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Nucleus Structure

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Structure of Nucleus and its Parts (all about the Cell Nucleus)

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Nucleus Structure

  1. 1. Salman Akram University of the Punjab
  2. 2. Basics of Nucleus  Nucleus was discovered by an English biologist Robert Brown in 1831.  It is the important part of the cell, exerting a controlling influence on all cell activities.  It is usually spherical or oval structure mostly located in the Centre of the cell.  Some sieve tube of vascular plants and the red blood cell s of mammals lack nuclei at maturity.
  3. 3. Nucleus  The nucleus is a membrane bound structure that contains the cell's hereditary information and controls the cell's growth and reproduction.  It is commonly the most prominent organelle in the cell. The nucleus is surrounded by a structure called the nuclear envelope.
  4. 4.  This membrane separates the contents of the nucleus from the cytoplasm. The cell's chromosomes are also housed within the nucleus.  Chromosomes contain DNA which provides the genetic information necessary for the production of other cell components and for the reproduction of life.
  5. 5. Structure of the nucleus  Nuclear Envelope  Nuclear Membrane  Nucleolus  Chromosomes  Nucleoplasm Average diameter of nucleus is 6 um, which occupies around 10% of cell volume.
  6. 6. Nuclear envelope  nuclear envelope. The double-layered membrane enclosing the nucleus of a eukaryotic cell.  The nuclear envelope has pores that allow the passage of materials into and out of the nucleus. Also called nuclear membrane.
  7. 7. A nuclear membrane, also known as the nucleolemma or karyotheca, is the phospho lipid bilayer membrane which surrounds the genetic material and nucleolus in eukaryotic cells. The nuclear membrane consists of two lipid bilayers—the inner nuclear membrane, and the outer nuclear membrane. Nuclear Membrane
  8. 8. Nucleolus  The nucleolus takes up around 25% of the volume of the nucleus. This structure is made up of proteins and ribonucleic acids (RNA). Its main function is to rewrite ribosomal RNA (rRNA) and combine it with proteins. This results in the formation of incomplete ribosomes.
  9. 9. Chromosomes  The Function of Chromosomes. Chromosomes are the thread-like structure found in the nuclei of both animal and plant cells. They are made of protein and one molecule of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA).
  10. 10. Nucleoplasm  Just like the cytoplasm found inside a cell, the nucleus contains nucleoplasm, also known as karyoplasm.  The nucleoplasm is a type of protoplasm that is made up mostly of water, a mixture of various molecules, and dissolved ions.  It is completely enclosed within the nuclear membrane or nuclear envelope.
  11. 11. Any Question

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