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F10 hpv msah


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F10 hpv msah

  1. 1. HPV Human Papillomavirus By: Mary Ann Springer Alexandra HellerWednesday, December 15, 2010
  2. 2. What is HPV? • HPV is one of the most common STIs. • HPV is a STI that has 40 different types, ranging from mild to severe past on through sexual contact or sexual acts. • Some, but not all, can cause genital warts, penile, anal and cervical cancer. • In rare cases certain types of HPV can cause cancer of the neck and head.Wednesday, December 15, 2010
  3. 3. Statistics of HPV • In 90% of cases the bodies natural immune system clears it within 2 years. • Every day 30 women are diagnosed with cervical cancer due to HPV.Wednesday, December 15, 2010
  4. 4. Symptoms of Genital Warts • Can appear as small bumps or group of bumps in the genital area. • Warts may appear weeks or months after sexual interaction. • The treatment for genital warts can include creams and removal by cutting, freezing, or burning the warts. • Even after treatment 25% of cases come back within 3 months, due to the virus still being present in the body.Wednesday, December 15, 2010
  5. 5. Symptoms of penile, anal, and cervical cancer. (Some times there are no signs or symptoms for these cancers until its quite advanced) • Penile • Anal • Cervical • First signs: changes in • Signs can include: anal • Cervical cancer is hard color, skin thickening, bleeding, pain, itching or to detect unless one or build of tissue on discharge. receives a Pap Smear the penis by there Doctor. • Swollen lymph nodes in • Later signs: a growth or the anal or groin (for • If the Pap Smear results sore on the penis, males) area are also come back abnormal usually painless but in signs of anal cancer. then one should go to a some cases the sore Gynecologist so they may be painful and bleed • Another symptom to can inspect it further. look for is change in ones bowel habits or • Only certain types of the shape of ones stool. • Only certain types of HPV can cause cervical HPV can cause Penile cancer. cancer. • Only certain types of HPV can cause anal cancer.Wednesday, December 15, 2010
  6. 6. Symptoms of head and neck cancer • Symptoms include: constant throat or ear pain, constant coughing, pain or trouble swallowing or breathing, weight loss, lump or masses in the neck, or hoarseness or voice changes that last more than 2 weeks.Wednesday, December 15, 2010
  7. 7. Treatment for various symptoms of HPV • Anal and penile cancers can be treated with surgery, radiation therapy, and chemo therapy. • The treatment for genital warts can include creams and removal by cutting, freezing, or burning the warts.Wednesday, December 15, 2010
  8. 8. Prevention • Not having sexual intercourse is the safest way to prevent HPV. • There are two types of vaccines available to protect females and males against the types of HPV that causes cervical cancers and most genital warts. • Cervarix and Gardasil are the two vaccines that are given in three doses to give the most protection. It is advised to receive these vaccines at a young age before sexual activity begins. • It’s important to monitor and know your partners sexual history, even though it may be difficult. • Condoms may lower the risk of HPV prevention but HPV can infect areas not covered by a condom.Wednesday, December 15, 2010
  9. 9. What trends exist with the occurrence of HPV? • Once discovering the infection people become scared and nervous based on lack of education on infection. • Caught at an early age on should not be so fearful dude to the ability for it to be treated.Wednesday, December 15, 2010
  10. 10. High risk groups • Young people are at high risk for HPV due to having many sexual partners. • Poor people are as well a high risk group dude to their lack of education with regards to prevention and treatment of HPV.Wednesday, December 15, 2010
  11. 11. Overall bad news • If one experiences symptoms of HPV there may be irritation and discomfort. • If ones HPV has reached a severe stage it may not be curable.Wednesday, December 15, 2010
  12. 12. Overall good news • Most HPV types are curable if caught at an early stage. • And if not caught at an early stage there are still possible treatments.Wednesday, December 15, 2010