Strategies for Educators </li></li></ul><li>Definition <br />Epilepsy is a chronic condition that is a sign of an underlying neurologic disorder.<br />Consists of recurrent seizures of varying degrees of intensity and duration.<br />
Definition continuation<br />Seizures are the result of a temporary alteration of one or more brain functions.<br />
Characteristics <br />GENERALIZED SEIZURES<br /> 1. Tonic-Clonic (Grand Mal):<br /> -Usually lasts from 30 sec to 5 min<br /> -Loss of unconsciousness<br /> -Jerky muscle contractions<br /> -Loss of bladder and bowel control<br /> -Irregular breathing or temporarily ceases <br /> -Event may not be recalled by the person<br />
Generalized Seizures continuation <br /> 2. Absence Seizure (Petit Mal):<br /> -It starts with a blank stare<br /> -Chewing movements and rapid blinking<br /> -No abnormal movements of the body<br /> -Momentary loss of consciousness<br /> -Lasts less than a minute; for this reason teachers often mistake this as student’s lack of attention <br />
Characteristics continuation<br />PARTIAL SEIZURES<br />1. SIMPLE SEIZURES (Sensory or Jacksonian):<br /> -May have no warning and last several minutes<br /> -Abnormal twitching may lead to a convulsive seizure<br /> -Unexplained feelings of anger, joy, fear, and nausea <br /> -No loss of consciousness but may hear or see nonexistent things<br />
Partial Seizures continuation<br />2. COMPLEX SEIZURES (Psychomotor or Temporal Lobe):<br /> -Person may not respond to others<br /> -Inappropriate and uncoordinated actions<br /> -Sudden fear and struggle against any resistance <br /> -Hearing or seeing distortions<br /> -No recall of the event<br /> -Starts in a limited area of the brain but it may expand <br />
Strategies for Educators<br /><ul><li>Be aware and know all the information regarding the student’s history with epilepsy.
Be aware and document any changes or behaviors of the student.
Teach other students about epilepsy to alleviate any misunderstanding and fears.</li></li></ul><li>Strategies for Educators<br /><ul><li>Do not overprotect the student.
Teacher and students should treat the student with respect and acceptance so that the student’s psychological and social growth wont be affected.</li></li></ul><li>What to do during a seizure <br /><ul><li>Keep calm and don’t try to revive the student.
Ease student to the floor and don’t restrain any movement.
Don’t try to help by doing anything to the student’s mouth or tongue
If student walks aimlessly, clear the way</li></li></ul><li>Resources <br /><ul><li>Nielsen, Lee Brattland. Brief Reference of Students Disabilities.</li></ul>Thousand Oaks, Ca; Crowin Press, 2002<br /><ul><li>Epilepsy Foundation of America
National Information Center for Children and Youth with Disabilities </li>