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03 March 24, 2013, The 6 Trials Of Jesus


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03 March 24, 2013, The 6 Trials Of Jesus

  1. 1. THE 6 TRIALS OF JESUS How a sinless man was sentencedto death by crucifixion. March 24, 2013 First Baptist ChurchJackson, Mississippi, USA
  2. 2. THE DARKNESS AND THE DAWN By Charles Swindoll
  3. 3. KANGAROO COURT• A mock court in which the principles of law and justice are disregarded or perverted.• Term originated in the 1849 Gold Rush in which there were many “claim jumping miners”.• Justice was proceeding “by leaps” as a kangaroo would jump.• American term only.• The trials of Jesus would fit the definition of a Kangaroo Court.
  4. 4. PASSION or HOLY WEEK• Palm Sunday through Easter Sunday• Passion – Greek “pascho” meaning ‘to suffer’• Named because of the passion with which Jesus willingly went to the cross in order to pay for the sins of His people.• God put every detail and order of events in place.
  5. 5. PASSION WEEK TIME LINEFRIDAY EVENING – 6 days before Passover, Mary(sister of Lazarus) anoints Jesus’ feet with costlyperfume in Bethany (little village just east of Jerusalem)John 12:2-11SATURDAY – Jesus keeps the Sabbath in the traditionalfashion with this friends in Bethany.
  6. 6. PASSION WEEK TIME LINEPALM SUNDAY – “The Triumphal Entry” John 12:12-1512 The next day the great crowd that had come for thefestival heard that Jesus was on his way to Jerusalem.13 They took palm branches and went out to meet him,shouting,“Hosanna! ”“Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord!”“Blessed is the king of Israel!”14 Jesus found a young donkey and sat on it, as it iswritten:15 “Do not be afraid, Daughter Zion; see, your king iscoming, seated on a donkey’s colt.”
  7. 7. THE TRIUMPHAL ENTRY – PALM SUNDAY• Palm waving – symbol of messianic liberator• Two prophecies are fulfilled: Riding on a donkey in in Jerusalem in Zechariah 9:9 and with “Hosanna” (Give salvation now) and the words of Psalm 118:25-26 (Save now, I pray).• Jesus, at this moment is officially presenting Himself to the nation as the Messiah. This date according to the Jewish calendar, was Nisan 10, the day pilgrims presented their paschal(passover) lambs for examination.
  8. 8. Triumphal Entry
  9. 9. PASSION WEEK TIME LINEMONDAY – Curses the fig tree; Cleansing of the Temple;Returns to Bethany for the night.TUESDAY – Official challenge of Christ’s authority;Olivet DiscourseWEDNESDAY – The silent day for Jesus; Judas agrees tobetray Jesus for 30 pieces of silver (price of a commonslave)
  10. 10. PASSION WEEK TIME LINETHURSDAY – According to Gregorian calendar, this daywould be April 6, 32 AD.THURSDAY MORNING– Preparation for Passover inUpper Room. (Tradition has it that it was owned byMark’s parents)THURSDAY EVENING – Passover meal; Jesus institutesthe Last Supper observance and washes disciples’ feet;Upper Room Discourse; Judas identified as betrayer andleaves
  11. 11. PASSION WEEK TIME-LINETHURSDAY MIDNIGHT – Jesus and disciples go toGethsemane to pray.Matthew 26:36-3936 Then Jesus went with his disciples to a place calledGethsemane, and he said to them, “Sit here while I goover there and pray.” 37 He took Peter and the two sonsof Zebedee along with him, and he began to be sorrowfuland troubled. 38 Then he said to them, “My soul isoverwhelmed with sorrow to the point of death. Stayhere and keep watch with me.” 39 Going a little farther,he fell with his face to the ground and prayed, “MyFather, if it is possible, may this cup be taken from me.Yet not as I will, but as you will.”
  12. 12. “THIS CUP”• A cup is often the symbol of divine wrath against sin in the Old Testament.• The fullness of divine wrath would fall on him as He paid the price for our sins; the price of death.• Jesus prayed this prayer 3 times that night.
  13. 13. The Agony in the Garden
  14. 14. TIME MEASUREMENT IN 1ST CENTURYRoman & Gentile world - new day begins 1 second after midnight.Jewish World – “watches” of 3 hour segments ▫ 1st watch begins at 6 PM (6 PM – 9 PM) ▫ 2nd watch (9 PM – 12 Midnight) ▫ 3rd watch (12 AM – 3 AM) ▫ 4th watch (3 AM – 6 AM) ▫ 6 AM – 7 AM is 1st Hour ▫ 7 AM – 8 AM is 2nd Hour, etc ▫ 12 Noon is 6th Hour
  15. 15. JESUS’ ARREST AND TRIAL #1John 18:12-1412 Then the detachment of soldiers with its commander and the Jewish officials arrested Jesus. They bound him 13 and brought him first to Annas, who was the father-in-law of Caiaphas, the high priest that year. 14 Caiaphas was the one who had advised the Jewish leaders that it would be good if one man died for the people.
  16. 16. JESUS’ TRIAL #1John 18:19-2319 Meanwhile, the high priest questioned Jesus abouthis disciples and his teaching. 20 “I have spoken openlyto the world,” Jesus replied. “I always taught insynagogues or at the temple, where all the Jews cometogether. I said nothing in secret. 21 Why question me?Ask those who heard me. Surely they know what I said.”22 When Jesus said this, one of the officials nearbyslapped him in the face. “Is this the way you answer thehigh priest?” he demanded. 23 “If I said somethingwrong,” Jesus replied, “testify as to what is wrong. But ifI spoke the truth, why did you strike me?” 24 ThenAnnas sent him bound to Caiaphas the high priest.
  17. 17. TRIAL #1- Annas• 1st Jewish Trial was probably 2 AM (3rd watch of night)• Annas had been High Priest for 17 prior years• Was High Priest when Jesus drove money changers from temple with a whip (Matt. 21:12)• Jesus charged with “irreverence to High Priest”• No witnesses to testify to charges as required
  18. 18. TRIAL #2 BEFORE CAIAPHASMatthew 26:57-5957 Those who had arrested Jesus took him to Caiaphasthe high priest, where the teachers of the law and theelders had assembled. 58 But Peter followed him at adistance, right up to the courtyard of the high priest. Heentered and sat down with the guards to see theoutcome. 59 The chief priests and the whole Sanhedrinwere looking for false evidence against Jesus so that theycould put him to death.
  19. 19. Matthew 26:60-6260 But they did not find any, though many falsewitnesses came forward. Finally two came forward61 and declared, “This fellow said, ‘I am able to destroythe temple of God and rebuild it in three days.’ ” 62 Thenthe high priest stood up and said to Jesus, “Are you notgoing to answer? What is this testimony that these menare bringing against you?”
  20. 20. JESUS BEFORE CAIAPHAS –TRIAL #2Matthew 26:63-68 (NIV2011)63 But Jesus remained silent. The high priest said tohim, “I charge you under oath by the living God: Tell usif you are the Messiah, the Son of God.” 64 “You havesaid so,” Jesus replied. “But I say to all of you: From nowon you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand ofthe Mighty One and coming on the clouds of heaven.”
  21. 21. TRIAL #2 - Continues65 Then the high priest tore his clothes and said, “He has spoken blasphemy! Why do we need any more witnesses? Look, now you have heard the blasphemy. 66 What do you think?” “He is worthy of death,” they answered. 67 Then they spit in his face and struck him with their fists. Others slapped him 68 and said, “Prophesy to us, Messiah. Who hit you?” Matthew 26:63-68 (NIV2011)
  22. 22. JESUS BEFORE CAIAPHAS – TRIAL #2• Jewish Trial before the High Priest at 3 AM• Jesus obligated to answer since “under oath”• Charged with BLASPHEMY ▫ “An attitude of disrespect that finds expression in an act directed toward the character of God. ▫ 3rd Commandment – Misuse of God’s name ▫ Punishable by stoning to death ▫ Jews under Roman rule could not carry out the death penalty
  23. 23. TRIAL #3 – THE SANHEDRIN• 71 Members – Highest Jewish Council• Vote individually – youngest to oldest• No night verdicts – Trail began at 6:00 AM• No immediate verdicts –• Charge of Blasphemy
  24. 24. TRIAL #3 - SANHEDRINLuke 22:66-71 66 At daybreak the council of the elders of the people,both the chief priests and the teachers of the law, mettogether, and Jesus was led before them. 67 “If you arethe Messiah,” they said, “tell us.” Jesus answered, “If Itell you, you will not believe me, 68 and if I asked you,you would not answer. 69 But from now on, the Son ofMan will be seated at the right hand of the mighty God.”70 They all asked, “Are you then the Son of God?” Hereplied, “You say that I am.” 71 Then they said, “Why dowe need any more testimony? We have heard it from hisown lips.”
  25. 25. THE SANHEDRIN DILEMMA• Unable to carry out the Jewish Court penalty of death by stoning because of Roman Rule• Needed to carry Jesus before Roman authorities in Roman Courts for death penalty• Charges against Jesus switched from BLASPHEMY to TREASON.• Romans could execute for TREASON, but not for BLASPHEMY
  26. 26. TRIAL #4 - PILATE• Roman Governor of Jerusalem area• Pilate was very anti-Semitic; “the wolf for Jewish blood”• In Jerusalem to keep peace during Passover• Was currently under investigation for mistreatment of Jews• Was accommodating to Jews because of the accusations• Was a rival of Herod – tried to undermine each other
  27. 27. TRIAL #4 – JESUS BEFORE PILATELuke 23:1-7Then the whole assembly rose and led him off to Pilate.2 And they began to accuse him, saying, “We have found thisman subverting our nation. He opposes payment of taxes toCaesar and claims to be Messiah, a king.” 3 So Pilate askedJesus, “Are you the king of the Jews?” “You have said so,”Jesus replied. 4 Then Pilate announced to the chief priestsand the crowd, “I find no basis for a charge against this man.”5 But they insisted, “He stirs up the people all over Judea byhis teaching. He started in Galilee and has come all the wayhere.” 6 On hearing this, Pilate asked if the man was aGalilean. 7 When he learned that Jesus was under Herod’sjurisdiction, he sent him to Herod, who was also inJerusalem at that time.
  28. 28. HEROD ANTIPAS• Son of Herod the Great who killed babies in Bethlehem when Jesus was born.• Ruled over Galilee – Area north of Jerusalem.• Had John the Baptist beheaded.• Jesus had called him a fox when Pharisees tried to scare him out of Galilee.
  29. 29. TRIAL #5 - HEROD• 7 AM• Pilate did NOT rule Jesus guilty of TREASON• Herod was in Jerusalem to assist with crowd control• Looked upon Jesus as a magician
  30. 30. TRIAL #5 - HERODLuke 23:8-118 When Herod saw Jesus, he was greatly pleased,because for a long time he had been wanting to see him.From what he had heard about him, he hoped to see himperform a sign of some sort. 9 He plied him with manyquestions, but Jesus gave him no answer. 10 The chiefpriests and the teachers of the law were standing there,vehemently accusing him. 11 Then Herod and hissoldiers ridiculed and mocked him. Dressing him in anelegant robe, they sent him back to Pilate. 12 That dayHerod and Pilate became friends —before this they hadbeen enemies.
  31. 31. TRIAL #6 – BACK TO PILATE• Herod had no accusations, just mockery• Jesus now wearing one of Herod’s old robes• Now 7:30 AM• God’s plan continues to unfold
  32. 32. PROPHECY UNFOLDINGIsaiah 53:7-8a7 He was oppressed and afflicted, yet he did not open hismouth; he was led like a lamb to the slaughter, and as asheep before its shearers is silent, so he did not open hismouth. 8 By oppression and judgment he was takenaway.
  33. 33. TRIAL #6 – BACK TO PILATEMatthew 27:1-51 Early in the morning, all the chief priests and the elders of the people made their plans how to have Jesus executed. 2 So they bound him, led him away and handed him over to Pilate the governor. 3 When Judas, who had betrayed him, saw that Jesus was condemned, he was seized with remorse and returned the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and the elders. 4 “I have sinned,” he said, “for I have betrayed innocent blood.” “What is that to us?” they replied. “That’s your responsibility.” 5 So Judas threw the money into the temple and left. Then he went away and hanged himself.
  34. 34. TRIAL #6 - PILATEMatthew 27:11-1412 Meanwhile Jesus stood before the governor, and the governor asked him, “Are you the king of the Jews?” “You have said so,” Jesus replied. 12 When he was accused by the chief priests and the elders, he gave no answer. 13 Then Pilate asked him, “Don’t you hear the testimony they are bringing against you?” 14 But Jesus made no reply, not even to a single charge—to the great amazement of the governor.
  35. 35. TRIAL #6 - PILATE• Matthew 27:15-19• Now it was the governor’s custom at the festival to release a prisoner chosen by the crowd. 16 At that time they had a well-known prisoner whose name was Jesus Barabbas. 17 So when the crowd had gathered, Pilate asked them, “Which one do you want me to release to you: Jesus Barabbas, or Jesus who is called the Messiah?” 18 For he knew it was out of self- interest that they had handed Jesus over to him. 19 While Pilate was sitting on the judge’s seat, his wife sent him this message: “Don’t have anything to do with that innocent man, for I have suffered a great deal today in a dream because of him.”
  36. 36. TRIAL #6 - PILATEMatthew 27:20-1620 But the chief priests and the elders persuaded the crowd toask for Barabbas and to have Jesus executed. 21 “Which of thetwo do you want me to release to you?” asked the governor.“Barabbas,” they answered. 22 “What shall I do, then, withJesus who is called the Messiah?” Pilate asked. They allanswered, “Crucify him!” 23 “Why? What crime has hecommitted?” asked Pilate. But they shouted all the louder,“Crucify him!” 24 When Pilate saw that he was gettingnowhere, but that instead an uproar was starting, he took waterand washed his hands in front of the crowd. “I am innocent ofthis man’s blood,” he said. “It is your responsibility!” 25 All thepeople answered, “His blood is on us and on our children!”26 Then he released Barabbas to them. But he had Jesusflogged, and handed him over to be crucified.
  37. 37. WHY???Isaiah 53:5-6But he was pierced for our transgressions, he was crushed for our iniquities; the punishment that brought us peace was on him, and by his wounds we are healed. 6 We all, like sheep, have gone astray, each of us has turned to our own way; and the Lord has laid on him the iniquity of us all.
  38. 38. JESUS’ PRAYER FOR HIMSELFJohn 17:1-5•  After Jesus said this, he looked toward heaven and prayed: “Father, the hour has come. Glorify your Son, that your Son may glorify you. 2 For you granted him authority over all people that he might give eternal life to all those you have given him. 3 Now this is eternal life: that they know you, the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom you have sent. 4 I have brought you glory on earth by finishing the work you gave me to do. 5 And now, Father, glorify me in your presence with the glory I had with you before the world began.