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Df10200 gartner

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Df10200 gartner

  1. 1. Yefim Natis<br />Defining The Cloud Platform<br />
  2. 2. Cloud Computing: Evolution Inside a Revolution<br />SOA<br />serving<br />Browser<br />informing<br />connecting<br />Cloud<br />Web<br />Internet<br />1980<br />1990<br />2000<br />2010<br />2020<br />
  3. 3. Key Issues<br />What is PaaS, its architecture and its road map?<br />How will the vendors' strategies influence the PaaS road map?<br />PaaS road map: Who, why and when?<br />
  4. 4. Key Issues<br />What is PaaS, its architecture and its road map?<br />How will the vendors' strategies influence the PaaS road map?<br />PaaS road map: Who, why and when?<br />
  5. 5. Elastic, shared Internet resources<br />Fixed, dedicated resources<br />Cloud<br />Hosting<br />Hardwaremanagedby others<br />Off-Premises<br />The Cloud Architecture Is a Three-Layer Cake<br />V-Cloud<br />Application Services (SaaS*)<br />Application Infrastructure Services (PaaS*)<br />System Infrastructure Services (IaaS*)<br />* According to NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology), http://csrc.nist.gov/groups/SNS/cloud-computing/index.html<br />
  6. 6. Private vs. Public: Understanding the Trade-Offs<br />Private Cloud<br /><ul><li>Designated enterprise data center (or segment) managed centrally
  7. 7. Data center resources shared by all divisions, protected by enterprise central controls
  8. 8. Divisions of enterprise act as independent tenants
  9. 9. Some elasticity of resources; good resource utilization; reduced cost of business</li></ul>Enterprise IT<br /><ul><li>Each enterprise division manages its own data center (or a subdivision)
  10. 10. Exclusive local control of resources
  11. 11. Internally borne costs and burdens of management
  12. 12. High-cost overcapacity, low resource utilization</li></ul>Virtual Private Cloud<br /><ul><li>Third-party data center providers (public cloud characteristic)
  13. 13. Data center sharing is restricted to only the divisions of this enterprise (private cloud characteristic)
  14. 14. Divisions of enterprise act as independent tenants (private cloud characteristic)
  15. 15. Some elasticity; good resource utilization; low cost of business</li></ul>Community Cloud<br /><ul><li>Consortium or a government scope data center (larger than private, but smaller than public)
  16. 16. Members of the consortium or government agencies act as independent tenants
  17. 17. Data center resources are shared by all members; consortium provides security, privacy and capacity
  18. 18. Good elasticity of resources; high resource utilization; reduced cost of business</li></ul>Public Cloud<br /><ul><li>Third-party data center providers
  19. 19. Computing resources shared by independent enterprises (tenants), protected by third parties in cloud
  20. 20. Maximum elasticity; maximum resource utilization; low cost of business</li></ul>Public Cloud<br />Private Cloud<br />Virtual Private Cloud<br />Community Cloud<br />No Cloud<br />Enterprise 1<br />Enterprise 2<br />
  21. 21. Private vs. Public: Understanding the Trade-Offs<br />Cost-Efficiency<br />Autonomy<br />Private Cloud<br /><ul><li>Designated enterprise data center (or segment) managed centrally
  22. 22. Data center resources shared by all divisions, protected by enterprise central controls
  23. 23. Divisions of enterprise act as independent tenants
  24. 24. Some elasticity of resources; good resource utilization; reduced cost of business</li></ul>Enterprise IT<br /><ul><li>Each enterprise division manages its own data center (or a subdivision)
  25. 25. Exclusive local control of resources
  26. 26. Internally borne costs and burdens of management
  27. 27. High-cost overcapacity, low resource utilization</li></ul>Virtual Private Cloud<br /><ul><li>Third-party data center providers (public cloud characteristic)
  28. 28. Data center sharing is restricted to only the divisions of this enterprise (private cloud characteristic)
  29. 29. Divisions of enterprise act as independent tenants (private cloud characteristic)
  30. 30. Some elasticity; good resource utilization; low cost of business</li></ul>Community Cloud<br /><ul><li>Consortium or a government scope data center (larger than private, but smaller than public)
  31. 31. Members of the consortium or government agencies act as independent tenants
  32. 32. Data center resources are shared by all members; consortium provides security, privacy and capacity
  33. 33. Good elasticity of resources; high resource utilization; reduced cost of business</li></ul>Public Cloud<br /><ul><li>Third-party data center providers
  34. 34. Computing resources shared by independent enterprises (tenants), protected by third parties in cloud
  35. 35. Maximum elasticity; maximum resource utilization; low cost of business</li></ul>Public Cloud<br />Private Cloud<br />Virtual Private Cloud<br />Community Cloud<br />No Cloud<br />Enterprise 1<br />Enterprise 2<br />
  36. 36. <ul><li>By 2013, all leading software vendors will aggressively compete for leadership in the cloud platform market.
  37. 37. Through 2013, the cloud platform leadership will be with PaaS providers that have the largest ISV ecosystems
  38. 38. By 2015, cloud platform experience will be a listed or demanded skill in most hiring decisions by IT software projects.</li></ul>Platform as a Service: The Strategic Center of Cloud-Computing Architecture<br />Applications<br />SaaS<br />Application Infrastructure<br />PaaS<br />Programming models, languages, standards, interoperability, architectures, developer skills, partner ecosystems, user communities, market influence<br />IaaS<br />System Infrastructure<br />
  39. 39. Cloud Computing:Valuable Services, but Chaos Reigns<br />App Engine<br />Integrated Application Servers<br />Data Cloud<br />Click-to-secure Cloud<br />Atmosphere<br />Cloud Services<br />Application Security<br />Data Integration<br />Collaborative network<br />Managed File Transfer (MFT)<br />Apps Marketplace<br />Application and B2B Integration<br />DBMS File Systems<br />XAP-aaS<br />App. Marketplaces (catalogs)<br />Cloud IQ<br />Covicint Portal<br />eXtreme TP<br />App. Life Cycle Management (ALM)<br />Portals UXP<br />RDS, Simple DB<br />Messaging Middleware<br />BPM Technology<br />Cloud<br />Interstage<br />Agile planner<br />Based on "Application Infrastructure for Cloud Computing: a Growing Market, 2010" G00175138 <br />
  40. 40. PaaS 2015: Comprehensive Application Infrastructure Platform as a Service<br />Application Infrastructure Services<br />Targeted Application Infrastructure Platforms as a Service<br />Application Security<br />Integrated Application Servers<br />Application Platform Services<br />Application Platform<br />as a service<br />(aPaaS) <br />DBMS, File Systems<br />Application and B2B Integration<br />Information Platform Services<br />Data Integration<br />Managed File Transfer<br />Comprehensive Application Infrastructure Platform as a service<br />(PaaS)<br />Portal/User Experience<br />Business Process Management<br />Integration Platform Services<br />Management/Governance<br />Integration Platform<br />as a service<br />(iPaaS) <br />Extreme TP Application Server<br />Messaging Middleware<br />Governance Platform Services<br />Application Life Cycle Management<br />2015<br />App. Marketplace (Catalog)<br />2013<br />2011<br />
  41. 41. Gartner Reference Architecture for Multitenancy <br />3<br />Shared OS<br />1<br />SharedNothing<br />2<br />Shared Hardware<br />6<br />Shared Everything<br />7<br />Custom Multitenancy<br />4<br />Shared Database<br />5 <br />Shared Container<br />Tenant<br />Tenant<br />Tenant<br />Tenant<br />Tenant<br />Tenant<br />Tenant<br />Tenant<br />Tenant<br />Tenant<br />Tenant<br />Tenant<br />Tenant<br />Tenant<br />App.<br />App.<br />App.<br />App.<br />App.<br />App.<br />Application Logic<br />Cloud-Enabled Application Logic<br />Application Logic<br />App.<br />App.<br />ApplicationLogic<br />AP<br />AP<br />Cloud-Enabled Application Platform <br />AP<br />AP<br />AP<br />AP<br />Cloud-Enabled Application Platform <br />Application Platform<br />AP<br />AP<br />ApplicationPlatform<br />DP<br />DP<br />DP<br />DP<br />DP<br />DP<br />DP<br />DP<br />Cloud-Enabled Data Platform<br />Data Platform<br />Cloud-Enabled Data Platform<br />Data Platform<br />Sys. Inf.<br />Sys. Inf.<br />System Infrastructure<br />System Infrastructure<br />System Infrastructure<br />System Infrastructure<br />System Infrastructure<br />System Infrastructure<br />SystemInfrastructure<br />Managed Virtual Machines<br />Managed<br />OS Processes<br />Multitenancy<br />From “Gartner Reference Architecture for Multi-tenancy“ G00205983<br />
  42. 42. The Cloud Architecture War: Evolution or Revolution?<br />Users<br />Users<br />Tenant <br />Tenant <br />Tenant <br />Tenant <br />Application <br />Application <br />Application <br />Application <br />Instance<br />Instance<br />Instance<br />Instance<br />Application <br />Application <br />Application <br />Application <br />Application <br />Application <br />Application <br />Application <br />Server<br />Server<br />Server<br />Server<br />Server<br />Server<br />Server<br />Server<br />Business <br />Business <br />Business <br />Business <br />Business <br />Business <br />Business <br />Business <br />Data<br />Data<br />Data<br />Data<br />Data<br />Data<br />Data<br />Data<br />Elastic Management Infrastructure<br />Elastic Management Infrastructure<br />Elastic Management Infrastructure<br />Elastic Management Infrastructure<br />Operating System<br />Operating System<br />Operating System<br />Operating System<br />Virtualization Infrastructure<br />Virtualization Infrastructure<br />Virtualization Infrastructure<br />Virtualization Infrastructure<br />Hardware Grid<br />Hardware Grid<br />Hardware Grid<br />Hardware Grid<br />Shared<br />-<br />hardware <br />Shared<br />-<br />hardware <br />Shared<br />-<br />hardware <br />Shared<br />-<br />hardware <br />Multi<br />-<br />tenancy<br />Multi<br />-<br />tenancy<br />Multi<br />-<br />tenancy<br />Multi<br />-<br />tenancy<br />Users<br />Users<br />Tenant <br />Tenant <br />Tenant <br />Tenant <br />Application <br />Application <br />Application <br />Application <br />Instance<br />Instance<br />Instance<br />Instance<br />Application<br />Application<br />Multi<br />-<br />tenancy <br />Multi<br />tenancy <br />Multi<br />-<br />tenancy <br />Multi<br />tenancy <br />Control<br />Control<br />Control<br />Control<br />SaaS/Cloud<br />-<br />enabled <br />SaaS/Cloud<br />-<br />enabled <br />SaaS/Cloud<br />-<br />enabled <br />SaaS/Cloud<br />-<br />enabled <br />Application Server<br />Application Server<br />Application Server<br />Application Server<br />Business <br />Business <br />Business <br />Business <br />Data<br />Data<br />Data<br />Data<br />Operating System<br />Operating System<br />Operating System<br />Operating System<br />Hardware Grid<br />Hardware Grid<br />Hardware Grid<br />Hardware Grid<br />Shared<br />-<br />everything <br />Shared<br />-<br />everything <br />Shared<br />-<br />everything <br />Shared<br />-<br />everything <br />Multi<br />-<br />tenancy<br />Multi<br />-<br />tenancy<br />Multi<br />Multi<br />
  43. 43. Key Issues<br />What is PaaS, its architecture and its road map?<br />How will the vendors' strategies influence the PaaS road map?<br />PaaS road map: Who, why and when?<br />
  44. 44. The Battle of Visions: Vendor Strategies Under Construction<br />Provider<br />Enabler<br />Private<br />Public<br />Shared-Hardware<br />Shared-Everything<br />Java/C#<br />Cloud App. Dev.<br />Pay-per-Use<br />Fixed-Price<br />Pure Cloud<br />Hybrid<br />IT Buyers<br />ISV Buyers<br />
  45. 45. Salesforce.com: The Enterprise Cloud Platform Market Is Its to Lose<br /><ul><li>Provider
  46. 46. Public cloud
  47. 47. Shared-everything
  48. 48. Dedicated cloud programming
  49. 49. Fixed-price</li></ul>Application Services<br />Application Infrastructure Services<br />System Infrastructure Services<br />?<br />(future)<br />
  50. 50. Application Services<br />Application Infrastructure Services<br />System Infrastructure Services<br />Microsoft: Taking the Battle to the Clouds<br /><ul><li>Enabler and provider
  51. 51. Public and private cloud
  52. 52. Shared-hardware
  53. 53. Traditional programming
  54. 54. Fixed- and use-price</li></ul>VM Role<br />platform<br />
  55. 55. Oracle: Cloud Lives in a Box<br /><ul><li>Enabler
  56. 56. Private and public cloud
  57. 57. Shared-hardware
  58. 58. Traditional programming
  59. 59. Fixed-price</li></ul>CRM On-demand<br />Oracle Fusion Applications (future)<br />Application Services<br />Application Infrastructure Services<br />System Infrastructure Services<br />Enterprise Edition 7 (future)<br />12c<br />(future)<br />
  60. 60. Application Services<br />Application Infrastructure Services<br />System Infrastructure Services<br />Google: Consumer Cloud Discovers the Enterprise<br /><ul><li>Provider
  61. 61. Public cloud
  62. 62. Shared-database and shared-everything
  63. 63. Traditional programming and cloud programming
  64. 64. Use-price</li></ul>Calendar<br />Sites<br />?<br />
  65. 65. Who's Who in Application Platforms for Cloud Computing <br />Enterprise Generalists<br />Cloud Specialists<br />Adobe<br />Appistry<br />Aptana<br />Cordys<br />GigaSpaces<br />IBM<br />Intuit<br />Kovair<br />maatG <br />Magic Software<br />Micro Focus<br />Microsoft<br />Oracle<br />Progress Software<br />Rackspace<br />Red Hat<br />VMware SpringSource<br />Tibco Silver<br />WaveMaker<br />Apprenda<br />Bungee Labs <br />Caspio<br />Corent<br />Engine Yard<br />Express Dynamics WorkXpress<br />ForeSoft dbFLEX<br />Google App Engine<br />Heroku<br />OrangeScape<br />Qrimp<br />Relationals (LongJump)<br />Rollbase<br />salesforce.com Force.com<br />SiteMasher<br />Stax<br />TrackVia<br />VMware/salesforce.com VMforce<br />Zoho<br />
  66. 66. Key Issues<br />What is PaaS, its architecture and its road map?<br />How will the vendors' strategies influence the PaaS road map?<br />PaaS road map: Who, why and when?<br />
  67. 67. PaaS Road Map: Who, Why and When?1. Independent Software Vendors<br /><ul><li> To reduce the cost of operations, version control and support
  68. 68. To help SMBs reduce their dependence on internal IT
  69. 69. To offer state-of-the art technology at SMB prices
  70. 70. To help enterprises off-load commodity computing</li></ul>50%<br />Share of ISVs that are pure SaaS providers<br />50%<br />50%<br />30%<br />20%<br />25%<br />15%<br />PaaS CEAP<br />12%<br />7%<br />5%<br />Custom Platform<br />2015<br />2013<br />2011<br />ISVs targeting large enterprise IT <br />ISVs targeting SMBs and small/departmental IT projects<br />
  71. 71. PaaS Road Map: Who, Why and When?2. Application Infrastructure Vendors<br /><ul><li>To retain its customer base as its business-IT practices change toward greater expediency, agility and productivity
  72. 72. To enter a formerly saturated middleware market with a competitively radical change
  73. 73. To attract an ecosystem of partner ISVs and Sis
  74. 74. To reduce operation costs, costs of version control, distribution and support</li></ul>Share of AIM market new business revenue from cloud-related projects<br />(AIM = application infrastructure and middleware)<br />50%<br />25%<br />12%<br />5%<br />2011<br />2015<br />2013<br />
  75. 75. PaaS Road Map: Who, Why and When?3. Enterprise IT Projects<br /><ul><li> To get access to state-of-the art platform technology at SMB prices
  76. 76. To reduce or eliminate dependence on internal IT
  77. 77. To reduce capital costs and gain productivity
  78. 78. To salvage a late project
  79. 79. To build unique cloud applications</li></ul>Share of new custom application projects that use, in part or in whole, a PaaS for runtime deployment<br />40%<br />50%<br />20%<br />20%<br />Pure cloud<br />10%<br />5%<br />3%<br />2011<br />2015<br />2013<br />Hybrid cloud and on-premises<br />SMBs, departmental projects, small projects<br />Large enterprise IT projects<br />
  80. 80. Key Issues<br />What is PaaS, its architecture and its road map?<br />How will the vendors' strategies influence the PaaS road map?<br />PaaS road map: Who, why and when?<br />In conclusion<br />
  81. 81. Users<br />Cloud Will Cement SOA in Mainstream IT<br />Applications<br />Application Services<br />SOA Services (WS*, REST, Events)<br />Application Infrastructure Services<br />System Infrastructure Services<br />
  82. 82. Cloud Applications<br />Cloud Services<br />SOA <br />User-Serving Front End<br />Cloud-Aware Enterprise: Three Platforms, Integrated by the Fourth<br />Enterprise Core Back End<br />
  83. 83. Your Cloud Platform Action Plan<br />Monday Morning:<br />Become familiar with some of the cloud computing an PaaS options. Try a small, low-risk APaaS-based application to get a sense of the new environment.<br />The Next 12 Months:<br />Look for opportunities of low risk to make some real contributionto your business using cloud-computing services and APaaS.<br />Stay informed about new developments. Large software vendors will likely enter the field in some notable ways and will have to position their cloud strategies next to their traditional on-premises software strategy.<br />Continue to invest in SOA-style applications and infrastructure to be ready for cloud computing.<br />On the Radar Screen:<br />Prepare to use PaaS as a complement to traditional on-premises middleware tools — for notable business application projects.<br />Continue to strengthen your ability to integrate and compose applications built of heterogeneous and multisourced components across cloud and on-premises applications, information and tools.<br />
  84. 84. Related Gartner Research<br /><ul><li>Gartner Reference Architecture for MultitenancyYefim Natis and Erip Knipp (G00205983)
  85. 85. Gartner Reference Architecture for Cloud-Enabled Application PlatformsYefim Natis, Massimo Pezzini, Eric Knipp (G00201437)
  86. 86. VMware and Salesforce.com: The Beginning of a Beautiful Friendship?Yefim Natis and others (G00200632)
  87. 87. Application Infrastructure for Cloud Computing: A Growing Market, 2010Yefim Natis and others (G00175138)
  88. 88. Microsoft AppFabric: A Platform for the Cloud Era Is Under ConstructionYefim Natis, Massimo Pezzini, David Cearley, Eric Knipp (G00173880)
  89. 89. Creating Cloud Solutions: A Decision FrameworkEric Knipp, Yefim Natis and others (G00171623)</li></ul>For more information, stop by Gartner Solution Central or e-mail us at solutioncentral@gartner.com. <br />
  90. 90. Yefim Natis<br />Defining The Cloud Platform<br />

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