JESUS THE TRUE SHEPHERD
JOHN 10

NOVEMBER 17, 2013
FIRST BAPTIST CHURCH
JACKSON, MISSISSIPPI
USA
November Bible Memory Verse:

Philippians 4:6-7
6 Do not be anxious about
anything, but in every situation,
by prayer and ...
7

And the peace of God, which
transcends all understanding,
will guard your hearts and your
minds in Christ Jesus.
Philip...
JESUS THE TRUE SHEPHERD

http://www.turnbacktogod.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/07/Jesus-on-Hill.jpg
J. Vernon McGee's
Thru The Bible

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/lt/6/6e/J.V.Mcgee.jpg
Wiersbe's Expository
Outlines on the New
Testament. Copyright ©
1992 by Chariot Victor
Publishing, an imprint of
Cook Comm...
Barclay's Daily Study
Bible (NT)
Barclay was a Scottish
author, radio and
television presenter.
(5 December 1907, Wick –
2...
The MacArthur New
Testament Commentary,
Copyright ©
Moody Press and
John MacArthur,
Jr., 1983-2007.
http://3.bp.blogspot.c...
John 8 - The adulterous
woman
John 9 - The man who
was born blind
John 10 - Jesus the True
Shepherd
In the OT the sheep
died for the shepherd.
In the NT the Shepherd
dies for the sheep!
John 10

Jesus the True Shepherd

New King James Version
(NKJV)
John 10:27-30 NKJV
27 My

sheep hear My
voice, and I know them,
and they follow Me.
28 And

I give them eternal
life, and they shall never
perish; neither shall
anyone snatch them out of
My hand.
29 My

Father, Who has
given them to Me, is
greater than all; and no
one is able to
snatch them out of My
Father’s hand.
30 I

and My Father are
one.”
John 10:27-30 NKJV
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1 John 5:11-13 NKJV
11 And

this is the
testimony: that God has
given us eternal life, and
this life is in His Son.
12 He

who has the Son has
life; he who does not have
the Son of God does not
have life.
13 These

things I have
written to you who
believe in the name of the
Son of God, that you may
know (not maybe, not
hope s...
may continue to believe in
the name of the Son of
God.
1 John 5:11-13 NKJV
In John 9, Jesus heals the
man that was born blind
and tells the Pharisees
that they were spiritually
blind.
True Vision and True
Blindness
John 9:35-41 NKJV
35 Jesus

heard that they
had cast him out; and
when He had found him,
He said to him, “Do you
believe in the Son of
God?”
36 He

answered and said,
“Who is He, Lord, that I
may believe in Him?...
37 And

Jesus said to
him, “You have both seen
Him and it is He who is
talking with you.”
38 Then he said, “Lord, I
believ...
39 And

Jesus said, “For
judgment I have come
into this world, that those
who do not see may see,
and that those who see
m...
40 Then

some of the
Pharisees who were with
Him heard these words,
and said to Him, “Are we
blind also?”
41 Jesus

said to them, “If
you were blind, you
would have no sin; but
now you say, ‘We see.’
Therefore your sin
remains.
...
John 10:1-6 NKJV
John 10:1-6 NKJV
1 “Most assuredly, I say to
you, he who does not
enter the sheepfold by the
door, but climbs up some
othe...
2 But

he who enters by the
door is the shepherd of
the sheep.

http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-1YFyhgLK5aQ/TsW3M5xHlVI/AAAAAAAA...
3 To

him the doorkeeper
opens, and the sheep hear
his voice; and he calls his
own sheep by name and
leads them out.
4 And

when he brings out
his own sheep, he goes
before them; and the
sheep follow him, for they
know his voice.
5 Yet

they will by no
means follow a stranger,
but will flee from him, for
they do not know the
voice of strangers.”
6 Jesus

used this
illustration, but they did
not understand the things
which He spoke to them.
John 10:1-6 NKJV
The Bible refers to Jesus
Christ by many titles.
He is called the Alpha and
the Omega (Rev 22:13),
Immanuel (Isa 7:14),
Ki...
http://celebrategodsword.files.wordpress.com/2013/02/shepherd-jesus.jpg
Perhaps the most
endearing and
intimate title
for Christ is
that of
Shepherd.
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Centuries before the
Messiah came, the Old
Testament prophets had
predicted that He would
shepherd His people.
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Micah 5:4-5 NKJV
4 And

He shall stand and
feed His flock
In the strength of
the LORD,
In the majesty of the name
of the LORD His God;
And they shall abide,
For now He shall be great
To the ends of the earth;
5 And this One shall be
pea...
The New Testament also
depicts
Christ as
Shepherd.

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The apostle Peter
described Jesus as the
Shepherd of believers'
souls (1 Peter 2:25), and
later as the Chief
Shepherd of t...
The writer of Hebrews
closed his epistle with the
benediction in chapter 13,
20 “Now may the God of
peace Who brought up
o...
of the sheep, through the
blood of the everlasting
covenant”
Hebrews 13:20 NKJV
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Even beyond this life,
Jesus will
continue to
shepherd His
people for
all eternity
in Heaven:
http://godrules77.tripod.com...
Revelation 7:17 NKJV
17 “for

the Lamb Who is in
the midst of the throne
will shepherd them and
lead them to living
founta...
And God will wipe away
every tear from their eyes.”
Revelation 7:17 NKJV

http://files.myopera.com/SavedNotFried/blog/Bill...
Nowhere in all of
Scripture is Jesus Christ
more clearly portrayed as
the Shepherd of His
people than here in the
tenth ch...
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Throughout Israel's
history, shepherding had
always been a familiar
part of everyday agrarian
life.
Everyone knew that sheep
were the most helpless,
defenseless, straying, and
dirty of animals.
They require constant
oversight,
leading,
rescue, and
cleaning or
they will die.
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Being a shepherd was
good training for leading
people.

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In fact, the patriarchs
Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob
had been shepherds as
were Israel's greatest
leaders: Moses and David.
Ezekiel 34:23 NKJV
23 I will establish one
shepherd over them, and
he shall feed them—My
servant David. He shall
feed them...
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It is not surprising, then,
that the Old Testament
writers frequently used
shepherding imagery,
depicting Israel as God's
...
The New Testament
writers also used that
same familiar
terminology to describe
the church (Acts 20:28-29;
1 Peter 5:2-3).
Acts 20:28-29 NKJV
28 Therefore

take heed to
yourselves and to all the
flock, among which the
Holy Spirit has made you
ov...
church of God which He
purchased with His own
29 For I know this,
blood.
that after my departure
savage wolves will come
i...
1 Peter 5:2-4 NKJV
2 Shepherd

the flock of
God which is among you,
serving as overseers, not
by compulsion but
willingly,...
dishonest gain but
eagerly;
3 nor

as being lords over
those entrusted to you,
but being examples to the
flock;
4 and

when the Chief
Shepherd appears, you
will receive the crown of
glory that does not fade
away.
1 Peter 5:2-4 NKJV
While the metaphor of a
shepherd suggests tender
care, it can also depict
harsh, abusive, autocratic
rule (from false
shep...
The Bible refers to false
spiritual leaders, as well
as true ones, as shepherds.

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In verses 1-10 Jesus
contrasted Himself with
Israel's false shepherds by
using two images: He is
the true Shepherd of the
...
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John 10:1 NKJV
1 “Most assuredly, I say to
you, he who does not
enter the sheepfold by the
door, but climbs up some
other ...
The phrase most
assuredly (amen, amen or
truly, truly) introduces a
statement of notable
importance.
The Middle Eastern
sheepfold was very
simple: a stone wall,
perhaps ten feet high,
surrounded it, and an
opening served as...
Each village had a fold
where sheep were kept at
night.

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The shepherds would
graze their flocks in the
surrounding countryside
during the day, and then
lead them back to the
commu...
There the shepherds
would stop each sheep at
the entrance with their
rods and carefully inspect
it before allowing it to
e...
Ezekiel 20:37-38 NKJV
37 “I

will make you pass
under the rod, and I will
bring you into the bond of
the covenant;
38 I

will purge the rebels
from among you, and
those who transgress
against Me; I will bring
them out of the country
wher...
land of Israel. Then you
will know that
I am the LORD.
Ezekiel 20:37-38 NKJV
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The porter (or one of the
shepherds) would sleep at
the opening of the fold
and actually become "the
door."
Nothing could enter or
leave the fold without
passing over the
shepherd.
In the morning each
shepherd would call his
own sheep, which would
recognize their shepherd's
voice and come out of the
fo...
Christ points out that the
true shepherd comes
through the door (v. 1),
calls his sheep by name,
which recognize him (v.
3...
False shepherds and
strangers, who are thieves
and robbers, try to get
into the fold some subtle
way, but the sheep will
n...
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Jesus began this discourse
by identifying Himself as
the true Shepherd, in
sharp contrast to all false
shepherds.
Once in the fold, the
sheep were in the care of
the doorkeeper who
would keep watch over
them during the night.
He would give only the
shepherds access to the
sheepfold; therefore
anyone who could not
enter by the door into the
fold o...
way (sometimes over a
wall that was ten feet
high), was a thief and a
robber.
*Only the one who
entered by the door was a
...
John 10:2-3 NKJV
2 But

he who enters by the
door is the shepherd of
the sheep.
3 To

him the doorkeeper
(porter) opens, and the
sheep hear his voice; and
he calls his own sheep by
name and leads them o...
Whom does the
doorkeeper (porter)
represent?
The doorkeeper is the
Holy Spirit.
The Spirit of God came
upon Jesus, and
everything that He did,
He did by the power of
the Spirit of God.
The Holy Spirit was
opening the ears of His
sheep to hear His voice.
His sheep have
responded.
This ties in with the
prece...
Those religious rulers
were blind spiritually
and, what is more, they
were deaf.
They didn't even hear His
voice.
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But He calls His own
sheep by name and leads
them out.
The blind man heard Him
call.
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Simon heard His call, and
Jesus changed his name to
Peter, which means a
stone.
He called James and John,
Nathanael and Ph...
He stopped under a tree
in Jericho and called
Zacchaeus.

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When the Lord Jesus calls
His own out of the world
at the time of the Rapture,
His call will have every
believer's name in...
*I'll hear Him say
personally, “Bill Boteler."
*That will be wonderful!
*He knows my name and
He'll call it at that time.
...
You will hear your name
in His shout!
He leads His sheep out of
the sheepfold, out of
Judaism.
The religious rulers had
excommunicated the man
whose sight Jesus had
restored.
Jesus is going to lead this
sheep out of J...
John 10:4 NKJV
4 And

when he brings out
his own sheep, he goes
before them; and the
sheep follow him, for they
know his v...
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*The shepherd spends the
night in his own bed.
*When he comes to the
sheepfold in the morning,
his sheep are all mixed up
...
or marking on the sheep.
*How does he get the
sheep that are his?
*He calls them by name.
*The sheep don't have to
be iden...
When he starts out over
the hill, his own sheep
come out of the fold and
follow him.
They know him.
Our Lord says, "The sheep
will follow Him because
they know His voice."
It is the most wonderful
thing in the world to
know that, when we give
out the Word of God,
Jesus is calling His sheep.
The Spirit of God is the
Doorkeeper (Porter) Who
does the opening, and the
sheep will hear.
Our Lord will lead His
sheep out of a legal
system, perhaps even out
of a church where they're
not being fed.
They will fo...
You cannot permanently
fool God's sheep.
It is true that the sheep
may get into a cult or an
"ism" for a while, but the
sh...
Unfortunately, many
preachers are afraid to
stand up for the truth;
however, when a man
preaches the Word of
God, the shee...
We can depend on that
because our Lord said,
"My sheep hear my voice"
(v. 27).
Don’t be guilty of
sheepbite.
John 10:5 NKJV
5 Yet

they will by no
means follow a stranger,
but will flee from him, for
they do not know the
voice of s...
You can fool some of
God's people some of the
time, but you can’t fool
all of God's people all the
time.
For a time, God's sheep
may think they hear Him
but eventually discover
that it is not His voice.
Then they will turn to the
teaching of the Word of
God because they know
their Shepherd.
John 10:6 NKJV
6 Jesus

used this
illustration, but they did
not understand the things
which He spoke to them.
The word parable in some
translations is really not
an accurate translation.
The Greek word for
parable is parabole and
the word in this verse is
paroimia, which really
means "an allegory."
The Gospel of John does
not record any of the
parables of our Lord.
It records the metaphors
and allegories such as "I
am the light of the world"
(John 8:12) and "I am the
bread of life" (Jo...
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*These are not parables
but are figures of speech
to let us know something
about God.
*They are intended to give
us light ...
So it should actually read,
"This allegory spoke Jesus
unto them."
*They didn't understand
what He was saying
because, as ...
Our Lord also said, "Who
hath ears to hear, let him
hear" (Matt. 13:9).
It is possible to have ears
and yet not hear.
They hear it all right, but
they don't hear it as the
Word of God.
That is the important
thing.
How do you hear it?
It is this important
difference in hearing to
which our Lord referred
when He quoted Isaiah,
"...By hearing ye shall
hear,...
shall see, and shall not
perceive"
(Matthew 13:14).
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John 10:7-10 NKJV
Jesus the Good Shepherd
7 Then Jesus said to them
again, “Most assuredly, I
say to you, I am the door
of...
8 All

who ever came before
Me are thieves and
robbers, but the sheep did
not hear them.
9I

am the door. If anyone
enters by Me, he will be
saved, and will go in and
out and find pasture.
10 The

thief does not come
except to steal, and to kill,
and to destroy. I have
come that they may have
life, and that th...
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The door (vv. 7-10).
Jesus Christ is the door,
and as such He leads the
sheep "in and out."
The blind man in chapter
9 was "cast out"
(excommunicated) by the
false shepherds because
he trusted Jesus, but he
was tak...
Theologian Arthur Pink
points out that there are
really three doors spoken
of in this chapter, and we
must distinguish the...
1) "The door into the
sheepfold" (v. 1).
The sheepfold here is not
heaven but the nation of
Israel (see Ps 100).
Christ came to Israel
through the way
appointed in Scripture;
the porter (John the
Baptist) opened the door
for Him.
2) "The door of the sheep"
(v. 7).

This is the door that leads
people out of their present
fold; in this case, Judaism.
Christ opened the way for
multitudes to leave the
old religious system and
find new life.
3) The door of salvation
(v. 9).
The sheep using this door
go in and out, which
speaks of liberty; they
have eternal life;
they enjoy the pastures of
God's Word.
Satan, through his false
teachers (thieves and
robbers), wants to steal,
kill, and ...
sheep; but Christ gives
abundant life and cares
for the sheep.
John 10:7-21
(from Wiersbe's Expository Outlines on the New Testament. Copyright © 1992 by
Chariot Victor Publishing, an i...
John 10:11-16 NKJV
11 “I

am the good
shepherd. The good
shepherd gives His life for
the sheep.
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12 But

a hireling, he who is not
the shepherd, one who does
not own the sheep, sees the
wolf coming and leaves the
sheep ...
and scatters them.
13 The

hireling flees
because he is a hireling
and does not care about
the sheep.
14 I

am the good shepherd;
and I know My sheep, and
am known by My own.
15 As the Father knows
Me, even so I know the
Fat...
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16 And

other sheep I have
which are not of this fold;
them also I must bring,
and they will hear My
voice; and there will...
The Shepherd Knows
His Sheep
John 10:22-30 NKJV
22 Now

it was the Feast of
Dedication in Jerusalem,
and it was winter.
23 And

Jesus walked in the
temple, in Solomon’s
porch.
24 Then

the Jews
surrounded Him and said
to Him, “How long do
You keep us in doubt? If
You are the Christ, tell us
plainl...
25 Jesus

answered them, “I
told you, and you do not
believe. The works that I
do in My Father’s name,
they bear witness o...
26 But

you do not believe,
because you are not of My
sheep, as I said to you.
27 My

sheep hear My
voice, and I know them...
28 And

I give them eternal
life, and they shall never
perish; neither shall
anyone snatch them out of
My hand.
29 My

Father, who has
given them to Me, is
greater than all; and no
one is able to
snatch them out of My
Father’s hand.
30 I

and My Father are
one.”
John 10:22-30 NKJV
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The events in the first half of
John, chapter 10 (vv. 1-21)
took place right after the
casting out of the man born
blind i...
The entire chapter, John
10, is tied together by the
symbolism of the
shepherd and his sheep.
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John 10:16-21 NKJV
16 And

other sheep I have
which are not of this fold;
them also I must bring,
and they will hear My
vo...
one flock and one
shepherd.
17 “Therefore

My Father
loves Me, because I lay
down My life that I may
take it again.
18 No

one takes it from
Me, but I lay it down of
Myself. I have power to
lay it down, and I have
power to take it again.
...
19 Therefore

there was a
division again among the
Jews because of these
sayings.
20 And

many of them said,
“He has a demon and is
mad. Why do you listen to
Him?”
21 Others

said, “These are
not the words of one who
has a demon. Can a
demon open the eyes of
the blind?”
John 10:16-21 N...
Zechariah 13:7 NKJV
7 “Awake,

O sword,
against My Shepherd,
Against the Man Who is
My Companion,”
Says the LORD of hosts.
“Strike the Shepherd,
And the sheep will be
scattered;
Then I will turn My hand
against the little ones.
Zechariah 13:7 NK...
This discourse in which Jesus
presents Himself as the Good
Shepherd flows directly from
the events of the preceding
chapte...
The Lord continued to
speak to the same
people—His disciples, the
formerly blind beggar, the
hostile Pharisees, and the
ot...
This opening section of
chapter 10 presents four
distinctives of the Good
Shepherd's pastoral work.
It is a shepherding ministry
marked by contrast to false
shepherds, by concern for
the flock, by compliance to
the Father,...
These first six verses are a
picture of the relationship
between the shepherd and
his sheep.
Christ is reminding the
people of what shepherds
and sheep act like.
Later in the chapter He
makes a more direct
applicati...
A sheepfold is an
enclosure where
shepherds put their sheep
for the night.
The porter has charge of
it.
http://reflectgrace.files.wordpress.com/2013/03/thenarrowsheepgate.jpg
When His sheep hear His
voice, they will follow
Him.
For a long time J. Vernon
McGee worried about
those who will not list...
He reached the point that
he doesn’t worry about
them.
The reason they don't
hear His voice is that they
are not His sheep...
Wherever we find people
who are eager for the
Word of God, we know
they are His sheep.
11 November 17, 2013, John 10;1-42, Jesus The True Shepherd
11 November 17, 2013, John 10;1-42, Jesus The True Shepherd
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11 November 17, 2013, John 10;1-42, Jesus The True Shepherd

  1. 1. JESUS THE TRUE SHEPHERD JOHN 10 NOVEMBER 17, 2013 FIRST BAPTIST CHURCH JACKSON, MISSISSIPPI USA
  2. 2. November Bible Memory Verse: Philippians 4:6-7 6 Do not be anxious about anything, but in every situation, by prayer and petition, with thanksgiving, present your requests to God.
  3. 3. 7 And the peace of God, which transcends all understanding, will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus. Philippians 4:6-7
  4. 4. JESUS THE TRUE SHEPHERD http://www.turnbacktogod.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/07/Jesus-on-Hill.jpg
  5. 5. J. Vernon McGee's Thru The Bible http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/lt/6/6e/J.V.Mcgee.jpg
  6. 6. Wiersbe's Expository Outlines on the New Testament. Copyright © 1992 by Chariot Victor Publishing, an imprint of Cook Communication Ministries.
  7. 7. Barclay's Daily Study Bible (NT) Barclay was a Scottish author, radio and television presenter. (5 December 1907, Wick – 24 January 1978, Glasgow)
  8. 8. The MacArthur New Testament Commentary, Copyright © Moody Press and John MacArthur, Jr., 1983-2007. http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-1XAx0amc4wA/TfdXgTIcOLI/AAAAAAAzI/OWwoS1k23vs/s1600/JohnMacArthurFade.jpg
  9. 9. John 8 - The adulterous woman John 9 - The man who was born blind John 10 - Jesus the True Shepherd
  10. 10. In the OT the sheep died for the shepherd. In the NT the Shepherd dies for the sheep!
  11. 11. John 10 Jesus the True Shepherd New King James Version (NKJV)
  12. 12. John 10:27-30 NKJV 27 My sheep hear My voice, and I know them, and they follow Me.
  13. 13. 28 And I give them eternal life, and they shall never perish; neither shall anyone snatch them out of My hand.
  14. 14. 29 My Father, Who has given them to Me, is greater than all; and no one is able to snatch them out of My Father’s hand.
  15. 15. 30 I and My Father are one.” John 10:27-30 NKJV
  16. 16. http://cdn.followpics.com/show/157626055679302027_vSd9GrZE_c.jpg
  17. 17. http://lynnaquilina.files.wordpress.com/2013/04/909177_10151513069899407_1142513664_n.jpg?w=265&h=270
  18. 18. http://cool.org.il/wp-content/uploads/2012/06/safeintheshepardsarms..jpg
  19. 19. 1 John 5:11-13 NKJV 11 And this is the testimony: that God has given us eternal life, and this life is in His Son.
  20. 20. 12 He who has the Son has life; he who does not have the Son of God does not have life.
  21. 21. 13 These things I have written to you who believe in the name of the Son of God, that you may know (not maybe, not hope so) that you have eternal life, and that you
  22. 22. may continue to believe in the name of the Son of God. 1 John 5:11-13 NKJV
  23. 23. In John 9, Jesus heals the man that was born blind and tells the Pharisees that they were spiritually blind.
  24. 24. True Vision and True Blindness John 9:35-41 NKJV 35 Jesus heard that they had cast him out; and when He had found him,
  25. 25. He said to him, “Do you believe in the Son of God?” 36 He answered and said, “Who is He, Lord, that I may believe in Him?”
  26. 26. 37 And Jesus said to him, “You have both seen Him and it is He who is talking with you.” 38 Then he said, “Lord, I believe!” And he worshiped Him.
  27. 27. 39 And Jesus said, “For judgment I have come into this world, that those who do not see may see, and that those who see may be made blind.”
  28. 28. 40 Then some of the Pharisees who were with Him heard these words, and said to Him, “Are we blind also?”
  29. 29. 41 Jesus said to them, “If you were blind, you would have no sin; but now you say, ‘We see.’ Therefore your sin remains. John 9:35-41 NKJV
  30. 30. John 10:1-6 NKJV
  31. 31. John 10:1-6 NKJV 1 “Most assuredly, I say to you, he who does not enter the sheepfold by the door, but climbs up some other way, the same is a thief and a robber.
  32. 32. 2 But he who enters by the door is the shepherd of the sheep. http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-1YFyhgLK5aQ/TsW3M5xHlVI/AAAAAAAAH1U/QH8ZqnHV-_M/s1600/Good+Shepherd.jpg
  33. 33. 3 To him the doorkeeper opens, and the sheep hear his voice; and he calls his own sheep by name and leads them out.
  34. 34. 4 And when he brings out his own sheep, he goes before them; and the sheep follow him, for they know his voice.
  35. 35. 5 Yet they will by no means follow a stranger, but will flee from him, for they do not know the voice of strangers.”
  36. 36. 6 Jesus used this illustration, but they did not understand the things which He spoke to them. John 10:1-6 NKJV
  37. 37. The Bible refers to Jesus Christ by many titles. He is called the Alpha and the Omega (Rev 22:13), Immanuel (Isa 7:14), King of kings and Lord of lords (1 Tim 6:15), etc.
  38. 38. http://celebrategodsword.files.wordpress.com/2013/02/shepherd-jesus.jpg
  39. 39. Perhaps the most endearing and intimate title for Christ is that of Shepherd. http://www.tmewcf.org/MyImages/shepherd.jpg
  40. 40. Centuries before the Messiah came, the Old Testament prophets had predicted that He would shepherd His people.
  41. 41. http://goodmessengers.org/pic/islam/jesus-the_good_shepherd.jpg
  42. 42. Micah 5:4-5 NKJV 4 And He shall stand and feed His flock In the strength of the LORD, In the majesty of the name
  43. 43. of the LORD His God; And they shall abide, For now He shall be great To the ends of the earth; 5 And this One shall be peace. Micah 5:4-5 NKJV
  44. 44. The New Testament also depicts Christ as Shepherd. http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_5Z2rtQSE2Hw/TFOodMRfMPI/AAAAAAAAAGE/cADVsyDbF6k/s1600/Copy+of+good_shepherd_parson.jpg
  45. 45. The apostle Peter described Jesus as the Shepherd of believers' souls (1 Peter 2:25), and later as the Chief Shepherd of the church (5:4).
  46. 46. The writer of Hebrews closed his epistle with the benediction in chapter 13, 20 “Now may the God of peace Who brought up our Lord Jesus from the dead, that great Shepherd
  47. 47. of the sheep, through the blood of the everlasting covenant” Hebrews 13:20 NKJV
  48. 48. http://www.carolecgood.com/Jesus-Good-Shepherd-follows-sheep.jpg
  49. 49. Even beyond this life, Jesus will continue to shepherd His people for all eternity in Heaven: http://godrules77.tripod.com/grace/graphics/door.jpg
  50. 50. Revelation 7:17 NKJV 17 “for the Lamb Who is in the midst of the throne will shepherd them and lead them to living fountains of waters.
  51. 51. And God will wipe away every tear from their eyes.” Revelation 7:17 NKJV http://files.myopera.com/SavedNotFried/blog/Bill.Jesus%20Gate%203.jpg
  52. 52. Nowhere in all of Scripture is Jesus Christ more clearly portrayed as the Shepherd of His people than here in the tenth chapter of John's gospel.
  53. 53. http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-_bjkSGrlYmc/UW9kFqnL6yI/AAAAAAAAKYg/ydhisIrwXc4/s1600/Jesus-Good-Shepherd-07.jpg
  54. 54. Throughout Israel's history, shepherding had always been a familiar part of everyday agrarian life.
  55. 55. Everyone knew that sheep were the most helpless, defenseless, straying, and dirty of animals.
  56. 56. They require constant oversight, leading, rescue, and cleaning or they will die. http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_zjKxCA1O-D0/S8rkTvI2zSI/AAAAAAACdc/gRYn0IQV_nQ/s1600/The+Good+Shepherd+onthe+cliff.jpg
  57. 57. Being a shepherd was good training for leading people. http://www.sermoncentral.com/Images/Sermon-Still-Background-Sets/H/i/Still-Background-Set-His-Sheep-Hear-His-Voice_slide2_390x294.jpg
  58. 58. In fact, the patriarchs Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob had been shepherds as were Israel's greatest leaders: Moses and David.
  59. 59. Ezekiel 34:23 NKJV 23 I will establish one shepherd over them, and he shall feed them—My servant David. He shall feed them and be their shepherd.
  60. 60. http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-CEljmA64BfE/TVQDkT-qqgI/AAAAAAAAAsY/8mt2og4Jhzw/s1600/david_as_a_shepherd.jpg
  61. 61. It is not surprising, then, that the Old Testament writers frequently used shepherding imagery, depicting Israel as God's flock and her leaders as God's undershepherds.
  62. 62. The New Testament writers also used that same familiar terminology to describe the church (Acts 20:28-29; 1 Peter 5:2-3).
  63. 63. Acts 20:28-29 NKJV 28 Therefore take heed to yourselves and to all the flock, among which the Holy Spirit has made you overseers, to shepherd the
  64. 64. church of God which He purchased with His own 29 For I know this, blood. that after my departure savage wolves will come in among you, not sparing the flock. Acts 20:28-29
  65. 65. 1 Peter 5:2-4 NKJV 2 Shepherd the flock of God which is among you, serving as overseers, not by compulsion but willingly, not for
  66. 66. dishonest gain but eagerly; 3 nor as being lords over those entrusted to you, but being examples to the flock;
  67. 67. 4 and when the Chief Shepherd appears, you will receive the crown of glory that does not fade away. 1 Peter 5:2-4 NKJV
  68. 68. While the metaphor of a shepherd suggests tender care, it can also depict harsh, abusive, autocratic rule (from false shepherds).
  69. 69. The Bible refers to false spiritual leaders, as well as true ones, as shepherds. http://bryanhehirexposed.files.wordpress.com/2010/07/false_teachers.jpg
  70. 70. http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-T2WAAGienqM/TkPiLaIxj1I/AAAAAAAAANs/Bk6W0fU02Xs/s1600/False+Teachers.JPG
  71. 71. In verses 1-10 Jesus contrasted Himself with Israel's false shepherds by using two images: He is the true Shepherd of the sheep, and He is the only door to the sheepfold.
  72. 72. http://cdn.mdsone.com/c/RockwallFriendship/artwork/9550774_21552.jpg
  73. 73. John 10:1 NKJV 1 “Most assuredly, I say to you, he who does not enter the sheepfold by the door, but climbs up some other way, the same is a thief and a robber.
  74. 74. The phrase most assuredly (amen, amen or truly, truly) introduces a statement of notable importance.
  75. 75. The Middle Eastern sheepfold was very simple: a stone wall, perhaps ten feet high, surrounded it, and an opening served as the door.
  76. 76. Each village had a fold where sheep were kept at night. http://reflectgrace.files.wordpress.com/2013/03/thenarrowsheepgate.jpg
  77. 77. The shepherds would graze their flocks in the surrounding countryside during the day, and then lead them back to the communal sheepfold in the evening.
  78. 78. There the shepherds would stop each sheep at the entrance with their rods and carefully inspect it before allowing it to enter the fold (Ezekiel 20:37-38).
  79. 79. Ezekiel 20:37-38 NKJV 37 “I will make you pass under the rod, and I will bring you into the bond of the covenant;
  80. 80. 38 I will purge the rebels from among you, and those who transgress against Me; I will bring them out of the country where they dwell, but they shall not enter the
  81. 81. land of Israel. Then you will know that I am the LORD. Ezekiel 20:37-38 NKJV
  82. 82. http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-7c5Jrfdp8UY/UB1YZDlWD3I/AAAAAAAABq0/fSYohUpVRuE/s1600/my-sheep-hear-my-voice.jpg
  83. 83. The porter (or one of the shepherds) would sleep at the opening of the fold and actually become "the door."
  84. 84. Nothing could enter or leave the fold without passing over the shepherd.
  85. 85. In the morning each shepherd would call his own sheep, which would recognize their shepherd's voice and come out of the fold.
  86. 86. Christ points out that the true shepherd comes through the door (v. 1), calls his sheep by name, which recognize him (v. 3), and (vv. 4-5).
  87. 87. False shepherds and strangers, who are thieves and robbers, try to get into the fold some subtle way, but the sheep will not recognize or follow them.
  88. 88. http://facingtrials.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/09/Satan-Whisper-In-Ear.jpg
  89. 89. Jesus began this discourse by identifying Himself as the true Shepherd, in sharp contrast to all false shepherds.
  90. 90. Once in the fold, the sheep were in the care of the doorkeeper who would keep watch over them during the night.
  91. 91. He would give only the shepherds access to the sheepfold; therefore anyone who could not enter by the door into the fold of the sheep, but climbed up some other
  92. 92. way (sometimes over a wall that was ten feet high), was a thief and a robber. *Only the one who entered by the door was a shepherd of the sheep.
  93. 93. John 10:2-3 NKJV 2 But he who enters by the door is the shepherd of the sheep.
  94. 94. 3 To him the doorkeeper (porter) opens, and the sheep hear his voice; and he calls his own sheep by name and leads them out. John 10:2-3 NKJV
  95. 95. Whom does the doorkeeper (porter) represent? The doorkeeper is the Holy Spirit.
  96. 96. The Spirit of God came upon Jesus, and everything that He did, He did by the power of the Spirit of God.
  97. 97. The Holy Spirit was opening the ears of His sheep to hear His voice. His sheep have responded. This ties in with the preceding chapter.
  98. 98. Those religious rulers were blind spiritually and, what is more, they were deaf. They didn't even hear His voice.
  99. 99. http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-aRlEDnTGsUM/TvRmsd7Ac9I/AAAAAAAAAzQ/6OeUbk0Jm-8/s1600/hear.png
  100. 100. http://t1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSnmMri8p6jICW2qaWI-iA-5A641RNUh4QAmgrBzEl-Htg2G7v2
  101. 101. But He calls His own sheep by name and leads them out. The blind man heard Him call.
  102. 102. http://www.cataldolife.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/10/My-Sheep-Hear-My-Voice_01.jpg
  103. 103. Simon heard His call, and Jesus changed his name to Peter, which means a stone. He called James and John, Nathanael and Philip.
  104. 104. He stopped under a tree in Jericho and called Zacchaeus. http://media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/236x/30/5f/34/305f341183750575988bdab3381b03f3.jpg
  105. 105. When the Lord Jesus calls His own out of the world at the time of the Rapture, His call will have every believer's name in it.
  106. 106. *I'll hear Him say personally, “Bill Boteler." *That will be wonderful! *He knows my name and He'll call it at that time. *He'll also call you if you are one of His sheep.
  107. 107. You will hear your name in His shout! He leads His sheep out of the sheepfold, out of Judaism.
  108. 108. The religious rulers had excommunicated the man whose sight Jesus had restored. Jesus is going to lead this sheep out of Judaism.
  109. 109. John 10:4 NKJV 4 And when he brings out his own sheep, he goes before them; and the sheep follow him, for they know his voice.
  110. 110. http://www.heavenboundhomemaker.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/11/Door-of-the-Sheepfold.jpg
  111. 111. *The shepherd spends the night in his own bed. *When he comes to the sheepfold in the morning, his sheep are all mixed up with somebody else's sheep -- there is no brand
  112. 112. or marking on the sheep. *How does he get the sheep that are his? *He calls them by name. *The sheep don't have to be identified; they know their shepherd's voice.
  113. 113. When he starts out over the hill, his own sheep come out of the fold and follow him. They know him.
  114. 114. Our Lord says, "The sheep will follow Him because they know His voice."
  115. 115. It is the most wonderful thing in the world to know that, when we give out the Word of God, Jesus is calling His sheep.
  116. 116. The Spirit of God is the Doorkeeper (Porter) Who does the opening, and the sheep will hear.
  117. 117. Our Lord will lead His sheep out of a legal system, perhaps even out of a church where they're not being fed. They will follow Him.
  118. 118. You cannot permanently fool God's sheep. It is true that the sheep may get into a cult or an "ism" for a while, but the sheep will recognize the voice of the Shepherd.
  119. 119. Unfortunately, many preachers are afraid to stand up for the truth; however, when a man preaches the Word of God, the sheep will hear it.
  120. 120. We can depend on that because our Lord said, "My sheep hear my voice" (v. 27). Don’t be guilty of sheepbite.
  121. 121. John 10:5 NKJV 5 Yet they will by no means follow a stranger, but will flee from him, for they do not know the voice of strangers.”
  122. 122. You can fool some of God's people some of the time, but you can’t fool all of God's people all the time.
  123. 123. For a time, God's sheep may think they hear Him but eventually discover that it is not His voice.
  124. 124. Then they will turn to the teaching of the Word of God because they know their Shepherd.
  125. 125. John 10:6 NKJV 6 Jesus used this illustration, but they did not understand the things which He spoke to them.
  126. 126. The word parable in some translations is really not an accurate translation.
  127. 127. The Greek word for parable is parabole and the word in this verse is paroimia, which really means "an allegory."
  128. 128. The Gospel of John does not record any of the parables of our Lord.
  129. 129. It records the metaphors and allegories such as "I am the light of the world" (John 8:12) and "I am the bread of life" (John 6:35).
  130. 130. http://b.vimeocdn.com/ts/380/772/380772682_640.jpg
  131. 131. http://farm4.staticflickr.com/3493/5837434881_0bbb6b67c6_z.jpg
  132. 132. *These are not parables but are figures of speech to let us know something about God. *They are intended to give us light on the subject so that we can see.
  133. 133. So it should actually read, "This allegory spoke Jesus unto them." *They didn't understand what He was saying because, as He had said, they were blind.
  134. 134. Our Lord also said, "Who hath ears to hear, let him hear" (Matt. 13:9). It is possible to have ears and yet not hear.
  135. 135. They hear it all right, but they don't hear it as the Word of God. That is the important thing. How do you hear it?
  136. 136. It is this important difference in hearing to which our Lord referred when He quoted Isaiah, "...By hearing ye shall hear, and shall not understand; and seeing ye
  137. 137. shall see, and shall not perceive" (Matthew 13:14).
  138. 138. http://media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/originals/18/c9/be/18c9be0f04f5792c4a6fc54016d3765d.jpg
  139. 139. http://t1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQ3QBXvHC-emxyN9szvLIhGGWs1E3Cg7CebN-4XtQ7JL8UvJUd52A
  140. 140. John 10:7-10 NKJV Jesus the Good Shepherd 7 Then Jesus said to them again, “Most assuredly, I say to you, I am the door of the sheep.
  141. 141. 8 All who ever came before Me are thieves and robbers, but the sheep did not hear them.
  142. 142. 9I am the door. If anyone enters by Me, he will be saved, and will go in and out and find pasture.
  143. 143. 10 The thief does not come except to steal, and to kill, and to destroy. I have come that they may have life, and that they may have it more abundantly. John 10:7-10 NKJV
  144. 144. http://farm5.staticflickr.com/4114/4903040013_6370bb4e87_z.jpg
  145. 145. http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-fPUaCWVGLjM/Ubcjm4pjtgI/AAAAAAAAAd4/giC0ysfrzaY/s1600/life.jpg
  146. 146. http://img.docstoccdn.com/thumb/orig/36439173.png
  147. 147. http://www.renewthemindministries.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/I-Am-The-Door.jpg
  148. 148. http://sothl.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/Lesson-10-I-am-the-Door.jpg
  149. 149. http://t1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRdaQGhd8hMsk4ypdzMUfFGb_kj_yl-N88A-VPdEqLC5w1iLPb7
  150. 150. http://cccooperagency.files.wordpress.com/2012/06/john-10v9.jpg?w=500&h=333
  151. 151. The door (vv. 7-10). Jesus Christ is the door, and as such He leads the sheep "in and out."
  152. 152. The blind man in chapter 9 was "cast out" (excommunicated) by the false shepherds because he trusted Jesus, but he was taken into the new fold by Christ.
  153. 153. Theologian Arthur Pink points out that there are really three doors spoken of in this chapter, and we must distinguish them if we are to get the full meaning of this passage.
  154. 154. 1) "The door into the sheepfold" (v. 1). The sheepfold here is not heaven but the nation of Israel (see Ps 100).
  155. 155. Christ came to Israel through the way appointed in Scripture; the porter (John the Baptist) opened the door for Him.
  156. 156. 2) "The door of the sheep" (v. 7). This is the door that leads people out of their present fold; in this case, Judaism.
  157. 157. Christ opened the way for multitudes to leave the old religious system and find new life.
  158. 158. 3) The door of salvation (v. 9). The sheep using this door go in and out, which speaks of liberty; they have eternal life;
  159. 159. they enjoy the pastures of God's Word. Satan, through his false teachers (thieves and robbers), wants to steal, kill, and destroy the
  160. 160. sheep; but Christ gives abundant life and cares for the sheep.
  161. 161. John 10:7-21 (from Wiersbe's Expository Outlines on the New Testament. Copyright © 1992 by Chariot Victor Publishing, an imprint of Cook Communication Ministries. All rights reserved.)
  162. 162. John 10:11-16 NKJV 11 “I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd gives His life for the sheep.
  163. 163. http://www.rwf2000.com/gifs/shepard4A.jpg
  164. 164. 12 But a hireling, he who is not the shepherd, one who does not own the sheep, sees the wolf coming and leaves the sheep and flees; and the wolf catches the sheep and scatters them.
  165. 165. and scatters them. 13 The hireling flees because he is a hireling and does not care about the sheep.
  166. 166. 14 I am the good shepherd; and I know My sheep, and am known by My own. 15 As the Father knows Me, even so I know the Father; and I lay down My life for the sheep.
  167. 167. http://farm8.staticflickr.com/7169/6509781499_16171b9b1b_z.jpg
  168. 168. http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-DimpoNWB214/UaOY2bjRccI/AAAAAAAABxI/x-BLHdW4HuA/s1600/John-10-14.jpg
  169. 169. 16 And other sheep I have which are not of this fold; them also I must bring, and they will hear My voice; and there will be one flock and one shepherd. John 10:11-16
  170. 170. The Shepherd Knows His Sheep John 10:22-30 NKJV 22 Now it was the Feast of Dedication in Jerusalem, and it was winter.
  171. 171. 23 And Jesus walked in the temple, in Solomon’s porch.
  172. 172. 24 Then the Jews surrounded Him and said to Him, “How long do You keep us in doubt? If You are the Christ, tell us plainly.”
  173. 173. 25 Jesus answered them, “I told you, and you do not believe. The works that I do in My Father’s name, they bear witness of Me.
  174. 174. 26 But you do not believe, because you are not of My sheep, as I said to you. 27 My sheep hear My voice, and I know them, and they follow Me.
  175. 175. 28 And I give them eternal life, and they shall never perish; neither shall anyone snatch them out of My hand.
  176. 176. 29 My Father, who has given them to Me, is greater than all; and no one is able to snatch them out of My Father’s hand.
  177. 177. 30 I and My Father are one.” John 10:22-30 NKJV
  178. 178. http://missionventureministries.files.wordpress.com/2011/06/jesus-loves-his-sheep-e.jpg
  179. 179. http://cdn.followpics.com/show/157626055679302027_vSd9GrZE_c.jpg
  180. 180. http://images.fineartamerica.com/images-medium-large/my-sheep-hear-my-voice-kim-hawkins-eastern-sierra-gallery.jpg
  181. 181. http://lynnaquilina.files.wordpress.com/2013/04/909177_10151513069899407_1142513664_n.jpg?w=265&h=270
  182. 182. http://cool.org.il/wp-content/uploads/2012/06/safeintheshepardsarms..jpg
  183. 183. http://t2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRTxiwye6BwctgnFyWmFWmHn68I4Ekbx1UjmeQyKstqMcjw3CsZcg
  184. 184. http://farm9.staticflickr.com/8523/8630618447_196d56f185_z.jpg
  185. 185. http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-OGFp8alRXi8/T5eolW9h9cI/AAAAAAAANJE/9R8XPYkNxAw/s400/as+a+shepherd.jpg
  186. 186. http://i43.photobucket.com/albums/e372/tlthe5th/jones/sheeples250w.jpg
  187. 187. http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-uXp7cadQDIY/T7Jw_npmiII/AAAAAAAAATI/QFwxUTBNFtE/s1600/jesus-wallpapers-0109.jpg
  188. 188. The events in the first half of John, chapter 10 (vv. 1-21) took place right after the casting out of the man born blind in 9:34, while teachings in the last half (vv. 22-42) took place two or three months later.
  189. 189. The entire chapter, John 10, is tied together by the symbolism of the shepherd and his sheep.
  190. 190. http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-1YFyhgLK5aQ/TsW3M5xHlVI/AAAAAAAAH1U/QH8ZqnHV-_M/s1600/Good+Shepherd.jpg
  191. 191. http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-F_4_E3FucGE/UZGbEr0MEfI/AAAAAAAAF4s/yOrzOAgO3og/s1600/Wed+John+10.14-16.jpg
  192. 192. http://ts1.mm.bing.net/th?id=H.4980956335834244&pid=1.7
  193. 193. http://farm8.staticflickr.com/7169/6509781499_16171b9b1b_z.jpg
  194. 194. John 10:16-21 NKJV 16 And other sheep I have which are not of this fold; them also I must bring, and they will hear My voice; and there will be
  195. 195. one flock and one shepherd. 17 “Therefore My Father loves Me, because I lay down My life that I may take it again.
  196. 196. 18 No one takes it from Me, but I lay it down of Myself. I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again. This command I have received from My Father.”
  197. 197. 19 Therefore there was a division again among the Jews because of these sayings.
  198. 198. 20 And many of them said, “He has a demon and is mad. Why do you listen to Him?”
  199. 199. 21 Others said, “These are not the words of one who has a demon. Can a demon open the eyes of the blind?” John 10:16-21 NKJV
  200. 200. Zechariah 13:7 NKJV 7 “Awake, O sword, against My Shepherd, Against the Man Who is My Companion,” Says the LORD of hosts.
  201. 201. “Strike the Shepherd, And the sheep will be scattered; Then I will turn My hand against the little ones. Zechariah 13:7 NKJV
  202. 202. This discourse in which Jesus presents Himself as the Good Shepherd flows directly from the events of the preceding chapter; there is no time gap or break in thought between chapters 9 and 10.
  203. 203. The Lord continued to speak to the same people—His disciples, the formerly blind beggar, the hostile Pharisees, and the others in the crowd.
  204. 204. This opening section of chapter 10 presents four distinctives of the Good Shepherd's pastoral work.
  205. 205. It is a shepherding ministry marked by contrast to false shepherds, by concern for the flock, by compliance to the Father, and by controversy in a fallen world.
  206. 206. These first six verses are a picture of the relationship between the shepherd and his sheep.
  207. 207. Christ is reminding the people of what shepherds and sheep act like. Later in the chapter He makes a more direct application.
  208. 208. A sheepfold is an enclosure where shepherds put their sheep for the night. The porter has charge of it.
  209. 209. http://reflectgrace.files.wordpress.com/2013/03/thenarrowsheepgate.jpg
  210. 210. When His sheep hear His voice, they will follow Him. For a long time J. Vernon McGee worried about those who will not listen to the message.
  211. 211. He reached the point that he doesn’t worry about them. The reason they don't hear His voice is that they are not His sheep.
  212. 212. Wherever we find people who are eager for the Word of God, we know they are His sheep.

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