Top tips info and ideas foundation revision


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Top tips info and ideas foundation revision

  1. 1. A680 Information and Ideas Exam 2 Hours – 40% of GCSE Tuesday 29th May 9am
  2. 2. Reading a text You should spend 1 hour 10 minutes on this section of the paper (45-50 minutes on the writing section)• Read the first text – answer the first set of questions on this text. Then read the second text and answer the questions on this text. This will ensure you don‟t get muddled with the texts and give your hand a rest!• After you have read the text, you need to unpack the text. Which means deciding on what the purpose of the text is, who it was written for and what tone the writing has.• DON‟T start the reading questions until you are confident that you have:- Read the passage to the end Formed a view of what it is about Considered some of the ways the writer has tried to communicate his/her point of view And remember: Underline and annotate the text to help you plan your answers the questions.
  3. 3. The Foundation Paper - ReadingThere are two reading passages and one set of questions oneach passage.The questions on the first passage will ask you WHAT thepassage is about.•The questions on the second passage will ask you HOW thewriter has presented the material.Each question is worth 20 marks so spend no more than 35minutes on each text. Don‟t forget this when you are planning your time management in the examination
  4. 4. So when reading the extracts for the first time, you should identify…• Tone (friendly, argumentative, sad, shocking, excited etc.)• Purpose (persuade, argue, advise, inform, entertain etc.)• Audience (age, gender, interests, education...)• Form (e.g. letter, broadsheet article, tabloid article, leaflet etc.)
  5. 5. Outline = SummaryWith the first text you will be asked tooutline two or three elements of the text inan outline or summary. This is not askingyou to explore or explain what the writer haswritten, just „WHAT‟ the text says about thepoints in the question.Imagine it like this: you are an editor and have been asked to rewrite the text without all the excess.
  6. 6. The Outline Question: Whatthe examiners are looking for• Understanding of TASK and TEXT• An OVERVIEW of the material• A clear focus on each separate, relevant point you make without overlap into other points• Confident use of “own words” with NO copying/lifting from the text• A range of (but not necessarily all of the) points
  7. 7. The second textWith the second text you will be asked to explore‘HOW’ the writer has achieved the effect and toneof their piece.These questions will be about the presentation ofthe text.Examine how the passage has been written andproduced: make points about structure, informationand language which are supported with examplesfrom the text.These questions are looking for you to exploreHOW the writer has achieved their tone andpurpose and you will have to use evidence tosupport your answers.
  8. 8. Presentation – What are you looking for as evidence? PersuasiveStructural techniques: list of The writer’s 3, emotive, features repetition... language Balance of fact Descriptive devices: imagery, choices and opinion onomatopoeia, speech... Language and Presentation Informative How does the techniques: writer support their imperatives, points? facts... How is the reader How the piece addressed? Is it begins, develops friendly, and ends. aggressive....
  9. 9. The second text – TOP TIPsYou should always structure your answeraround the effect/tone/mood the text has andthen use the language, structure and non-written features to support your point. Avoidmaking the language/structure feature yourpoint.E.g. The tone of the text is sarcastic. The writerachieves this by insert evidence Or: The purpose of thetext is to shock the reader, the headline intensifies thiswith its use of insert evidence.Instead of: There is imagery in the piece and this... The best way to ensure you do this is to PLAN
  10. 10. Avoiding the generic In order to analyse and explore a text in detail, and reach those higher bands, you have got to avoid those awful generic phrases: this is effective... this draws the reader in... It is powerful... Instead think about:• This draws the reader in = it creates a friendly tone/ excitement/ shock/mystery/tension BY ...• It is powerful = technique X makes the reader feel.../causes the reader to feel...• This is effective = the effect of X is to make the writer‟s point.../ is to make the reader feel.../ is to highlight the...
  11. 11. What the Examiners are looking for on the second text questions? • A range of relevant points (about information, language and structure as appropriate) • Effective supporting reference to the text with a clear attempt at analysis of what is referred to • A good understanding of the TASK and the TEXT
  12. 12. The Foundation Paper- WritingYou will be asked to do ONE writing task from a choiceof TWO. In both Foundation and Higher Tiers this taskwill be worth a total of 40 marks.At least a third of the marks will be awarded for thetechnical aspects of your writing, which includesspelling and punctuation.You are advised to spend about 45 minutes on SectionB and write between a side and a side and a half.Do ensure you have time to PLAN your responsebefore you begin to write.
  13. 13. The Foundation Paper- WritingIn Section B of the written examination you will beassessed on Assessment Objective 4: write to communicate clearly, effectively and imaginatively, using and adapting forms and selecting vocabulary appropriate to task and purpose in ways to engage the readerThis requires you to develop your own ideas, andpresent them clearly using an engaging choice ofvocabulary, tone and structure to keep your readerinterested.
  14. 14. The Foundation Paper- Writing organise information and ideas into structured and sequenced sentences, paragraphs and whole texts, using a variety of linguistic and structural features to support cohesion and overall coherenceYou must organise your writing in a logical, helpful way so thatthe reader can follow your ideas easily. A strong beginning isessential and an effective ending. Careful planning isessential to achieve this. use a range of sentence structures for clarity, purpose and effect, with accurate punctuation and spelling.Using a variety of sentence structures helps keep your writinginteresting by varying the pace. It is important that you checkyour spelling and punctuation carefully.
  15. 15. Writing – Top Tips• DO plan your work carefully! Take five minutes at least to work out WHAT you are going to say and HOW you are going to say it.• DON‟T write too much! If you are going onto more than three sides ask yourself why!• Remember that QUALITY is all important and that QUANTITY need only be enough to show what you can do at your best.• Accurate spelling, punctuation and sentence structure matter.
  16. 16. What the Examiners are looking for:- (Grade C)• General control of the material: but some ambition, too.• A relevant understanding of what you have set yourself to do. Sense of the audience, where there is one.• Some variety of vocabulary: “fit the word to the idea not the idea to the word”.• A clear beginning, middle and end.• Effectively linked paragraphs.• Generally accurate sentence structures.• Mainly accurate spelling: possibly some errors in ambitious vocabulary.• Simple punctuation mostly accurate and secure.