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Types of Interview
Dr. Sakila
Faculty, Media Studies
Types of Interview
• Hard News Interview
• Informational Interview
• Investigative Interview
• Adversarial Interview
• Interpretative Interview
• Personal Interviews
• Entertainment Interview
• Emotional Interview
• Actuality Interview
• Remote Interviews
• Vox Pop Interviews
• Grabbed Interviews (Ambush)
Hard News Interview
• The hard news interview is normally short, to the point, and to illustrate a bulletin or news item.
• It deals only with important facts, or comments and reactions to those facts.
• The hard news interview, as a matter of fact, aims at getting answer to five W’s and one H.
• In case a building is set on fire, the reporter will conduct interviews with those who can give him exact
information about the incident.
• Following questions may be asked:
• When did it happen?
• What about the direct affects?
• What is the amount of damage?
• Where are the injured ones taken to?
Informational Interview
• The informational interview is like hard news interview, but not necessarily
be restricted to the main stories.
• An informational interview can be about an event, something that is
happening or about to happen.
• It can also provide background.
• Informational interview goes beyond the main point seek an explanation of
the HOWs and WHYs of the story, they intend to get bit more detailed
information than the short bulletin items.
Investigative Interview
• The investigative interview aims at getting behind the facts to discover what really
caused the happening of the events and sometimes what could be done to prevent a
repeat of that incident, to get behind the facts to dig out the actual reasons of the
accident/train collision/ air crash/ the reasons of the reconciliation between two
arch rivals.
• Investigative interview might be developed about stories and issues:
• Why the team showed poor performance in the match despite having been provided
the best facilities and trained by the best coach?
• Why the minister resigned from his office?
Adversarial Interview
• A kind of interview in which the interviewer gets into a war of words with the interviewee
to get his questions answered.
• This approach should never be seen to be a head on clash between the interviewer and the
interviewee.
• Though the interviewer is representing the audience or speaking or speaking up on the
behalf of the public opinion, even the he needs not to be impolite or rude while asking
questions.
• Get direct but avoid a head-on clash with the interviewee.
• -The impression of victimization of the interviewee must be avoided.
• -The impression of biasness must be avoided.
Interpretative Interview
• There are two types of interpretative interviews:
• a. Reaction story it is a response either for or against what has happened.
• b. Explanatory story this story provides details of a news story. So, the interview that is
conducted to get the details of an event, accident or incident is called interpretative
interview.
• For instance, if a train is derailed causing severe injuries and damage to the passengers the
following questions may be asked from any representative of the railways:
• How will this accident affect public confidence in train traveling?
• What measures will the ministry take to restore the public trust?
Personal Interviews
• The personal interview might be a short interview with an important figure of a society about his/her likes
and dislikes, hobbies, pastimes, habits, or a detailed interview exposing personality profile.
• In personality interview following areas are normally focused while putting questions:
• Family background
• Education (Place & degree)
• Likes and dislikes
• Hobbies
• Any interesting incident, event.
• Hardships, challenges and overcoming it
Entertainment Interview
• It is a kind of interview in which light things are asked from the interviewee.
The only purpose is to entertain listeners.
• The person to be interviewed may be an actor making parody of any famous
personality or any real one whose profession is to entertain people.
Emotional Interview
• In this interview an attempt is made to understand someone’s feelings.
• Emotional interview lets the person who was the victim or one of the victims of an
accident or event share the personal tragedy with the listeners.
• A woman escaped from earthquake will be asked the questions like:
• What were you doing at the time of earthquake?
• What about your kids?
• When did you first realize that the quake was going to be horrible?
• Were you able to save anyone? How did you manage to save yourself?
Actuality Interview
It is a kind of interview in which the reporter’s voice is not included in the final production and only
interviewee’s voice is made to be heard by the listeners.
The kind of interview is made a part of documentary or feature.
While conducting actuality interviews following instructions must be followed by the reporter:
The questions must be: ·
Clear not vague
Subjective not objective
Subjective questions: Questions that start with Question words i.e., what, when, which, where, who, how.
Objective questions: Questions that start with helping verbs like is, are, am, will, would, shall, should, etc.
Remote Interviews
• Remote Interviews(Interviews on telephone): The personality to be
interviewed is not in the city or country and is interviewed on telephone.
• While recording remote interview the telephone lines must be checked
whether they are clear or not.
Vox Pop Interviews
• Vox pop is an abbreviation of the Latin expression vox populi that means
`voice of the people'.
• It is conducted to obtain diversified public opinion on certain issues.
• The questions are asked for different conducted to obtain diversified public
opinion on certain issues.
• The questions are asked from different people representing different age
groups, races, classes etc.
Grabbed Interviews (Ambush)
• It means to interview a person who does not intend to give an interview, but
the reporter is determined to take.
• Normally it is a very short interview and sometimes the potential interviewee
comes up with “no comments”.
• In this case though the interviewee refuses to say anything about the issue
but his saying "no comments" suggests the listeners to get the meaning.

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Types of interview for news gathering and reporting

  • 1. Types of Interview Dr. Sakila Faculty, Media Studies
  • 2. Types of Interview • Hard News Interview • Informational Interview • Investigative Interview • Adversarial Interview • Interpretative Interview • Personal Interviews • Entertainment Interview • Emotional Interview • Actuality Interview • Remote Interviews • Vox Pop Interviews • Grabbed Interviews (Ambush)
  • 3. Hard News Interview • The hard news interview is normally short, to the point, and to illustrate a bulletin or news item. • It deals only with important facts, or comments and reactions to those facts. • The hard news interview, as a matter of fact, aims at getting answer to five W’s and one H. • In case a building is set on fire, the reporter will conduct interviews with those who can give him exact information about the incident. • Following questions may be asked: • When did it happen? • What about the direct affects? • What is the amount of damage? • Where are the injured ones taken to?
  • 4. Informational Interview • The informational interview is like hard news interview, but not necessarily be restricted to the main stories. • An informational interview can be about an event, something that is happening or about to happen. • It can also provide background. • Informational interview goes beyond the main point seek an explanation of the HOWs and WHYs of the story, they intend to get bit more detailed information than the short bulletin items.
  • 5. Investigative Interview • The investigative interview aims at getting behind the facts to discover what really caused the happening of the events and sometimes what could be done to prevent a repeat of that incident, to get behind the facts to dig out the actual reasons of the accident/train collision/ air crash/ the reasons of the reconciliation between two arch rivals. • Investigative interview might be developed about stories and issues: • Why the team showed poor performance in the match despite having been provided the best facilities and trained by the best coach? • Why the minister resigned from his office?
  • 6. Adversarial Interview • A kind of interview in which the interviewer gets into a war of words with the interviewee to get his questions answered. • This approach should never be seen to be a head on clash between the interviewer and the interviewee. • Though the interviewer is representing the audience or speaking or speaking up on the behalf of the public opinion, even the he needs not to be impolite or rude while asking questions. • Get direct but avoid a head-on clash with the interviewee. • -The impression of victimization of the interviewee must be avoided. • -The impression of biasness must be avoided.
  • 7. Interpretative Interview • There are two types of interpretative interviews: • a. Reaction story it is a response either for or against what has happened. • b. Explanatory story this story provides details of a news story. So, the interview that is conducted to get the details of an event, accident or incident is called interpretative interview. • For instance, if a train is derailed causing severe injuries and damage to the passengers the following questions may be asked from any representative of the railways: • How will this accident affect public confidence in train traveling? • What measures will the ministry take to restore the public trust?
  • 8. Personal Interviews • The personal interview might be a short interview with an important figure of a society about his/her likes and dislikes, hobbies, pastimes, habits, or a detailed interview exposing personality profile. • In personality interview following areas are normally focused while putting questions: • Family background • Education (Place & degree) • Likes and dislikes • Hobbies • Any interesting incident, event. • Hardships, challenges and overcoming it
  • 9. Entertainment Interview • It is a kind of interview in which light things are asked from the interviewee. The only purpose is to entertain listeners. • The person to be interviewed may be an actor making parody of any famous personality or any real one whose profession is to entertain people.
  • 10. Emotional Interview • In this interview an attempt is made to understand someone’s feelings. • Emotional interview lets the person who was the victim or one of the victims of an accident or event share the personal tragedy with the listeners. • A woman escaped from earthquake will be asked the questions like: • What were you doing at the time of earthquake? • What about your kids? • When did you first realize that the quake was going to be horrible? • Were you able to save anyone? How did you manage to save yourself?
  • 11. Actuality Interview It is a kind of interview in which the reporter’s voice is not included in the final production and only interviewee’s voice is made to be heard by the listeners. The kind of interview is made a part of documentary or feature. While conducting actuality interviews following instructions must be followed by the reporter: The questions must be: · Clear not vague Subjective not objective Subjective questions: Questions that start with Question words i.e., what, when, which, where, who, how. Objective questions: Questions that start with helping verbs like is, are, am, will, would, shall, should, etc.
  • 12. Remote Interviews • Remote Interviews(Interviews on telephone): The personality to be interviewed is not in the city or country and is interviewed on telephone. • While recording remote interview the telephone lines must be checked whether they are clear or not.
  • 13. Vox Pop Interviews • Vox pop is an abbreviation of the Latin expression vox populi that means `voice of the people'. • It is conducted to obtain diversified public opinion on certain issues. • The questions are asked for different conducted to obtain diversified public opinion on certain issues. • The questions are asked from different people representing different age groups, races, classes etc.
  • 14. Grabbed Interviews (Ambush) • It means to interview a person who does not intend to give an interview, but the reporter is determined to take. • Normally it is a very short interview and sometimes the potential interviewee comes up with “no comments”. • In this case though the interviewee refuses to say anything about the issue but his saying "no comments" suggests the listeners to get the meaning.