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HEBREWS 8:1-13 
Only Jesus Transforms 
October 26, 2014 
FIRST BAPTIST CHURCH 
JACKSON, MISSISSIPPI 
USA
2 Chronicles 7:14 NKJV 
“If My people who are called by My 
name will humble themselves, and 
pray and seek My face, and t...
October is 
Pastor Appreciation Month
FALL OUTREACH MONDAYS 
6:00 P.M. 
Teams of three will visit those who 
have visited FBCJ recently. 
Light dinner will be a...
What’s the number one thing?
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1 Corinthians 10:31 NKJV 
31 Therefore, whether you eat or drink, or 
whatever you do, do all to the glory of 
God.
John MacArthur, Jr. 
Born June 19, 1939 
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HEBREWS 8:1-13 NKJV 
The New Priestly Service 
1 Now this is the main point of the 
things we are saying: We have such a 
...
2 a Minister of the sanctuary and of the 
true tabernacle which the Lord erected, 
and not man. 
3 For every high priest i...
4 For if He were on earth, He would 
not be a priest, since there are priests 
who offer the gifts according to the 
law;
5 who serve the copy and shadow of 
the heavenly things, as Moses was 
divinely instructed when he was about 
to make the ...
6 But now He has obtained a more 
excellent ministry, inasmuch as He is 
also Mediator of a better covenant, 
which was es...
A New Covenant 
7 For if that first covenant had been 
faultless, then no place would have 
been sought for a second.
8 Because finding fault with them, He 
says: “Behold, the days are coming, 
says the LORD, when I will make a new 
covenan...
9 not according to the covenant that I 
made with their fathers in the day 
when I took them by the hand to lead 
them out...
10 For this is the covenant that I will 
make with the house of Israel after 
those days, says the LORD: I will put 
My la...
11None of them shall teach his 
neighbor, and none his brother, 
saying, ‘Know the LORD,’ for all shall 
know Me, from the...
12 For I will be merciful to their 
unrighteousness, and their sins and 
their lawless deeds I will remember no 
more.”
13 In that He says, 
“A new covenant,” He has made the 
first obsolete. 
Now what is becoming obsolete and 
growing old is...
Hebrews 8:1 NKJV 
1 Now this is the main point of the 
things we are saying: We have such a 
High Priest, Who is seated at...
The main point (kephalaion) 
(kef-AL-ah-yon) means just that — 
the main, or chief, point. 
What is given here is the prim...
The writer of Hebrews is saying 
"This is what we have been 
emphasizing from 
the beginning: 
the high priesthood 
of Jes...
A great many things have been 
presented and explained, but they all 
relate, directly or 
indirectly, 
to Christ's high 
...
The primary focus of 
Hebrews 8 is on 
the New Covenant. 
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But as an introduction to his 
discussion of the covenant proper, the 
writer first mentions two more 
indications of Jesu...
Hebrews 8:1 NKJV 
1 Now this is the main point of the 
things we are saying: We have such a 
High Priest, Who is seated at...
As mentioned before, the Levitical priests 
never sat down. 
"And every priest stands daily ministering 
and offering time...
The priest's job was never done, 
because the sacrifices he offered were 
never permanently 
effective and they had to 
be...
In his ministering at the altar, 
therefore, the priest never rested, 
because he was never through. 
No place was provide...
The mercy seat in the Holy of Holies 
was not really a seat at all. 
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In any case, it would have been utterly 
blasphemous for the high priest (the 
only person allowed in the Holy of 
Holies,...
When Jesus Christ offered His 
sacrifice, however, He sat down ( 1:3) 
and He was qualified 
to sit down because 
His work...
Among His last words on the cross 
were, "It is finished!" (TETELESTI) 
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Tetelesti, a form of the Greek verb teleo, 
means to accomplish or complete. 
It also means to discharge a debt, and in 
t...
The debt we owed to God was paid in 
full. 
Let’s look at the account of the Rich 
Man and Lazarus that is found in Luke 
...
If people don’t believe God’s word, 
they won’t be persuaded even if 
someone (Jesus Himself for instance) 
comes back fro...
Paradise was only a temporary place 
for believers, who could not enter 
heaven until the blood of Jesus was 
sprinkled on...
The part of Hades where the rich man 
went is also a temporary place. 
• Rev. 20:13 tells us at the Great White 
throne ju...
The GREATEST WORD from 
the GREATEST MAN on 
the GREATEST DAY in all eternity! 
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TETELESTAI was Jesus’ next to last 
word and was followed only by 
“Father, into Thy 
hands I commit 
My spirit.” 
(Luke 2...
As Spurgeon says TETELESTAI conveys 
“an ocean of meaning in a drop of 
language, a mere drop. 
• It would need all the ot...
Tetelstai 
It is high; I cannot attain to it. 
It is deep; I cannot fathom it. 
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The payment required for sin is death 
(Genesis 2:17, Romans 5:12 and 
6:23) and when Christ said 
TETELESTAI, 
He was say...
We owed a debt we could never pay. 
Jesus paid a debt He did not owe! 
Tony Evans says “All the funds necessary 
to pay fo...
He paid a debt He did not owe; 
I owed a debt I could not pay; 
I needed Someone to wash my sins away. 
Now, I sing a bran...
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As Warren Wiersbe put it: 
“Jesus took my bankruptcy and 
covered it with His solvency.” 
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He didn’t just make a down payment 
and then expect me to keep up the 
installments. 
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TETELESTAI is not a cry of defeat of a 
dying Man, but a cry of triumph of a 
living, life giving Redeemer, a divine 
proc...
The great cannonade (“continuous 
heavy gunfire”) of God’s justice has 
exhausted all its ammunition — 
there is nothing l...
There was the cup; Hell was in it; 
the Savior drank it—not a sip and then 
a pause—not a draught (a single act of 
drinki...
Sin nailed Him to the Cross but in that 
deed, Christ nailed Sin also to the tree. 
There they both did hang together—Sin ...
Speaking of Christ’s cry of 
TETELESTAI, 
Frank Boreham makes the interesting 
observation that - 
“This divine self-satis...
When He completed the work of 
Creation, He looked upon it and said 
that it was “very good,” (Genesis 1:31) 
and when He ...
Five ancient uses of the word 
tetelestai, by: 
(1) SERVANTS 
(2) PRIESTS 
(3) ARTISTS 
(4) MERCHANTS 
(5) PRISONERS
(1) SERVANTS: 
A servant used TETELESTAI when 
reporting to their master, 
“I have completed (TETELESTAI) the 
work assign...
In another ancient secular Greek text 
we read of the example of a father 
sending his son on a mission. 
The son was not ...
When he did return from a successful 
mission, he used the word 
TETELESTAI to report to his father 
that he had accomplis...
As Jesus Himself testified - 
“I have come down from heaven, not 
to do My own will, but the will of Him 
Who sent Me. The...
sent Me, and to accomplish 
(teleioo – also derived from telos = 
goal) His work. 
I glorified Thee on the earth, having 
...
Five ancient uses of the word 
tetelestai, by: 
(1) SERVANTS 
(2) PRIESTS 
(3) ARTISTS 
(4) MERCHANTS 
(5) PRISONERS
(2) PRIESTS: 
Priests would examine animals for 
blemishes before they were 
sacrificed. 
If the lamb was faultless, perfe...
Jesus is the Lamb of God Who alone was 
“without sin”. 
• As Peter testifies we “were not redeemed 
with perishable things...
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Five ancient uses of the word 
tetelestai, by: 
(1) SERVANTS 
(2) PRIESTS 
(3) ARTISTS 
(4) MERCHANTS 
(5) PRISONERS
(3) ARTISTS: 
Frank Boreham writes that – 
“When the painter or the sculptor had put the 
last finishing touches to the vi...
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All the Old Testament “pictures” 
(types) of Messiah were fulfilled in 
Christ and were only a “shadow of 
what is to come...
The death of Jesus on the Cross 
“finished the picture” of redemption, 
a masterpiece which had been in the 
Father’s hear...
Five ancient uses of the word 
tetelestai, by: 
(1) SERVANTS 
(2) PRIESTS 
(3) ARTISTS 
(4) MERCHANTS 
(5) PRISONERS
(4) MERCHANTS: 
In ancient times when a promissory 
note was paid, the one holding the 
note wrote “TETELESTAI” across it ...
A deed to property was not in effect 
until it was dated and signed, and 
when this was accomplished, the clerk 
wrote “TE...
When Christ gave Himself on the 
Cross, He fulfilled all the righteous 
demands of the law and our “sin debt” 
was PAID IN...
Jesus accomplished what all of the old 
covenant sacrifices could not do. 
In eternity the Son gave the Father a 
“promiss...
Five ancient uses of the word 
tetelestai, by: 
(1) SERVANTS 
(2) PRIESTS 
(3) ARTISTS 
(4) MERCHANTS 
(5) PRISONERS
5) PRISONERS: 
When a Roman citizen was convicted of a 
crime, he was thrown into prison. 
A “Certificate of Debt” listing...
When the prisoner had served his 
sentence and was released from 
bondage, the indictment was taken 
down from the door an...
The freed prisoner was then given this 
document and if questioned as to why 
he was out of jail, he could point to 
the i...
He could rest in safety and security 
because the word TETELESTAI 
guaranteed his deliverance and his 
liberty. 
The charg...
When Jesus cried “TETELESTAI” on the 
cross, He was saying that anyone who 
places his trust in His sacrificial death on 
...
In light of this truth, Paul could write that 
because our debt was PAID IN FULL by Jesus, 
God “has forgiven you all your...
Colossians 2:13b-14 NKJV 
13b having forgiven you all trespasses, 
14 having wiped out the handwriting of 
requirements th...
As the hymn writer E M Hall put it: 
“Jesus paid it all, 
All to Him I owe; 
Sin had left a 
crimson stain, 
He washed it ...
Spurgeon says that : 
The general religion of mankind is 
“DO,” but the religion of a true 
Christian is “DONE.” 
IT IS FI...
He accomplished in one glorious act 
what all the priests of the Old 
Covenant had not accomplished and 
could never have ...
What a marvelous and wonderful 
thing it is and He did it all in one 
sacrifice, the sacrifice of Himself. 
As far as our ...
He has accomplished all that can be 
accomplished, all that needs to be 
done.
Yet, people are still trying to add to 
the simple, pure grace of God and 
salvation by faith, though it is absurd 
to thi...
The saving effort of our Lord cannot 
have anything added to it, because it 
is absolutely perfect.
This truth should have been the most 
joyous news possible to Jews. 
Imagine, a final sacrifice, a finished 
work, so that...
The right hand of a monarch 
symbolized honor, exaltation, and 
power. 
To stand at his right hand was honor, 
but to sit ...
Christ sat down at the right hand of 
the throne of thrones, God's heavenly, 
eternal throne.
The idea of sitting at the right hand may 
have reminded some Jews of the 
Sanhedrin, the Jewish ruling council of 
sevent...
Even under Roman rule, the 
Sanhedrin was allowed considerable 
power, as evidenced by its role in 
Jesus' final arrest an...
When the members sat in judgment, 
a scribe, or secretary, sat on either 
side of the presiding judge.
The scribe on the left side was 
responsible for writing 
condemnations, while the one on the 
right was responsible for w...
Jesus said that He came into the world 
not to condemn but to save 
(John 3:17). 
As High Priest, He now sits in the 
plac...
He sits there making intercession 
(Hebrews 7:25)-writing acquittals, as 
it were — for His own. 
Jesus Christ has been gi...
Even more amazing is that, as 
believers, we will one day be invited 
to sit on that same throne.
"He who overcomes, I will grant to 
him to sit down with Me on My 
throne, as I also overcame and sat 
down with My Father...
The book of Hebrews repeatedly 
reminds us that Christ is at the right 
hand of God.
One purpose of these reminders was 
to assure those who were deprived of 
the Temple services in Jerusalem that 
they did ...
They had the true, perfect, eternal 
Priest in the real, heavenly Holy of 
Holies, of which the earthly one was 
only a po...
Thus, the crowning argument for the 
superior priesthood of Jesus Christ is 
His exaltation into heaven to sit at the 
Fat...
A tragic but beautiful story from the 
book of Acts comes to mind in regard 
to Jesus' sitting at God's right hand.
Just before Stephen was taken out of 
Jerusalem to be stoned to death for 
preaching so powerfully before the 
Sanhedrin, ...
As far as redemption is concerned, 
Jesus is seated, because He rests from 
the finished work of redemption. 
But when one...
His power and His energy are 
immediately activated in behalf of His 
beloved. 
He is seated as our Redeemer, but is 
stan...
The fact that Jesus Christ, in all His 
glory, in all His magnitude, in all His 
exaltation in heaven, is still 
preoccupi...
He is always serving, He condescends 
even in His glory now on the throne of 
God to stand up and minister in our 
behalf ...
It is in Jesus Christ that majesty and 
service are perfectly joined.
Hebrews 8:2-5 NKJV 
2 a Minister of the sanctuary and of 
the true tabernacle which the Lord 
erected, and not man.
3 For every high priest is appointed to 
offer both gifts and sacrifices. 
Therefore it is necessary that this One 
also h...
4 For if He were on earth, He would 
not be a priest, since there are priests 
who offer the gifts according to the 
law;
5 who serve the copy and shadow of the 
heavenly things, as Moses was divinely 
instructed when he was about to make the 
...
The sanctuary in which Jesus is a 
minister is infinitely superior to the 
one in which the Jewish priests 
ministered. 
•...
He does not minister in a temple of 
cedar and gold, or in a temple of 
white marble, beautiful and 
impressive as they we...
When the book of Hebrews was 
written, the Tabernacle (tent) had not 
been used for a thousand years, and 
the Herodian Te...
But Jesus' sanctuary is in the true 
tabernacle, which the Lord pitched, 
not man and which can never rot or 
crumble or b...
The word true is not used here as the 
opposite of false. 
The true Israelite tabernacle is not 
being contrasted with the...
Nor is the idea that the Israelite tabernacle 
itself was in any sense false. 
It was temporary and inadequate, but it 
wa...
The comparison is between the 
typical / temporary and the 
real / permanent.
Hebrews 9:8-9a 
8 The Holy Spirit is signifying this, that 
the way into the holy place has not 
yet been disclosed, while...
As far as completeness and perfection 
and permanence are concerned, our 
physical world is less real than the 
eternal.
The Old Covenant and all its rituals and 
ceremonies and altars and sacrifices and 
tabernacle and temples, were but 
shad...
Earthly worship, even the most 
sincere and godly, is only a remote 
reflection of what worship is like in 
heaven. 
• The...
Hebrews 8:3 NKJV 
3 For every high priest is appointed to 
offer both gifts and sacrifices. 
Therefore it is necessary tha...
Verse 3 begins to take the argument from the 
general to the particular. 
The question would likely come up at this point,...
As was just touched on above, the 
answer is, No. 
His sacrifice is finished; His atoning 
work is finished but all of His...
If every high priest is appointed to 
offer both gifts and sacrifices, then 
Jesus Christ, as perfect High Priest, 
can do...
Hebrews 5 makes a distinction 
between gifts and sacrifices (also used 
here in Hebrews 8:3). 
Gifts referred to meal offe...
The gift offerings were given to 
represent personal dedication, 
commitment, and thanksgiving to the 
Lord. 
The blood of...
The priests were responsible for offering 
both. 
Not even the simplest meal offering could 
be made by a lay person himse...
Jesus has already ministered the one 
final blood sacrifice that is sufficient 
for all people for all time.
This work of His is completely 
finished, because there is no need, 
and there will forever be no need, for 
any additiona...
But the need for His redeemed people 
to come to dedication and 
commitment and thanksgiving is not 
over. 
• These gifts ...
None of us can praise God, or thank 
Him, or commit or dedicate himself in 
worship, obedience, and service to 
Him, apart...
Just as no Israelite could offer either a 
gift or sacrifice to God except through 
a priest, so Christians cannot do so 
...
We cannot confess sin or seek 
forgiveness apart from Christ any 
more than we could have come to 
God apart from Christ. ...
"Whatever you do in word or deed, do 
all in the name of the Lord Jesus, 
giving thanks through Him to God the 
Father" 
(...
It is obviously necessary, then, for Jesus to 
continue to minister in our behalf. 
He continually brings the gifts — the ...
Hebrews 8:4-5 NKJV 
4 For if He were on earth, He would 
not be a priest, since there are priests 
who offer the gifts acc...
5 who serve the copy and shadow of the 
heavenly things, as Moses was divinely 
instructed when he was about to make the 
...
If the Temple were still standing, 
"He would not be a priest at all," thus 
Jesus could not minister for us on 
earth und...
During His earthly ministry, Jesus 
healed the sick, raised the dead, 
preached on the hillside and in the 
synagogue, for...
He did not venture one step closer to 
the inner sanctuaries than any other 
Jew of His day who was not a priest. 
He was ...
God never mixes the shadow with the 
substance, the type with the antitype. 
• Jesus could not minister the old 
offerings...
A shadow has no substance in itself, 
no independent existence or meaning 
apart from what it is a shadow of. 
A copy, of ...
A copy of a contract, for example, can 
be helpful in many ways — for 
checking out the names, the dates, 
the terms, and ...
A copy is good for checking the terms, 
but only the real contract can enforce 
them.
Hebrews 8:6 NKJV 
6 But now He has obtained a more 
excellent ministry, inasmuch as He is 
also Mediator of a better coven...
Mediator (mesites) means someone 
who stands between two people and 
brings them together, a go-between 
in a dispute or c...
Many false religions have priests, 
whose ministry is claimed to do just 
that — reconcile men with God, or 
with the gods...
These, of course, are all pseudo-mediators 
because, though they may 
represent men to some degree, they 
do not represent...
In ceremonial matters those were the 
priests, and only the priests. 
• Moses, however, also acted as a 
mediator — of the...
The Israelite mediators, assuming 
they were legitimately doing God's 
work, were not false mediators, as are 
those of ot...
Yet they were not true mediators 
either, in the same way that the 
earthly tabernacle, though not false, 
was not true (H...
The Israelite mediators were true only 
in the sense of being proper, of being 
and doing what God wanted them to 
be and ...
They could not bring men and God 
together. 
They were not real mediators, only 
reflections of the true Mediator Who was ...
The New Covenant not only has a 
better Mediator but better promises. 
All covenants are based on promises. 
Sometimes the...
Sometimes the promises are 
conditional, sometimes they are not 
but promises are always involved. 
As far as God's covena...
Men break their promises, God does 
not. 
The benefits and the power are 
always from God's side, and therefore 
the signi...
Consequently, it is God's promises in 
the New Covenant that here are called 
"better."
Hebrews 8:7-8 NKJV 
A New Covenant 
7 For if that first covenant had been 
faultless, then no place would have 
been sough...
8 Because finding fault with them, He 
says: “Behold, the days are coming, 
says the LORD, when I will make a new 
covenan...
The Old Covenant was not false, but it 
had faults. 
For if that first covenant had been 
faultless, there would have been...
Its faults, its limitations, had been 
pointed out by Jeremiah, one of the 
Jews' own prophets. 
Hebrews 8:8-12, with the ...
The writer is saying, "Look what your 
own Scriptures have to say about the 
advantages of the New Covenant. 
• You should...
One of your own greatest prophets 
(Jeremiah) told you this hundreds of 
years ago."
Yet millions of Jews even today are 
hanging on tenaciously to the Old 
Covenant, even though their own 
Scriptures, throu...
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In the quotation from Jeremiah, we 
note at least eight factors that show 
that the New Covenant is superior to 
the Old.
The New Covenant is superior to the 
Old Covenant because it was: 
1) WRITTEN BY GOD 
2) DIFFERENT FROM THE OLD 
3) MADE W...
The New Covenant is superior to the 
Old Covenant because it was: 
5) INTERNAL, NOT EXTERNAL (v10) 
6) PERSONAL (v11) 
7) ...
1) WRITTEN BY GOD 
A will is a type of covenant and 
illustrates beautifully God's covenants 
with His people. 
Though man...
A beneficiary has no part in 
determining the benefits. 
He can only accept or reject — 
he cannot change — what the will ...
The New Covenant in Christ, the 
Messiah, is based solely on God's 
sovereign terms. 
“I will effect a new covenant”, 
the...
The New Covenant is superior to the 
Old Covenant because it was: 
1) WRITTEN BY GOD 
2) DIFFERENT FROM THE OLD 
3) MADE W...
2) DIFFERENT FROM THE OLD 
Just that the covenant in Christ is new 
and is better makes it obvious that it 
is different t...
It is not slightly different, but radically 
different, from the old one. 
It is like the old in that it is sovereignly 
m...
God effected a new covenant, which 
was "not like the covenant which I 
made with their fathers" (v. 9).
The New Covenant is superior to the 
Old Covenant because it was: 
1) WRITTEN BY GOD 
2) DIFFERENT FROM THE OLD 
3) MADE W...
3) MADE WITH ISRAEL 
In this regard, the New Covenant is 
exactly like the Old; it is made with 
Israel, with the Jews.
I will effect a new covenant with the 
house of Israel and with the house of 
Judah (Hebrews 8:8 and 10). 
God has never m...
The New Covenant is not made with the church, 
as some seem to think. 
It is made with the same people the Old 
Covenant w...
But both covenants were made with Israel 
alone. 
Israel as a nation rejected God by rejecting His 
Son. 
But God has neve...
Gentiles, by faith, may share in the 
benefits of the Gospel on an equal 
basis with Jews.
Gentiles could share in the Mosaic 
Covenant (the Old Covenant) & even 
shared in the Abrahamic covenant, 
because all the...
"Salvation is from the Jews," Jesus 
said (John 4:22).
God attached no conditions or demands 
to the covenant with Abraham. 
• This covenant was simply a 
declaration of God's i...
In the Mosaic covenant, God attached 
many demands, (613 laws) so it is 
often called the covenant of law. 
Israel was to ...
Many of God's promised blessings to 
Israel were conditioned on that 
promised obedience. 
• But before the commandments 
...
She broke all the covenant laws, but 
she could not break the covenant. 
Jews today are still breaking the 
covenant laws ...
And Jews today are still rejecting the 
New Covenant grace and losing its 
blessings.
But with all their disobedience and 
with all their unbelief and rejection, 
they have not broken, and they 
cannot break,...
When Gentiles are saved they become 
descendants of Abraham — spiritual 
descendants. 
Galatians 3:7-8 says:
"Therefore, be sure that it is those 
who are of faith who are sons of 
Abraham. And the Scripture, 
foreseeing that God w...
The Abrahamic covenant is fulfilled in 
each of us when we accept the single 
requirement of the New Covenant — faith 
in ...
For the time being, in fact, Gentiles are 
sharing more in the New Covenant than 
are Jews, but one day this will change. ...
Romans 11:25b-27 NKJV 
25b blindness in part has happened to 
Israel until the fullness of the Gentiles 
has come in.
26And so all Israel will be saved, as it is written: 
“The Deliverer will come out of 
Zion, 
And He will turn away ungodl...
God's setting Israel aside not only is 
partial and passing but also 
purposeful.
God temporarily set aside His chosen 
people in order to bring salvation to the 
Gentiles (Romans 11:11b), 
to make Israel...
But God's ultimate, overriding 
purpose is to glorify Himself.
The doxology at the end of the 
Romans 11 passage climaxes the 
doctrinal section of the epistle and 
focuses on the supre...
Romans 11:33-36 NKJV 
33 Oh, the depth of the riches both of 
the wisdom and knowledge of God! 
How unsearchable are His j...
34 “For who has known the mind of 
the Lord? 
Or who has become His 
counselor?” 
35 “Or who has first given to Him 
And i...
36 For of Him and through Him and to 
Him are all things, to whom be glory 
forever. Amen. 
Romans 11:33-36 NKJV
The supreme benefit of God's 
redemptive plan, both for Jews and 
for Gentiles, is to bring them salvation 
and eternal li...
In the words of the Westminster 
Shorter Catechism, 
"The chief end of man is to glorify God 
and to enjoy Him forever."
There are two aspects of God's glory. 
The first is what might be called His 
intrinsic glory, the glory which is a 
part ...
It is that which He possesses in Himself and 
which cannot be given to Him or taken from 
Him. 
• It is that radiant, esse...
It is that glory which one of the 
seraphim declared to another before 
the Lord in Isaiah's heavenly vision: 
"Holy, Holy...
It is that glory which Stephen 
proclaimed before the Sanhedrin in 
Jerusalem: 
"Hear me, brethren and fathers! The 
God o...
It is that glory which was in Jesus, the 
glory of God's full "grace and truth" 
(John 1:14), and which was displayed 
in ...
The second aspect of God's glory is given to 
Him. 
• It is the honor that men and angels render to 
the Lord Who made the...
It is rather the recognition and 
affirmation of the glory God has in 
Himself and the holy living and 
proclamation that ...
It is this glory of which the priestly 
choir sang when David brought the 
Ark of the Covenant to Jerusalem:
"Sing to the Lord, all the earth; proclaim good 
tidings of His salvation from day to day. Tell of 
His glory among the na...
Because man's supreme purpose is to 
recognize and honor God for His glory 
and majesty, failure to glorify Him is 
the ce...
As Paul explains at the beginning of 
Romans, there is no excuse for any 
person, living at any time or in any 
place, to ...
Romans 1:18-21 
18 The wrath of God is revealed from 
heaven against all ungodliness and 
unrighteousness of men, who supp...
20 For since the creation of the world 
His invisible attributes, His eternal 
power and divine nature, have been 
clearly...
21 For even though they knew God, 
they did not honor Him as God or give 
thanks, but they became futile in their 
specula...
The most certain reason that God will 
ultimately redeem Israel is that His 
word of promise must be fulfilled to 
the pra...
Just as He sovereignly ordained, 
"The people [Israel] whom I formed 
for Myself, will [one day] declare My 
praise" (Isai...
Israel’s day is coming. 
She will be grafted back into the trunk 
of covenant salvation 
(Romans 11:17-24).
The New Covenant is superior to the 
Old Covenant because it is: 
1) WRITTEN BY GOD 
2) DIFFERENT FROM THE OLD 
3) MADE WI...
4) NOT LEGALISTIC 
Hebrews 8:9 
9 “Not like the covenant which I made with 
their fathers 
On the day when I took them by ...
The blessings of the Old Covenant 
were conditioned on Israel's 
obedience to the law that God gave 
with the covenant.
Because Israel did not continue, God 
did not care for them. 
• Under the law, His care depended 
on her continuance. 
o H...
It was a covenant of law. 
Not so the New Covenant.
The New Covenant is superior to the 
Old Covenant because it is: 
5) INTERNAL, NOT EXTERNAL (v10) 
6) PERSONAL (v11) 
7) B...
5) INTERNAL, NOT EXTERNAL 
Hebrews 8:10 
10 "For this is the covenant that I will make 
with the house of Israel 
After th...
The New Covenant will have a 
different sort of law — an internal not 
an external law.
Everything under the old economy 
was primarily external. 
Under the Old Covenant obedience 
was primarily out of fear of ...
Under the New it is to be out of adoring 
love and worshiping thanksgiving. 
• Formerly God's law was given on 
stone tabl...
Even when the old law was given, of 
course, it was intended to be in His 
people's hearts (Deuteronomy 6:6). 
But the peo...
And at this time the Holy Spirit, the 
only changer of hearts, was not yet 
given to believers. 
Now, however, the Spirit ...
In the New Covenant true worship is 
internal, not external, real, not ritual 
(Ezek 11:19-20; 36:26-27; 
John 14:17).
The New Covenant is superior to the 
Old Covenant because it is: 
5) INTERNAL, NOT EXTERNAL (v10) 
6) PERSONAL (v11) 
7) B...
6) PERSONAL 
Hebrews 8:11 
11 “And they shall not teach everyone his 
fellow citizen, 
And everyone his brother, saying, 
...
Being internal, the New Covenant has 
to be personal.
It is personal not only in God's law 
(His Word) being within us, but in His 
very Spirit (Who is a Person) being 
within ...
John 14:26 NKJV 
"But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, 
Whom the Father will send in My 
name, He will teach you all things, a...
The New Covenant is superior to the 
Old Covenant because it: 
5) INTERNAL, NOT EXTERNAL (v10) 
6) PERSONAL (v11) 
7) BRIN...
7) BRINGS TOTAL FORGIVENESS 
Hebrews 8:12 
12 “For I will be merciful to their 
iniquities, 
And I will remember their sin...
Here is the capstone of the New 
Covenant. 
Here is what men need more than 
anything else — and what the Old 
Covenant pi...
The promise of the Old Testament is 
finally fulfilled! 
Under the Old Covenant, sins could 
never really be forgotten, be...
They were only covered, 
foreshadowing and anticipating true 
forgiveness in Jesus Christ. 
• But for those who belong to ...
The New Covenant is superior to the 
Old Covenant because it: 
5) INTERNAL, NOT EXTERNAL (v10) 
6) PERSONAL (v11) 
7) BRIN...
8) IS FOR NOW 
Hebrews 8:13 
13 When He said, "A new covenant," He 
has made the first obsolete. But 
whatever is becoming...
In sharing the Gospel with Jews — 
whether in New Testament times or 
today — one of the biggest stumbling 
blocks for the...
God does not honor that covenant 
anymore. 
He has made another one, infinitely 
better than the old one, through His 
Son...
It is hard for a Jew to realize that the 
Old Covenant, with its laws and 
ceremonies, was only a symbol, a 
picture of Go...
Their refusing to recognize Jesus as 
the Messiah is like a person who has a 
picture of a long-lost dear friend. 
He look...
The picture is a beautiful 
representation and reminder of the 
friend, and consequently the picture 
itself becomes dear....
John 1:14 NKJV 
14And the Word became flesh and 
dwelt among us, and we beheld His 
glory, the glory as of the only 
begot...
But the one He has come to see 
continues to look only at the picture, 
never recognizing his Friend's 
presence.
He has focused so long on the picture 
that he does not, or will not, 
recognize the One in the picture when 
he comes in ...
http://graceologydotcom.files.wordpress.com/2013/06/1jesus7.jpg
The symbol is treated as the real 
thing, and the real thing is regarded 
as unreal. 
Whatever the Friend could do for him...
The Old Covenant symbol is not bad, 
and was never bad because it had a 
beautiful, God-given purpose. 
It pointed to the ...
2 Corinthians 5:17 NKJV 
17Therefore, if anyone is in Christ, he is 
a new creation; old things have 
passed away; behold,...
1 Corinthians 13:10 NKJV 
10 But when that which is perfect has 
come, then that which is in part will 
be done away.
But now that the Son has come, the 
symbol has no more purpose, and 
God means for it to be discarded. 
By His merely sayi...
In fact it would disappear. 
The human writer of Hebrews could 
not have known how literally this 
truth would be fulfille...
When Titus destroyed Jerusalem, he 
destroyed the Temple — which had 
been completed only for a short time. 
Without the T...
There could therefore be no sacrifices 
and no ministering priesthood. 
And without a priesthood and its 
sacrifices, ther...
When verse 13 was written, the 
obsolete covenant was ready to 
disappear. 
In less than five years, it had 
completely di...
The old sacrificial system actually was 
over when the veil was split in two and 
Christ's sacrifice was complete 
(Matt 2...
At that time, Christ's unique, 
never-to-be-repeated sacrifice was 
finished with the result that all men in 
Christ had d...
1 Timothy 2:5-6 NKJV 
5 For there is one God and one 
Mediator between God and men, the 
Man Christ Jesus, 6Who gave Himse...
The destruction of the Temple 
completed the closing of the 
Old Covenant — by removing the 
place of sacrifice that no lo...
The age of the Mosaic law and the 
Levitical priests was over. 
The age of the Son was come forever.
End 
The MacArthur New Testament 
Commentary, Copyright © Moody 
Press and John MacArthur, Jr., 1983- 
2007.
The Plan of Hope & Salvation 
Romans 3:23 NKJV 
23 for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, 
Romans 6:23a N...
• Death in this life (the first death) is 100%. 
• Even Jesus, the only one who doesn’t deserve 
death, died in this life ...
Revelation 21:8 NKJV 
8 “But the cowardly, unbelieving, abominable, 
murderers, sexually immoral, sorcerers, idolaters, an...
Romans 6:23b NKJV 
23b but the gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our 
Lord. 
Romans 5:8 NKJV 
8 But God demonstr...
Revelation 21:7 NKJV 
7 “He who overcomes shall inherit all things, and I will 
be his God and he shall be My son.” 
• Rom...
Romans 10:9-10 NKJV 
9 that if you confess with your mouth the Lord Jesus and 
believe in your heart that God has raised H...
Romans 10:13 NKJV 
13 For “whoever calls on the name of the LORD shall be 
saved.” 
• If you have questions or would like ...
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10 October 26, 2014, Hebrews 8 Only Jesus Transforms

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10 October 26, 2014, Hebrews 8 Only Jesus Transforms

  1. 1. HEBREWS 8:1-13 Only Jesus Transforms October 26, 2014 FIRST BAPTIST CHURCH JACKSON, MISSISSIPPI USA
  2. 2. 2 Chronicles 7:14 NKJV “If My people who are called by My name will humble themselves, and pray and seek My face, and turn from their wicked ways, then I will hear from heaven, and will forgive their sin and heal their land.”
  3. 3. October is Pastor Appreciation Month
  4. 4. FALL OUTREACH MONDAYS 6:00 P.M. Teams of three will visit those who have visited FBCJ recently. Light dinner will be available for $5.00 per person. RSVP at 601-949-1939.
  5. 5. What’s the number one thing?
  6. 6. http://kingschapel.net/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/gloryHD-608x342.jpg
  7. 7. 1 Corinthians 10:31 NKJV 31 Therefore, whether you eat or drink, or whatever you do, do all to the glory of God.
  8. 8. John MacArthur, Jr. Born June 19, 1939 http://ts3.mm.bing.net/th?id=H.4529821671755722&w=282&h=366&c=7&rs=1&qlt=80&pid=1.7
  9. 9. http://jehovahsabaoth.files.wordpress.com/2011/10/book-of-hebrews.jpg
  10. 10. HEBREWS 8:1-13 NKJV The New Priestly Service 1 Now this is the main point of the things we are saying: We have such a High Priest, Who is seated at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens,
  11. 11. 2 a Minister of the sanctuary and of the true tabernacle which the Lord erected, and not man. 3 For every high priest is appointed to offer both gifts and sacrifices. Therefore it is necessary that this One also have something to offer.
  12. 12. 4 For if He were on earth, He would not be a priest, since there are priests who offer the gifts according to the law;
  13. 13. 5 who serve the copy and shadow of the heavenly things, as Moses was divinely instructed when he was about to make the tabernacle. For He said, “See that you make all things according to the pattern shown you on the mountain.”
  14. 14. 6 But now He has obtained a more excellent ministry, inasmuch as He is also Mediator of a better covenant, which was established on better promises.
  15. 15. A New Covenant 7 For if that first covenant had been faultless, then no place would have been sought for a second.
  16. 16. 8 Because finding fault with them, He says: “Behold, the days are coming, says the LORD, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah—
  17. 17. 9 not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day when I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt; because they did not continue in My covenant, and I disregarded them, says the LORD.
  18. 18. 10 For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, says the LORD: I will put My laws in their mind and write them on their hearts; and I will be their God, and they shall be My people.
  19. 19. 11None of them shall teach his neighbor, and none his brother, saying, ‘Know the LORD,’ for all shall know Me, from the least of them to the greatest of them.
  20. 20. 12 For I will be merciful to their unrighteousness, and their sins and their lawless deeds I will remember no more.”
  21. 21. 13 In that He says, “A new covenant,” He has made the first obsolete. Now what is becoming obsolete and growing old is ready to vanish away. HEBREWS 8:1-13 NKJV
  22. 22. Hebrews 8:1 NKJV 1 Now this is the main point of the things we are saying: We have such a High Priest, Who is seated at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens,
  23. 23. The main point (kephalaion) (kef-AL-ah-yon) means just that — the main, or chief, point. What is given here is the primary thrust of what has been said so far in the letter.
  24. 24. The writer of Hebrews is saying "This is what we have been emphasizing from the beginning: the high priesthood of Jesus Christ". http://www.mostholy.net/sitebuildercontent/sitebuilderpictures/sanctuarycenserJesusright.jpg
  25. 25. A great many things have been presented and explained, but they all relate, directly or indirectly, to Christ's high priesthood. http://ts1.mm.bing.net/th?&id=HN.608046178357021186&w=300&h=300&c=0&pid=1.9&rs=0&p=0
  26. 26. The primary focus of Hebrews 8 is on the New Covenant. http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_UcH8iBJ6jFQ/TNjQhaZCZBI/AAAAAAAACiE/8clDr2lJPMM/s1600/new_covenant.jpg
  27. 27. But as an introduction to his discussion of the covenant proper, the writer first mentions two more indications of Jesus' superiority as the High Priest of this covenant: (1) His seat at God's right hand and (2) His heavenly sanctuary.
  28. 28. Hebrews 8:1 NKJV 1 Now this is the main point of the things we are saying: We have such a High Priest, Who is seated at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens,
  29. 29. As mentioned before, the Levitical priests never sat down. "And every priest stands daily ministering and offering time after time the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins" (Hebrews 10:11).
  30. 30. The priest's job was never done, because the sacrifices he offered were never permanently effective and they had to be repeated over and over again. http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_kr_xfH0aEq4/TMcoh2E5xuI/AAAAAAAAAd8/_bAGgE9IYlI/s1600/High+Priest.jpg
  31. 31. In his ministering at the altar, therefore, the priest never rested, because he was never through. No place was provided in the Tabernacle or the Temple for the priests to sit down.
  32. 32. The mercy seat in the Holy of Holies was not really a seat at all. http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-vOtyjuBal7w/UKXCw9V117I/AAAAAAAAKSw/D6QYrHXXFCs/s1600/mercy%2Bseat.jpg
  33. 33. In any case, it would have been utterly blasphemous for the high priest (the only person allowed in the Holy of Holies, and then only briefly once a year) to have presumed to sit on the mercy seat, which represented God's throne and His special presence.
  34. 34. When Jesus Christ offered His sacrifice, however, He sat down ( 1:3) and He was qualified to sit down because His work was done. http://preceptaustin.files.wordpress.com/2013/04/paid-in-full.jpg
  35. 35. Among His last words on the cross were, "It is finished!" (TETELESTI) http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-qBkZ2KBMMUA/UVYM3zFzwVI/AAAAAAAAAjk/jBhYiTo7sMs/s1600/it+is+finished+12.jpg
  36. 36. Tetelesti, a form of the Greek verb teleo, means to accomplish or complete. It also means to discharge a debt, and in the Lord’s day it was an accounting term that meant nothing further was owing.
  37. 37. The debt we owed to God was paid in full. Let’s look at the account of the Rich Man and Lazarus that is found in Luke 16 to gain some insight into this word.
  38. 38. If people don’t believe God’s word, they won’t be persuaded even if someone (Jesus Himself for instance) comes back from the dead.
  39. 39. Paradise was only a temporary place for believers, who could not enter heaven until the blood of Jesus was sprinkled on the altar there (Hebrews 9:11-12), but since then all believers who die go directly to Heaven (Phil 1:21-23, 2 Corinthians 5:6-8).
  40. 40. The part of Hades where the rich man went is also a temporary place. • Rev. 20:13 tells us at the Great White throne judgment Hades will give up the dead that are in it and each person will face their final judgment before being cast into the lake of fire.
  41. 41. The GREATEST WORD from the GREATEST MAN on the GREATEST DAY in all eternity! http://wallpaper4god.com/en/wp-content/uploads/2011/09/jesus-against-sunset.jpg
  42. 42. TETELESTAI was Jesus’ next to last word and was followed only by “Father, into Thy hands I commit My spirit.” (Luke 23:46). http://ts1.mm.bing.net/th?id=HN.608019863093117974&w=238&h=176&c=7&rs=1&pid=1.7
  43. 43. As Spurgeon says TETELESTAI conveys “an ocean of meaning in a drop of language, a mere drop. • It would need all the other words that ever were spoken, or ever can be spoken, to explain this one word. o It is altogether immeasurable.
  44. 44. Tetelstai It is high; I cannot attain to it. It is deep; I cannot fathom it. http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-jWhDQ_xIEI4/T1oK3QGj9-I/AAAAAAAACXY/MBxf40hAKE4/s1600/spurgeon_sm%5B1%5D.jpg
  45. 45. The payment required for sin is death (Genesis 2:17, Romans 5:12 and 6:23) and when Christ said TETELESTAI, He was saying that the sin debt was “PAID IN FULL!” http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_uU_LBS_vE00/TN65rKr2z-I/AAAAAAAAAuA/4i3rkinEW7U/s1600/tetelestai.jpg
  46. 46. We owed a debt we could never pay. Jesus paid a debt He did not owe! Tony Evans says “All the funds necessary to pay for our total redemption were put up by Jesus Christ on the Cross.”
  47. 47. He paid a debt He did not owe; I owed a debt I could not pay; I needed Someone to wash my sins away. Now, I sing a brand new song, “Amazing Grace” the whole day long, Christ Jesus paid a debt that I could never pay. Author: Ellis J. Crum
  48. 48. http://www.neazoichurch.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/09/Covenant-1.jpg
  49. 49. As Warren Wiersbe put it: “Jesus took my bankruptcy and covered it with His solvency.” http://ts1.mm.bing.net/th?&id=HN.608032984221681457&w=300&h=300&c=0&pid=1.9&rs=0&p=0
  50. 50. He didn’t just make a down payment and then expect me to keep up the installments. http://www.financialhelper.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2010/03/debt_woes.gif
  51. 51. TETELESTAI is not a cry of defeat of a dying Man, but a cry of triumph of a living, life giving Redeemer, a divine proclamation that the work of redemption had been fully, finally and forever accomplished ! (John 4:34, John 17:4)
  52. 52. The great cannonade (“continuous heavy gunfire”) of God’s justice has exhausted all its ammunition — there is nothing left to be hurled against a child of God. http://openbibledaily.files.wordpress.com/2013/09/ww2-fire-cannons.jpg
  53. 53. There was the cup; Hell was in it; the Savior drank it—not a sip and then a pause—not a draught (a single act of drinking) and then a ceasing. He drained it till there is not a dreg left for any of His people.
  54. 54. Sin nailed Him to the Cross but in that deed, Christ nailed Sin also to the tree. There they both did hang together—Sin and Sin’s Destroyer. Sin destroyed Christ and by that destruction Christ destroyed Sin.
  55. 55. Speaking of Christ’s cry of TETELESTAI, Frank Boreham makes the interesting observation that - “This divine self-satisfaction appears only twice, once in each Testament.
  56. 56. When He completed the work of Creation, He looked upon it and said that it was “very good,” (Genesis 1:31) and when He completed the work of redemption, He cried with a loud voice TETELESTAI! (John 19:30) It means (in essence) the same thing.
  57. 57. Five ancient uses of the word tetelestai, by: (1) SERVANTS (2) PRIESTS (3) ARTISTS (4) MERCHANTS (5) PRISONERS
  58. 58. (1) SERVANTS: A servant used TETELESTAI when reporting to their master, “I have completed (TETELESTAI) the work assigned to me”.
  59. 59. In another ancient secular Greek text we read of the example of a father sending his son on a mission. The son was not to return until he had performed the last act of the mission.
  60. 60. When he did return from a successful mission, he used the word TETELESTAI to report to his father that he had accomplished the goal.
  61. 61. As Jesus Himself testified - “I have come down from heaven, not to do My own will, but the will of Him Who sent Me. The Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give His life a ransom for many. My food is to do the will of Him Who
  62. 62. sent Me, and to accomplish (teleioo – also derived from telos = goal) His work. I glorified Thee on the earth, having accomplished (teleioo) the work which Thou hast given Me to do. John 17
  63. 63. Five ancient uses of the word tetelestai, by: (1) SERVANTS (2) PRIESTS (3) ARTISTS (4) MERCHANTS (5) PRISONERS
  64. 64. (2) PRIESTS: Priests would examine animals for blemishes before they were sacrificed. If the lamb was faultless, perfect, and acceptable, the priest would say, “TETELESTAI!”
  65. 65. Jesus is the Lamb of God Who alone was “without sin”. • As Peter testifies we “were not redeemed with perishable things like silver or gold from your futile way of life inherited from your forefathers, but with precious blood, as of a lamb unblemished and spotless, the blood of Christ.” (1 Peter 1:18-19)
  66. 66. http://compassionjuli.files.wordpress.com/2009/04/lamb.jpg
  67. 67. Five ancient uses of the word tetelestai, by: (1) SERVANTS (2) PRIESTS (3) ARTISTS (4) MERCHANTS (5) PRISONERS
  68. 68. (3) ARTISTS: Frank Boreham writes that – “When the painter or the sculptor had put the last finishing touches to the vivid landscape or the marble bust, he would stand back a few feet to admire his masterpiece, and, seeing in it nothing that called for correction or improvement, would murmur fondly, ‘Tetelestai!’ ‘Tetelestai!’ “It is finished!”
  69. 69. http://aclassicallife.files.wordpress.com/2012/05/headofchrist2cc-16481.jpg
  70. 70. All the Old Testament “pictures” (types) of Messiah were fulfilled in Christ and were only a “shadow of what is to come; but the substance (reality) belongs to Christ.” (Col 2:17).
  71. 71. The death of Jesus on the Cross “finished the picture” of redemption, a masterpiece which had been in the Father’s heart “from before the foundation of the world” (1Peter 1:20, 2Timothy 1:9).
  72. 72. Five ancient uses of the word tetelestai, by: (1) SERVANTS (2) PRIESTS (3) ARTISTS (4) MERCHANTS (5) PRISONERS
  73. 73. (4) MERCHANTS: In ancient times when a promissory note was paid, the one holding the note wrote “TETELESTAI” across it after it had been paid off.
  74. 74. A deed to property was not in effect until it was dated and signed, and when this was accomplished, the clerk wrote “TETELESTAI” across the deed. http://ts2.mm.bing.net/th?id=HN.608048304364784684&pid=1.7
  75. 75. When Christ gave Himself on the Cross, He fulfilled all the righteous demands of the law and our “sin debt” was PAID IN FULL. The OT sacrifices covered sin but could never take sin away.
  76. 76. Jesus accomplished what all of the old covenant sacrifices could not do. In eternity the Son gave the Father a “promissory note” that He would pay the price for humanity’s redemption (see Hebrews 10:5-7).
  77. 77. Five ancient uses of the word tetelestai, by: (1) SERVANTS (2) PRIESTS (3) ARTISTS (4) MERCHANTS (5) PRISONERS
  78. 78. 5) PRISONERS: When a Roman citizen was convicted of a crime, he was thrown into prison. A “Certificate of Debt” listing all his crimes was nailed to his cell door so that anyone passing by could know what he had been accused of.
  79. 79. When the prisoner had served his sentence and was released from bondage, the indictment was taken down from the door and the judge who had put him in prison would sign the indictment and write across it the word TETELESTAI.
  80. 80. The freed prisoner was then given this document and if questioned as to why he was out of jail, he could point to the indictment across which the judge had written TETELESTAI.
  81. 81. He could rest in safety and security because the word TETELESTAI guaranteed his deliverance and his liberty. The charges for those crimes could never again be brought against him.
  82. 82. When Jesus cried “TETELESTAI” on the cross, He was saying that anyone who places his trust in His sacrificial death on their behalf, receives in essence a “certificate of debt” with the inscription of “tetelestai”, indicating that all their “crimes” (past, present and future) against God have been PAID FOR IN FULL!
  83. 83. In light of this truth, Paul could write that because our debt was PAID IN FULL by Jesus, God “has forgiven you all your sins: Christ has utterly wiped out (Greek = completely obliterated) the condemning evidence of broken laws and commandments which always hung over our heads, and has completely annulled it by nailing it over His own head on the Cross. (see Colossians 2:13-14)
  84. 84. Colossians 2:13b-14 NKJV 13b having forgiven you all trespasses, 14 having wiped out the handwriting of requirements that was against us, which was contrary to us. And He has taken it out of the way, having nailed it to the cross.
  85. 85. As the hymn writer E M Hall put it: “Jesus paid it all, All to Him I owe; Sin had left a crimson stain, He washed it white as snow.” http://ts1.mm.bing.net/th?&id=HN.607988750350878552&w=300&h=300&c=0&pid=1.9&rs=0&p=0
  86. 86. Spurgeon says that : The general religion of mankind is “DO,” but the religion of a true Christian is “DONE.” IT IS FINISHED is the believer’s conquering word.
  87. 87. He accomplished in one glorious act what all the priests of the Old Covenant had not accomplished and could never have accomplished — forgiveness of men's sins and thereby their reconciliation with God.
  88. 88. What a marvelous and wonderful thing it is and He did it all in one sacrifice, the sacrifice of Himself. As far as our salvation is concerned, He has taken His seat.
  89. 89. He has accomplished all that can be accomplished, all that needs to be done.
  90. 90. Yet, people are still trying to add to the simple, pure grace of God and salvation by faith, though it is absurd to think that the work of Christ needs anything added to it.
  91. 91. The saving effort of our Lord cannot have anything added to it, because it is absolutely perfect.
  92. 92. This truth should have been the most joyous news possible to Jews. Imagine, a final sacrifice, a finished work, so that the high priest could sit down — and at God's right hand!
  93. 93. The right hand of a monarch symbolized honor, exaltation, and power. To stand at his right hand was honor, but to sit there, supreme honor.
  94. 94. Christ sat down at the right hand of the throne of thrones, God's heavenly, eternal throne.
  95. 95. The idea of sitting at the right hand may have reminded some Jews of the Sanhedrin, the Jewish ruling council of seventy elders. • This group had both civil and religious authority and acted administratively as well as judicially.
  96. 96. Even under Roman rule, the Sanhedrin was allowed considerable power, as evidenced by its role in Jesus' final arrest and crucifixion. It was a kind of Supreme Court, and more.
  97. 97. When the members sat in judgment, a scribe, or secretary, sat on either side of the presiding judge.
  98. 98. The scribe on the left side was responsible for writing condemnations, while the one on the right was responsible for writing acquittals.
  99. 99. Jesus said that He came into the world not to condemn but to save (John 3:17). As High Priest, He now sits in the place not only of honor and power but of mercy.
  100. 100. He sits there making intercession (Hebrews 7:25)-writing acquittals, as it were — for His own. Jesus Christ has been given the place of honor, He has been seated with God on His throne.
  101. 101. Even more amazing is that, as believers, we will one day be invited to sit on that same throne.
  102. 102. "He who overcomes, I will grant to him to sit down with Me on My throne, as I also overcame and sat down with My Father on His throne" (Revelation 3:21).
  103. 103. The book of Hebrews repeatedly reminds us that Christ is at the right hand of God.
  104. 104. One purpose of these reminders was to assure those who were deprived of the Temple services in Jerusalem that they did not need to fear losing out on what was going on in the symbolic, temporary Holy of Holies.
  105. 105. They had the true, perfect, eternal Priest in the real, heavenly Holy of Holies, of which the earthly one was only a poor and soon-passing picture. In the real one, Jesus Christ was ministering and interceding for them.
  106. 106. Thus, the crowning argument for the superior priesthood of Jesus Christ is His exaltation into heaven to sit at the Father's right hand — the place of honor, mercy, and intercession.
  107. 107. A tragic but beautiful story from the book of Acts comes to mind in regard to Jesus' sitting at God's right hand.
  108. 108. Just before Stephen was taken out of Jerusalem to be stoned to death for preaching so powerfully before the Sanhedrin, "he gazed intently into heaven and saw the glory of God, and Jesus standing at the right hand of God" (Acts 7:55).
  109. 109. As far as redemption is concerned, Jesus is seated, because He rests from the finished work of redemption. But when one of His own falls into trouble, He stands up, because He takes the position of action.
  110. 110. His power and His energy are immediately activated in behalf of His beloved. He is seated as our Redeemer, but is standing as our Helper in time of need.
  111. 111. The fact that Jesus Christ, in all His glory, in all His magnitude, in all His exaltation in heaven, is still preoccupied with ministering to us is awesome, and wonderful, and humbling.
  112. 112. He is always serving, He condescends even in His glory now on the throne of God to stand up and minister in our behalf whenever we need Him. He did not receive His majesty as something to be selfishly enjoyed.
  113. 113. It is in Jesus Christ that majesty and service are perfectly joined.
  114. 114. Hebrews 8:2-5 NKJV 2 a Minister of the sanctuary and of the true tabernacle which the Lord erected, and not man.
  115. 115. 3 For every high priest is appointed to offer both gifts and sacrifices. Therefore it is necessary that this One also have something to offer.
  116. 116. 4 For if He were on earth, He would not be a priest, since there are priests who offer the gifts according to the law;
  117. 117. 5 who serve the copy and shadow of the heavenly things, as Moses was divinely instructed when he was about to make the tabernacle. For He said, “See that you make all things according to the pattern shown you on the mountain.” Hebrews 8:2-5 NKJV
  118. 118. The sanctuary in which Jesus is a minister is infinitely superior to the one in which the Jewish priests ministered. • As would be expected, the superior Priest ministers in a superior sanctuary.
  119. 119. He does not minister in a temple of cedar and gold, or in a temple of white marble, beautiful and impressive as they were, much less in a tabernacle made of animal skins.
  120. 120. When the book of Hebrews was written, the Tabernacle (tent) had not been used for a thousand years, and the Herodian Temple would be standing for less than five more years.
  121. 121. But Jesus' sanctuary is in the true tabernacle, which the Lord pitched, not man and which can never rot or crumble or be destroyed.
  122. 122. The word true is not used here as the opposite of false. The true Israelite tabernacle is not being contrasted with the false tabernacles, or temples, of her pagan neighbors.
  123. 123. Nor is the idea that the Israelite tabernacle itself was in any sense false. It was temporary and inadequate, but it was not false. "True" is used here as opposed to the shadowy or unreal.
  124. 124. The comparison is between the typical / temporary and the real / permanent.
  125. 125. Hebrews 9:8-9a 8 The Holy Spirit is signifying this, that the way into the holy place has not yet been disclosed, while the outer tabernacle is still standing, 9a which is a symbol for the present time.
  126. 126. As far as completeness and perfection and permanence are concerned, our physical world is less real than the eternal.
  127. 127. The Old Covenant and all its rituals and ceremonies and altars and sacrifices and tabernacle and temples, were but shadows and types, pictures and reflections, of the realities of the New. These all had heavenly patterns.
  128. 128. Earthly worship, even the most sincere and godly, is only a remote reflection of what worship is like in heaven. • The earthly priesthood is only an inadequate shadow of the real priesthood.
  129. 129. Hebrews 8:3 NKJV 3 For every high priest is appointed to offer both gifts and sacrifices. Therefore it is necessary that this One also have something to offer.
  130. 130. Verse 3 begins to take the argument from the general to the particular. The question would likely come up at this point, "If Christ has finished His work and He is seated in heaven, does He have nothing to do now? Is all of His priestly work finished?”
  131. 131. As was just touched on above, the answer is, No. His sacrifice is finished; His atoning work is finished but all of His priestly ministry is not finished.
  132. 132. If every high priest is appointed to offer both gifts and sacrifices, then Jesus Christ, as perfect High Priest, can do no less. He is truly a ministering Priest.
  133. 133. Hebrews 5 makes a distinction between gifts and sacrifices (also used here in Hebrews 8:3). Gifts referred to meal offerings and sacrifices to blood offerings.
  134. 134. The gift offerings were given to represent personal dedication, commitment, and thanksgiving to the Lord. The blood offerings, on the other hand, were for cleansing from sin.
  135. 135. The priests were responsible for offering both. Not even the simplest meal offering could be made by a lay person himself. He brought the offering, but it could be presented to God only by a priest.
  136. 136. Jesus has already ministered the one final blood sacrifice that is sufficient for all people for all time.
  137. 137. This work of His is completely finished, because there is no need, and there will forever be no need, for any additional sacrifice for the cleansing of sin.
  138. 138. But the need for His redeemed people to come to dedication and commitment and thanksgiving is not over. • These gifts of praise and thanksgiving Jesus continues to minister for us before His Father.
  139. 139. None of us can praise God, or thank Him, or commit or dedicate himself in worship, obedience, and service to Him, apart from Jesus Christ (John 15:5 – “apart from Me, you can do nothing”).
  140. 140. Just as no Israelite could offer either a gift or sacrifice to God except through a priest, so Christians cannot do so except through their High Priest.
  141. 141. We cannot confess sin or seek forgiveness apart from Christ any more than we could have come to God apart from Christ. • Anything of any value or consequence we do as believers must be done through our Lord.
  142. 142. "Whatever you do in word or deed, do all in the name of the Lord Jesus, giving thanks through Him to God the Father" (Colossians 3:17; Ephesians 5:20).
  143. 143. It is obviously necessary, then, for Jesus to continue to minister in our behalf. He continually brings the gifts — the worship, the praise, the repentance, the dedication, the thanks — of the hearts of His people before the Father.
  144. 144. Hebrews 8:4-5 NKJV 4 For if He were on earth, He would not be a priest, since there are priests who offer the gifts according to the law;
  145. 145. 5 who serve the copy and shadow of the heavenly things, as Moses was divinely instructed when he was about to make the tabernacle. For He said, “See that you make all things according to the pattern shown you on the mountain.” Hebrews 8:4-5 NKJV
  146. 146. If the Temple were still standing, "He would not be a priest at all," thus Jesus could not minister for us on earth under the terms of the Old Covenant.
  147. 147. During His earthly ministry, Jesus healed the sick, raised the dead, preached on the hillside and in the synagogue, forgave sins, and called Himself God's true Son. • But He never claimed the right to minister in the Temple.
  148. 148. He did not venture one step closer to the inner sanctuaries than any other Jew of His day who was not a priest. He was not of the priestly tribe, and therefore was not qualified for the old, earthly ministry.
  149. 149. God never mixes the shadow with the substance, the type with the antitype. • Jesus could not minister the old offerings in the old, earthly sanctuary. He ministers the new offerings in the new, heavenly sanctuary — built by God, not men (v. 2).
  150. 150. A shadow has no substance in itself, no independent existence or meaning apart from what it is a shadow of. A copy, of course, can be a helpful thing but it exists only as evidence of the real thing.
  151. 151. A copy of a contract, for example, can be helpful in many ways — for checking out the names, the dates, the terms, and such that were agreed on. • But in a court of law, only the real contract is valid.
  152. 152. A copy is good for checking the terms, but only the real contract can enforce them.
  153. 153. Hebrews 8:6 NKJV 6 But now He has obtained a more excellent ministry, inasmuch as He is also Mediator of a better covenant, which was established on better promises.
  154. 154. Mediator (mesites) means someone who stands between two people and brings them together, a go-between in a dispute or conflict. • He must represent both parties. (In religion a priest is the mediator between God and men.)
  155. 155. Many false religions have priests, whose ministry is claimed to do just that — reconcile men with God, or with the gods.
  156. 156. These, of course, are all pseudo-mediators because, though they may represent men to some degree, they do not represent God at all. The Old Covenant with Israel had its mediators.
  157. 157. In ceremonial matters those were the priests, and only the priests. • Moses, however, also acted as a mediator — of the Old Covenant (Gal 3:19; Ex 20:19; Deut 5:5). o In a sense, the prophets were mediators — of God's Word to Israel.
  158. 158. The Israelite mediators, assuming they were legitimately doing God's work, were not false mediators, as are those of other religions.
  159. 159. Yet they were not true mediators either, in the same way that the earthly tabernacle, though not false, was not true (Hebrews 8:2).
  160. 160. The Israelite mediators were true only in the sense of being proper, of being and doing what God wanted them to be and do. They were not true, however, in the sense of being effective.
  161. 161. They could not bring men and God together. They were not real mediators, only reflections of the true Mediator Who was to come. They, too, were but copies and shadows.
  162. 162. The New Covenant not only has a better Mediator but better promises. All covenants are based on promises. Sometimes the promises are by only one party, sometimes by both.
  163. 163. Sometimes the promises are conditional, sometimes they are not but promises are always involved. As far as God's covenants are concerned, it is always His promises that are significant.
  164. 164. Men break their promises, God does not. The benefits and the power are always from God's side, and therefore the significant promises are always from His side.
  165. 165. Consequently, it is God's promises in the New Covenant that here are called "better."
  166. 166. Hebrews 8:7-8 NKJV A New Covenant 7 For if that first covenant had been faultless, then no place would have been sought for a second.
  167. 167. 8 Because finding fault with them, He says: “Behold, the days are coming, says the LORD, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah— Hebrews 8:7-8 NKJV
  168. 168. The Old Covenant was not false, but it had faults. For if that first covenant had been faultless, there would have been no occasion sought for a second.
  169. 169. Its faults, its limitations, had been pointed out by Jeremiah, one of the Jews' own prophets. Hebrews 8:8-12, with the exception of the first few words of verse 8, is a direct quotation from Jeremiah 31.
  170. 170. The writer is saying, "Look what your own Scriptures have to say about the advantages of the New Covenant. • You should have been expecting a New Covenant to come, and you should already have known that it would be superior to the Old.
  171. 171. One of your own greatest prophets (Jeremiah) told you this hundreds of years ago."
  172. 172. Yet millions of Jews even today are hanging on tenaciously to the Old Covenant, even though their own Scriptures, through their own beloved prophet, have been telling them for well over 2,000 years that a new one was to come.
  173. 173. http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-wczc0irLKuc/Tuj9JKD24YI/AAAAAAAAAX8/3nKM8YmC5Do/s1600/Jeremiah+31+31-34+-+New+Covenant.png
  174. 174. In the quotation from Jeremiah, we note at least eight factors that show that the New Covenant is superior to the Old.
  175. 175. The New Covenant is superior to the Old Covenant because it was: 1) WRITTEN BY GOD 2) DIFFERENT FROM THE OLD 3) MADE WITH ISRAEL 4) NOT LEGALISTIC (v9)
  176. 176. The New Covenant is superior to the Old Covenant because it was: 5) INTERNAL, NOT EXTERNAL (v10) 6) PERSONAL (v11) 7) BRINGS TOTAL FORGIVENESS v12 8) IS FOR NOW (v13)
  177. 177. 1) WRITTEN BY GOD A will is a type of covenant and illustrates beautifully God's covenants with His people. Though many people may be involved in its provisions, a will is written by one person — the one whose will it is.
  178. 178. A beneficiary has no part in determining the benefits. He can only accept or reject — he cannot change — what the will provides for him. (Accept God’s offer or reject it.)
  179. 179. The New Covenant in Christ, the Messiah, is based solely on God's sovereign terms. “I will effect a new covenant”, the Lord told Jeremiah.
  180. 180. The New Covenant is superior to the Old Covenant because it was: 1) WRITTEN BY GOD 2) DIFFERENT FROM THE OLD 3) MADE WITH ISRAEL 4) NOT LEGALISTIC (v9)
  181. 181. 2) DIFFERENT FROM THE OLD Just that the covenant in Christ is new and is better makes it obvious that it is different to some extent. • But it is not just an enhancement or modification.
  182. 182. It is not slightly different, but radically different, from the old one. It is like the old in that it is sovereignly made with the same people but its basic nature and provisions are completely different.
  183. 183. God effected a new covenant, which was "not like the covenant which I made with their fathers" (v. 9).
  184. 184. The New Covenant is superior to the Old Covenant because it was: 1) WRITTEN BY GOD 2) DIFFERENT FROM THE OLD 3) MADE WITH ISRAEL 4) NOT LEGALISTIC (v9)
  185. 185. 3) MADE WITH ISRAEL In this regard, the New Covenant is exactly like the Old; it is made with Israel, with the Jews.
  186. 186. I will effect a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah (Hebrews 8:8 and 10). God has never made a covenant with Gentiles and He never will.
  187. 187. The New Covenant is not made with the church, as some seem to think. It is made with the same people the Old Covenant was made with: Israel. Gentiles can be beneficiaries of the New Covenant, just like they could be beneficiaries of the Old (Genesis 12:3).
  188. 188. But both covenants were made with Israel alone. Israel as a nation rejected God by rejecting His Son. But God has never rejected Israel, nor has He transferred His covenant with her to anyone else.
  189. 189. Gentiles, by faith, may share in the benefits of the Gospel on an equal basis with Jews.
  190. 190. Gentiles could share in the Mosaic Covenant (the Old Covenant) & even shared in the Abrahamic covenant, because all the nations of the world were to be blessed in Abraham. • But not one of these covenants was made with Gentiles.
  191. 191. "Salvation is from the Jews," Jesus said (John 4:22).
  192. 192. God attached no conditions or demands to the covenant with Abraham. • This covenant was simply a declaration of God's intention to bless Abraham and his descendants, and the whole world through them.
  193. 193. In the Mosaic covenant, God attached many demands, (613 laws) so it is often called the covenant of law. Israel was to obey, and at Sinai she agreed to obey, all of the requirements of the covenant.
  194. 194. Many of God's promised blessings to Israel were conditioned on that promised obedience. • But before the commandments were given, He told her, "You shall be to Me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation" (Exodus 19:6).
  195. 195. She broke all the covenant laws, but she could not break the covenant. Jews today are still breaking the covenant laws and losing the covenant blessings.
  196. 196. And Jews today are still rejecting the New Covenant grace and losing its blessings.
  197. 197. But with all their disobedience and with all their unbelief and rejection, they have not broken, and they cannot break, either covenant that God has made with their race.
  198. 198. When Gentiles are saved they become descendants of Abraham — spiritual descendants. Galatians 3:7-8 says:
  199. 199. "Therefore, be sure that it is those who are of faith who are sons of Abraham. And the Scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the Gentiles by faith, preached the Gospel beforehand to Abraham, saying, 'All the nations shall be blessed in you'"
  200. 200. The Abrahamic covenant is fulfilled in each of us when we accept the single requirement of the New Covenant — faith in Jesus Christ. "And if you belong to Christ, then you are Abraham's offspring, heirs according to promise" (Gal 3:29).
  201. 201. For the time being, in fact, Gentiles are sharing more in the New Covenant than are Jews, but one day this will change. • After Gentiles have had sufficient time to respond to the Gospel, all Israel will be saved (Romans 11:26).
  202. 202. Romans 11:25b-27 NKJV 25b blindness in part has happened to Israel until the fullness of the Gentiles has come in.
  203. 203. 26And so all Israel will be saved, as it is written: “The Deliverer will come out of Zion, And He will turn away ungodliness from Jacob; 27 For this is My covenant with them, When I take away their sins.”
  204. 204. God's setting Israel aside not only is partial and passing but also purposeful.
  205. 205. God temporarily set aside His chosen people in order to bring salvation to the Gentiles (Romans 11:11b), to make Israel jealous of them (v. 11c) so they would yearn to receive the blessings of the Messiah they had rejected, and thereby be used to bring blessing to the rest of the world (Romans 11:12-15).
  206. 206. But God's ultimate, overriding purpose is to glorify Himself.
  207. 207. The doxology at the end of the Romans 11 passage climaxes the doctrinal section of the epistle and focuses on the supreme purpose of everything God does — to glorify Himself.
  208. 208. Romans 11:33-36 NKJV 33 Oh, the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! How unsearchable are His judgments and His ways past finding out!
  209. 209. 34 “For who has known the mind of the Lord? Or who has become His counselor?” 35 “Or who has first given to Him And it shall be repaid to him?”
  210. 210. 36 For of Him and through Him and to Him are all things, to whom be glory forever. Amen. Romans 11:33-36 NKJV
  211. 211. The supreme benefit of God's redemptive plan, both for Jews and for Gentiles, is to bring them salvation and eternal life. But the supreme purpose of that plan is to glorify Himself.
  212. 212. In the words of the Westminster Shorter Catechism, "The chief end of man is to glorify God and to enjoy Him forever."
  213. 213. There are two aspects of God's glory. The first is what might be called His intrinsic glory, the glory which is a part of His very being and nature, glory is the very essence of God, the manifestation of Who He is.
  214. 214. It is that which He possesses in Himself and which cannot be given to Him or taken from Him. • It is that radiant, essential glory which Moses longed to see. "I pray Thee," he pleaded, "show me Thy glory!" (Exodus 33:18). "Reveal Yourself to me," he was saying.
  215. 215. It is that glory which one of the seraphim declared to another before the Lord in Isaiah's heavenly vision: "Holy, Holy, Holy, is the Lord of hosts, the whole earth is full of His glory" (Isaiah 6:3).
  216. 216. It is that glory which Stephen proclaimed before the Sanhedrin in Jerusalem: "Hear me, brethren and fathers! The God of glory appeared to our father Abraham" (Acts 7:2).
  217. 217. It is that glory which was in Jesus, the glory of God's full "grace and truth" (John 1:14), and which was displayed in the transfiguration (Matthew 17:2).
  218. 218. The second aspect of God's glory is given to Him. • It is the honor that men and angels render to the Lord Who made them. o That glory does not, of course, add the least bit to God's intrinsic glory, which is complete and perfect.
  219. 219. It is rather the recognition and affirmation of the glory God has in Himself and the holy living and proclamation that displays His glory through the believer to the world.
  220. 220. It is this glory of which the priestly choir sang when David brought the Ark of the Covenant to Jerusalem:
  221. 221. "Sing to the Lord, all the earth; proclaim good tidings of His salvation from day to day. Tell of His glory among the nations, His wonderful deeds among all the peoples. . . . Ascribe to the Lord, O families of the peoples, ascribe to the Lord glory and strength. Ascribe to the Lord the glory due His name" (1 Chronicles 16:23-24, 28-29).
  222. 222. Because man's supreme purpose is to recognize and honor God for His glory and majesty, failure to glorify Him is the certain mark of spiritual rebellion and ungodliness.
  223. 223. As Paul explains at the beginning of Romans, there is no excuse for any person, living at any time or in any place, to fail or refuse to glorify God.
  224. 224. Romans 1:18-21 18 The wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who suppress the truth in unrighteousness, 19 because that which is known about God is evident within them; for God made it evident to them.
  225. 225. 20 For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes, His eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly seen, being understood through what has been made, so that they are without excuse.
  226. 226. 21 For even though they knew God, they did not honor Him as God or give thanks, but they became futile in their speculations, and their foolish heart was darkened. Romans 1:18-21
  227. 227. The most certain reason that God will ultimately redeem Israel is that His word of promise must be fulfilled to the praise of His glory.
  228. 228. Just as He sovereignly ordained, "The people [Israel] whom I formed for Myself, will [one day] declare My praise" (Isaiah 43:21).
  229. 229. Israel’s day is coming. She will be grafted back into the trunk of covenant salvation (Romans 11:17-24).
  230. 230. The New Covenant is superior to the Old Covenant because it is: 1) WRITTEN BY GOD 2) DIFFERENT FROM THE OLD 3) MADE WITH ISRAEL 4) NOT LEGALISTIC (v9)
  231. 231. 4) NOT LEGALISTIC Hebrews 8:9 9 “Not like the covenant which I made with their fathers On the day when I took them by the hand To lead them out of the land of Egypt; For they did not continue in My covenant, And I did not care for them”, says the Lord.
  232. 232. The blessings of the Old Covenant were conditioned on Israel's obedience to the law that God gave with the covenant.
  233. 233. Because Israel did not continue, God did not care for them. • Under the law, His care depended on her continuance. o Her disobedience did not abrogate the covenant, but it forfeited all the blessings of it.
  234. 234. It was a covenant of law. Not so the New Covenant.
  235. 235. The New Covenant is superior to the Old Covenant because it is: 5) INTERNAL, NOT EXTERNAL (v10) 6) PERSONAL (v11) 7) BRINGS TOTAL FORGIVENESS v12 8) IS FOR NOW (v13)
  236. 236. 5) INTERNAL, NOT EXTERNAL Hebrews 8:10 10 "For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel After those days, says the LORD: I will put My laws into their minds, And I will write them upon their hearts. And I will be their God, And they shall be My people."
  237. 237. The New Covenant will have a different sort of law — an internal not an external law.
  238. 238. Everything under the old economy was primarily external. Under the Old Covenant obedience was primarily out of fear of punishment.
  239. 239. Under the New it is to be out of adoring love and worshiping thanksgiving. • Formerly God's law was given on stone tablets and was to be written on wrists and foreheads and doorposts as reminders (Deuteronomy 6:8-9).
  240. 240. Even when the old law was given, of course, it was intended to be in His people's hearts (Deuteronomy 6:6). But the people could not write on their hearts like they could write on their doorposts.
  241. 241. And at this time the Holy Spirit, the only changer of hearts, was not yet given to believers. Now, however, the Spirit writes God's law in the minds and hearts of those who belong to Him.
  242. 242. In the New Covenant true worship is internal, not external, real, not ritual (Ezek 11:19-20; 36:26-27; John 14:17).
  243. 243. The New Covenant is superior to the Old Covenant because it is: 5) INTERNAL, NOT EXTERNAL (v10) 6) PERSONAL (v11) 7) BRINGS TOTAL FORGIVENESS v12 8) IS FOR NOW (v13)
  244. 244. 6) PERSONAL Hebrews 8:11 11 “And they shall not teach everyone his fellow citizen, And everyone his brother, saying, 'Know the LORD,' For all shall know Me, From the least to the greatest of them.”
  245. 245. Being internal, the New Covenant has to be personal.
  246. 246. It is personal not only in God's law (His Word) being within us, but in His very Spirit (Who is a Person) being within us. Every believer has a resident Helper, a resident Teacher, a resident Friend.
  247. 247. John 14:26 NKJV "But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, Whom the Father will send in My name, He will teach you all things, and bring to your remembrance all that I said to you".
  248. 248. The New Covenant is superior to the Old Covenant because it: 5) INTERNAL, NOT EXTERNAL (v10) 6) PERSONAL (v11) 7) BRINGS TOTAL FORGIVENESS v12 8) IS FOR NOW (v13)
  249. 249. 7) BRINGS TOTAL FORGIVENESS Hebrews 8:12 12 “For I will be merciful to their iniquities, And I will remember their sins no more.”
  250. 250. Here is the capstone of the New Covenant. Here is what men need more than anything else — and what the Old Covenant pictured but could not give.
  251. 251. The promise of the Old Testament is finally fulfilled! Under the Old Covenant, sins could never really be forgotten, because they were never really forgiven.
  252. 252. They were only covered, foreshadowing and anticipating true forgiveness in Jesus Christ. • But for those who belong to His dear Son — whether they believed under the Old Covenant or under the New — God forgets every sin.
  253. 253. The New Covenant is superior to the Old Covenant because it: 5) INTERNAL, NOT EXTERNAL (v10) 6) PERSONAL (v11) 7) BRINGS TOTAL FORGIVENESS v12 8) IS FOR NOW (v13)
  254. 254. 8) IS FOR NOW Hebrews 8:13 13 When He said, "A new covenant," He has made the first obsolete. But whatever is becoming obsolete and growing old is ready to disappear.
  255. 255. In sharing the Gospel with Jews — whether in New Testament times or today — one of the biggest stumbling blocks for them is the idea that the Old Covenant is passed away, that it is no longer valid for them or for anyone else.
  256. 256. God does not honor that covenant anymore. He has made another one, infinitely better than the old one, through His Son, Jesus Christ, the Jews' own Messiah.
  257. 257. It is hard for a Jew to realize that the Old Covenant, with its laws and ceremonies, was only a symbol, a picture of God's plan for them and for the world.
  258. 258. Their refusing to recognize Jesus as the Messiah is like a person who has a picture of a long-lost dear friend. He looks at the picture often, with love and hope and expectancy.
  259. 259. The picture is a beautiful representation and reminder of the friend, and consequently the picture itself becomes dear. • One day the Friend shows up (John 1:14) and says, "Hello. Here I am in the flesh, in Person."
  260. 260. John 1:14 NKJV 14And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we beheld His glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth.
  261. 261. But the one He has come to see continues to look only at the picture, never recognizing his Friend's presence.
  262. 262. He has focused so long on the picture that he does not, or will not, recognize the One in the picture when he comes in person. The symbol has been substituted for the reality.
  263. 263. http://graceologydotcom.files.wordpress.com/2013/06/1jesus7.jpg
  264. 264. The symbol is treated as the real thing, and the real thing is regarded as unreal. Whatever the Friend could do for him is not done, and the picture can do nothing.
  265. 265. The Old Covenant symbol is not bad, and was never bad because it had a beautiful, God-given purpose. It pointed to the Son, represented the Son, foreshadowed the Son before He came to earth.
  266. 266. 2 Corinthians 5:17 NKJV 17Therefore, if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creation; old things have passed away; behold, all things have become new.
  267. 267. 1 Corinthians 13:10 NKJV 10 But when that which is perfect has come, then that which is in part will be done away.
  268. 268. But now that the Son has come, the symbol has no more purpose, and God means for it to be discarded. By His merely saying that a new covenant was coming, God rendered the old one obsolete, no longer valid.
  269. 269. In fact it would disappear. The human writer of Hebrews could not have known how literally this truth would be fulfilled within a few years of his writing.
  270. 270. When Titus destroyed Jerusalem, he destroyed the Temple — which had been completed only for a short time. Without the Temple, there was no altar, no Holy of Holies.
  271. 271. There could therefore be no sacrifices and no ministering priesthood. And without a priesthood and its sacrifices, there could be no Old Covenant - it was finished!
  272. 272. When verse 13 was written, the obsolete covenant was ready to disappear. In less than five years, it had completely disappeared.
  273. 273. The old sacrificial system actually was over when the veil was split in two and Christ's sacrifice was complete (Matt 27:50-51; Mark 15:37-39; Luke 23:44-46).
  274. 274. At that time, Christ's unique, never-to-be-repeated sacrifice was finished with the result that all men in Christ had direct access to God (1 Timothy 2:5-6).
  275. 275. 1 Timothy 2:5-6 NKJV 5 For there is one God and one Mediator between God and men, the Man Christ Jesus, 6Who gave Himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time,
  276. 276. The destruction of the Temple completed the closing of the Old Covenant — by removing the place of sacrifice that no longer served a purpose.
  277. 277. The age of the Mosaic law and the Levitical priests was over. The age of the Son was come forever.
  278. 278. End The MacArthur New Testament Commentary, Copyright © Moody Press and John MacArthur, Jr., 1983- 2007.
  279. 279. The Plan of Hope & Salvation Romans 3:23 NKJV 23 for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, Romans 6:23a NKJV 23a For the wages of sin is death,
  280. 280. • Death in this life (the first death) is 100%. • Even Jesus, the only one who doesn’t deserve death, died in this life to pay the penalty for our sins. • The death referred to in Romans 6:23a is the second death explained in Revelation 21:8.
  281. 281. Revelation 21:8 NKJV 8 “But the cowardly, unbelieving, abominable, murderers, sexually immoral, sorcerers, idolaters, and all liars shall have their part in the lake which burns with fire and brimstone, which is the second death.”
  282. 282. Romans 6:23b NKJV 23b but the gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord. Romans 5:8 NKJV 8 But God demonstrates His own love toward us, in that while we were still sinners, Christ died for us.
  283. 283. Revelation 21:7 NKJV 7 “He who overcomes shall inherit all things, and I will be his God and he shall be My son.” • Romans 10:9-10 explains to us how to accept Jesus as our Savior.
  284. 284. Romans 10:9-10 NKJV 9 that if you confess with your mouth the Lord Jesus and believe in your heart that God has raised Him from the dead, you will be saved. 10 For with the heart one believes unto righteousness, and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation.
  285. 285. Romans 10:13 NKJV 13 For “whoever calls on the name of the LORD shall be saved.” • If you have questions or would like to know more, Please, contact First Baptist Church Jackson at 601- 979-1900 or http://firstbaptistjackson.org/contact/

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