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Presentation1

  1. 1. The Constitution and Bill of Rights<br />By Sam Lerchen<br />Edu 290<br />Benchmark: 3.1.1-3.1.3, 3.2.4<br />
  2. 2. The Constitution<br />Written September 17, 1787<br />Delaware first to ratify December 7,1787<br />New Hampshire ninth to ratify<br />Accepted June 21,1788<br />
  3. 3. Article I : The Legislative Branch<br />Has two parts:<br /><ul><li>House of Representatives
  4. 4. Currently has 431 members
  5. 5. 25 years old, serve 2 year
  6. 6. Senate
  7. 7. 100 members, 2 per state
  8. 8. 30 years old, serve 6 years</li></li></ul><li>Article II: Executive Branch<br />Powers for President and Vice President<br />President:<br />4 year terms, 2 terms max<br />35 years old, natural born citizen<br />Electoral College<br />States get 1 vote per congress member<br />
  9. 9. Article III: Judicial Branch <br />Establishes the Supreme Court<br />The highest court<br />Members appointed by President<br />Approved by Senate<br />Life terms<br />
  10. 10. Checks and Balances<br />Limit powers of any one branch<br />
  11. 11. Bill of Rights<br />First 10 amendments to the constitution<br />Introduced by James Madison<br />Ratification<br />Needed ¾ of states<br />December 15, 1791<br />Added to protect civil liberties <br />
  12. 12. Amendment 1<br />Freedoms granted to the people:<br />Speech<br />Religion<br />Right to assembly and petition<br />Freedom of press<br />
  13. 13. Amendment 2<br />Right to bear arms<br />Provides the right to own weapons<br />Why is this important?<br />Citizens can protect themselves<br />Militias can be formed<br />
  14. 14. Amendment 3<br />Protection from quartering troops<br />No soldier quartered in any house<br />Consent of owner<br />British forced quartering during Revolutionary war <br />
  15. 15. Amendment 4<br />Protection from unreasonable search and seizure<br />Government can’t take<br />Property<br />Papers<br />People<br />Warrants granted with probable cause<br />
  16. 16. Amendment 5<br />Double Jeopardy<br />Cannot be tried twice for same case<br />Pleading the 5th<br />Unlawful imprisonment <br />
  17. 17. Amendment 6<br />Rights in court<br />Fair and speedy trial<br />Impartial Jury<br />Accused can confront witnesses <br />Guaranteed lawyer<br />
  18. 18. Amendment 7<br />Guarantees a jury in civil cases<br />Any dispute greater than $20<br />Now any dispute greater than $1500<br />
  19. 19. Amendment 8<br />Rights to person accused of crime<br />Protects against cruel and unusual punishment<br />Extraordinarily large fines won’t be set<br />
  20. 20. Amendment 9<br />Protects rights not listed <br />
  21. 21. Amendment 10<br />Powers granted to the states<br />Rights not listed belong to:<br />States<br />People<br />

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