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Classification power point_with_domain

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Classification power point_with_domain

  1. 1. HOW & WHY WE CLASSIFY
  2. 2. What is TAXONOMY?
  3. 3. What is TAXONOMY? Study of classifying & naming organisms
  4. 4. What is TAXONOMY? Study of classifying & naming organisms Why do we do it?
  5. 5. What is TAXONOMY? Study of classifying & naming organisms Why do we do it?  Brings order to tremendous biodiversity on Earth
  6. 6. What is TAXONOMY? Study of classifying & naming organisms Why do we do it?  Brings order to tremendous biodiversity on Earth How do we do it?
  7. 7. What is TAXONOMY? Study of classifying & naming organisms Why do we do it?  Brings order to tremendous biodiversity on Earth How do we do it?  Currently based on structural & chemical (e.g. DNA) similarities that show how closely related organisms are
  8. 8. What is TAXONOMY? Study of classifying & naming organisms Why do we do it?  Brings order to tremendous biodiversity on Earth How do we do it?  Currently based on structural & chemical (e.g. DNA) similarities that show how closely related organisms are An ever-changing field!
  9. 9. What is a PHYLOGENETIC TREE or CLADOGRAM?
  10. 10. What is a PHYLOGENETIC TREE or CLADOGRAM?
  11. 11. What is a PHYLOGENETIC TREE or CLADOGRAM? Reflects hypotheses about evolutionary relationships & common ancestry based on similar structures, DNA, etc.
  12. 12. What is the order of the groups in the taxonomic hierarchy? Eukarya Animalia Chordata Mammalia Primates Hominidae Homo sapiens
  13. 13. What is the order of the groups in the taxonomic hierarchy? DOMAIN Eukarya Animalia Chordata Mammalia Primates Hominidae Homo sapiens
  14. 14. What is the order of the groups in the taxonomic hierarchy? DOMAIN Eukarya KINGDOM Animalia Chordata Mammalia Primates Hominidae Homo sapiens
  15. 15. What is the order of the groups in the taxonomic hierarchy? DOMAIN Eukarya KINGDOM Animalia PHYLUM Chordata Mammalia Primates Hominidae Homo sapiens
  16. 16. What is the order of the groups in the taxonomic hierarchy? DOMAIN Eukarya KINGDOM Animalia PHYLUM Chordata CLASS Mammalia Primates Hominidae Homo sapiens
  17. 17. What is the order of the groups in the taxonomic hierarchy? DOMAIN Eukarya KINGDOM Animalia PHYLUM Chordata CLASS Mammalia ORDER Primates Hominidae Homo sapiens
  18. 18. What is the order of the groups in the taxonomic hierarchy? DOMAIN Eukarya KINGDOM Animalia PHYLUM Chordata CLASS Mammalia ORDER Primates FAMILY Hominidae Homo sapiens
  19. 19. What is the order of the groups in the taxonomic hierarchy? DOMAIN Eukarya KINGDOM Animalia PHYLUM Chordata CLASS Mammalia ORDER Primates FAMILY GENUS Hominidae Homo sapiens
  20. 20. What is the order of the groups in the taxonomic hierarchy? DOMAIN Eukarya KINGDOM Animalia PHYLUM Chordata CLASS Mammalia ORDER Primates FAMILY GENUS Hominidae SPECIES Homo sapiens
  21. 21. Which are most closely related?
  22. 22. Domains Archaea Bacteria Eukarya
  23. 23. What are the 3 DOMAINS?
  24. 24. Archaea
  25. 25. Prokaryotes-no cell nucleusSimilar to Bacteria but have different evolutionary history Single celled species
  26. 26. Bacteria
  27. 27. Single Celled organismsCan live in multiple habitats all over earth Form much of the earths biomass (five nonillion 5 X 10^30) Prokaryotes
  28. 28. EukaryaEverything Else
  29. 29. Eukaryotes -having a truenucleus-organisms withcomplex structures andenclosed with membranesMulticellular (most)Encompasses all organismsexpect bacteria andarchaebacteria
  30. 30. What are the 3 DOMAINS?DOMAIN Prokaryote Unicellular Other? or or eukaryote? multicellular ?BacteriaArchaeaEukarya
  31. 31. What are the 3 DOMAINS?DOMAIN Prokaryote Unicellular Other? or or eukaryote? multicellular ?Bacteria PArchaeaEukarya
  32. 32. What are the 3 DOMAINS?DOMAIN Prokaryote Unicellular Other? or or eukaryote? multicellular ?Bacteria PArchaea PEukarya
  33. 33. What are the 3 DOMAINS?DOMAIN Prokaryote Unicellular Other? or or eukaryote? multicellular ?Bacteria PArchaea PEukarya E
  34. 34. What are the 3 DOMAINS?DOMAIN Prokaryote Unicellular Other? or or eukaryote? multicellular ?Bacteria P 1Archaea PEukarya E
  35. 35. What are the 3 DOMAINS?DOMAIN Prokaryote Unicellular Other? or or eukaryote? multicellular ?Bacteria P 1Archaea P 1Eukarya E
  36. 36. What are the 3 DOMAINS?DOMAIN Prokaryote Unicellular Other? or or eukaryote? multicellular ?Bacteria P 1Archaea P 1Eukarya E usually many
  37. 37. What are the 3 DOMAINS?DOMAIN Prokaryote Unicellular Other? or or eukaryote? multicellular ?Bacteria P 1 less DNA , smaller ribosomesArchaea P 1Eukarya E usually many
  38. 38. What are the 3 DOMAINS?DOMAIN Prokaryote Unicellular Other? or or eukaryote? multicellular ?Bacteria P 1 less DNA , smaller ribosomes more DNA, largerArchaea P 1 ribosomes, tolerate extreme environmentsEukarya E usually many
  39. 39. What are the 3 DOMAINS?DOMAIN Prokaryote Unicellular Other? or or eukaryote? multicellular ?Bacteria P 1 less DNA , smaller ribosomes more DNA, largerArchaea P 1 ribosomes, tolerate extreme environmentsEukarya E usually more DNA, larger many ribosomes
  40. 40. MAKE A VENN DIAGRAM IN YOURNOTES TO SHOW MAJORDIFFERENCES BETWEEN THETHREE DOMAINS
  41. 41. What is BINOMIALNOMENCLATURE?
  42. 42. What is BINOMIAL NOMENCLATURE? Used to create 2-word scientific name for an organism
  43. 43. What is BINOMIAL NOMENCLATURE? Used to create 2-word scientific name for an organism Why in Latin?
  44. 44. What is BINOMIAL NOMENCLATURE? Used to create 2-word scientific name for an organism Why in Latin? Genus species
  45. 45. What is BINOMIAL NOMENCLATURE? Used to create 2-word scientific name for an organism Why in Latin? Genus species Ex.: Homo sapiens
  46. 46. What is BINOMIAL NOMENCLATURE? Used to create 2-word scientific name for an organism Why in Latin? Genus species Ex.: Homo sapiens Why is name 2 words?
  47. 47. What is BINOMIAL NOMENCLATURE? Used to create 2-word scientific name for an organism Why in Latin? Genus species Ex.: Homo sapiens Why is name 2 words?
  48. 48. What is BINOMIAL NOMENCLATURE? Used to create 2-word scientific name for an organism Why in Latin? Genus species Ex.: Homo sapiens Why is name 2 words? Use Greek and Latin words given to decipher Dinosaur names!!!!

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