them.
  136. 136. *Redemption carries theidea of liberation at cost.People’s liberation fromenslavement to sin cameat terrible cost—Christ’svoluntary, atoning death.
  137. 137. *Paul stated that Godpresented Christ as apropitiation.*The word presentedcould indicate purpose(design) or open display.
  138. 138. Propitiation is translated from theGreek hilasterion, meaning "that whichexpiates or propitiates" or "the gift whichprocures propitiation".[citation needed] Theword is also used in the New Testamentfor the place of propitiation, the "mercyseat". Hebrews 9:5. There is frequentsimilar use ofhilasterion in the Septuagint, Exodus 25:18 ff. The mercy seat wassprinkled with atoning blood on the Day of Atonement (Leviticus 16:14),representing that the righteous sentence ofthe Law had been executed, changing ajudgment seat into a mercy seat (Hebrews 9:11-15; compare with "throne of grace" in Hebrews 4:14-16; place of communion, Exodus 25:21-22).
  139. 139. Another Greek word, hilasmos, is used for Christ as our propitiation. 1 John 2:2; 4:10,and for "atonement" in the septuagint (Leviticus 25:9). The thought in the OldTestament sacrifices and in the NewTestament fulfillment, is that Christcompletely satisfied the just demands ofour Holy Father for judgment on sin, byhis death on the Cross of Calvary.[citation needed]God, in view of the cross, is declaredrighteous in having been able to justify sinsin the Old Testament period, as well as inbeing able to forgive sinners under the New Covenant (Romans 3:25,26; cf. Exodus 29:33, note).[original research?
  140. 140. ‘...since the wrath of God is being revealedagainst all sin, there can be no way ofsalvation other than the way that dealswith sin, that is, the Gospel’ If, as we have previously shown, the angerof God rests upon all of mankind and,subsequently, the judgment of God iscurrently being poured out upon bothindividuals and groups of men andwomen whether in tribes, cultures ornations, then we need to understand thework of Jesus Christ that satisfies the angerof God and removes His judgment fromus. 
  141. 141. The reason for propitiation Our sins Heb 2:17 - ‘...propitiation for the sins of thepeople...’ I John 2:2 - ‘...the propitiation for oursins...’ I John 4:10 - ‘...the propitiation for oursins...’ 
  142. 142. The reception of propitiation By faith Rom 3:25 - ‘...a propitiation by His blood,to be received by faith...’ It’s not on the basis of mankind’s works, ofour self-effort - we’ve already seen that theinitiative was solely with the Lord. Had Henot decided to do something about thepredicament we’d put ourselves in, wewould forever have been under both God’sanger and judgment, not only in this lifebut in the one to come.
  143. 143. Although Jesus has taken upon Himselfboth the anger and judgment of God, itdoesn’t follow that every person istherefore free from any outpouring ofthem. The work of the cross must be metwith a correct response in an individualand that can only be done by faith to therevelation of the Holy Spirit concerning thework of Christ - not a mere mindknowledge but an active trust andparticipation in His completed work (seethe study on ‘Faith’). 
  144. 144. *Paul may have includedboth ideas.
  145. 145. *God designed to makeChrist’s sacrificial self-giving the means ofovercoming the sin barrierbetween people and Him,and to display thatatoning death openly.
  146. 146. *In pagan cultures, theterm propitiation referredto people’s offeringsacrifices to appease theirgods, to ensure their godslooked on them withfavor rather than anger.
  147. 147. *In Hebrews 9:5, itdesignates the mercy seat,the ark’s covering.
  148. 148. The place on Jesus breast is stillvacant, and open to any who arewilling to pay the price ofdeepening intimacy. We arenow, and we will be in thefuture, only as intimate withGod as we really choose to be.
  149. 149. *In the Septuagint (Greektranslation of the HebrewScriptures), the termalmost always refers tothe mercy seat.
  150. 150. *It seems to me, Paul usedthe word to indicate thatin Christ, and specificallyin His atoning death, weencounter God’s mercy.
  151. 151. *God took the initiative toprovide the means bywhich people’s sins couldbe covered.
  152. 152. *Their forgiveness andentrance into rightrelationship with Himcomes through faith inChrist’s blood—by trustin His sacrificial, atoningdeath.
  153. 153. *God presented Christ’sdeath on the cross onsinners’ behalf todemonstrate His [God’s]righteousness.
  154. 154. *In times past, God hadheld back the fulljudgment people’s sinsdeserved.
  155. 155. *He had dealt with theirsins but had exercisedrestraint (forbearance,patience) in temporarilypassing over (letting pass,disregarding) the sinspreviously committed.
  156. 156. *Prior to Christ’s atoningdeath, God had withheldthe full measure of sin’sconsequences.
  157. 157. *Did His doing so meanHe was indifferent to sin,that He exercised easytolerance of people’smissing His design for life?Paul stated forcefully thatat the present time—God’s
  158. 158. appointed or opportuneseason in contrast to thepast—God demonstratedHis righteousness orjustness through Christ’ssacrificial death as themeans of dealing with
  159. 159. people’s sins.*The cross foreverdemonstrates theseriousness with whichGod views sin.
  160. 160. *It uncovers the depths ofpeople’s sin and thelengths to which God inHis love has gone toremove that barrier andoffer relationship withHim—a new standing of
  161. 161. grace.*He is right, and Hemakes right with Him theone who has faith in(trust in and commitmentto) Jesus.
  162. 162. *Jesus fully revealed God’srighteousness anddemonstrated thatrighteousness.*We receive right standingwith God through Him.
  163. 163. *Jesus demonstratesGod’s righteousness.*List examples of God’srighteousness you see inwhat you know aboutJesus.
  164. 164. Focal Passages:God PromisesRighteousness Jeremiah 23:5-6Jesus RevealsRighteousness Romans 3:21-26
  165. 165. We ReceiveRighteousness fromChrist Alone Romans 10:1-4,9-10
  166. 166. Romans 10:1-4, 9-101 “Brothers, my heart’sdesire and prayer to Godconcerning them is fortheir salvation!
  167. 167. 2 I can testify about themthat they have zeal forGod, but not according toknowledge.
  168. 168. 3 Because theydisregarded therighteousness from Godand attempted toestablish their ownrighteousness, they havenot submitted
  169. 169. themselves to God’srighteousness.4 For Christ is the end ofthe law for righteousnessto everyone whobelieves.”
  170. 170. 9 “If you confess withyour mouth, “Jesus isLord,” and believe inyour heart that Godraised Him from thedead, you will be saved.
  171. 171. 10 One believes with theheart, resulting inrighteousness, and oneconfesses with themouth, resulting insalvation.” Romans 10:1-4,9-10
  172. 172. *Paul wanted believers inRome to know he had notabandoned his people, theJews (Israel).
  173. 173. *Addressing his letter’srecipients with the warmterm brothers to indicatespiritual kinship, Paulexpressed intense care forthe Jews.
  174. 174. *Desire conveys the senseof good will, of kindintent.*At the center of his being(his heart), he was kindlydisposed toward the Jews.
  175. 175. *He interceded for them,beseeching God for theirsalvation, which wouldbring him the greatestpossible pleasure.
  176. 176. *From his personalexperience as a Pharisee,Paul could testify theJews had zeal for Godexpressed in law-keepingand rituals.
  177. 177. *Their zeal was notaccording to knowledge.*They did not have full orcorrect perception orinsight.
  178. 178. *Their religious fervorlacked enlightenment.*The Jews largelydisregarded therighteousness from God.
  179. 179. *The Greek term rendereddisregarded means “not toknow,” “to be ignorantof,” “not to understand,”“to err or sin throughmistake.”
  180. 180. *Paul may have meant theJews largely failed torecognize God’s provisionof right standing with Himso they did not understandthe means of rightrelationship with Him.
  181. 181. *One view is that theirlack of insight was self-imposed.*They willfully refusedGod’s revelation of theonly basis of relationshipwith Him.
  182. 182. *Instead, they attemptedto establish their ownrighteousness.
  183. 183. *They devised a methodby which they sought tomake themselves rightwith God, a works-righteousness devoid of asense of indebtedness toHim.
  184. 184. *Out of pride, theydetermined to create theirown standard by which todefine and attainrighteousness.
  185. 185. *Thus, they had notsubmitted themselves toGod’s righteousness;stubbornly, they hadrefused to accept theGospel of right standingwith God by grace and
  186. 186. would not committhemselves to Himthrough faith in Christ.*They substituted law-keeping for God’s offer ofright relationship withHim as His gift of grace.
  187. 187. *Christ is the end of thelaw for righteousness.*End can mean“fulfillment” or“termination.”
  188. 188. *Thus, Paul may have meant:(1) Christ fulfilled the law, or(2) He terminated the law as a means of righteousness.
  189. 189. *One view says the way ofgrace through faith inChrist ended legalism as asystem to achieve rightstanding with God.
  190. 190. *Another approach saysboth meanings apply:Christ completely met thelaw’s demands, embodiedrighteousness, andprovided a way of faiththat set aside law-keeping
  191. 191. as a means of achievingrighteousness.
  192. 192. *Right relationship withGod is open to everyonewho believes.*That is, anyone whotrusts in Christ entersright standing with Godas a gift of grace.
  193. 193. *In verses 5-8, Paulcontrasted righteousness“from the law” (v. 5) to“righteousness that comesfrom faith” (v. 6).
  194. 194. *He pointed out that law-righteousness called forperfect obedience that noone could achieve.
  195. 195. *On the other hand, faith-righteousness was readilyavailable because of God’sprovision.
  196. 196. *Paul adaptedDeuteronomy 30:11-14 toemphasize that Christ haddone everythingnecessary to provide rightrelationship with God.
  197. 197. *Faith is possible becauseof Christ’s atoning work.
  198. 198. *Paul stated clearly “themessage of faith” heproclaimed (v. 8b).*If indicates that whatfollows is a possibility.*People’s being saveddepended on their choices.
  199. 199. *Salvation hinged on tworesponses: confession andbelief.*Paul’s order correspondsto the quote in verse 8 anddoes not indicate definedsequence.
  200. 200. *To be saved, one had toconfess with the mouth(verbally) Jesus’ lordship.*To confess was to say thesame thing about ChristGod said: Jesus was God’sSon (see Mark 1:11).
  201. 201. *The confession “Jesus isLord” acknowledgedJesus’ Deity.*It also openly declaredJesus as the believer’sMaster, his or her absoluteauthority.
  202. 202. *A person seekingsalvation had to believe… that God raised [Jesus]from the dead.
  203. 203. *Belief is much more thanaccepting something asfactual; it is convictionand commitment.
  204. 204. *The heart was viewed asthe center of life thatinvolved the emotions,intellect, and will.
  205. 205. *God’s raising Jesus fromthe dead was irrefutableevidence that Jesus wasHis Son and verifiedeverything Jesus said anddid.
  206. 206. *Inner, decisivecommitment to the truthof the resurrection isessential to salvationbecause only trust in aliving Lord can give newlife—salvation, right
  207. 207. standing with God.*Confession andcommitment result insalvation—deliverancefrom sin.
  208. 208. By Mark A. Rathel The concept of “confession” is an important part of a Christian’s experience. ManyChristians correlate confession with the beginning of the Christian life.The acknowledgment of our status as sinners and our profession ofallegiance to Jesus express integral aspects of Christian conversion.The New Testament, however, does not limit the role of confession to the beginning of the Christian life,when the new believer confesses his or her faith in Christ. This act of confession, a confession that leadsto repentance of sin, is an essentialpart of a believers spiritual life. As Baptist theologian W. T. Connerwrote, “It [repentance] is an attitude that belongs to the Christian life as a whole.
  209. 209. The initial act of repentance is the beginning of a Life of repentance. ”1 The Greek verb for the act of confession is homologeo. This compound word derives from two other Greek words: homo,meaning “like,” and logos, meaning “word” or “thing spoken.” The Greek verb for the act of confession, then, has a range of usages including “promise,” “agree,” “admit,” “confess (sins),” and “publicly declare (that one is something).”
  210. 210. 2 Backgrounds of “Confession” The various contexts in which the vocabulary of “confession” occurred in documents written prior to theNew Testament provide understanding in how the readers of Romans would have understood the concept of confession.
  211. 211. Confession functioned as an important concept in legal and religious contexts. The concept of “confession” occurred predominately as a legal term with the connotation of “agree with.” The Greek noun “confession” frequently described a contractual agreement. Numerous Greek papyri discovered in Egypt bear this meaning. 3 A common heading for a last will or testament is “contract and agreement (homologia).” The papyri describe a contract laborer as a “confessor” (homologos). Another of the papyri uses the verb form meaning "to agree with." It is a legal document: “We acknowledge (homologeo) that we divided between ourselves at the present time the vineyard which we hold on lease.”
  212. 212. 4 The religious usage of “confession” correlates and builds upon thelegal background. In a manner similar to which one confessed wrongdoing in a court, one acknowledged or confessed sins before a deity. An individual publicly professed allegiance to a deity by means of an oath of confession.
  213. 213. 5 The Septuagint, the Greek translation of the Old Testament, contains a unique usage of the idea of confession. The translators of the Septuagint frequently translated the Hebrew word yada, “to confess, to praise, to give thanks,” by means of the verb exomologeo, a related word with the same meaning as homologeo, mentioned above. The Israelites “confessed praise” of God’s majestic power (1 Chron. 29:12), as well as His mighty acts of redemption (Ps. 105:1-6). Frequently, worshipprovided the setting for the confession of praise to Yahweh.
  214. 214. Greek translation of Psalm 100:4provides evidence of “confession”as an act of praise. “Enter into Hiscourts by means of giving thanks (exomologeo), and his courts with hymns; give thanks (exomologeo) and praise his name.”
  215. 215. 6 “Confession” in RomansPaul used Greek words for “confess” four times in Romans. Twice heused the term homologeo highlighting public allegiance to Jesus (Rom. 10:9-10). He used exomologeo twice in quotations from the Septuagint in the sense of confessing praise (Rom. 14:11; 15:9). The concept ofconfession in Romans used both the legal and Septuagint background.
  216. 216. Romans 10:9-10—A discussion contrasting two kinds of righteousness supplies the immediate context for Paul’s use of “confession” in Romans 10:9-10. On the one hand, a perfect, unmerited kind of righteousness is available from God through faith. On the other hand, many Jews pursued self-righteousness through works of the law. In Romans 10:1-13, Paul quoted the Old Testament six times to reassure his readers that the Old Testament itself taught that righteousness comes by faith. One of his quotes, Deuteronomy 30:14 (see Rom. 10:8), affirmed that a heart faith brings righteousness.
  217. 217. In Romans 10:9-10, Paul set forth three pairs of related truths in describing how an individual receives salvation. First, Paul linked confessing with the mouth to believing with the heart. Faith and confession involve doctrinal content, namely, the lordship ofChrist. In light of the over six thousand times the Septuagint translates “Lord” for “Yahweh,” an avowal of the lordship of Christ affirms His deity.
  218. 218. The public confession “Jesus is Lord” flows out of an inward heart attitude of trust. Faith inevitably flows outward in a public pledge of allegiance to the person of Christ. Second, Paullinked righteousness with salvation— salvation that originates with a person’s believing with his or her heart. Salvation means that God provides humans with righteousness as a gift through Christ.
  219. 219. Third, Paul linked believing that Jesus is Lord with His being raised from the dead. As it was with the women who finallyrecognized the resurrected Christ at the empty tomb, as it was withJesus’ post-resurrection encounter with Thomas and his subsequentconfession of faith, so it has been for followers of Jesus through the centuries: Christ’s death and subsequent resurrection confirm His lordship.
  220. 220. Romans 14:11—Although we do not see it in the English translations, Paul again used the Greek term homologeo to talk about confessing praise to God. In Romans 14:11, Paul uses the Septuagint version of Isaiah 45:23: “As I live, says the Lord, every knee will bow to Me, and every tongue will givepraise to God” (HCSB, emphasis added).
  221. 221. The dispute between “weak” and “strong” Christians differing on the subject of eating meat offered to idols functions as the immediate context for thisOld Testament quote. Paul challenged his readers not to judge each other for two reasons. First, they are brothers despite their differences. Second, all believers will stand before God’s judgment seat (14:10). Isaiah 45 celebrates the nature of God as the world’s only Creator, Savior, and Judge.
  222. 222. The action of bowing the knee depicts submission. The action of the tongue portrays a confessionof praise, even in the context of judgment.
  223. 223. Romans 15:9—Paul’s final reference to confession in Romans occurs in chapter 15. The immediate context is a final plea for unity in the Roman church (vv. 1-13). Since Christ accepted the individual believer, the individual believer should accept other Christians (v. 7). Christ serves the Jews as well as the Gentiles (or nations), the most visible human divide in the first century (v. 8). Paul broughttogether four Old Testament citations to demonstrate that both Jew and Gentile belong to the community of the Messiah.
  224. 224. In Romans 15:9, Paul quoted Psalm 18:49. The psalm described eventsin David’s life and David’s consequent desire to praise God’s name among the Gentiles. The fact that Paul cites this Scripture passage as supportive of a ministry of Christ to Jews and Gentiles indicates that the apostle interpreted this psalm as a prophecy of the Messiah. Paul’s letter to the Roman believers affirms that Jesus, then, is the speaker who confesses praise to God among the Gentiles.7 Implications for Believers Paul’s teaching regarding the act of confessing offers numerous implications for the Christian life.
  225. 225. First, the act of confessing “Jesus is Lord” serves as a public oath of allegiance to the Person of Christ as full Deity. Second, Christianscan disagree about matters nonessential to the gospel and recognize that God alone is the Judge. All Christians will bow in submission to the Creator-Savior-Judge and confess praise. Third, Christ Himself confesses praise among the Gentiles or nations as they glorify God for His mercy. Christ, then, is our Example in praise for the nations coming to salvation. i
  226. 226. 1. Walter T. Conner, The Gospel of Redemption (Nashville: Broadman Press, 1945), 199.2. William F. Arndt and F. Wilbur Gingrich, “oJmologevw” in A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature, 2nd ed. rev. (Chicago: University of Chicago, 1979), 568; Dieter Fürst, “Confess” in The New International Dictionary of New Testament Theology, gen. ed. Colin Brown (Grand Rapids: Regency Reference Library, 1986), 1:344. 3. The term “papyri” describes documents written on writing materials made from the papyrus reed. 4. The entire discussion about “confession” in the Greek papyri comes from James Hope Moulton and George Milligan, The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament: Illustrated from the Papyri and other Non-Literary Sources (London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1952), 449. 5. Fürst, 344. 6. Author’s translation of Psalm 100:4. 7. Douglas J. Moo, The Epistle to the Romans (GrandRapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1996), 878-79.
  227. 227. *In experience, innerconviction andcommitment (belief withthe heart) come first,resulting inrighteousness—a rightrelationship with God,
  228. 228. a new standing of grace.*Coupled with completecommitment is confessionof Christ as Lord,resulting in salvation.
  229. 229. *Faith and confession gotogether; genuine faithexpresses itself in verbalconfession.
  230. 230. *Paul stressed salvationwas open to both Jewsand Gentiles who wouldturn to God in faith (vv.11-13).
  231. 231. *The Jews were wrong intrying to establish theirown standard ofrighteousness instead ofsubmitting to God’sstandard.
  232. 232. *Today, we need tounderstand that we stillare made right with Godonly when we place faithin Christ and confess Himopenly.
  233. 233. *We should not attempt toestablish our ownrighteousness but shouldsubmit to God’s way toright relationship withHim through commitmentto Christ.
  234. 234. Jesus not onlydemonstrates God’srighteousness, He alsodelivers righteousness tothose who trust Him.
  235. 235. *List examples of God’srighteousness Jesus hasestablished in your life.
  236. 236. Biblical Truths• God values justice andrighteousness, and somust we.• Jesus reveals anddemonstrates God’srighteousness.
  237. 237. • We are made right withGod only through faith inChrist.
  238. 238. • Receiving a newstanding of grace withGod requires commitmentat life’s center andconfession of thatcommitment.
  239. 239. Who you are in Christ isbased on who Christ is.
  240. 240. Thank Him for therighteousness He hasdeveloped in your life,and give Him yourpermission and requestto make you morerighteous like the Father.

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