Western and Asian Musical Instruments

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  • Instruments normally played by bowing (see below) may also be plucked, a technique referred to by the Italian term pizzicato.--banjo from africa-- ukulele from hawaii--guitar europe-- harp in persia
  • Bassoon from italyClarinet from germanySaxophone from Belgium
  • Flutes from Germany
  • Larsosones– lip-vibrated instruments
  • Valve- diverts air down tubes of varying length, thereby altering the pitch.Trumpet-
  • Some instruments are pitched while others are unpitched.
  • Western and Asian Musical Instruments

    1. 1. Western and Asian Musical Instruments
    2. 2. Western Musical Instruments • Strings • Woodwinds • Brass • Percussion
    3. 3. -- produce sound from one or more vibrating strings -- sounded by bowing and plucking – Bowing String Instruments
    4. 4. • The bow consists of a stick with many hairs stretched between its ends. Bowing the instrument's string causes a stick-slip phenomenon to occur, which makes the string vibrate.
    5. 5. -- produce sound from one or more vibrating strings -- sounded by bowing and plucking – Bowing – Plucking String Instruments
    6. 6. a method of playing on instruments by a finger or thumbther quills (now plastic plectra) to pluck the strings.
    7. 7. -- musical instrument that produces sound by vibration of mouthpiece reeds Woodwind Instruments
    8. 8. • Bassoon • Clarinet • Saxophone
    9. 9. • -- musical instrument that produces sound by vibration of mouthpiece reeds or by passage of air over the mouthpiece. Woodwind Instruments
    10. 10. a flute is a reedless wind instrument that produces its sound from the flow of air across an opening.
    11. 11. -- musical instrument that produces sound by sympathetic vibration of air in a tubular resonator in sympathy with the vibration of the player's lips -- came with two families: – Valved Brass Instruments
    12. 12. • use a set of valves operated by the player's fingers
    13. 13. -- a musical instrument that produces sound by sympathetic vibration of air in a tubular resonator in sympathy with the vibration of the player's lips -- came with two families: – Valved – Slide Brass Instruments
    14. 14. • use a slide to change the length of tubing
    15. 15. -- a musical instrument that is sounded by being struck or scraped by a beater, or rubbed by hand, or struck against another similar instrument. Percussion Instruments
    16. 16. • Clapstick • hang • Xylophone
    17. 17. • Flutes • Stringed Instruments • Percussion Instruments Asian Musical Instruments
    18. 18. Musicians play this instrument by placing their lips at the top end of the flute and blowing softly. F L U T E S
    19. 19. • Shakuhachi flute • Nose flute
    20. 20. • flutes made from the wing bones of red- crowned cranes
    21. 21. -- The pipa player plucks the strings with his right hand and uses the fingers on his left hand to manipulate the strings to create melodies and sound effects. Stringed Instruments
    22. 22. • Asian percussion instruments not only provide rhythmic accompaniment, but may also perform dramatic solos. Percussion instruments may also represent specific character roles in productions. • Asian percussion instruments are divided into three categories: – Wood – Brass – Leather Percussion
    23. 23. • Wooden xylophone • muyu
    24. 24. • Yunlos (cymbals)
    25. 25. • The frame of this drum consists of thick pieces of hard wood fastened together in a circle and enclosed with a metal band. The bell-shaped drum has an open bottom, while the top gets covered with pig or cow hide. Jing Bangu

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