Indian agriculture

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Some Basics of Indian Agriculture

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Indian agriculture

  1. 1. AGRICULTURE BY SAMEER R FATTEPUR
  2. 2. Agriculture is a basic Occupation. It is the oldest business in the world and nearly two-third of the population of world is dependent on agriculture. Meaning Of Agriculture
  3. 3. The art or science of cultivating the ground, including the harvesting of crops, and the rearing and management of live stock; tillage; husbandry; farming………. Meaning Of Agriculture
  4. 4. Importance of Farmer And Agriculture
  5. 5. BACK BONE TO INDIA
  6. 6. We have developed in so many AREAS
  7. 7. TECHONOLGY
  8. 8. Communication
  9. 9. H E A L T H
  10. 10. D E F E N C E
  11. 11. Entrainment
  12. 12. TRANSPORT
  13. 13. Not Developed in Agriculture
  14. 14. India can’t be a Developed Country if It is not Developed in Agriculture
  15. 15. 2020
  16. 16. To Increase the National Income
  17. 17. We call farmers as GOD We Give little to him But he gives all to us
  18. 18. Our farmers are really happy???
  19. 19. THINK FOR A WHILE IF HE STOPS AGRICULTURE
  20. 20. What will be the condition NO FOOD AT ALL !!!!!!!!
  21. 21. PEOPLE START FIGHTING FOR FOOD
  22. 22. Hungry people RUNING FOR FOOD
  23. 23. For High cost Purchase
  24. 24. It Is to Strange To See
  25. 25. Is Government Is Silent
  26. 26. Think what to do If It is silent
  27. 27. IF U HAVE ANY IDEA PLE………… NOTE THEM
  28. 28. Let us come to the heart of the Hot topic
  29. 29. GLOBAL AGRICULTURE TOTAL HECTARES CULTIVATED Country Million HA • USA 185 • China 131 • Europe (EU-15) 125 • Australia 56 • Canada 35 • India 141
  30. 30. India’s position in world Agriculture <ul><li>Rank </li></ul><ul><li>Total Area Seventh </li></ul><ul><li>Irrigated Area First </li></ul><ul><li>Population Second </li></ul><ul><li>Economically Active population Second </li></ul><ul><li>Total Cereals Third </li></ul><ul><li>Wheat Second </li></ul><ul><li>Rice Second </li></ul><ul><li>Coarse grains Fourth </li></ul><ul><li>Total Pulses First </li></ul><ul><li>Oil Seeds Second </li></ul><ul><li>Fruits and Vegetables Second </li></ul><ul><li>Implements (Tractors) Third </li></ul><ul><li>Milk First </li></ul><ul><li>Live Stock (castles, Buffaloes) First </li></ul>
  31. 31. INDIAN AGRICULTURE <ul><li>Million Ha </li></ul><ul><li>Total Crops Planted annually - 191 </li></ul><ul><li>• Total ha Available for Planting - 141 </li></ul><ul><li>• Cropped more than once - 50 </li></ul><ul><li>• Rain Fed (61%) - 86 </li></ul><ul><li>• Irrigated Land (39%) - 55 </li></ul>
  32. 32. <ul><li>Agriculture Sector is changing the socio-economic environments of the population. </li></ul><ul><li>About 75% people are living in rural areas and are still dependent on Agriculture. </li></ul><ul><li>About 43% of India’s geographical area is used for agricultural activity </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture continues to play a major role in Indian Economy </li></ul>Indian Agriculture
  33. 33. Indian Agriculture <ul><li>Provides about 65% of the livelihood </li></ul><ul><li>Accounts for 27% of GDP </li></ul><ul><li>Contributes 21% of Total Exports, and Supplies Raw materials to Industries </li></ul><ul><li>Growth Rate in production - 5.7% </li></ul><ul><li>Food grains production – 211.17 mt </li></ul>
  34. 34. Mile Stones in Agricultural Development <ul><li>Green Revolution (1968) </li></ul><ul><li>Ever-Green Revolution (1996) </li></ul><ul><li>Blue Revolution (water, fish) </li></ul><ul><li>White Revolution (Milk) </li></ul><ul><li>Yellow Revolution (flower, edible) </li></ul><ul><li>Bio-Technology Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>ICT Revolution </li></ul>
  35. 35. Technologies for Sustainable Agricultural Development <ul><li>Biotechnology </li></ul><ul><li>Pre & post harvesting technology </li></ul><ul><li>Energy saving technology </li></ul><ul><li>Environment protection technology </li></ul><ul><li>Information and Communication technology </li></ul><ul><li>Internet/Intranet Technology </li></ul>
  36. 36. IMPORTANCE OF AGRICULTURE IN INDIAN ECONOMY
  37. 37. Large Share in Gross National income
  38. 38. <ul><li>Agriculture is contributing 18% of NI </li></ul><ul><li>Before Independence it is contributing 70% of NI </li></ul><ul><li>Why it is decreased now a days????? </li></ul><ul><li>: Due to the growth of Industries & service Sector </li></ul>
  39. 39. Agriculture Provides large employment Opportunities
  40. 40. <ul><li>As India is more populated nation. </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture is main occupation in India </li></ul><ul><li>More than 65% of people indulge in Agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Now days it is reducing because of development of non agriculture sector. </li></ul>
  41. 41. Supply food to the people
  42. 42. Industrial Development As agriculture develop industries will develop As paddy grows more…………….
  43. 43. Rice mills will increases.
  44. 44. In this region paddy grows more so. Rice mills were more established in this region.
  45. 45. Raw Cotton grows Cotton textile Mills will Increase
  46. 46. Sugarcane
  47. 47. Sugar Industry
  48. 48. MUSTARD PLANT Sun Flower field
  49. 49. Mustard Industry Sunflower Industry AGRO- BASED INDUSTRY
  50. 50. It helps in Foreign Trade <ul><li>Agriculture is playing very important role in Export. </li></ul><ul><li>The share agricultural exports in total exports is more than 10%. </li></ul>
  51. 51. India’s Agricultural Export Potentials <ul><ul><li>Marine Products </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wheat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Condiments and Spuces </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cashew </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tea </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coffee </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Castor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jute </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fruits and Vegetables- Onions, Mango, Grapes, Banana, Tomato , Potato , Lichchi ,etc. </li></ul></ul>
  52. 52. Exports of Agricultural Commodities from India ( Value in Million US$) Year Total Exports Agricultural Exports Agr Exports as % Total Exports 1960-61 1348 596 44.21 1970.-71 2031 644 31.71 1980-81 8484.7 2600 30.64 1990-91 18145 3354 18.49 1991-92 17865 3203 17.93 1992-93 1537 3136 16.92 1993-94 22238 4028 18.11 1994-95 26331 4226 16.05 1995-96 31795 6082 19.13 1996-97 33470 6863 20.50 1997-98 35006 6626 18.93 1998-99 33219 6035 18.17 1999-00 36822 5773 15.68 2000-01 44560 6256 14.04 2001-02 43827 6146 14.03 2002-03 52719 6962 13.21 2003-04 63843 7888 12.36
  53. 53. Revenue to the Government
  54. 54. We purchase land we pay TAX
  55. 55. We use electricity and we pay TAX there while paying E-bill
  56. 56. Purchase of seeds. It includes all taxes
  57. 57. We sell the agriculture commodities for that we have to pay TAX
  58. 58. We purchase products and we pay TAX
  59. 59. We paid all these TAXES Where it will Go
  60. 60. TO Indian Government
  61. 61. LEADS TO CAPITAL FORMATION Farmer grows Sugarcane
  62. 62. He will send it to Factory
  63. 63. He will get money From Industry
  64. 64. He will pay all the liabilities
  65. 65. Now he will Purchase Some other food grains
  66. 66. What to Do this Excess Money????
  67. 67. He will purchase some GOLD
  68. 68. He will purchase some share.
  69. 69. Deposits
  70. 70. Purchase of Vehicle
  71. 71. Tertiary Sector Development Wheat grown in the field
  72. 72. Wheat is Harvested
  73. 73. Harvested wheat is packed in gunny bags
  74. 74. They were taken by the Stock Keeper TRADE
  75. 75. Stock keeper will take INSURANCE on this
  76. 76. And he take Insurance on his CROP GROWN
  77. 77. Stock kipper do his transaction with BANK THEY TRASFER THE MONEY THROUGH BANK
  78. 78. AGRICULTURE FIELD THIS LEADS TO DEVELOPMENT OF TRANSPORT
  79. 79. SOIL EROSION
  80. 80. MEANING OF SOIL EROSION <ul><li>The detachment and movement of topsoil by the action of wind and flowing water. </li></ul><ul><li>Soil erosion refers to loss of fertility of top soil </li></ul>
  81. 81. TYPES OF SOIL EROSION
  82. 82. WATER EROSION
  83. 83. Sheet Erosion The removal of the entire topsoil as a result of heavy rains is called sheet erosion. Rill Erosion Runoff water moves across the soil forming small streams. The topsoil is removed only in these rills formed by the water streams. Riparian Erosion The banks of rivers lose top soil due to the action of the fast moving rivers waters. These waters remove the underlying soil and this results in the loss of topsoil
  84. 84. WIND EROSION
  85. 85. TILLAGE EROSION
  86. 86. SOIL EROSION IN INDIA
  87. 87. VIDEO CLIPS OF SOIL EROSION Video 1 Video 2 Video 3 Video 4
  88. 88. CAUSE OF SOIL EROSION FLOOD
  89. 89. SOIL EROSION THROUGH STRONG WINDS
  90. 90. CYCLONES AFFECT AGRICULTURE LAND
  91. 91. MAN MADE CAUSES
  92. 92. DEFORESTATION
  93. 93. OVER GRAZING
  94. 94. EFFECTS OF SOIL EROSION <ul><ul><ul><li>LOSS OF OM, CLAY, AND NUTRIENTS REDUCES PRODUCTIVITY </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>DAMAGE TO PLANTS </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>FORMATION OF RILLS AND GULLIES AFFECTS MANAGEMENT </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>SEDIMENTATION IN WATERWAYS, DIVERSIONS, TERRACES, DITCHES </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>DELIVERY OF NUTRIENTS TO SURFACE WATER </li></ul></ul></ul>
  95. 95. What is soil Conservation ? The prevention of soil erosion and increasing the fertility of the soil……
  96. 96. What are the methods of soil conservation ?????
  97. 97. Afforestaion When the land is covered with vegetation, the roots of the plants and trees interlock and interlace to bind the soil particles. This helps in two ways: 1.Does not allow the soil particles to be carried away by wind or water 2.Does not allow free flow of water over the soil which prevent erosion of soil by flowing water 3.The falling leaves of the plants get converted to humus by decomposing action of the soil microbes. This enriches the soil.
  98. 98. Control of over-grazing
  99. 99. The practice of growing different crops at different times on the same land is called crop rotation. This keeps the topsoil covered with vegetation. Rotation of cereal crops with legumes also keeps the soil enriched with nitrogen. Crop Rotation
  100. 100. Strip Cropping It involves growing of crops in strips. The most common method followed is the contour farming where the strips of crop are at right angles to the slope. Wind-strip cropping is when the strips of crop are place at right angles to the direction of wind.
  101. 101. Terracing Fields are cut at right angles to the slope. This slows down the flowing water and allows it to irrigate the crops, as wells.
  102. 102. Dam Building With the dams the speed and amount of water flowing can be controlled. This will control the soil erosion of the river banks.
  103. 103. Wind Breakers Trees are planted across the wind direction to protect against the high velocity winds. These rows of trees are called shelter belts or wind breakers .
  104. 104. MODERN IMPLEMENTS USED IN AGRICULTURE
  105. 105. Land Levelers
  106. 106. Farm Equipment
  107. 107. Soil Conditioners
  108. 108. Front End Loaders
  109. 109. Ditchers
  110. 110. Agricultural Sprinkler
  111. 111. Agricultural Tools
  112. 112. Chaff Cutters
  113. 113. Harvester
  114. 114. Sickles
  115. 115. Grazing Machinery
  116. 116. Baler
  117. 117. Corn Harvester
  118. 118. Feed Grinder
  119. 119. Harrow
  120. 120. Planter
  121. 121. Seed drill
  122. 122. Subsoiler
  123. 123. Transplanter
  124. 124. Plough
  125. 125. Power tiller
  126. 126. Sugarcane Planter
  127. 127. THANK YOU

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