05 May 22, 2016, Acts 10;1-48, Peter's Vision, Accepting People
May 22, 2016
First Baptist Church
What’s the number one thing?
The glory of God!
1 Corinthians 10:31 ESV
31 So, whether you eat or drink, or whatever you do, do all to the glory of God.
May Memory Verse
34 “A new commandment I give to you; that you love one another: just as I have
loved you, you also are to love one another. 35 By this all people will know that
you are My disciples, if you have love for one another.”
• Stott, John R. W., The Message of Acts (Downers Grove, IL, InterVarsity
Press, USA, 1994).
• ESV (English Standard Version) Bible (Wheaton, IL, 2008).
Introduction to Acts 10
• Acts 9:32-35 - Peter healed Aeneas’ paralysis in Lydda.
• Acts 9:36-43 - Peter then went to Joppa to raise Tabitha (Dorcas) from the
• Peter remained in Joppa with Simon, a tanner, and many were coming to
believe in Christ.
Peter’s Ministry in Acts 9 and 10
What is the difference between a Jew and a Gentile in our lesson today?
• Jew – Anyone who practices Judaism or is born into the family of one of
the 10 Tribes of Jacob.
• Gentile – Anyone who is not a Jew.
Acts 10:1-8 ESV
1 At Caesarea there was a man named Cornelius, a centurion of what was
known as the Italian Cohort, 2 a devout man who feared God with all his
household, gave alms generously to the people, and prayed continually to God.
3 About the ninth hour of the day he saw clearly in a vision an angel of God
come in and say to him, "Cornelius." 4 And he stared at him in terror and said,
"What is it, Lord?" And he said to him, "Your prayers and your alms have
ascended as a memorial before God. 5 And now send men to Joppa and bring
one Simon who is called Peter. 6 He is lodging with one Simon, a tanner, whose
house is by the sea." 7 When the angel who spoke to him had departed, he
called two of his servants and a devout soldier from among those who attended
him, 8 and having related everything to them, he sent them to Joppa.
Location: City of Caesarea Maritima
• Coastal city 31 miles north of Joppa (Tel-Aviv).
• Seat of the Roman government for Judea area.
• Large Greek-speaking population.
• Tense relations existed between the mixed Jewish and Gentile inhabitants.
• City and harbor built by Herod the Great 25-13 BC.
Caesarea Maritima Harbor
Cornelius the Centurion
• Centurion of the Italian Cohort.
• Centurion was the commander of 100 soldiers.
• Cohort consisted of 600 soldiers under 6 centurions.
• The army consisted of Roman soldiers and local recruits (Samaritans
and Syrian Greeks).
• The centurion position was a highly paid position.
• Cornelius was socially prominent and wealthy.
Cornelius - a devout man who feared God.
• Gave generously to the poor.
• Prayed continually to God.
• Thought to have practiced some aspects of Judaism.
• Attempts at salvation by works (praying, giving) did not bring peace.
• In the eyes of Jews, Cornelius was the epitome of an “unclean Gentile”.
“Your prayers and alms have ascended as a memorial before God.”
• Leviticus 2:2 Grain offering was type of “memorial offering”.
• A worshipper’s gift to God.
• God recognized the prayers and alms, but it was not enough to be right
• Cornelius represents a person without a personal relationship with Jesus
and seeks peace with God by doing good deeds.
God answers Cornelius’ Prayer
Romans 10:14-15a, 17 ESV
14 How then will they call on him in whom they have not believed? And how are
they to believe in him of whom they have never heard? And how are they to
hear without someone preaching? 15a And how are they to preach unless they
17 So faith comes from hearing, and hearing through the word of Christ.
Acts 10:9-13 ESV
9 The next day, as they were on their journey and approaching the city, Peter
went up on the housetop about the sixth hour to pray. 10 And he became hungry
and wanted something to eat, but while they were preparing it, he fell into a
trance. 11 and saw the heavens opened and something like a great sheet
descending, being let down by its four corners upon the earth. 12 In it were all
kinds of animals and reptiles and birds of the air. 13 And there came a voice to
him: “Rise, Peter; kill and eat."
Clean vs. Unclean Food in Judaism
Leviticus 11:1-4 ESV
1 And the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying to them, 2 "Speak to the
people of Israel, saying, These are the living things that you may eat among all
the animals that are on the earth. 3 Whatever parts the hoof and is cloven-
footed and chews the cud, among the animals, you may eat. 4 Nevertheless,
among those that chew the cud or part the hoof, you shall not eat these: …
Leviticus 11:45-47 ESV
45 For I am the Lord who brought you up out of the land of Egypt to be your God.
You shall therefore be holy, for I am holy." 46 This is the law about beast and bird
and every living creature that moves through the waters and every creature that
swarms on the ground, 47 to make a distinction between the unclean and the
clean and between the living creature that may be eaten and the living
creature that may not be eaten.
Acts 10:14-23a ESV
14 But Peter said, "By no means, Lord; for I have never eaten anything that is
common or unclean." 15 And the voice came to him again a second time, "What
God has made clean, do not call common." 16 This happened three times, and
the thing was taken up at once to heaven.
17 Now while Peter was inwardly perplexed as to what the vision that he had
seen might mean, behold, the men who were sent by Cornelius, having made
inquiry for Simon's house, stood at the gate 18 and called out to ask whether
Simon who was called Peter was lodging there. 19 And while Peter was pondering
the vision, the Spirit said to him, "Behold, three men are looking for you. 20 Rise
and go down and accompany them without hesitation, for I have sent them."
21 And Peter went down to the men and said, "I am the one you are looking for.
What is the reason for your coming?" 22 And they said, "Cornelius, a centurion, an
upright and God-fearing man, who is well spoken of by the whole Jewish nation,
was directed by a holy angel to send for you to come to his house and to hear
what you have to say." 23 So he invited them in to be his guests.
The next day he rose and went away with them, and some of the brothers from
Joppa accompanied him.
Acts 10:24-41 ESV
24 And on the following day they entered Caesarea. Cornelius was expecting
them and had called together his relatives and close friends. 25 When Peter
entered, Cornelius met him and fell down at his feet and worshiped him. 26 But
Peter lifted him up, saying, "Stand up; I too am a man." 27 And as he talked with
him, he went in and found many persons gathered.
28 And he said to them, "You yourselves know how unlawful it is for a Jew to
associate with or to visit anyone of another nation, but God has shown me that I
should not call any person common or unclean. 29 So when I was sent for, I
came without objection. I ask then why you sent for me." 30 And Cornelius said,
"Four days ago, about this hour, I was praying in my house at the ninth hour, and
behold, a man stood before me in bright clothing 31 and said, 'Cornelius, your
prayer has been heard and your alms have been remembered before God.
32 Send therefore to Joppa and ask for Simon who is called Peter. He is lodging in
the house of Simon, a tanner, by the sea.' 33 So I sent for you at once, and you
have been kind enough to come. Now therefore we are all here in the presence
of God to hear all that you have been commanded by the Lord."
Gentiles Hear the Good News
34 So Peter opened his mouth and said: "Truly I understand that God shows no
partiality, 35 but in every nation anyone who fears him and does what is right is
acceptable to him. 36 As for the word that he sent to Israel, preaching good news
of peace through Jesus Christ (he is Lord of all), 37 you yourselves know what
happened throughout all Judea, beginning from Galilee after the baptism that
John proclaimed: 38 how God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Spirit and
with power. He went about doing good and healing all who were oppressed by
the devil, for God was with him. 39 And we are witnesses of all that he did both in
the country of the Jews and in Jerusalem. They put him to death by hanging him
on a tree, 40 but God raised him on the third day and made him to appear, 41 not
to all the people but to us who had been chosen by God as witnesses, who ate
and drank with him after he rose from the dead.
Acts 10:42-48 ESV
42 And he commanded us to preach to the people and to testify that he is the
one appointed by God to be judge of the living and the dead. 43 To him all the
prophets bear witness that everyone who believes in him receives forgiveness of
sins through his name."
44 While Peter was still saying these things, the Holy Spirit fell on all who heard the
word. 45 And the believers from among the circumcised who had come with
Peter were amazed, because the gift of the Holy Spirit was poured out even on
the Gentiles. 46 For they were hearing them speaking in tongues and extolling
God. Then Peter declared, 47 "Can anyone withhold water for baptizing these
people, who have received the Holy Spirit just as we have?" 48 And he
commanded them to be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ. Then they asked
him to remain for some days.
What has happened here?
1. Peter has come to understand that Christ’s resurrection was for anyone
who desires to become a follower!
34b "Truly I understand that God shows no partiality, 35 but in every nation
anyone who fears him and does what is right is acceptable to him.
2. The Holy Spirit fell on new believers (Gentiles) and it was manifested as
speaking in tongues and praising God
45b the gift of the Holy Spirit was poured out even on the Gentiles. 46 For
they were hearing them speaking in tongues and extolling God.
For they were hearing them speaking in tongues and extolling God.
• This demonstrated to Peter the Spirit’s presence and God’s
acceptance of Gentiles.
• Speaking in tongues only occurs 3 times in Acts.
• Acts 2:4 Pentecost (Sending of the Holy Spirit).
• Acts 10:45-46 (Peter was present).
• Acts 19:6 (Paul was present).
What else happened here?
3. Baptism followed accepting Christ and the filling of the Holy Spirit.
• Baptism is the outward expression and witness to others that you
have accepted Christ.
• The Holy Spirit begins its presence in you the moment you accept
4. Acts 10:48b ESV
48b Then they asked him to remain for some days.
• Peter’s willingness to stay most likely involved sharing meals with
• Galatians 2 records the conflict of continuing misunderstanding
about Jewish dietary rules.
Was this Peter’s first taste of bacon?
Lesson Application from Acts 10
1. Jesus came for ALL, and He said so!
John 3:16 ESV
16 "For God so loved the world, that he gave his only Son, that whoever
believes in him should not perish but have eternal life.
John 12:32 ESV
32 And I, when I am lifted up from the earth, will draw all people to myself."
Jesus Came For ALL People
John 14:12 ESV
12 "Truly, truly, I say to you, whoever believes in me will also do the works
that I do;
John 14:21 ESV
21 Whoever has my commandments and keeps them, he it is who loves
John 14:23 ESV
23 Jesus answered him, "If anyone loves me, he will keep my word, and my
Father will love him, and we will come to him and make our home with
The Great Commission For The World
Acts 1:8b ESV
8b “you will be my witnesses in Jerusalem and in all Judea and Samaria,
and to the end of the earth.”
Matthew 28:19a ESV
19a “Go therefore and make disciples of all nations,”
Mark 16:15 ESV
15 And he said to them, “Go into all the world and proclaim the gospel to
the whole creation.”
Luke 24:47 ESV
47 “and that repentance and forgiveness of sins should be proclaimed in
his name to all nations, beginning from Jerusalem.”
2. Salvation is in Jesus alone
The Jewish converts wanted to require conversion to Judaism as a
prerequisite for followers of Christ.
This included dietary rules, circumcision, etc.
Salvation is in Jesus + nothing else.
Am I adding anything to the GRACE of Jesus for salvation?
Jesus + Prayers & Alms (Cornelius)?
Jesus + Church Attendance?
Jesus + Works?
Jesus + No More Sins?
3. When I look at a person, what do I see first?
Signs of affluence?
When I look at another human being, what should I see? (Hint: Use your
A creation of God who has a soul that will live forever in either
heaven or hell.
That forever is dependent on what he/she decides about Jesus
(what they do with what they know).
God loves that soul as much as He loves me.
Does that person know Jesus?
1 Samuel 16:7b
7b For the Lord sees not as man sees: man looks on the outward
appearance, but the Lord looks on the heart."
God looks at the soul.
If you are a Christian, God sees the righteousness of Jesus Christ and
not your sins.
• Covered with a robe of righteousness.
If you are not a Christian, you are covered with your own sins with
no way to cover them by yourself.
Closing Thoughts – Lesson Summary
• In God’s eyes, there is no difference between a Jew who is a believer in
Jesus Christ, and a Gentile who is a believer in Jesus Christ.
• The early Church wrestled with this concept.
• The Gospel of Jesus Christ is for ALL people!
The Plan of Hope & Salvation
John 3:16 ESV
16 “For God so loved the world, that he gave his only Son, that whoever believes
in him should not perish but have eternal life.”
John 14:6 ESV
6 Jesus said to him, “I am the way, and the truth, and the life. No one comes to
the Father except through me.”
Romans 3:23 ESV
23 for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God,
Romans 6:23a ESV
23a For the wages of sin is death,
Death in this life (the first death) is 100%.
Even Jesus, the one who doesn’t deserve death, died in this life to pay the
penalty for our sins.
The death referred to in Romans 6:23a is the second death explained in
Revelation 21:8 ESV
8 “But as for the cowardly, the faithless, the detestable, as for murderers, the
sexually immoral, sorcerers, idolaters, and all liars, their portion will be in the
lake that burns with fire and sulfur, which is the second death.”
Romans 5:8 ESV
8 but God shows his love for us in that while we were still sinners, Christ died for
Romans 6:23b ESV
23b but the free gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.
Revelation 21:7 ESV
7 "The one who conquers will have this heritage, and I will be his God and he will
be my son.”
Romans 10:9-10 explains to us how to be conquers.
Romans 10:9-10 ESV
9 because, if you confess with your mouth that Jesus is Lord and believe in your
heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved. 10 For with the heart
one believes and is justified, and with the mouth one confesses and is saved.
Romans 10:13 ESV
13 For “everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved.”
If you have questions or would like to know more, please, contact First Baptist
Church Jackson at 601-949-1900 or http://firstbaptistjackson.org/contact/