Assignment
Subject
Submitted by

: One
: Professional Practice
: Evelyn Mukoyezi
and Sajjad Ali Bhayo

Date : 15/11/2013
UGANDA

&

PAKISTAN


Institutional framework for Urban &
Regional Planning & management
Regulatory Frame Work
 Organizational Frame Work
 ...
Key
Components

Policies

Uganda
•National
Land
•Human
Settlement
•National
Real State
•Urban
Development

•Land Act
1998
...
Key
Components

Rules and
Regulation

Standards

Uganda

Pakistan

Similarities

Differences

•Public Health
•Town Plannin...
Plan: Level
Federal

Features
State and
Administrative
Structure
relevant to
planning
mechanism

Status

Provincial/
auton...
Plan: Level
Federal

Provincial/
autonomous area

Planning Commission
under Federal
Ministry of Finance,
Revenue, Planning...
Plan: Level

Provincial/
autonomous area

District/City
District

Main planning
Tasks

Preparation of
National Plans for
...
Plan: Level

National

Regional/District

Municipal

Features

State and
Administrative
Structure relevant to
planning mec...
Plan: Level

National

Districts /Regional

Municipal

Features

Responsible
Organization

Ministry of local government is...
Thematic Area

Uganda

Pakistan

Planning Levels

3 planning levels :National, Regional
and local government.

4 Planning ...
Thematic Area

Planning Mechanism

Statutory/ Legal
provisions

Decentralization

Uganda
Bottom up approach is being
promo...
Weak enforcement mechanism of the master plan
due to compromise of the enforcement staffs by the
developers
Political in...
 Gov’t of Pakistan doesn’t have any spatial plan at
national level and even on provincial level
 Outdated planning norms...
Ministry of local government should give
supplementary support to local governments
in
form of machinery and finance spec...
 Installation of a Central Planning Commission
 Promote Regional planning to reduce the regional
disparities
 New plann...
Institutional framework comparative analysis case of pakistan & uganda
Institutional framework comparative analysis case of pakistan & uganda
Institutional framework comparative analysis case of pakistan & uganda
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Institutional framework comparative analysis case of pakistan & uganda

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Institutional framework comparative analysis case of pakistan & uganda

  1. 1. Assignment Subject Submitted by : One : Professional Practice : Evelyn Mukoyezi and Sajjad Ali Bhayo Date : 15/11/2013
  2. 2. UGANDA & PAKISTAN
  3. 3.  Institutional framework for Urban & Regional Planning & management Regulatory Frame Work  Organizational Frame Work  Comparative analysis  Key challenges/problems in each situation Propose measures to resolve challenges
  4. 4. Key Components Policies Uganda •National Land •Human Settlement •National Real State •Urban Development •Land Act 1998 •Physical Planning Act •Local Legislation Government Act •National environment Pakistan Similarities Differences National Housing National Environmental Slums Rehabilitation National Disaster Management 2013 Development Housing policy and urban development are same policies •Real state and land policies are missing in Pakistan’s planning system •Environmental, disaster and slums rehabilitation policies are not available in Uganda Town Planning Ordinance 1983 Land Act 1967 Land Accusation Act 1984, 2011 Local Govt Act 13 Physical Plan. Act Environmental Planning Act 1997 Housing Act Land, local government and physical planning act are similar Land acquisition and town planning ordinance are missing in Uganda’s planning system
  5. 5. Key Components Rules and Regulation Standards Uganda Pakistan Similarities Differences •Public Health •Town Planning and Building Regulation •Environmental Planning Town Planning and Building Regulation National Reference Manual Environmental Planning Planning, Building and Public Health regulations are practices in both countries Ugandan planning agencies don’t have National reference manual Building & Town Planning Standards National Planning Standards Pakistan Building Codes Building & Town Planning Standards are common standards •Plot coverage •Building standards •Accessibilityy standards •Public health standards. Pakistan doesn’t have accessibility and plot coverage
  6. 6. Plan: Level Federal Features State and Administrative Structure relevant to planning mechanism Status Provincial/ autonomous area District/City District Federation of 4 provinces, areas 4 Provinces and 2 130 Districts under federal autonomous states altogether control and 2 autonomous regions Federal Republic National Plans (Annual and FiveNomenclature of Years) Planning Public Sector exercise Development Programmes Sectoral planning Town Districts are further divided into towns while City Districts in Towns Autonomous provincial governments/ political units District Government Municipal Administration Provincial (Annual and FiveYear)Development Plans Major Sectoral Schemes/Projects Sectoral planning Master Planning of City Districts Development and building Control Sectoral planning Spatial Planning/ Master Planning Land-use Planning Building control Sectoral planning
  7. 7. Plan: Level Federal Provincial/ autonomous area Planning Commission under Federal Ministry of Finance, Revenue, Planning and Development Federal departments responsible for their sector Planning and Development Departments under Provincial Ministry Provincial departments responsible for respective sectors District/City District Governments Development Authorities National Plan prepared by Planning Commission Local Government Approved Master Ordinance Plans Land-use Rules Approved Private Housing Development Schemes and Land Plans Sub-Division Rules Building control Building Control regulations regulations and bye-laws Features Responsible Organization Statutory/ No Federal Spatial legal Provision Planning Law/ Act for Planning exists Exercise District/City District Town Municipal Administration
  8. 8. Plan: Level Provincial/ autonomous area District/City District Main planning Tasks Preparation of National Plans for economic and social development Coordination with central and Provincial Gov’ts. for preparing National Plans Monitoring and evaluating & Implementation Public sector development projects, Monitoring and evaluation of development schemes Coordination with Federal Gov’t, donor agencies and district gov’t. Integrated Master Planning of City Districts controlled areas Development control exercise Elaboration of sector planning Coordinate and monitor sectoral planning Financing Allocation in national budget International donors funding and aids Allocations of budget from Federal Gov’t Foreign aid, funding Revenue from taxes Financial grants/releases from Provincial Gov’t Federal Features Town Land-use planning of town area building control Infrastructure planning coordination with union councils Revenue from taxes Financial Grants from District Gov’t
  9. 9. Plan: Level National Regional/District Municipal Features State and Administrative Structure relevant to planning mechanism Status Nomenclature of Planning exercise Central government 111 Districts altogether 13 Municipalities are further divided into divisions . Presidential Republic District Government Municipal Administration National Plans (Annual and Five-Years) •Land use planning Public Sector •Land use allocation Development Programmes Sectoral planning Sectoral planning •Planning authority Land-use Planning Building control Sectoral planning
  10. 10. Plan: Level National Districts /Regional Municipal Features Responsible Organization Ministry of local government is empowered to formulate and District supervise national planning administration policy and legislation under 1997 local govt act. Statutory/ legal Provision for Planning Exercise Local government act which advocates for orderly development Main planning Tasks •Providing policy direction •National standards •Coordination of all matters Financing Ministry of Finance Physical planning act 2010 with a declaration that the whole of Uganda is a planning area •Land allocation •Land use planning •Sectoral projects. Municipal Administration •Physical planning act 2010 Building Control regulations and byelaws •Planning authority •Development control •Infrastructure development •Conditional Grants •Conditional Grants from central govt from central govt • revenue &Donations • revenue & Donations
  11. 11. Thematic Area Uganda Pakistan Planning Levels 3 planning levels :National, Regional and local government. 4 Planning levels from national to town level The city council is the highest tier of government. Urban areas are composed of municipalities and towns. the municipalities are split into divisions, and subsequently, wards and zones Provinces are divided into administrative ‘Divisions’ (having no spatial planning role) while federally controlled tribal areas into ‘Agencies’ and Frontier Regions Local Government system is three-tier 1. District Govt/ City District Govt 2. Town Municipal Administration 3. Urban/Rural Union Councils Planning is still centralized because It’s the function of the central government to prepare master plans and approve plans. •No Spatial Planning exercise at national & provincial level •Spatial Planning at District and town level under the name of Master Planning •Currently, no Regional Planning activity •Land-use planning at Town and District level •Sectoral planning at all level Administrative and political structure Nomenclature and extent of Planning Exercises
  12. 12. Thematic Area Planning Mechanism Statutory/ Legal provisions Decentralization Uganda Bottom up approach is being promoted by the government however its not yet successful because of • poor autonomy of the local governments, •tight fiscal control by higher government Local planning act 1997 which advocates for orderly developments Not full decentralized .Approval of plans is being done by the central Pakistan Though, system favours bottomup approaches to be followed, but in absence of local body councils, top down approach is being followed •No Federal or Provincial level Spatial Planning Law/Act exist •Planning Code exist for local levels Fully decentralized planning organizations but practically not functioning properly because of
  13. 13. Weak enforcement mechanism of the master plan due to compromise of the enforcement staffs by the developers Political interference which contribute to conflicts between politicians and technocrats in the planning process. Inadequate planning tools for example GPS. Inadequate planning data/information e.g. up to date satellite images, topographic maps and cadastral maps. Lack of appreciation by the local people on the role of planning .
  14. 14.  Gov’t of Pakistan doesn’t have any spatial plan at national level and even on provincial level  Outdated planning norms and standards  Unequal distribution of funds for development  Poor coordination among stakeholders in Planning process  Absence of application of modern tools like GIS etc  Regional disparity is high
  15. 15. Ministry of local government should give supplementary support to local governments in form of machinery and finance specifically for physical planning activities. Ministry should organize induction and orientation workshops for all politicians before their term in office. Urban councils should improve their revenue collection methods Sensitization of the community about the importance planning.
  16. 16.  Installation of a Central Planning Commission  Promote Regional planning to reduce the regional disparities  New planning instruments and drivers must be integrated to avoid the conventional planning system  Public participation should be integrated in the process of spatial, master and land use plan preparation

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