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Chlamydia	                                                 Marta	  ReyesWednesday, December 15, 2010
What	  is	  Chlamydia?   • Sexually	  Transmi7ed	       Infec;on	  (STI)   • Caused	  by	  the	  bacterium	       Chlamydi...
How	  is	  Chlamydia	  spread?     • Can	  be	  transmi7ed	         during	  oral,	  vaginal	  or	         anal	  sex	  wi...
Symptoms                               • In	  the	  beginning	  you	  may	  not	  feel	                                   ...
Symptoms	  in	  women• OPen	  silent	  with	  up	  to	  90%	    asymptoma;c• Symptoms	  can	  start	  aPer	  3	  weeks	  o...
Symptoms	  in	  men     • Causes	  something	  called	  Non-­‐Specific	  Urethri;s	         (NSU)	  which	  can	  produce	 ...
Problems	  as	  a	  result	  of	  Chlamydia                                     • In	  women	  can	  cause:               ...
Problems	  as	  a	  result	       • In	  men	  can	  cause:          – Spread	  to	  the	  epididymis	  (the	  tube	  that...
Treatment	  Op;ons     • Can	  be	  easily	  cured	  and	  treated	  with	         an;bio;cs	  such	  as:          – Amoxi...
Whose	  at	  high	  risk?• As	  many	  as	  1	  in	  10	    adolescent	  girls	  tested	                   Chlamydia—Preva...
Chlamydia—Posi;vity	  Among	  Women	  Aged	  15–24	  Years	  Tested	  in	  Family	          Planning	  Clinics,	  by	  Sta...
Bad	  news?                               • An	  es;mated	  3	  to	  5	  million	  new	  cases	                           ...
Good	  news	  ?     • Treated	  with	  an;bio;cs,	  chlamydial	         infec;ons	  can	  be	  cured	  95%	  of	  the	    ...
Wednesday, December 15, 2010
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F10 chlamydia mr


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F10 chlamydia mr

  1. 1. Chlamydia   Marta  ReyesWednesday, December 15, 2010
  2. 2. What  is  Chlamydia? • Sexually  Transmi7ed   Infec;on  (STI) • Caused  by  the  bacterium   Chlamydia  trachoma.s • Is  a  major  infec;ous  cause  of   of  genital  and  eye  disease • One  of  the  most  common   STI’s  worldwideWednesday, December 15, 2010
  3. 3. How  is  Chlamydia  spread? • Can  be  transmi7ed   during  oral,  vaginal  or   anal  sex  with  an   infected  partner • From  a  mother  to  her   newborn  baby  during   delivery  Wednesday, December 15, 2010
  4. 4. Symptoms • In  the  beginning  you  may  not  feel   anything  and  think  you  don’t  have  it • It  can  come  and  go • In  pre-­‐puberty  girls: – Vaginal  discharge  and  odor  (vagini;s) • In  post-­‐puberty  girls: – Discharge  (off-­‐white)  and  odor  which   comes  from  the  cervix  being  infected    Wednesday, December 15, 2010
  5. 5. Symptoms  in  women• OPen  silent  with  up  to  90%   asymptoma;c• Symptoms  can  start  aPer  3  weeks  of   being  infected  and  can  include: – Constant  lower  abdominal  pain – Mild,  milky  or  yellow  mucus-­‐like  vaginal   discharge – Nausea  and  fever – Pain  during  urina;on – SpoWng  between  periodsWednesday, December 15, 2010
  6. 6. Symptoms  in  men • Causes  something  called  Non-­‐Specific  Urethri;s   (NSU)  which  can  produce  symptoms  such  as: – Burning  during  urina;on  (Non-­‐Gonoccocal  Urethri;s   (NGU)) – Groin  pain  and  swelling  (Epididymi;s) – Irrita;on  around  opening  of  the  penis – Mild,  s;cky,  milky  or  mucus-­‐like  discharge  from  penis – Swollen  testes  (which  if  not  treated  can  lead  to   infer;lity) – Tes;cular  pain    Wednesday, December 15, 2010
  7. 7. Problems  as  a  result  of  Chlamydia • In  women  can  cause: –  Cervici.s-­‐Inflamma;on  of  the  cervix – Salpingi.s-­‐Inflamma;on  of  the   fallopian  tubes – Ectopic  pregnancy-­‐  If  pregnant  highe PIV chance  of  fetus  growing  in  ectopic   tubes  not  the  womb – Pelvic  Inflammatory  Disease  (PIV)-­‐ Infec;ons  of  the  womb,  ovaries  and   fallopian  tubes – Chronic  pelvic  pain – Infer;lity – Increases  chances  of  becoming   infected  with  HIVWednesday, December 15, 2010
  8. 8. Problems  as  a  result   • In  men  can  cause: – Spread  to  the  epididymis  (the  tube  that  carries  sperm   from  the  tes;s)  causing  pain,  fever  and  rarely,  sterility –  arthri.s/Reiter  Syndrome-­‐A  chronic  form  of   arthri;s  featuring  the  following  three  condi;ons:  (1)   inflamed  joints;  (2)  inflamma;on  of  the  eyes   (conjunc;vi;s);  and  (3)  inflamma;on  of  the  genital,   urinary  or  gastrointes;nal  system. – Prosta;;s-­‐An  infec;on  of  the  prostate  gland – Sterility  Wednesday, December 15, 2010
  9. 9. Treatment  Op;ons • Can  be  easily  cured  and  treated  with   an;bio;cs  such  as: – Amoxicillin – Azithromycin  (one-­‐day  treatment) – Doxycycline  (seven  day  treatment)* – Erythromycin*   – Tetracycline – Ofloxacin *Can  be  taken  while  pregnantWednesday, December 15, 2010
  10. 10. Whose  at  high  risk?• As  many  as  1  in  10   adolescent  girls  tested   Chlamydia—Prevalence  by  Age  Group  and  Race/ are  infected Ethnicity,  Na;onal  Health  and  Nutri;on   Examina;on  Survey,  1999–2002• Teenage  girls – 15-­‐19  year  old  girls  46%   of  infec;ons – 20-­‐24  year  old  women   33%  of  infec;ons• People  living  in  urban   areas• African  Americans• Those  with  lower  social   and  economic  status Taken  from  cdc.govWednesday, December 15, 2010
  11. 11. Chlamydia—Posi;vity  Among  Women  Aged  15–24  Years  Tested  in  Family   Planning  Clinics,  by  State,  Infer;lity  Preven;on  Project,  United  States  and   Outlying  Areas,  2009 Taken  from  cdc.govWednesday, December 15, 2010
  12. 12. Bad  news? • An  es;mated  3  to  5  million  new  cases              in  the  U.S.  each  year • The  most  prevalent  STI • Adolescents  con;nue  to  have  the   highest  rates  of  Chlamydia • The  reported  rate  of  Chlamydia  for   women  substan;ally  exceeds  the  rate   for  men,  due  mainly  to  increased   detec;on  of  asymptoma;c  infec;on  in   women  through  screening • Low  rates  of  reported  Chlamydia   among  men  suggest  that  many  of  the   partners  of  women  with  Chlamydia  areWednesday, December 15, 2010
  13. 13. Good  news  ? • Treated  with  an;bio;cs,  chlamydial   infec;ons  can  be  cured  95%  of  the   ;me. • Chlamydia  is  preventable  by: – Being  in  a  long-­‐term  mutually   monogamous  rela;onship  with  a  partner   who  has  been  tested  and  is  not  infected – By  using  latex  condoms  correctly  and   consistently  during  vaginal  or  rectal  sexual   ac;vity – GET  CHECKED!-­‐Health  experts   recommend  that  all  sexually  ac;ve   women  25  years  of  age  and  younger  get   Chlamydia  screening  tests  annuallyWednesday, December 15, 2010
  14. 14. Wednesday, December 15, 2010