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Fishpresentation4

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Fishpresentation4

  1. 1. Freshwater and Saltwater Aquariums By Jenessa Gjeltema
  2. 2. Choose Your Aquarium Type C o ld w a t e r A g g r e s s iv e C o m m u n ity T r o p ic a l F r e s h w a t e r R e e f T a n k F is h O n ly S a lt w a t e r B r a c k is h A q u a r iu m s The specific aquarium setup will depend upon the requirements of the species you choose.
  3. 3. Choose Your Aquarium Type
  4. 4. Choose Your Aquarium Type
  5. 5. Choose Your Aquarium Type
  6. 6. Basic Needs • Appropriate enclosure/housing • Nutrition • Hygiene • Enrichment
  7. 7. Enclosure Components • Tank • Stand/Canopy • Lid/condenser • Lights • Temperature Control • Environmental Enrichment • Filtration • Location • Water Quality
  8. 8. Enclosure Components: Tank Consider: Size Shape Materials Convenience Aesthetics
  9. 9. Enclosure Components: Tank
  10. 10. Enclosure Components: Lid/Condenser Why? • Keeps fish from jumping out • Prevents evaporation • Protects lights
  11. 11. Enclosure Components: Lighting Why? • Plant Growth • Coral Growth • Visualizing the Fish • Fish health
  12. 12. Enclosure Components: Lighting Considerations: Fixtures Ballast Wavelength Light Intensity Reflectors Photoperiod (12 hours)
  13. 13. Enclosure Components: Temperature Regulation How? • Heaters • Chillers • Fans • Ventilation
  14. 14. Enclosure Components: Environmental Enrichment Why? • Evasion • Breeding • Quality of life • Express Personality
  15. 15. Enclosure Components: Environmental Enrichment Types: • Wood • Rocks • Substrate • Plants
  16. 16. Enclosure Components: Plants Why? • Oxygenation • Waste removal • Protection
  17. 17. Filtration Systems Filtration: Mechanical Biological Chemical Types: Wool, sponge Ceramics, sponges, rocks (SURFACE AREA!!) Charcoal, zeolite Purpose: Remove large particulate waste Removes fish waste products Removes odors, discoloration, toxins, and some waste products
  18. 18. Filtration Systems Considerations • Tank size • Stocking capacity • Water flow • Breeding • Aeration
  19. 19. Filtration Systems
  20. 20. Filtration Systems
  21. 21. Filtration Systems Protein Skimmer: Removes organic material from marine systems
  22. 22. Filtration Systems Underground filter: biological and mechanical
  23. 23. Enclosure Components: Location Avoid: • windows/direct sunlight • drafty doors or fireplaces • vibrations/sharp noises
  24. 24. Water Composition: Water Testing
  25. 25. Water Composition: Stock Water • Know what is in your stock water • Test periodically • Alternatives available Test for: • Chlorines • Copper • pH • Hardness
  26. 26. Water Composition: Testing Fresh Water: • pH • Ammonia • Nitrite • Nitrate Salt Water: • Salinity Other: • Phosphate • Calcium • Strontium
  27. 27. Water Quality: Nitrogen Cycle badmanstropicalfish.com (originally from www.hagen.com)
  28. 28. Water Quality: Nitrogen Cycle www.cichlid-forum.com
  29. 29. Water Quality: Cycling A New Tank Purpose: grow bacteria for nitrogen cycle • Takes 4-6 weeks Tips: • “Seed” the tank • Monitor values closely • Avoid water changes • Can achieve without fish
  30. 30. Water Changes Why? • Dilutes waste products • Corrects pH imbalances • Can reduce algae growth
  31. 31. Performing Water Changes • Regular water changes • 2% every 2 days • 4% every week • 20% a month
  32. 32. Adding Fish: Acclimation • Temperature • Water composition • Environmental factors How: • 15-30 min. for temperature • 15 minutes for water composition
  33. 33. Nutrition Dry: Flakes Pellets Sticks Floating Sinking Wafers Seawee d Live/Frozen: Blood Worms Daphnia Brine Shrimp Feeder fish Plants
  34. 34. Nutrition • Know your fish • Observe mouth • Use dry food as staple • Supplement with fresh/frozen foods • Do not overfeed Picture from Jeremy Gay’s The Perfect Aquarium
  35. 35. Maintenance Daily: Feed Monitor Lighting Weekly: Replace evaporation Water testing Clean algae Empty protein skimmer
  36. 36. Maintenance Monthly: Charcoal replacement Plant maintenance Electrical Inspection 6 mos. To Yearly: Change light bulbs
  37. 37. Additional Considerations Personal Safety Euthanasia Environmental Impact Veterinary Care
  38. 38. References Axelrod, Herbert. Handbook of Tropical Aquarium Fishes. Neptune City: TFH Publications. 1983. Borneman, Eric. Aquarium Corals: Selection, Husbandry, and Natural History. Neptune City: T.H.F. Publications. 2001. Fenner, Robert M. The Conscientious Marine Aquarist. Neptune city: T.F.H Publications. 2001. Gay, Jeremy. The Perfect Aquarium: The Complete Guide to Setting Up and Maintaining an Aquarium. New York: Reader’s Digest. 2005. Hawkins, A.D. Aquarium Systems. London: Academic Press. 1981
  39. 39. References Hemdal, Jay F. Aquarium Fish Breeding. New York: Barron’s. 2003. Hiscock, Peter. Encyclopedia of Aquarium Plants. New York: Barron’s. 2003 Sandford, Gina. The Tropical Aquarium. New York: Barron’s. 2004. Stoskopf, Michael. Fish Medicine. Philadelphia: W.B. Sauders Co. 1993. Tullock, John. Water Chemistry for the Marine Aquarium. New York: Barron’s. 2002.
  40. 40. Special Thank You to: Fish World and Aqua Pros
  41. 41. Thank You! Questions? If you would like to learn more about fish (as well as coral and amphibian) husbandry, please contact me at jlgjelte@ncsu.edu. I can help you get some hands-on experience!

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